The civil service system in Rivers State, Nigeria, like in many other regions, has its roots in the colonial period when Nigeria was under British rule. The civil service was established to administer the colonial government’s policies and manage various administrative tasks.During the colonial era, the British established a centralised administrative structure to govern their colonies. This included the establishment of a civil service to manage various aspects of governance, such as revenue collection, law enforcement, public works, and other administrative functions. This system was put in place to serve the interests of the colonial government. After Nigeria gained independence in 1960, the civil service structure remained largely intact. The administrative framework established during the colonial period was inherited by the newly formed Nigerian government, including Rivers State which was created in 1967. Civil servants continued to play a crucial role in implementing government policies and ensuring the effective functioning of various government departments and agencies.
Over the years, the civil service in Rivers State, as well as in Nigeria as a whole, has undergone changes and reforms to adapt to the evolving political, social, and economic landscape. These changes have aimed to improve efficiency, transparency, and professionalism within the civil service.The salary grade levels in the civil service system of Rivers State, Nigeria, are based on the Nigerian federal civil service salary structure, which is often used as a template by various states in Nigeria. Although in Nigeria’s federal system, each state has its laws and issues such as salaries, taxation, real estate is vested in the states, sometimes in collaboration with the Federal Government.The salary structure is divided into different grade levels, each with corresponding salary scales. Grade level one is the lowest grade, which is occupied by … while grade level 16 is occupied by the Directors and level 17 the highest rank, occupied by the Permanent Secretaries, the Auditor General and a few others.
Recall that civil servants have demanded that Grade Level 17 be set as the last for all civil servants in Rivers State in line with the federal civil service and states like Bayelsa and the state judiciary. They have argued that pegging the grade level at 16 or making it a prerogative of a few has far reaching implications both to the workers, the civil service and the state in general. A staff of the Ministry of Education who would not like her name to be mentioned said that limiting the grade level of civil servants in the state to 16 discourages career progression and hinders employee motivation to continuously develop their skills and take on higher responsibilities. The level 14 civil servant said that because civil servants in the state feel their career growth is restricted beyond a certain level, some talented and experienced ones are always seeking opportunities elsewhere while some others grab any opportunity to enrich themselves not minding how corrupt that opportunity is.
“Some of us are still here because there is no better job. Rivers State is a rich state and should treat the workers well like Bayelsa State. Bayelsa and some other states pay workers 30 per cent minimum wage. Workers there are promoted to grade level 17 a few years after being on level 16. But here in Rivers State there is nothing like that. Once you reach level 16 na your bus stop be that. That is not good. Our state can do better. It should be statutory that civil servants should be promoted to level 17 highest five years after being on level 16, if they still have more time in service”, she said . She enumerated other disadvantages of pegging grade level at 16 to include: It could lead to a lack of experienced personnel in critical positions; it makes it challenging to attract skilled professionals from outside the civil service who are accustomed to higher positions; employees who have worked diligently and gained significant experience might expect recognition in the form of higher grade levels and it is not fair to deny them such privilege.
She further observed that raising the last grade level in the state civil service from 16 to 17 can attract more experienced and skilled professionals to join the civil service as well as motivate existing employees to stay and continue their careers within the civil service, knowing that there are opportunities for further advancement.Some people also posit that the possibility of reaching a higher grade level can motivate civil servants to perform better, take on more responsibilities, and continually develop their skills. This can lead to increased efficiency and productivity within the civil service. In the views of Mrs. Ebele Chikeluba, a retired director with the Federal Ministry of Information and Culture, raising the civil servants grade level to 17 can reduce attrition. According to her, employees who feel that their career growth is limited may seek opportunities outside the civil service but when they are sure that they can attain grade level 17, the need to leave the civil service may not be there and that will reduce the risk of losing talented individuals to other sectors or organisations.
She also posited that raising the maximum grade level can provide a structure for accommodating roles that require extensive experience and specialisation and incentivise employees to develop the necessary expertise, adding that as employees progress to higher grade levels, they are likely to take on roles with greater responsibility and decision-making authority which can lead to better decision-making processes and improved service delivery to the public. In her words, “We have seen situations where public resources will be spent on training civil servants and when the government is to benefit from their wealth of knowledge and training, they are not promoted to the right position, instead a person that knows nothing will be appointed as permanent secretary or what have you. This is one of the reasons the civil service in Nigeria is not growing.”
