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Nigeria’s Rising Poverty’ll Increase Crime, Experts Warn

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Nigerians are alarmed at the report of the National Multidimensional Poverty Index (NMPI) which revealed that 63per cent or 133million Nigerians are poor.
According to the last census conducted in Nigeria in 2006 (16 years ago) Nigeria’s population was put at 200million.
However, the report did not state if the population figure was based on the 2006 census or the World Bank’s estimate of 2016.
But whether it was based on Nigeria’s 200million population or not, experts are alarmed at the report, saying that if urgent steps are not taken to address the ugly situation, the future is bleak for everybody.
President, Renewable Energy Association of Nigeria (REAN), Dr Segun Adaju, said that the level of poverty would engender a high crime rate.
He urged the government to do something urgently.
“The report that has just been released was arrived at with a yardstick called Multidimensional Poverty Index. Before now, the yardstick was the National Living Standard Survey (NLSS) which result said that about 82.9million Nigerians are poor. That result covered only income or financial for people living below $1 per day.
“But the multi-dimensional poverty index uses many other factors which include, not only financial but education, child, health. That means that we have been underrating the level of poverty in Nigeria by just using economic factors alone. With MPI we have more poor people than we think and it’s a dangerous trend. It’s worrisome that we have 133million Nigerians that are poor by that index. It’s something that any reasonable government or even individuals like you and I should be worried about.
“There will be high increase in crime. Somebody who’s poor can do anything to survive. Government should sit down and take a drastic look at the situation. Otherwise, the future is a write-off,” he said.
In his remarks, Secretary General, Arewa Consultative Forum, Murtala Aliyu, advised that the Federal Government should devolve power to lower levels and that state levels must ensure that local governments work.
“My own take is that government should re-engineer governance itself and take activities towards the local governments. If that figure is correct that means the government should devolve power to lower levels and that state levels also must ensure that local governments work. When that happens poverty will drastically be reduced and quickly too.”
But the President, Coalition of South-East Youth Leaders, (COSEYL), Hon Goodluck Ibem, deferred from the report, arguing that in view of the level of devastations in the North as a result of insecurity, the figure is a far cry from what the report presented.
He put the actual figure of poverty at 150million instead of 133million.
“That report is not accurate. About 150million Nigerians are poor. In the North the level of insecurity has reduced many people to poverty. The northerners are mainly farmers. They are no longer going to farm. Insecurity there has made it impossible for them to go to farm.
“When somebody cannot fend for himself it means he’s poor. So, the level of poverty is higher than what the report is saying. So, poverty is as a result of poor leadership by the All Progressives Congress (APC). President Muhammadu Buhari brought poverty upon Nigerians. And it’s very unfortunate that the same person is also campaigning for his party to be re-elected. I wonder what they have to tell Nigerians,” he said.
The World Bank in its 2016, poverty survey, had rated Nigeria the poverty capital of the world, saying that four in every 10 Nigerians live below the poverty income of $1.9 per day.
The World Bank’s sobriquet on Nigeria led to a series of surveys by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).
According to the bank, with Nigeria’s population growth continuing to outpace poverty reduction, the number of Nigerians living in extreme poverty is set to rise by 7.7million between 2019 and 2024.
While the economy is projected to grow at an average of 3.2per cent in 2022-2024, the growth outlook is subject to downside risks including further declines in oil production and heightened insecurity.
Meanwhile, continued scarcity of foreign exchange and tighter liquidity could affect the economic activity in the non-oil sector and undermine the overall macroeconomic stability.
The uncertainty is also expected to be accompanied by high inflation and continued fiscal and debt pressures.
Consequently, in 2018/9, NBS conducted a Nigerian Living Standards Survey (NLSS) where it reported that only 40.1per cent Nigerians were poor.
The same year, the bureau conducted a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) which was a subset of NLSS and about 82.9million Nigerians were reported to be in extreme poverty.
Notwithstanding the result of the survey, President Muhammadu Buhari, in 2018, promised to lift 100million Nigerians out of poverty in 10 years.
