Body Mass Index (BMI), has been the tool for assessing healthy body weight. Research has now pointed to the fact that just BMI is not enough, we need to know our body composition (BCA) to find out how much fat versus muscle we carry and waist-hip ratio, which is now seen as a critical indicator of health. The latter, visceral fat is of bigger concern and has been associated with higher risk of CVD, DM, and cancers. It is also linked to increased LDL, lower HDL cholesterol, and insulin resistance.
While losing excess weight is important, losing belly fat is critical and also a little difficult. It needs a disciplined regime including diet but more importantly targeted exercise program. So while there are no shortcuts, some common drinks have been found to have a positive effect and support belly fat loss. With winters around the corner and gajar ka halwa, hot sweet tea, and increased appetite are on the doorstep to take us off the track, try replacing these with these drinks:
Its health quotient is well researched and documented. Its role in overall weight loss is also well researched. Green tea is rich in antioxidants polyphenols. Catechins, especially EGCGs (epigallocatechin gallate), has a strong positive co-relation with fat oxidation in humans even in the resting body. In one Chinese study, it was found that green tea helped with reduction in visceral fat. It also helps fill you up, preventing hunger pangs, thereby, adding to reduced overall calorific intake. Cold winter days and a perfect warm cup of health!
Cinnamon is a spice endowed with a number of health benefits. It is very effective in controlling blood sugars and reducing insulin resistance (IR). IR is one of the main causes of increased fat deposition in the abdomen. Cinnamon is useful for distressing, which in turn lowers the stress hormone cortisol. There is well documented evidence that high cortisol levels support abdominal fat deposition and a craving for high fat and sugar foods. Cinnamon is also a metabolism booster, has a sweetness in flavour and is also very good for heart health. A well-researched spice that has been used for centuries for its health benefits, having a cup of cinnamon tea will not only help with losing the extra fat but also revving up your immune system. Perfect drink for winter health.
A recent study published on Research Gate studied the participants for effect of continuous coffee consumption on body fat especially visceral fat. They found that a moderate intake of coffee, 3 cups/day, showed a significant change in reduction of body fat, especially visceral fat. The polyphenols in coffee- chlorogenic acids – have been shown to reduce belly fat. There are a number of studies which have shown similar results. Coffee contains caffeine, a natural energy booster, but I repeat again that moderate intake is enough. 2-3 cups of black coffee without sugar is a good way to start the belly fat loss journey.
Again a warm cosy drink to cheer you up in winters. Metabolic syndrome MetS, is a growing public health concern. Obesity is a major risk factor for this especially W/H ratio and visceral obesity. Honey has been observed to prevent wait gain in animal studies and also a decrease in body fat percentage. A similar pattern has been observed in human trials to. Honey is also known for energising the body and hence preventing hunger pangs. Being a good antioxidant, it counters the oxidative stress produced by visceral fat cells.
While these amazing warm drinks will add a lot of health and no extra calories to your day, a healthy lifestyle and regular targeted exercise is still needed for losing the belly fat.
Gender Violence Increases HIV/AIDS,RSG Warns
The Rivers State Government has warned that gender-based violence increases incidence of HIV/AIDs, unwanted pregnancies among other health ailments.
The state Commissioner for Health ,Dr. Adaeze Oreh made the disclosure during the kick-off of the 16-days statewide campaign against gender-based violence.
“She also listed other health problems associated with gender based-violence that include sexually transmitted diseases (STDS), rectal incontinence and addictive behaviours.
“The commissioner used the occasion to enlist the support of individuals, organisations, government around the world to eliminate gender -based violence.“
“Dr. Oreh in a broadcast last weekend to commence the campaign against gender-based violence stressed the need to check the menace which she believed affects families and the society.
“According to her, all forms of anti-social behaviours like rape, sexual and child slavery, forced prostitution, forced abortion and pregnancy perpetrated against the girl child and women should be eliminated.
Said she, the concern of the Rivers State Government is the health implications of gender-based violence which includes increased HIV and sexually transmitted diseases.
She reiterated that the citizens have key role to play to prevent gender- based violence and its consequences by reporting cases promptly to health facilities in the state.