Similarly, an employment expert, Mr. Ezekeil Thomas, said that offering a path to higher grade levels can contribute to a positive organisational culture where employees feel valued, supported, and recognised for their contributions, noting that a higher maximum grade level can be part of a comprehensive succession planning strategy, allowing experienced employees to take on leadership and mentoring roles, thus ensuring a smooth transition of responsibilities over time.He said that retaining and promoting experienced employees can bring valuable institutional knowledge and insights to the organisation and the civil service union can benefit immensely from efficient use of existing resources. However, for the Chairman of the Rivers State Civil Service, Comrade Chukwuka Osima, the question of attaining level 17 in the Rivers State Civil service has largely to do with a worker’s years of service and age.
According to him, “the statutory position of level 17 has been there. The government has not stopped any civil servant from attaining the statutory level of 17. But sometimes if you are a director on level 16 and you retire either by years of service or age, you cannot get to that level of 17. But if you get to level 16 and you have years ahead, you will get to statutory level 17. The chairman rather pleaded with the government for the extension of the retirement age to 65 or 40 years of service; prompt payment of retirement benefits – pension and gratuity, disclosing that many pensioners were lost in the state because they were not paid their pensions and gratuity for them to take care of themselves. He was optimistic that the state governor, Siminalayi Fubara, being a civil servant, will prioritize the welfare of civil servants in the scheme of things.
There have been several stories and reports about civil servants in some ministries and parastatals who have been in the director position for up to ten years or more. Did they choose to remain there? Did they opt to be on level 16 for such length of time even when obviously age and years of service were on their sides?
By: Calista Ezeaku
An Open Letter To FCT Minister, Chief Nyesom Wike
Dear Hon Minister,
First, a disclosure. You may not know me but we have met on two occasions in the house of our mutual respected Oga, first as a minister of state and second as a Governor, but l doubt if you can recognise me now. I am one of your admirers and critics.
As a two-term Governor of Rivers State, you did well in terms of infrastructure, for which l often commend you. I, however, sometimes disagree with you, particularly what l consider your streaks of high-handedness against those who disagreed with you politically.
I am writing this letter, with the hope that Don would send it to you, after watching your media interview with particular reference to your protégé and successor, Governor Siminalayi Fubara, a guy l have never met. No doubt, he would not have emerged as governor without your imprimatur. I do not have the details of your disagreement, and I am not even interested. What I am interested in is you to rise above the alleged offence.
Take a deep breath and have an introspective view of your political trajectory since 1999.
1999-2007: Obio/Akpor LGA Chairman
2007-2011: Chief of Staff, Rivers State
2011-2015: Education Minister (State)
2015-2023: Governor, Rivers State
2023-till date: Minister of FCT
And you are just 55!
I stand to be corrected, nobody from Rivers State has been so politically favoured and blessed by God as you are, not that you are the most politically-savvy politician from the State but it is just the Grace of God. I plead with you, do not take such grace for granted.
As governor of Lagos State in 2010, Governor Babatunde Fashola told me something that has stuck with me till today, regarding power and leadership. There was a three-month old strike by doctors in Lagos over pay increase. I stepped in to mediate between the doctors and the state, which by the grace of God, l was able to pull through after extensive negotiations with the doctors, and the strike was called off to the relief of millions of Lagosians. In the course of the mediation, Fashola told me that some people asked him to fire all the doctors but he made this profound statement: “Restraint is a powerful tool in leadership; the fact that you have the power to do something but chose to look the other way.” That statement has stuck with me till date. Why do you think American presidents, despite the temptation to press the nuclear button, when their interests are threatened, rather exercise restraint by refusing to go that route? It is leadership restraint.
Permit me to recall a story which you yourself regaled your audience with at the 70th birthday reception you held in honour of Dr Peter Odili. You said that when you wanted to contest for the Chairmanship of Obio/Akpor Local Government Council in 1998, you approached Dr Odili, whom you were meeting for the first time and sought his support. He obliged by giving you his support, and according to you, he gave you the first financial support towards your ambition, even when he himself was campaigning to run for the governorship of Rivers State. You became the chairman, and when you wanted to go for a second tenure, some political actors removed your name, and according to you, you ran to Dr Odili who was then the governor and he saved your political career by reinstating your name.
Fast forward to when you completed your tenure as the chairman of the local government, when your erstwhile friend, Rotimi Amaechi, who just became the governor, appointed you his Chief of Staff and that administration commenced a process to humiliate Dr Odili by setting up the Rivers State Truth and Reconciliation Commission, where your benefactor, Odili was the target and was put in the witness box.
