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Nigeria’s Oil Production Increases To 1.6m Barrels

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Crude oil production in Nigeria is gradually improving, following an increase to about 1.6 million barrels.
The Chief Upstream Investment Officer, Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Upstream Investment Management Services, Bala Wunti, who disclosed this at the 11th Practical Nigerian Content forum in Uyo, Akwa-Ibom State, said Nigeria’s oil production as at Tuesday was 1. 6 million barrels per day, from 937, 000 barrels per day reported in September.
Wunti stated that the output increase was a result of the government’s rectangular approach to the fight against crude oil theft.
“Crude theft affects all architecture that funds the country. When the oil theft reached its peak, everything including gas production was affected,” he said.
He continued that, “One, we have security agencies in which the Navy, the police, and everyone within that space was involved. The second is the regulators angle. At this stage, all regulators are made to fully be part of the efforts.
“Third is the operators’ angle. And, of course, all operators were involved. The fourth angle is the community angle in which all impacted communities have to be brought under the umbrella of a structured arrangement in the collective effort against crude oil theft.
“In all, these efforts were able to do three things; Detect, deter and respond appropriately.
“As at today, oil production is at 1.59 million barrels per day,” he said.
Recall that Nigeria has been unable to meet OPEC production quota in the last one year.
At the September Federation Account Allocation Committee, an NNPC Limited presentation said Nigeria lost as much as 8.14 million barrels in August.
The Tide’s source had reported how the contribution of the oil sector to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country fell to 5.7 per cent in the third quarter of this year, according to data sourced from the National Bureau of Statistics.
The Bureau, in its GDP Sector Report, had said the oil sector’s contribution of 5.7 per cent in Q3, 2022, was a decline when compared to a 6.3 per cent real GDP contribution recorded in Q2-2022.
The report stated that Nigeria’s average crude oil production in Q3-2022 was 1.2 million barrels per day (including condensates), lower than Q3-2021’s 1.6 million barrels per day, a 23.6 per cent decline.
A statement by the Ministry of Finance, Budget and National Planning, last Wednesday, said the excess crude account crashed by 89 per cent in the last eight years, moving from $4.1bn in November 2014 to $472,513 in the same period of 2022.The balance as of November 23, 2022, stood at $472,513.64.
The account has depleted in the last eight years as a result of lack of inflows, oil market vagaries and the country’s revenue crunch, according to economists.
Speaking to The Tide’s source when the Federal Government made the  announcement, Professor of Economics at Covenant University, Ogun State, Jonathan Aremu, said, “It is a simple fact that when you spend money from an account and you are not adding to it, it will deplete”.
According to him, “For you to increase the ECA, the oil price must rise above the budgeted price. If it does not, nothing goes in.
“Also, if what you are spending is higher than what goes in, it depletes. This is the situation”.

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NASRDA Moves To Promote Space Technology In S’East

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In its quest to boost creativeness of space technology and its innovations among Nigerian youths, the National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA) through its Southeast Advanced Space Technology Applications Laboratory (SE-ZASTAL) has commenced a turn-round space technology applications promotion among the secondary schools in the region.
The Coordinator, SE-ZASTAL, Federal University, Ndufu-Alike, Mr. Andrew Onwusulu, made this known while declaring open a training outreach held for 442 students at the main hall, Federal Government College, Okposi, Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi state.
According to him, “the space applications promotion outreach was part of activities designed for the secondary students to sharpen their intellectual capability in science and technology innovations”.
Tagged “Capacity building for young minds: Benefits of Space and Technology Applications”, the outreach, he explained, “will forever remain in the minds of the students who participated in the training based on series of lectures and skills benefited”.
The principal of the School, Mr. Frank O.A. Omale, in his opening address thanked the agency’s new DG, Dr Mathew Adepoju, through the SE-ZASTAL Coordinator, Mr. Onwusulu Andrew, who outlined the significance of the training as a means of expanding the knowledge of Space Science to the people at the grassroots.
Mr. Omale urged the students to be serious with their studies, describing it as a great opportunity for FGC, Okposi, to be selected first, on the list of the schools mapped out for such training in the Southeast States.
In his remark, the Principal of the School, Mr Omale Frank, observed that no nation can survive the present struggles without  adequate involvement in space technology and its innovations.
He, therefore, charged Science students to rededicate their time to deep reading and aligning with current trends in technology, which he said remain very pivotal to national development.
Other instructors which included Engr. Chinedu Akarugwo, focused on the topic, “Basic Space Science and Technology of SE-ZASTAL”, and Miss Precious Ugwu with the “Space Careers”, as well as Engr. Agu John-Paul Okechukwu, who taught on, “Understanding our environment thorough earth observation”, all highlighted the impacts of Space Science researches and innovations in the environment.
During the training session, the students also had opportunities to access the SE-ZASTAL’s facilities to test, and were also exposed to the activities of NASDRA in other States, such as The National Centre for Remote Sensing, Jos, Centre for Basic Space Science, Nsukka, Enugu State; Centre for Atmospheric Research, Anyigba, Kogi State, Ile-Ife, Lagos.
Some of the students who shared their experiences after the lecture, including an SSS2 student, Okorie Ifeanyichukwu Timothy, described the training as “well-organised”, noting that it would stimulate students’ interest in the technical aspects of promotion and its applications.
Another student, Ogbonna Confidence A., urged the government to support teachers and researchers in the agency, expressing her willingness to take her time to visit the Agency’s headquarters and other NASRDA offices during holidays.
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SEC Directs Capital Market Operators To Implement ERM Framework 

