The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has hinted that Nigeria’s continued reliance on surface water sources may lead to acute shortage, impacting negatively on livelihoods and wellbeing of the population.
UNICEF Representative in Nigeria, Peter Hawkins,said this when he featured on the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) Forum, a special interview programme, in Abuja.
He said due to population growth, Nigeria made slow progress in improving access to potable water for the citizens, with access only at 10 per cent, calling for more investments in the sector.
According to him, there is need for the country to seek water storage alternatives through harvesting and sustainable conservation.
“In terms of provision of clean water, there are two levels.
“The actual increase has been, I think it was, about 10 per cent or 11 per cent increase about access to clean water.
“But when you look at the population growth and where the population has moved to, I am afraid Nigeria is going backwards on access to clean water.
“Nigeria relies a lot on the water table and on surface water.
“The water table with climate change and the massive population, Nigeria potentially has a crisis looming in the future.
“I am talking about 10, 20, 30 years and its reliance on surface water, without the infrastructure to meet it, is always going to be a burden on the country.
“So, it has to look at different ways of capturing water, making water available, especially in the urban areas; piping water and making it better available, that will require a considerable investment.” The UNICEF representative noted that the biggest progress in the sector was the declaration of a state of emergency in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) sector by President Muhammadu Buhari in 2018.
He said this had led to more local governments becoming open defecation-free and communities taking ownership of their sanitation and hygiene needs.
Hawkins said UNICEF had introduced the annual Water, Sanitation and Hygiene National Outcome Routine Mapping (WASHNORM) Report for all stakeholders to monitor progress made in water and sanitation at the state level.
According to him, Nigeria needs N3 billion annually to make reasonable change.
“So the data now is there and that is owned by and produced by the Ministry of Water Resources for State level entities.
“So you can see where your State is going and what is required, but then it requires massive investment.
“The level of investment I think, if I remember correctly, is between the region of N3 billion a year if Nigeria were to catch up with any sort of reasonable level of access to clean water and good sanitation.
“That level of investment, it needs to take place and if it doesn’t take place I am afraid, over the next 20, 30 years, that Nigeria will be faced with serious consequences.
2022 Flooding And Food Crisis
Except nature intervenes, the flood situation currently ravaging some parts of the country may surely get to Rivers State. It would be recalled that the Nigerian Meterological Agency (NiMET) and its sister agency, Nigerian Hydrological Services Agency (NHISA), predicted massive flooding this year in the country.
According to NiMET predictions, 20 states and more will be affected by flooding this year.
The high risk States, according to the agency, are Kebbi, Jigawa, Borno and Bauchi States.
The rest are Taraba, Plateau,Bayelsa, Rivers, Adamawa, Kano and Akwa Ibom States.
Also to be affected are Cross River, Abia, Imo, Enugu, Ogun, Osun, Ondo, Oyo and Ekiti States.
NiMET based its predictions on the rainfall distribution and rainfall amount recorded so far in the country.
As at the time of filing this report, a number of States across the country are reeling from the impacts of severe flooding.
Reports of impacts of flooding so far obtained show that Borno State has lost 4,989 shelters / houses to flood, while 40,000 people are already displaced, farmlands totaling 4,000 hectares of land, including crops also destroyed.
Also in Adamawa State, 962 houses were destroyed, 979 people displaced and rendered homeless, while food and cash crops running into millions of Naira destroyed.
In Yobe State, 58 Houses were destroyed, three deaths recorded, four persons sustained various degrees of injuries, while farmlands and crops running into millions of Naira destroyed.
Similarly, reports also had it that in Lagos State, three children and four adults were killed in the flooding.
In Jigawa State, 50 people lost their lives and thousands of homes damaged, including farmlands and crops.
Similarly, in Ebonyi State, 15 houses were destroyed, farmlands, including rice farms, cassava and yam farm also affected.
Also, in Niger State, a total of 35 persons were killed, 51 others injured, while 8,215 houses, including farmlands destroyed.
The situation was also reported in Gombe State where a three-year-old girl was reportedly killed, a two-year-old girl critically injured and properties worth millions of Naira, including farmlands and crops destroyed.
