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Toilet Use Reduces Faecal-Oral Diseases – Expert

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The Water Sanitation and
Hygiene (WASH) Coordinator, Mrs Sarah Ode,  in  Cross River,  has urged Nigerians to build and make use of their toilets to reduce the spread of faecal-oral diseases.
Ode, who made this call in an interview with our correspondent  in  Abuja, said sanitation is wealth and that was what differentiated man from animals.
She explained that ‘Faecal-oral transmission’ means spread of virus, bacteria or parasites from the human or animal stool to your mouth.
According to her, such diseases like; cholera, typhoid and diarrhea occur when contaminated faeces from an infected person were somehow ingested by another person.
She said it was also important for Nigerians to cultivate the habit of washing their hands regularly to break the cycle of transmission of disease into the body.
“What usually happens is that infected people might forget to properly wash their hands after using the toilet; another example involves people infected with faecal-oral disease who prepare food.
“It is very important for food handlers to have good hand washing culture because they can easily spread a faecal-oral disease through their prepared food to anyone who eats it,” she said.
Ode urged Nigerians to ensure that what they eat was not contaminated; adding that drinking water from lakes and swimming pools should be discouraged by all.
She said the importance of toilets cannot be over emphasised, as it creates avenue for promotion of human health and cleanliness.
Ode said not having a toilet dehumanises man, thereby creating room for open defecation to thrive.
“When you have markets, bus terminals, schools and you find out that a lot of people converge in these areas, when these facilities are not provided and nature calls, they defecate indiscriminately.
“But when these facilities are put in place, our public places will be in order, because whoever is pressed at those point in time, there is a place for him to go and defecate.
“By so doing, we are promoting human health, cleanliness, and beautification, also, you don’t have odour,” she said.
According to estimates from UNICEF and WHO published in 2013, a staggering 768 million people worldwide do not have access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.
This, they say, cause illnesses and preventable deaths in hundreds of thousands of children each year while most of the people without access are poor and live in rural areas or urban slums.

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Edo Community Drags Abattoir Owner To Court Over Environmental Pollution

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Ikpoba Slope Community in Ikpoba Okha Local Government area of Edo State has dragged Mrs Sarah Uwaifor, owner of an abattoir located at Ohen-Ore in the community to a Benin Chief Magistrate Court over alleged environmental pollution in the community.
In a suit number MOGB/56/2021, Mr Ken Omusi and Mr Kenneth Imafidon, on behalf of Ikpoba Youth Development Association and other inhabitants of the community claimed that the cow dungs and waste excreta from the defendant’s abattoir were dumped in the community as well as burning of cow hair and skin constitute nuisance in the area.
They alleged that the community had tried to persuade her to abate the nuisance but she did not listen to them.
The plaintiff is seeking a declaration of the court that allowing the burning of cow hair, roasting of cow head and dump of cow excreta and dungs in the community constitute health hazards to the inhabitants of the community.
They also prayed for perpetual injunction restraining the defendant, her servants, agents, or workers at the abattoir from dumping cow excreta, roasting cow head and dumping cow dung along the street of the community.
The community are also seeking N5 million general damages from the defendant for the nuisance she has been and still constituting in the area.
The defendant after listening to charges in court pleaded not guilty while the counsel of the plaintiff and defendant Chief Abayomi Thomas and E I. Otabor respectively asked the court to fix a date for hearing.
Chief Magistrate Prince Mutairu Oarhe, consequently, adjourned the case to January 11, 2022, for hearing.

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Environment

Oyo Tribunal Fines 60 Persons For Allegedly Violating Environmental Laws

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Oyo State Environmental Tribunal court has fined no fever than 60 persons over various sanitation infractions.
The Tide source reports that 60 people were fined for allegedly flouting the state’s environmental sanitation laws during sanitation on Saturday.
The Tide reports that the violators were fined at Bodija, Iwo-road, Beere, Sapati, Elewi-Odo, Ojoo, Gate, Oke-bola and other locations in Ibadan.
Magistrate, Mr. Raheem Wasiu in his judgment, said the offenders were caught dumping refuse in unauthorised areas and are guilty of violating the environmental sanitation and waste management laws.
He charged the violators a fine of between ¦ 5,000 and ¦ 25,000 for their offences.
Commissioner for Environment and Natural Resources, Mr. Abiodun Oni, in his remarks, commended the Magistrate for his professionalism.
He added that the present administration in the state, will not leave any stone unturned towards regaining the environmental sanity in the state.
“No matter how we take care of our environment, it usually has an impact on every stakeholder’s health and as soon as we enforce the law, it goes a long way in making the state a healthy one.
“Oyo State is a pacesetter state, a state we should be proud of and strive in making it safe and healthy for all and sundry”.

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Environment

Revive Forest Reserves, Expert Urges RSG

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Worried over the depleting natural resources caused by land prospectors and poachers, Professor of Biodiversity in the Rivers State University, Geofrey Akaniwor has made an appeal to the state government to revive forest conservation.
Akaniwor in an interview with The Tide stated that over five forest reserves in the state are endangered as they have been abandoned over the years.
Among the forest reserves now endangered include  Lower Orashi in Abua/Odual Local Government Area and parts of Kalabari; Upper Orashi in Abua/Odual, Sombreiro Reserve located in parts of Ikwerre and Ahoada Local Government Areas, Otamiri Reserve sited in  Ikwerre and Etche Local Government Areas.
Others are Upper Imo River Reserve in Etche and Daen or Lower Imo River Reserve in Khana Local Government Area.
He also urged that the Andoni Forest Reserve which harbours the remaining forest elephants and hippos in the state should be given attention as well.
The university teacher said forest reserves help promote biodiversity and resource protection warning that endangered species play huge role in sustaining life and stability of the environment.
Besides, he was of the view that conservation can help provide jobs and tourism as government can employ rangers who will be trained to guard those forests from being encroached upon.
Meanwhile, Prof. Akaniwor has recommended that the Port Harcourt Zoological Garden(Zoo) be relocated to more expansive and serene location.
He said the site where the zoo is now has been overtaken by urbanisation and that safety of animals are not safe in such environment
Akaniwor suggested that the zoo can be relocated to either Oyibo Local Government Area by the fringes of Imo River or to Etche where there more expansive land for such facility.

By: Kevin Nengia & Excellent Omehoma

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