This implies that in his personal survey and calculation, there are more poor than the survey’s report, an indictment that led to another round of survey – the National Multidimensional Poverty Index (NMPI) – the result of which was launched on November 17, 2022.
The survey which was sponsored by European Union, Canada, United Nations, UNICEF, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and OPHI University in United States, revealed that out of over 200million Nigerians, 133million are multi-dimensionally poor.
This means that they experience deprivations in more than one dimension or in, at least, 26per cent of weighted indicators.
According to the document, over half of the population are deprived in cooking fuel and high deprivations are also apparent in sanitation, time to healthcare, food insecurity and housing.
The report also explained that multidimensional poverty is higher in rural areas with 72per cent of people poor compared to 42per cent of people in urban areas.
Meanwhile, 70per cent of Nigeria’s population live in rural areas while 80per cent of poor people and their intensity of poverty is also higher – 42per cent in rural areas compared to 37per cent in urban areas.
Whereas 65per cent of the poor (86million) Nigerians, live in the north, 35per cent (47million) live in the South.
“Poverty levels across states vary significantly with the incidence of multidimensional poverty ranging from a low 27per cent in Ondo to a high of 91per cent in Sokoto.
“Seventy-one per cent of people living in households with at least one person living with a disability (PLWD) are poor compared to 62per cent of people who live in households where no one is living with a disability” the report, said, adding that 29per cent of all school-age children are not attending school and 94per cent of all out-of-school are poor.
“Thus, 27per cent of all school-age children are both poor and out of school (with no significant gender disparities)” the report said.
The document noted that the purpose of National Multidimensional Poverty Index (NMPI) is to be used as a policy tool but it’s not expected to reduce poverty.
“Leadership and a strong commitment to this purpose is needed to go further than measurement,” the document noted.
Excited with the result, Buhari promised that henceforth the National Multidimensional Poverty Index (NMPI) would be used to allocate resources for national development.
Speaking at the launch of the NMPI in Abuja, the president who was represented by his Chief of Staff, Prof Ibrahim Gambari, also noted that the NMPI would be integrated in the National Social Register to facilitate better targeting for social intervention.
“At the federal level, these results will be used to influence the allocation of resources going forward, particularly to target sectors where most citizens suffer deprivations.
“The MPI is not our only data on poverty, combining the insights provided by MPI results with data from the income poverty measurement, it provides a holistic picture of poverty, and helps to shape the path towards shared prosperity,” he said.
According to the president, the multidimensional way of understanding poverty has been helpful in highlighting beyond monetary/income-based poverty measurements, the stark realities of poverty in each state and across the 109 senatorial districts.
The incidence of monetary poverty, he said, is lower than the incidence of multidimensional poverty across most states where 40.1per cent of people are poor according to the 2018/19 national monetary poverty line, but 63per cent are multi-dimensionally poor according to the 2022 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) report.
Furthermore, the report shows that multi-dimensional poverty is higher in rural areas, where 72per cent of people are poor, compared to 42per cent of people in urban areas.
Buhari explained that globally, people that are most vulnerable to poverty are very often women and children, while commending the report for including child poverty.
“It is, therefore, commendable to see that this report also includes child poverty numbers. Children are a strategic population of concern, as nearly half of all Nigerians are children under the age of 18. Two-thirds (67.5per cent) of children aged 0–17 are poor according to the National MPI, and half (51per cent) of all poor people are children.
“This government recognises the importance of the data and the need to deploy it in sharing your story to a broad spectrum of stakeholders, both domestically and internationally. One way we have started this engagement was at the recent United Nations General Assembly where Nigeria co-hosted the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) and shared lessons learned from other 100 member countries. However, this is just the start. Internally, we have now deployed a comprehensive Data Demand and Use (DDU) strategy to embed the use of evidence-based and data- driven poverty reduction mechanisms,” he said.

