Cucumber is popular and widely cultivated vegetable in India which gives cooling and refreshing effect. It contains almost all the essential elements needed for the preservation of health.
The alkaline forming minerals in the cucumber represent 64.05 per cent and the acid-forming mineral 35.95 per cent. This mineral arrangement has made cucumber to have definite remedial and curative properties. It is therefore useful in maintaining the alkalinity of the blood. It also operates as one of the best natural diuretics, secreting and promoting the flow of urine. It is better taking it raw as cooking destroys the potassium and phosphorus in it.
The cucumber is a dependable laxative food. It supplies bulk to aid bowel action. Those who suffer from constipation can greatly benefit by taking two cucumbers a day.
The juice in cucumber is a valuable food medicine in the treatment of hyperacidity, gastric and duodenal ulcers. It should be taken in doses of four to six ounces every two hours in such conditions. Sufficient juice can be extracted from cucumber as it contains 96 per cent water. It gives immediate relief in case of burning sensation in the stomach.
Cucumber seeds are rich in potassium Emulsion of the Shelled seeds has been found to be beneficial in the treatment of burning sensation in urinary calculi or stone in persons who are predisposed to such disorders. Emulsion of the Shelled seeds, mixed with curd, is useful in dissolving the gravel in urinary tract and in reducing hyperacidity of the urine.
A glassful of fresh cucumber leaf juice mixed with tender coconut water taken one or two ounces every hour is a medicine for excessive thirst during cholera. It acts excellently by restoring the electrolyte liquid balance in dehydration.
Cucumber has proved effective in skin eruption for better results, carrot juice and lettuce should be added with a little alfalfa juice in some cases to speed up their efficacy.
Grated cucumber applied over face, eyes and neck for 15 – 20 minutes has been found effective as a beauty aid and best tonic for skin of the face. Regular use prevents pimples blackheads, wrinkle and dryness of the face. It also promotes hair growth due to its high silicon and sulphur content, particularly when mixed with carrot, lettuce and spinach juice.
Nutritionally, cucumber has relatively high mineral content. Its skin is most valuable as the cell salts and vitamins are in and hear it hence should not be peeled. It is also a valuable source of potassium sodium, magnesium, sulphur, silicon, chlorine and fluorine. When taken with vegetables, cereals, fruits, nuts as salads, it enhances the nutritional value of food items.
The food value of cucumber include moisture 96.3 per cent, protein 0.4 per cent, fibre 0.4 per cent, fat 0.1 per cent, minerals 0.3 per cent and carbohydrates 2.5 per cent.
Its minerals and vitamins contents are calcium 10mg, phosphorus 25mg, iron 1.5mg, vitamin C 7mg and a little amount of vitamin B complex.