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World Leaders Pledge $2.6bn To Fight Polio

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World leaders yesterday pledged US$ 2.6 billion  funding toward the Global Polio Eradication Initiative’s (GPEI) 2022-2026.
The project is being championed by Germanyo  as the Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) co-hosted the World Health Summit in Berlin.
The funding will support global efforts to overcome the final hurdles to polio eradication, vaccinate 370 million children annually over the next five years and continue disease surveillance across 50 countries.
“No place is safe until polio has been eradicated everywhere. As long as the virus still exists somewhere in the world, it can spread – including in our own country. We now have a realistic chance to eradicate polio completely, and we want to jointly seize that chance,” said Svenja Schulze, Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany.
”Germany will remain a strong and committed partner in the global fight against polio. This year, it is providing EUR 35 million for this cause. And next year we plan to further strengthen our efforts and support GPEI with EUR 37 million – pending parliamentary approval. By supporting the GPEI, we are also strengthening national health systems. That leads to healthier societies, far beyond the polio response,”he added.
Wild poliovirus is endemic in just two countries – Pakistan and Afghanistan. However, after just six cases were recorded in 2021, 29 cases have been recorded so far this year, including a small number of new detections in southeast Africa linked to a strain originating in Pakistan.
Additionally, outbreaks of cVDPV, variants of the poliovirus that can emerge in places where not enough people have been immunized, continue to spread across parts of Africa, Asia and Europe, with new outbreaks detected in the United States, Israel and the United Kingdom in recent months.
“The new detections of polio this year in previously polio-free countries are a stark reminder that if we do not deliver our goal of ending polio everywhere, it may resurge globally,” said Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “We are grateful for donors’ new and continued support for eradication, but there is further work to do to fully fund the 2022-2026 Strategy. We must remember the significant challenges we have overcome to get this far against polio, stay the course and finish the job once and for all.”
At a challenging time for countries around the world, governments and partners have stepped forward to demonstrate their collective resolve to eradicate the second human disease ever. In addition to existing pledges, new commitments to the 2022-2026 Strategy this fall.
The pledging moment in Berlin marked the first major opportunity to pledge support toward the US$ 4.8 billion needed to fully implement the 2022-2026 Strategy.
If the Strategy is fully funded and eradication achieved, it is estimated that it would result in US$ 33.1 billion in health cost savings this century compared to the price of controlling outbreaks. Further, continued support for GPEI will enable it to deliver additional health services and immunizations alongside polio vaccines to underserved communities.
“Children deserve to live in a polio-free world, but as we have seen this year with painful clarity, until we reach every community and vaccinate every child, the threat of polio will persist,” said UNICEF Executive Director Catherine Russell.

By; Kevin Nengia

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US Approves New Drug To Delay Type 1 Diabetes 

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A new drug that delays the onset of type 1 diabetes received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration.
It is the first therapy approved for prevention of type 1 diabetes.
The monoclonal antibody teplizumab, which will be marketed under the brand name Tzield, from ProventionBio and Sanofi is given through intravenous infusion. The therapy will carry a wholesale cost of roughly $194,000 for a full course of treatment, the drug’s manufacturer said in an investor call on Friday, although this is not expected to be the price consumers would pay.
It is thought to work by turning down the body’s misdirected attack on its own insulin-producing cells. The idea is that protecting these cells buys people more time before they become dependent on insulin to manage their condition.
In clinical trials, Tzield delayed progression to full-blown diabetes by a little over two years. But the benefits have lasted much longer in some of the study participants.
One of them, Mikayla Olsten, was screened for diabetes after her 9-year old sister, Mia, suddenly developed a life-threatening episode of diabetic ketoacidosis and was diagnosed with diabetes. There was no history of diabetes in the family, and Mikayla was not sick, but she had four of the five types of autoantibodies that doctors look for to assess a person’s risk.
“They told us when somebody has that many markers, it’s not if they’re going to develop diabetes, it’s when,” said her mom, Tracy.
Mikayla was 15 when she joined the study and received teplizumab. She is now 21 and a senior in college. She gets an annual battery of tests to check her pancreas and blood markers, and Tracy Olsten says her condition has not progressed in six years.
According to a scientific statement from JDRF, the Endocrine Society and the American Diabetes Association, when a person has markers for autoimmune disease and episodes of uncontrolled blood sugar, the five-year risk for progression to insulin-dependent symptomatic disease is 75 percent. The lifetime risk of developing insulin-dependent diabetes is nearly 100 percent.