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Gov Fubara Tasks Youths On Useful Ideas To Drive Economic Prosperity

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Rivers State Governor, Sir Siminalayi Fubara, has said that it is time for youths in the State to spend more time among themselves fine-tuning ideas they have cultivated on how to contribute productively to the economy instead of waiting to be employed in the public sector.
The Governor explained that jobs in the public sector are becoming less available, adding that with greater peace prevailing in the State, making it ripe for investors to explore its business climate, Rivers youths must be ready with ideas, skills and determination to engage critical players in order to benefit from it, directly or indirectly.
Governor Fubara, gave the charge when he received members of the Rivers State Youth Leaders’ Assembly, who were on a Solidarity Street Show-Rally in his honour, at Government House Gate in Port Harcourt on Tuesday.
Represented by the Head of Rivers Civil Service, Dr George Nwaeke, the Governor noted the commendable level of education acquired by most youths of the State, coupled with the moral training espoused to them by their parents but added that without the discipline of subjecting themselves to thinking out of the box on productive ideas that can be translated into economic gains, their potentials will remain untapped.
He said: “You have already subjected yourselves to the rigours of education. Not just education, you also have very good upbringing that has produced you to become wonderful people that you are.
”You have also queued behind the Governor, not out of compulsion. No one came to compel you. It’s time for us to sit down and have some sober reflection.
”Why are we now begging for arms now? There was a time you could just walk down to Trans-Amadi Industrial Layout, and get something to do that could feed you for a week or two. What we have lost is what Governor Fubara wants to recover and recreate.
”Your ideas will be highly welcome by the Governor. You have to join him to make the Youth Resource Centre productive. This resource centre is going to be a place where youths will churn out ideas of what needs to be done to move the State to the next level. That place is where you need to go to contribute your quota to the development of the State.”
Governor Fubara explained the reason behind the Youth Resource Centre whose foundation has been laid, adding that it will cater to all youth development issues in the State, and also serve as reservoir of productive ideas from youths.
The Governor emphasised that the propelling vision of his administration for youths is to have a State that is reborn to reflect the dreams of the founding fathers who made sure there were productive industries and vibrant economy that offered varied opportunities to everybody.
He said, “the Governor has gone a step ahead, knowing that he is within the age bracket you define as youth. This is because he understands how you feel. He knows your pains, and where it pinches.
“That is why the Rivers State Youth Resource Centre is being built. It will be a youth development resource centre. So, be part of it, work to be active in that centre. The government expects useful ideas from thinking minds.
“So, we have hope because the youths that we have here today have something to offer. Come up with tangible ideas. What do you think that we can do? How can we create jobs for our people?”
He stated: “Let me tell you, I am an economist, and I know that government alone cannot create all the jobs. Government creates conducive environment for jobs to be created so that people can earn decent income.
“Just last week Wednesday and Thursday, we had Rivers State Economic and Investment Summit. Discussions were centred on how government can create an environment to woo investors to come to Rivers State. That is the journey we want you to be part of.”
In his address, leader of the delegation and Speaker of Rivers State Youth Leaders’ Assembly, Dr Prince Tonye Jeminimiema, said under the leadership of Governor Fubara, the State has witnessed remarkable progress in infrastructure, healthcare, education, economic and human capital development.
Dr Jeminimiema also noted the unwavering commitment of the Governor to improve the lives of the citizenry, adding that they are resolved to continue to support his administration.
He said, “The achievements reflect your dedication to the comprehensive development of Rivers State and demonstrates a clear vision for a properous future.
“We, the members of the Rivers State Youth Leaders’ Assembly, are here today, not only to express our profound appreciation to you as our Grand Patron but also to seek your continued support in several critical areas that will further enhance our collective mission and vision.”
He listed some of the key areas of need, and pledged the determination of the youths to rally support for the Governor to ensure that his administration succeeds in delivering good governance to Rivers people.

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FG Moves To Bridge Metering Error Gaps In Oil, Gas

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The Federal Government says it will purchase up-to-date equipment to bridge the gap between metering errors noticed in petroleum products and the required standard.
The Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment, Amb. Nura Rimi, said this at a three-day workshop on the Administration of the International Organisation of Legal Metrology Certification System (OIML-CS) in Abuja yesterday.
The workshop was organised for zonal coordinators of Weight and Measure Department of the ministry.
Rimi, represented by Mr Dafung Sule, the Director, Federal Produce Inspectorate Services of the ministry, said the equipment would be purchased at the implementation of the 2024 budget.
He said the workshop was part of efforts to curb the losses currently being lost which was caused by poor metering.
“What has brought us here is one of the things we have to do to ensure that we do not loose the billions that we are currently loosing that is to build our capacity and that is just one aspect of it.
“On the equipment, in the 2024 budget which has not kick started, there are a lot of equipment that are lined up for purchase by the weights and measures department.
“This will bridge the gap between the errors being noticed in the metering and the required standard,” he said.
On the payment of the OIML subscription which the country was owing, the permanent secretary said it would be paid by September.
He said the payment would help to give the country the kind of outlook that the international has given us.
OIML is an “international standard-setting body” in the sense of the World Trade Organisation’s Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement.
On his part, Mr Bamidele Olajide, the Director, Weight and Measure Department of the ministry, said it was part of the preparation towards signing up to the OIML-CS.
The implication of signing up to the System was that signatories would be obliged to accept pattern approval certificates and test results from other countries.
“The OIML-CS will promote fair and accurate trade transactions by ensuring that trade measuring instruments used in Nigeria are fit for purpose.
“The OIML-CS will also promote trade among countries by removing technical barriers to trade.
“This is achieved by removing the need to subject imported trade measuring instruments to another round of conformity assessment tests,” he said.
Some of the zonal coordinators, who spoke at the workshop emphasised the need for the upgrade of their working equipment and tools.
Mr Garba Mustapha, the South-South Zonal Coordinator of the Weight and Measure Department, FMITI, said the zone had the potential to generate revenue for the country.
Mustapha said the potential were being drawn back by obsolete or poor equipment.
Mrs Cordelia Nwachukwu, from the Lagos State Zonal Office, said that most people were unaware of the functions of the department.
Nwachukwu, who said that legal metrology was dynamic, suggested the use of technology to meet with international trends.
The Tide source reports that the department is saddled with the responsibility to ensure that all commercial transactions involving measurement are fair, accurate and legal with a view to protecting the consumers.
The Tide source reports that the workshop attracted zonal coordinators of the department from the six geo-political zones.

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Investment In Children, Best Legacy -Lady Fubara ….Urges Crackdown On Child Labour, Trafficking …•Hosts Rivers Children To Party

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Wife of the Rivers State Governor, Lady Valerie Siminalayi Fubara, has stated that the most enduring legacy is investment in children to harness their full potential for self-development and positive impact on the larger society.
This is even as the Rivers State First Lady has called on relevant government agencies to intensify measures towards achieving total crackdown on practices that promote child labour and trafficking.
Lady Fubara stated these while speaking at twin activities by the State Government to mark the 2024 Children’s Day celebrations in Port Harcourt on Monday.
Speaking shortly after taking salute during the official march past at the Sharks Football Club Stadium, Port Harcourt, Lady Fubara, who applauded the theme of this year’s celebration: “Investing in the Future Means Investing in our Children,” called for the prioritisation of the development and wellbeing of children, noting that such investment transcends the individual and has ripple effects on the larger society.
She said, “Today, when we’re gathered to celebrate Children’s Day, we are reminded of the invaluable treasure we hold in our hands, the promise of our future, embodied in their innocence, curiosity and boundless potentials of our children, the theme of this year’s celebration: ‘investing in the future means investing in our children’ underscores our responsibility towards generations to come.
“These responsibilities”, she pointed out, “involve nurturing, guiding and inspiring our children to be architects of a brighter future.”
