The World Health Organisation(WHO) has described drowning as a major health epidemic, especially among children.
It said drowning was an underappreciated but lethal public health issue, as it has caused over 2.5 million deaths in the last decade, with an alarming 90% of these fatalities occurring in low- and middle-income countries.
Across all age groups, children aged 1–4 years and 5–9 years experience the highest drowning rates, highlighting the need for immediate action to protect future generations.
Over the past decade, drowning has killed more than 2.5 million people,” said Michael R. Bloomberg, founder of Bloomberg LP and Bloomberg Philanthropies and World Health Organization Global Ambassador for Noncommunicable Diseases and Injuries.
In World Drowning Prevention Day this year, the agency called for an investment by member countries to raise drowning prevention strategies stressing need for two pronged action in protecting pre-school aged children and teaching basic swim skills to school-age children.
This it believes could protect millions of lives. “Each dollar invested in these actions can yield benefits up to nine times the original value” it declared.
The world health apex agency stressed that if new investment is made by 2050 there would be an increased global investment that could save the lives of over 774 000 children, prevent close to 1 million non-fatal child drownings, and avert severe and life-limiting injuries for 178 000 drowning victims.
Adding ,”it could also prevent potential economic losses of over US$400 billion in low- and middle-income countries with high burden, and provide cumulative benefits valued at around US$ 9 for each US$ 1 invested.
Countries such as Bangladesh, South Africa, Thailand and Vietnam have already invested in these cost-effective interventions, benefitting children and their families by reducing their risk of drowning, while simultaneously providing new opportunities for improved health, development and wellbeing.
“By implementing effective preventive measures, increasing investments, and promoting awareness, we can save countless lives,” said WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. «As we observe World Drowning Prevention Day today, we ask countries and partners to join hands to make drowning prevention a global priority.”
In May 2023, the World Health Assembly (WHA) adopted its first-ever resolution on drowning prevention. This resolution invites WHO to lead efforts within the United Nations system to prevent drowning and facilitate the observance of World Drowning Prevention Day on July 25th each year.
As requested in the WHA resolution, WHO is launching the Global Alliance for Drowning Prevention. The Alliance is a network of partners who will work together to coordinate, strengthen, enhance, and expand efforts to prevent drowning deaths, aligned with WHO’s priorities. The Alliance operates under the principles of alignment and coordination, agility and responsiveness, driving country-level action, transparency, evidence-based approaches, and coordination among interested parties.
Already Bloomberg Philanthropies has been working with partners around the globe to implement proven life-saving solutions, like teaching basic swimming survival skills and providing child care. Now, by bringing together governments and partners from around the world, we can help spread this work and save many more lives.”
Hypertension Treatment To Cut Down Death,WHO Assures
The World Health Organisation(WHO) yeasterday released its first report on the global impact of high blood pressure, assuring that with treatment improvement life expectancy may rise in 2050.
The dangerous effects of high blood pressure are highlighted in a new report by the World Health Organisation that identifies the condition as one of the world’s leading risk factors for death and disability.
WHO’s first report on the global impact of high blood pressure, also known as hypertension, offers recommendations on ways to combat the “silent killer.”
Hypertension, categorized as a blood pressure reading of 140/90 mmHg or higher, affects 1 in 3 adults worldwide, according to the report. It commonly leads to a number of other health problems including stroke, heart attack, heart failure and kidney damage.
Aspirin can help reduce risk of second heart attack, but study finds less than half of eligible adults take it
“Hypertension can be controlled effectively with simple, low-cost medication regimens, and yet only about one in five people with hypertension have controlled it,” Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the WHO director-general, said in a news release.
High-performing countries like Canada and South Korea have delivered comprehensive national hypertension treatment programs, according to WHO, and both nations have surpassed the 50 per cent mark for blood pressure control in adults with hypertension.
“An increase in the number of people effectively treated for hypertension to levels observed in high-performing countries could prevent 76 million deaths between 2023 and 2050”, the WHO said.
Neuropsychiatric Hospital Staff Dissociate Selves From Protest
Members of staff of the Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Enugu have dissociated themselves from a recent protest staged at the hospital.
The protest was organised by a coalition of civil society organisations.
However, addressing journalists yesterday, the workers’ unions in the hospital said no member of staff took part in the said protest, but fingered touts who were hired to protest.
They include the Joint Health Sector Union, JOHESU, National Association of Nigeria Nurses and Midwives, NANNM, Association of Resident Doctors, ARD, and Medical and Dental Consultants Association of Nigeria, MDCAN, of the Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Enugu.
Dr. Jane Nnabuchi of MDCAN, Dr Mbachu Ferguson of ARD, and Comrade Obinna Eze of JOHESU addressed the media on the issues.
The workers said touts were rather recruited by some persons to destabilise the hospital.