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The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has mandated all capital market operators to implement an Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) framework that aligns with internationally recognised standards.
In a statement issued on the Securities and Exchange Commission website, the SEC said these standards include those set by the Committee of Sponsoring Organisations of the Treadway Commission, the International Organisation for Standardisation, and the Financial Action Task Force Recommendations.
It added that this initiative aims to bolster risk management practices within the capital market, minimize systemic impacts, and safeguard stakeholders’ interests.
“All capital market operators are hereby directed to implement an enterprise risk management framework that conforms to international standards, such as the Committee of Sponsoring Organisations of the Treadway Commission, the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO 31000), Financial Action Task Force Recommendations and any other internationally recognised risk management standards.
“Adoption of comprehensive risk management practices is imperative for minimising systemic impact and safeguarding the interests of all stakeholders”, the statement explained.
According to the commission, the new ERM framework requires CMOs to consider their operational structure, business activities, client demographics, products, services, and delivery mechanisms.
It noted that the framework must include a comprehensive risk governance structure with clear roles and responsibilities, including the establishment of a risk management committee.
To ensure accountability and oversight, the SEC directed CMOs to define their risk appetite, tolerance statements, and consistent reporting to senior management and the Board of Directors.
It added that organisations must implement risk-awareness programmes to cultivate a culture of risk management throughout their operations.
“This directive is aimed at strengthening the implementation of risk-based supervision, including anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing measures in the capital market.
“Consequently, all CMOs are required to submit a Board-approved risk management policy (selectable and searchable PDF format) on or before September 30, 2024, via email at rbs@sec.gov.ng to obtain a ‘No Objection'”, it stated.
The commission noted that the directive was part of its broader strategy to enhance risk-based supervision in the capital market, including measures for anti-money laundering, countering the financing of terrorism, and countering proliferation financing.
It also asked CMOs to submit an annual risk profile by January 31 of each year.
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Firm Combats Fraud Through Data Technology 

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A digital technological firm, the Visa,  has concluded plans to protect sensitive data for individuals, saying its technology helped to save about $650 million that could have been lost to fraudsters  in 2023.
A statement from the firm revealed that the technology, known as Visa tokens, generated more than $40 billion in incremental e-commerce revenue for businesses globally.
The statement added that Visa would continue to enhance security across the payment ecosystem through the technology, known as tokenization.
“Visa, a world leader in digital payments, recently announced a significant milestone achieved by its tokenization technology, revealing that Visa tokens have generated more than $40 billion in incremental ecommerce revenue for businesses globally and saved $650 million in fraud in the last year”, the statement explained..
Visa also announced it has issued more than 10 billion tokens since the technology’s launch in 2014.
“Over the last 10 years, Visa has further enhanced security across the payment ecosystem through tokenization, a technology that replaces sensitive personal data with a cryptographic key that conceals sensitive payment data.
“Tokenization can be embedded into any device, making digital payments more secure while being virtually useless to scammers.
“Currently, 29% of all transactions processed by Visa use tokens, reflecting their widespread adoption and the trust consumers place in this secure payment method.
“Tokenization technology has also caused a six-basis point increase in payment approval rates globally. Overall, tokenization can reduce the rate of fraud by up to 60%, providing businesses with more successful transactions and offering much-needed peace of mind to consumers and merchants of all sizes.
“Visa, announced the milestone live onstage at Money20/20 in Amsterdam recently, issued its billionth token in 2020. Due in part to the shift to digital during the pandemic, the adoption of tokens accelerated significantly in the last four years.
“Today, over 8,000 issuers are enabled for tokenization, with over 200 markets empowered with the technology globally. In the last 12 months, over 1.5 million eCommerce merchants transacted with Visa Tokens every day.
“A recent Visa survey revealed that less than one third of consumers globally feel in control of their data, and only slightly more than one third fully understand how their data is used.
“However, Tokenization can unlock a whole new era of personalization and security, one where consumers control their data and approve when and where it can be shared for a more personalized experience.
“In the not-too-distant future, Visa data tokens could help merchants and commerce platforms use your data in a way that is both transparent and gives you control, meaning you decide who gets access to your data (and when they no longer do) as well as how your data will be used.
“Powered by AI, Visa data tokens let consumers view, consent to, and revoke data sharing access, right from their banking app”, the statement posited.
Corlins Walter
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