Also, in Cross River State six were killed, houses submerged, farmlands destroyed including crops, schools and other facilities also affected.
Within the past years, Rivers State was not left out as far as flood was concerned.
It would be noted that the Orashi region of Rivers State has been a flash point as far as flooding is concerned.
Incidentally, this area is 80 percent agricultural, and any distortion in its farming system may affect not just the region but the entire state.
The 2012,/2013,/2014/,2015 even the 2020 flooding wrecked innumerable havocs in the area.
The Orashi region, for instance, was a flash point in the 2020 flooding.
Deaths were recorded in Omoku, Ubie and Engenni Kingdoms while places like Andoni, Opobo, Akuku-Toru and others withnessed series of damage and destructions to both public and individual property.
In most of these areas, farmers lost their crops and belongings, and some of them are yet to recover.
The implications of this was not only grave for the state but the nation at large.
Even if the current flooding being experienced in parts of the country is yet to be withnessed in the state, there are reports of panic and apprehensions, especially among farmers.
According to an indigene of Joinkrama in Engenni Kingdom, farmers are already contemplating premature harvesting because of previous experiences.
Sodin Akiagba, a native of Joinkrama Engenni Kingdom in Ahoada-West Local Government Area told The Tide in an exclusive interview that farmers are major victims of flood disasters in Engenni Kingdom.
He said his people who are predominantly farmers always bore the brunt of flood disasters
“I can tell you authoritatively that our people are already confused over what to do, some of them have started harvesting their crops prematurely to avoid them being destroyed by the impending flood”, Akiagba said.
Akiagba regretted that no farmers have received any palliatives as a result of previous flooding in Engenni Kingdom.
He said apart from the expected food shortages, massive poverty will also result from the situation.
Akiagba said that the only way of protecting farmers from the perennial flooding is the introduction of crops with shorter life span.
He also said the dredging of the Orashi river will reduce the impact of flooding in the region.
Also speaking with The Tide, the state Chairman of the All Farmers Association of Nigeria (AFAN), Chief Ofimaobari Igwe, said food crisis is imminent in the country, if there is no intervention from the state and Federal Governments.
Igwe said within the past few years, millions of farmers across the state and country have been suffering the impacts of flooding.
He said farmers have lost millions of Naira to flood without compensation by governments.
The AFAN Chairman said government should rise up to its responsibilities by providing relief materials during flood disasters.
“If what I am hearing across the country is anything to go by, then, we are in for a hard time in the country.
“My advice is that government should rise up and protect farmers from this problem.
“They should make available palliatives and crops with shorter life span”, he said
He called on Rivers farmers to be vigilant and observe all flood signals.
Also speaking, a farmer in Etche Local Government Area, Mrs Kaina Amadi told The Tide that she was a victim of flood disasters in the state
She said previous flood disasters had affected her farming activities, stressing that she lost her crops to flooding in the area.
Amadi said for this year, she is fervently praying that what is happening around the country should not get to Rivers State.
She however expressed the hope that Rivers State will not witness flooding this year.
Also speaking, the Eze Odinta Nanya of Etcheland Eze Ndubuisi Nwankwo, solicted for support to farmers in the state from both the federal and state governments.
He said farmers have always been at the receiving end at every flood season .
“Farmers need government’s support because they always lose everything during flooding,” he said.
The traditional ruler also expressed concern over the destruction by flooding in other parts of the country, stressing that the situation may lead to food scarcity next year if not well handled.
Also, a civil society activist, Miss Blessing Digbani, regretted that farmers across the country are losing their farmlands to flooding.
She said the situation may lead to mass poverty in the country.
Also, Prince William Chinwo said society will suffer from the effects of the current flood disaster in parts of the country.
He said Rivers State and the rest of the Niger Delta should put appropriate mechanism in place to assist farmers in the event that the incident gets to the region.
For Dan Mbachi, another civil society activist, it is time government wake up to support farmers in the state.
He said majority of farmers will lose their sources of livelihood if what is happening in other parts of the country gets to the state.
An environmentalist, Barrister Iniuro Wills called for a flood master plan for the Niger Delta.
He also soclicited for support to farmers.
