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Key Into Science, Technology, Minister Urges Nigerians

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The Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI), Dr Adeleke Mamora, has called on Nigerians to key into Science and Technology in order to move the country forward.
Mamora said this when he featured on a special interview session organised by The Tide’s source
He said the STI has some components that were inevitable to the people and nation as a whole in order to grow and develop across board.
“We must key into STI for us to move forward, grow and develop across all the sectors of our economy and social life.
“STI has components that are inevitable to our being as a people and as a nation. I don’t know which area you want to talk about without mentioning STI, because these are the things that make the system work better, including increasing revenue”, he said.
On the achievements of the Nigerian Building and Road Research Institute (NBRRI), Mamora said it had developed some building materials for both building and roads construction.
“They have been able to develop some kind of technology that is compliant with the environment.These days we are talking about the green environment, where you will have reduction in carbon emissions.
“We need the road building materials that will make the road to last longer”, he said.
Mamora noted that NBRRI has three critical issues in terms of road construction and building, which are cost effective, environmental-friendly and long-lasting.
“They have prototype buildings they have put in place for people to see, and, of course, these things are cost effective, environmental-friendly and long lasting.
“So, these are three critical issues NABRI is bringing up in terms of road construction and building”, he said.
The Minister further said NABRI has been able to develop some building materials for both building, and road construction.

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Firm Launches Citizens’ Demand Website To Deepen OGP

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A Kaduna-based Information Technology organisation, Ihifix Technologies, has inaugurated a citizens’ demand website and mobile application to deepen Open Government Partnership (OGP) in Kaduna State.
The application website, https://citizensdemand.org/ was inaugurated in Kaduna, during the Ihifix Digital Summit for Development, with the theme, “Leveraging Digital Technologies for Sustaining the Gains of OGP”.
The Tide Source  reports that the summit was organised in collaboration with Coalition of Associations for Leadership, Peace, Empowerment and Development (CALPED) and OGP Technical Working Group on Citizens Engagement.
The event was supported by the Partnership to Engage Reform and Learn, a governance programme of the United Kingdom Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO).
The Ihifix Team Lead, Mr Emmanuel Adikpe, explained that the website and mobile application were designed in partnership with CALPED to enable citizens to upload their needs with a view to inform the budget.
Adikpe said applications developed in line with the principle of OGP, were intended to deepen citizens engagement in governance by ensuring that their voices were heard, and needs captured in the state budget.
According to him, citizen participation is critical in ensuring transparency and accountability in governance and a key attribute of good governance, critical to Nigeria’s development.
He also explained that the effort was to deploy digital technology to deepen citizens’ engagement in the governance process, particularly the Community Development Charter (CDC).

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NIGCOMSAT Set To Deploy 5G Satellite

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Nigerian Communications Satellite Limited (NIGCOMSAT) says  plans are underway to deploy 5G,  using a new satellite known as NIGCOMSAT 2.
It also said the NIGCOMSAT 2  would be launched into orbit by the first quarter of 2023 to enhance coverage.
Managing Director of NIGCOMSAT,  Dr Ambibola Alale, made this known at a stakeholders engagement forum organised by the agency in Lagos recently.
He informed that the satellite would backhaul the services of 5G once telecom operators deploy the fifth generation network services.
In his view, the backhauling meant getting data to a point which could be distributed via the optic fibre or network.
Alale also disclosed that the government planned to provide 70 per cent broadband by 2025, and that NIGCOMSAT would keep working with other technology providers to be able to deliver broadband services to all Nigerians.
The Deputy General Manager, Satellite Control and Operations, NIGCOMSAT, Dr. Anthony Orjinta, during a panel discussion,  said satellite had always been supporting all GSM operators.
“Satelite has always been serving areas that are underserved, because we all know that the cost of deploying terrestrial sites is quite expensive, but fibre deployment is even more costly due to our environment.
“As the 2G, 3G, 4G technologies are evolving, so also are the technologies in the satellite industry.The enhanced capacities that are available in other technologies are also coming along in the satellite space”, he said.
Orjinta stated that originally when the telecom industry started, Nigeria only had voice calls but with evolution, things changed.
He explained that NIGCOMSAT was in the process of launching a new satelite which would be one of the first in Africa and a deal breaker .
Accordingly,  he  has revealed that the satellite would provide back haul services for all 5G operations, while simultaneously delivering services of the same comparative capacity to underserved areas and dark spots that were not economically viable for terrestrial operators.
He also hinted that terrestrial operators would not want to deploy 5G in areas that are not profitable.
“We have had situations where companies put in terrestrial traffic data locations and actually took them off because they were not making enough money”, he said.
The theme of the event was “NIGCOMSAT: The Roadmap for Enhanced Service Delivery”.

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Don Invents Tool For Hardenability Determination

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A University Teacher, Don, Prof. Jacob Aweda,  of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, University of Ilorin (UNILORIN), has designed and evaluated  what he called the ‘Jominy End Quencher’ apparatus for the determination of hardenability of steel materials.
Aweda  disclosed this during his paper presentations at the 217th inaugural lecture of the institution titled, “Engineering Technology and Manipulation of Process Parameters”, in Illorin recently.
According to the Don, Hardenability of steel was the property of material that determines the depth of the hardness of material when cooled in a desirable quenchant from its austenising temperature.
The scholar, who lectures in  the Faculty of Engineering and Technology, explained that this was measured through the determination of the depth of hardness of the standard size and the shape of the steel in a controlled standardised environment, which the apparatus was used for.
He noted that in many research centres and tertiary institutions, appropriate testing equipment were either not easily available or obsolete.
“Added to this is the cost of testing, which is enormous, charges are high where necessary equipment are available.This may probably be due to high initial cost of procurement and high cost of maintenance of such equipment.
“If access to research equipment is readily available and at  an affordable cost, the risk of travelling long distances and paying so much for material evaluation will reduce.
“Currently, due to the  non-availability of required laboratory equipment, many researchers  send  test samples outside the country resulting in the reduction of the number of samples required for testing, which may not be a good representative of the overall result,” he said.

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