Later when cracks began to emerge in your relationship with your boss, Amaechi, you ran back to your benefactor, Dr Odili to apologise for how your administration humiliated him. As a large-hearted person, he forgave you, and that began a wonderful relationship till date. Why am l making references to these incidents? If Dr Odili could forgive you and took you back, why can you not also forgive your political offenders, including Fubara, particularly since God has been so good to you?
Anyone who has traversed Ada George Road, Port Harcourt and seen the humongous, palatial estate you reside in, that takes a substantial part of that road, would know that you are not lacking materially. Coupled with that, you are a Minister in the current government and your wonderful wife is a judge. What else does any human being want?
My brother, please calm down, and let go of your ego and learn from history. Who would have thought that a whole General Shehu Yar’Adua (rtd) could die like a chicken inside prison; who would have imagined that a whole Bashorun MKO Abiola, the then richest man in Africa could spend five years in detention and die in custody, despite his international connections; who would have imagined that Major Hamza Al-Mustapher, the de facto Head of State during the junta of General Sanni Abacha, a man even Generals genuflected for, would spend 14 years in prison? Please, pause and think. This life is ephemeral. As the book of Ecclesiastes 1 states: life is vanity.
In Oyo State, there used to be the strong man of Ibadan politics, Lamidi Adedibu but his house in Molete, Ibadan is now desolate after his death. Adedibu was law as far as Ibadan politics was concerned. He was feared by all political actors across the nation. Before him, there was Busari Adelakun, otherwise known as “Eruobodo” in Ibadan politics. They have all been consigned to the dustbin of history. Learn from these because whether you like it or not, you would also pass away one day like all mortals.
God has been so good to you. Though I do not have the details of your feud with Fubara, you claim he is an ingrate, but this same “ingrate” took bullets for you as your Accountant-General when the EFCC was investigating your government. If you did not have confidence in him, you would not have put him forward to succeed you. Please, rise above political offences and be a leader. May it not be counted against you that since 1999, your successor would be the first governor of Rivers State to be impeached. No garland for such feat. It would be a pyrrhic victory and your new political masters in Abuja would even be wary of you. You are new to Bola Tinubu’s school of politics. Do not get carried away.
May God guide you right.
By: Richard Akinnola
Abbas Recommends Privatisation Of Nigeria’s Refineries
Speaker of the House of Representatives, Rep. Tajudeen Abbas, has recommended the privatisation of oil refineries in the country to enable them function optimally.
Abbas gave the recommendation yesterday, while receiving the management of NNPCL led by the Group Managing Director, (GMD), Mr Mele Kyari in Abuja.
He described the state of refineries over the years as shameful, adding so much money was being spent on workers as salaries and allowances for doing very little.
“There is need to make these refineries have multi -dimensional uses, if there is no crude oil, are there other activities that can make the workers to be active so that why they earn is deserved? I need you and your management to look at how we can turn around these decades of losses.
“One way to do so is to find a way to privatise these refineries; we have spent so much money and time deceiving ourselves that some businesses can be run by government.
“In the case of the refineries, we have now realised that some sectors of NNPC business can only be handled by the private sector and our refineries are one of those.
“The inadequacies will become manifest as soon as Dangote refinery comes on board because the competition will be there and inefficiencies of the refineries will become more naked.
“I want you to put it as part of your cardinal objectives; let us find ways to privatise our refineries so that they can be active ,so that in the near future, they will be able to compete with new refineries that will come up,” he said.
Abbas said that the NNPCL is central to the economic development of Nigeria, pledging the commitment of the House of Representatives to supporting the company to succeed.
According to him ,the House is concerned about the high rate of oil theft as it is draining revenue, affecting forex availability and causing inflation in the country.
The speaker said that the House had inaugurated a special committee on oil theft,to interface with stakeholders with a view to addressing oil theft in the country.
Earlier, Kyari said that all refineries would become fully operational and Nigeria would become a net exporter of petroleum products by the end of 2024.
He noted that subsidy was responsible for poor activities at government-owned refineries over the years ,saying that the removal of subsidy was already attracting a lot of private sector investments.
“I can confirm to you that by the end of December latest, we will start the Port Harcourt Refinery; early in the first quarter of 2024, we will start the Warri Refinery and by the end of 2024, Kaduna Refinery will come into operation.
“This is the commitment we are giving today and you can hold us accountable on this.