In a joint press statement issued by the workers, they debunked what they called “the stage-managed protest by a group of hired thugs that called themselves Civil Society Organisation (CSO) members, alleging that there is no peace in the hospital and that the workers are unhappy alongside other allegations levelled against the Medical Director, Prof. Monday Igwe.
“We hereby state categorically that the piece of information are not only false, but were made to mislead the general public and to cause confusion.”
The workers declared that: “there is no crisis in our hospital, Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Enugu.
“That our hospital is peaceful and workers are happy with the administration of the Medical Director, Prof. Monday Igwe.
“That the stage-managed protest on 30th August, 2023 was done by thugs hired to discredit and destabilise the Medical Director and our hospital’s activity.
“We want to challenge anybody on that protest video circulating around to provide any proof of identity as staff of Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Enugu or student of the School of Post Basic Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing of our Hospital”.
“Ordinarily, we would have ignored the publication and the perpetrators of this dastardly and worthless act, but we are issuing a rejoinder to stop them from misleading the general public and most importantly, to put the information in the proper perspective.”
While making reference to a recent incident in the hospital, they called for an end to further harassment of the Medical Director.
“The situation created a scene and disrupted the activities of the hospital Community and would have escalated to an uglier scenario if not for the intervention of Enugu State Police Command.
“The members of Staff have been enjoying peace, infrastructural and human capacity development since the inception of Prof Monday Igwe’s leadership in 2019.
“We, the members of Joint Health Sector Union (JOHESU), National Association of Nigeria Nurses and Midwives (NANNM), Association of Resident Doctors (ARD), and Medical and Dental Consultants Association of Nigeria (MDCAN) of the Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Enugu therefore, distance ourselves from and condemn that stage-managed protest of 30th August 2023 as well as the attempted abduction “arrest” of our Medical Director on Thursday, 14th September, 2023,” the workers further stated.
How Soft Drinks Affect Male Fertility -Research
DIET indeed has a significant influence on our health, a fact that cannot be denied. What we eat and drink greatly affect not only our physical health but also the ability to conceive. Consumption of soft drinks has a marked effect on fertility in both males and females.
Researchers, following a study in animals, even extrapolated that prolonged consumption of soft drinks is bad for male fertility. Its prolonged consumption has a stimulating effect on weight, with corresponding adverse effects on sperm production.
A global decline in total sperm counts, especially among men in western countries, continues to spark doomsday predictions. From chemicals in packaging to tight trousers, the decline in total sperm counts and quality has been attributed to multiple factors. High sugar intake as part of unhealthy modern lifestyles is also on the risk list.
It is well noticed in society today that people consume drinks without giving due consideration to the quantity taken, contents, the amount required by the body and the possible implications associated with excessive consumption.
The study, titled: ‘Adverse Effects of Excessive Soft Drinks Consumption on Male Fertility in Wistar Rat Models’ was in the March edition of the International Journal of Health and Medical Research.
Thirty-five male wistar rats were divided into five groups with the control groups administered with distilled water only and four other test groups administered with single dose (1.2ml) Coca-Cola, double dose (2.4ml) Coca-Cola (Cocacolax2), 0.6ml bullet drinks and 1.2ml sugar solution. Aside from the administered samples, food and water were regularly kept at their disposals.
Bullet drink is a caffeinated energy drink. The absence of regulatory supervision has resulted in over indulgence in the marketing of energy drinks. The effect of caffeine from natural coffee, tea, cocoa and foods that contain these ingredients has not been fully elucidated.
The rationale behind the use of albino wistar rats for human studies is that they are physiologically similar to humans and are small, sociable and easy to handle.
The weights of albino wistar rats before and after administration were measured to ascertain the effects of the test samples on the mean weight difference as well as their mean relative weight difference.
In addition, sperm parameters like the sperm count, motility, viability and morphology were taken to ascertain the effects of the test samples on fertility in the study which lasted 40 days.
After 40 days of administration of the test substances, there was an increase in the average body weights in all soft drink administered test groups, compared to how it was in the control group.
In relative terms, there were elevations in all relative body weights by 40.0 percent, 40.0 percent, 63.33 percent and 23.33 percent in single dose Coca Cola group, double dose group, bullet drink group and sugar solution group
respectively, compared to the control.
In the study, soft drinks administration insignificantly decreased the motility, count and viability with corresponding increase in percentage of sperm with abnormal morphology.
According to the researchers, the increase in mean weight difference and their corresponding relative weight differences noted among the test groups suggest the premise that all test substances generally and the bullet drink specifically, contain ingredients that cause voracious feeding resulting in increased obesity and marked weight gain.
They stated that the deleterious effects of the soft drinks on the sperm characteristics could be attributed to decreased and unfavourable sperm production activities in the testis.
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