By: Kevin Nengia
Getting Trimmed Naturally
There are a lot of misconceptions about weight gain. The first is that weight gain comes from extra calories we do consume that we do not expend. Experts say we eat too much and exercise little. So if one gets fatter, then, surely he or she must be eating too much.
The other misconception is that once we cut our food, then, we will naturally become trimmed. All these are hinged on the diet theory, which only works for some time.
Over the past 40 years, studies have shown that you can not get clinically significant effect from cutting down on your calories. Even though experts are saying that sloth is responsible for weight gains- they overlook one basic truth that dieting only works for a short period.
The new study that seems to break those myths about body fat is now revealing some stunning facts. The kind of food we eat makes us fat. Two scientists at University of Pennsylvania, Mitchell Lazar and Cardiologist Allan Sniderman at McGill University, all in the United States have shown that food that we eat often makes us pack in flesh. These include bread, plain baked potatoes, and plain pasta, rice, sweet corn. They confirmed that fatty foods are not the enemy but easily digested carbohydrates, while steak, burgers, cheese or sour cream help us lose weight and keep our heart healthy.
This sounds ironical, but it has been discovered that those who do diet and avoid those foods end up getting hungry. What happens is that when you conserve energy or burn less energy, you are bound to add more flesh. Many public health authorities want us to practise energy balance, which is a new way to say that you should not take more calories than one expends.
No matter how one counts what he or she eats, it is impossible to determine calories and know when we are over board. No matter how good you are at counting calories, you can’t do it. So its couple of sips of soft drinks and few bites of humburger that can make you add weight. That means it at the point when we eat extra than the body want that the body store excess as fat.
The myth of exercising to reduce weight is really making waves. Exercise is helpful but it is not the main ingredient for fat burning. The funny truth is that the two things we tell people to do in order to lose weight-eat less and exercise more- are the exact two things that make one more hungry. Thus, there is need for balance. If one must exercise, then it should be done moderately so as to allow the body to recover the strenght.
The reality is that insulin is the primary hormone that makes one to add weight, especially one eats food that spikes insulin like bread, biscuits, sweets, soft drinks. It is refined carbohydrates that raise insulin levels in the body. Explained in simple terms, your fat tissue is more like your wallet, and your meals are like going to the ATM. You know how you use the ATM: You put the cash in your wallet and gradually spend it, and when you get too low on cash, you go back to the ATM. It is the insulin that locks the money in your wallet, so you keep going to the ATM, and your fat cells are getting fatter and fatter. More often, you become hungry and you eat again because the insulin can not get at the fatty acids leading to weight gain.
Low carb diet is key if you are to get trimmed. In Africa where stables are more of carbohydrate it is best to choose those with fibre. It is difficult to follow the Atkins diet like eating skinless chicken and green salad, melted mozzarella cheese and all those western diet.
An example of a workable diet is to include eggs more often and cut down on processed foods, especially processed carbohydrate. Complex carbohydrate, and vegetables have more fibre and make you get filled quickly. Instead of Irish potato, go for sweet potatoes, oats that have more fibre. I advise people to eat garri than processed plantain and wheat meals. By the way, processed wheat can worsen the body ails.
By: Kelvin Nengia
Who Formulates New Drug Treatment For Children
The World Health Organisation(WHO) has disclosed plans for new child care formulations.
The new programme if approved will drive innovations for better paediatric medicines.
The world health apex body since 2015 has reported decline in infant and child mortality but observed that there is a lack of research into new life-saving tools targeted at children.
This it said is partly due to the complexity of conducting studies including the youngest age groups.
“Children cannot swallow tablets or capsules, often cannot bear the taste of liquid medicines and metabolise drugs differently as they develop and grow.”
New drugs formulations is aimed at making medicines palatable, scored, crushable, dispersible (i.e. disintegrates quickly in water), chewable, sprinkled on food orr mixed with breast milk.
Stressing the need to improve the lives of infants and children , WHO stated that most drugs are not quality assured, especiallyin low income countries.
Once this is acheived it noted that it will help drive Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), particularly SDG 3, for good health and wellbeing, and the related target to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC) by 2030.
Already, GAP-f network partners are working together to remove barriers to developing and delivering appropriate, quality, affordable and accessible medicines for children.
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