”In 2024, many initiatives, including the rehabilitation of our refineries, and also the efforts of small- scale refiners, and the coming of the Dangote Refinery, will make Nigeria a net exporter of petroleum products.
“We will no longer be talking about fuel importation by the end 2024, I am very optimistic that this will crystalise,” he said.
Kyari said that it was not the practice of the company to publish its financial statements some years back , but that the practice had changed, and all the company’s accounts from 2018 till date were now in the public space.
Kyari put the expected government revenue from the company by the end of 2023 at N4.5 trillion, saying that NNPCL was returning value to shareholders in line with the objectives of the Petroleum Industry Act.
Kyari said that the company had a robust supply plan assuring that there would be no shortage of fuel over the Christmas season and beyond ,and that no one could hold the country to ransom.
FAAC: FG, States, LGs Share N906.96bn
The Federation Account Allocation Committee says it shared N906.96billionn among the three tiers of government for October 2023.
FAAC disclosed this in a communiqué issued at the end of its latest meeting on Wednesday.
According to a statement by the Director, Press and Public Relations, Ministry of Finance, Stephen Kilebi, on Wednesday, the total figure shared for October was a slight increase of N3.48billionn compared to the N903.48billionn shared in September 2023, recovering from a decrease recorded in the previous month.
The total amount included gross statutory revenue, Value Added Tax, Augmentations from Forex and Non-oil Mineral Revenue, and electronic money transfer levy, among others.
The communique disclosed that although a gross total of N1.35trillion was generated, only N906.955billion was shared to the three tiers of government as Federation Allocation for October 2023.
The total revenue distributed for October 2023, was drawn from Statutory Revenue of N305.070 billion, VAT of N323.446billion, EMTL of N15.552billionn, Exchange Difference of N202.887billionn and Augmentation of N60.000billionn, bringing the total distributable amount for the month to N906.955billion.
From the total revenue from Gross Statutory Revenue, Value Added Tax, Electronic Money Transfer Levy, Exchange Difference, and Augmentation of N60bn, the Federal Government received N323.355bn, the States received N307.717bn, the Local Government Councils got N225.209bn, while the Oil Producing States received N50.674bnas Derivation, (13% of Mineral Revenue).
The Communique stated that “the Federation Account Allocation Committee at the end of the meeting indicated that the Gross Revenue available from the Value Added Tax for October 2023, was N347.343bn, which was an increase from the N303.550bn distributed in the preceding month, increasing to N43.793bn.
“From that amount, the sum of N10.894 billion was allocated for Cost of Collection and the sum of N10.003 billion was given for Transfers, Intervention, and Refunds. The remaining sum of N323.446 billion was distributed to the three tiers of government of which the Federal Government got N48.517 billion, the States received N161.723 billion, and Local Government Councils got N113.206 billion.
“Accordingly, the Gross Statutory Revenue of N660.090 billion received in the month was lower than the sum of N1,014.953tn received in the previous month of September 2023 by N354.863bn. From that amount, the sum of N38.942bn was allocated for the Cost of Collection and a total sum of N316.078bn for Transfers, Intervention, and Refunds. The remaining balance of N305.070bn was distributed as follows to the three tiers of government: Federal Government was allocated the sum of N147.574bn, States got N74.852bn, LGCs got N57.707bn, and Oil Derivation (13% Mineral Revenue) got N24.937bn.
“Also, the sum of N16.199bn from the Electronic Money Transfer Levy was distributed to the three tiers of government as follows: the Federal Government received N2.333bn, States got N7.776bn, Local Government Councils received N5.443bn and N0.647bn allocated for Cost of Collection.
“The Communique disclosed N262.887bn from Exchange Difference, which was shared as follows: Federal Government received N93.323bn, the States got N47.334bn, the sum of N36.493 billion allocated to Local Government Councils, and N25.737bn given to Derivation (13% of Mineral Revenue) while the sum of N60.000bn was for Transfers, Intervention and Refunds.
“It disclosed that N60.000bn Augmentation was shared as follows: the Federal Government got N31.608bn, the States received N16.032bn, while LGCs got the sum of N12.360bn.”
Also, the balance in the Excess Crude Account stayed at $473,754.57 as of November 22, 2023.
FAAC revealed that N50.674bn was given for the cost of collection, and N386.081bn was allocated for Transfers Intervention and Refunds.
Petroleum Profit Tax, Import Duty, VAT, Customs External tariff, and EMTL increased significantly.
However, Excise Duties, Oil and Gas Royalties, and Companies Income Tax recorded a decrease.
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