She further explained that investing in children goes beyond mere provision of basic needs of ensuring assess to education and healthcare which are essential components, but involves creating an enabling environment that fosters their holistic development, intellectually, socially, emotionally and ethically.
According to her, “Investment in our children is about instituting in them the values of compassion, empathy and responsibility for diversity, laying the foundation of a society built on inclusivity and understanding, instilling in them the skills of knowledge and understanding to navigate an ever changing world.”
While speaking at the party organised for children in the State at Government House, Port Harcourt, with the theme: ‘For Every Child, Every Right’, the Rivers First Lady pointed to how inimical child labour and trafficking are in hampering healthy growth and well-being of children, which therefore, should be tackled head-on.
She said: “It is apparent that more efforts still need to be made to continue tackling issues related to our children’s growth and well-being, especially in the area of child labour and trafficking, which are endemic in our society today.
“I call on relevant government agencies to step up the campaign against such evil practices and ensure the safety of our children as they remain the hope of our nation and the potential leaders of tomorrow.
“I urge parents not to be unduly pressured, either by the temporary economic challenges or by societal influences, to engage in such inhuman practice of child labour or trafficking. It is not only an evil against humanity, but also a sin against God,” she said.
Lady Fubara said it is a privilege for her to host children in the State, who are the future hope of society, on such auspicious occasion, and to share in their joy on a day designated for them globally.
The First Lady of the State emphasised that in evaluating the priority of the day, it was pertinent to focus on what the Rivers State Government has started doing for them under the watch of her husband, Sir Siminalayi Fubara, particularly in prioritising their education.
Lady Fubara said: “Several policy initiatives are being taken to rebrand and reposition the educational sector, by strengthening the operations and promoting the emergence of SMART Schools through the remodeling of infrastructure and upgrading of learning equipment.
“I am aware that this administration has taken up examination fees for school children and further purchased books and instructional materials to deepen teaching and improve learning.
“We are truly grateful to His Excellency, the Governor, for always thinking ahead to cater for our children. This clearly demonstrates our determined efforts at building the future we definitely want to see, if we want a tomorrow with great men and women.”
Lady Fubara stated the need for sustained but deliberate efforts in planning for the future with greater investment made that will manifest in the well-being of children.
She recalled the recent gesture of the wife of Nigeria’s President, Senator Oluremi Tinubu, who, with the ‘Renewed Hope Initiative’, allowed her office coordinate the donation of 50,000 exercise books to public schools in Rivers State.
She said, “This effort was to ensure that our children do not lack the basic materials required of them to engage in the learning process.
“Distinguished ladies and gentlemen, we are here to celebrate our children, and we must continue to pray for them and to guide them according to the dictates of God Almighty, who gave them to us to look after.”
Earlier in her welcome address, the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, Dr Justina Jumbo, had stated that prioritizing the welfare of children was paramount, especially in this period of prevailing social and moral decadence in our society.
She said the celebration of Children’s Day helps to bring issues bothering on the welfare of children to the fore, and urged governments at all levels and the private sector to refocus their plans by investing in the future of the children.
The events featured march past, presentation of gifts to participating schools, unity dance performed by 23 children representing the LGAs of the State and other forms of games.
At the nursery category, Family Support Nursery School emerged first position in the march past, while UPE Model Nursery School, Bundu came second.
At Primary School Category, Police Children School emerged first position, while State Primary School, Elekahia, and Distinct Victory Field came second and third, respectively.
Government Comprehensive Secondary School, Borokiri, came first at the junior secondary category, while Butterstone and Sunrise Secondary schools came second and third, respectively.
For the Senior Secondary Schools’ category, Model Secondary School, GRA, Port Harcourt, came first, while Vivid Model School and Government Secondary School Borokiri came second and third, respectively.
For the paramilitary category, Police Comprehensive Secondary School, came first, while Nigeria Navy Secondary School, Borkiri came second.
Lady Fubara, accompanied by some dignitaries, cut the 2024 Children’s Day Party Cake at Government House playground.

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