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Benefits Of Garlic To Health

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Garlic is a bulbous herb vegetable that is scientifically called Allium sativum.
A lot of people do not like to take garlic because it is assumed to cause mouth odour when eaten raw. Little do you know that garlic has more health benefits to the body than you had imagined.
According to research, garlic is said to be an antibiotic and immune enhancer which helps to fight bacteria, fungi, viruses and intestinal parasites in the body. It does not lose its effectiveness when cooked.
It is also a good source of vitamin C, B6 and has other minerals like manganese and selenium. Selenium is a rich mineral resource that helps to fight cancer in the body.
Garlic can be used in several forms: from cloves and smooth paste to powders and supplements like garlic oil and extract.
It adds flavour to meals and can be easily included in diets. Garlic can be used to make savoury dishes, sauces, soups, and so on.
This article will give you more insight about the healthy benefits of taking garlic.
. Cures ear infection
Garlic has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.  Applying garlic cloves to your ears helps to cure the infection and gives a better sensation.
. Relieves pain in the body
Garlic has an effective way of easing the body’s discomfort. This is achieved by applying garlic oil to the affected parts.
. Improves eyesight
Scientists have made it known that the antimicrobial property of garlic helps to fight microbes causing eyesight keratitis. It also reduces intraocular pressure.
. It normalises blood sugar
According to research, consuming raw garlic helps to prevent high blood sugar, which could eventually lead to diabetes, obesity, etc. It stabilises blood sugar in the body.
. Fights cancer
Garlic contains anticancer properties, which help to improve the inflammation that could increase the risk of cancer in the body. It also boosts enzymes that destroy carcinogens.
. Boosts the immune system
Garlic consists of antioxidants which flush out toxins and reduce oxidative stress in the body. It supplements the body and increases various immune systems in the body.
. Prevents cardiovascular diseases
Heart attack and stroke are said to be some of the cardiovascular diseases responsible for death.
Garlic helps to reduce the risk of heart disease in the human body. It enhances nitric oxide, which is essential to maintaining normal blood flow. It also hinders arterial disease, blood clotting and inflammation.
. Prevents illness
Taking garlic helps to fight against illnesses and reduces the risk of common cold, flu etc in the body system.
. Fights dementia and Alzheimer’s disease
Dementia is an illness that mostly affects the aged. Garlic helps to prevent such occurrences because it has antioxidants that inhibit cell damage and loss of memory.
. Improves the skin
Due to its antioxidant and other biological properties. Garlic is said to help with improving issues in the skin such as keloid scars, wounds, psoriasis, viral and fungal infections, skin aging, etc. It aids immunity and prevents UVB damage.
Source: https://tribuneonlineng.com/ten-health-benefits-of-garlic-you-should-know/

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NMA Boss Blames Poor Welfare For Manpower Dearth In Health Sector

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The Chairman of Rivers State branch of the Nigerian Medical Association(NMA), Dr. Ebbi Robinson has blamed dearth of manpower in health sector to poor welfare.
He told The Tide Health that brain drain in the health sector will persist if welfare and renumeration are not tackled.
“It has been affirmed that Nigerian medical doctors are one of the best in the world and yet they prefer working outside the country” Dr. Robinson remarked.
He observed that the environment is not conducive it leads to fatique and mental exhaustion.
“So what we are advocating is for promotion and motivation to medical doctors, if not they will continue to leave the country to where they are better remunerated,” Robinson said.
While commending the State Government for improving facilities and medical facilities in the state, Robinson noted there is still serious lag in manpower.
Said he, “ Rivers state is above national average when it comes to medicare, but welfare is still required to sustain the system.”
He commended the governor, Chief Nyesom Wike for upgradement of tertiary medical facilities such as the Rivers State University Teaching Hospital and the Cancer and  Cardiovascular Centre but urged for maintenance and expertise manpower to sustain the facilities.
Scoring the state high on tackling communicable diseases, he lauded proactive measure taken by the Rivers State Primary Health Care Board in reducing disease burden in the state.
However, he urged the general public to take issues of health serious, and always visit and consult medical experts for ailments, and avoid quacks.

By: Kevin Nengia

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