The Zonal Director of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), Mr Godwin Tepikor could not be reached for comments but an official in the agency said they are sensitising farmers on how to manage the situation in the event of flooding in the state.
According to him, farmers have been sensitise to be on the alert with a view to commencing the harvesting of crops and expressed the hope that going by the low rainfalls this year, the situation may not be worst as anticipated.
It is clear that going by flood reports especially with the continuous destruction of farmlands across the country, Nigeria may experience food shortages next year and beyond and the country’s already bad inflation situation may also be worsened.
By: John Bibor & Adigun Oreoluwa
Plastic Pollution: NGO Inaugurates Recycling Hub In Lagos
A Non-Governmental Organisation, Foundation for a Better Environment (FABE International), on Thursday inaugurated a recycling hub in Lagos to promote environmental sustainability and curb plastic pollution in the state.
Founder, FABE International, Mrs Temitope Okunnu, said the recycling hub was established in collaboration with the Coca-Cola Foundation.
She said the recycling hub, located in Victoria Garden City (VGC), Lagos, was part of the Foundation’s project tagged, “Tidy Nigeria.”
According to her, that the choice of situating a recycling hub in a residential estate was due to the great amount of plastic wastes generated there.
Okunnu said promoting environmental sustainability must begin from the home-front, where these wastes are first generated.
“Today we are launching “Tidy Nigeria” here at the VGC, it is specifically for the residents, the business areas and its environs.
“This project is actually sponsored by the Coca-Cola Foundation, and to us it is a big deal,” she said.
According to her, there is a need and a gap when it comes to community recycling: “We do a lot of collection at the beach, at the dump site. But most recyclables are generated from our homes.
“So, this is what has prompted this project; we need to bring recycling closer to our people so that it is easy for them to recycle and live sustainably.
“We have been preaching and sensitising the communities about waste segregation, how to sort waste into recyclables and non-recyclables.
“We have brought the recycling hub to make it easier for people to sort their waste.”
Stressing the need to promote environmental sustainability, Mrs Nwamaka Onyemelukwe, the Director, Public Affairs, Communication and Sustainability, Coca-Cola, said the partnership with FABE served the company’s goal in fighting plastic pollution.
“This project is being launched today because as a company we need to see people taking action against plastic pollution.
Groups Mobilise Volunteers To Clean Up Lagos
A global civic organisation, Let’s Do It World (LDIW), in collaboration with Green Janitors, on Saturday mobilised community volunteers to Clean-up Lagos State.
The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the exercise is in commemoration of the World Clean-up Day.
World Clean-up Day is celebrated on September 17 annually.
It is the outcome of a massive volunteer initiative, pioneered in Estonia in 2008, when 50,000 volunteers cleaned up their homes in five hours.
LDIW coordinates and supports the global movement, inspiring and empowering leaders to raise awareness and move countries toward sustainable solutions for the environment.
The LDIW Coordinator for Africa, Mr Gafar Odubote, said at the event that the clean-up was being carried simultaneously across many countries to create environmental sustainability awareness.
He said that getting residents involved in environmental sanitation would enhance sustainability.
“The World Clean-up Day is uniting millions of volunteers in 191 countries to clean up their environments; Nigeria is one of these countries,” he said.
The coordinator said that the clean-up was being carried out simultaneously all over the world and across the 36 states of Nigeria.
“In Lagos State, we have close to 30 or 40 clean-up sites. It is also going on at the beachfront, offshore and on the land.
“The importance of the clean-up is to demonstrate that people can come together to create a massive change in our environment through sustainable actions.
“People coming out to show that we can clean up environment is a way to heighten awareness that the environment is important to us,” Odubote said.
Ms Suliyat Oguns, Team Lead of Green Janitors, urged the volunteers to make environmental sanitation regular to ensure a healthy and sustainable environment.
“Today, we commemorate the International World Clean-up Day, and we are celebrating it as a team under Green Janitors in Bariga.
“We are in partnership with Junior Club International, Rotary Club, Lions Club, Leo’s Club and Sustainable Development Advocates of the University of Lagos.
“Clean-up is not just for Sept. 17. Let us all ensure that after this event, everybody in our environment gets to know that once we clean up, it is going to reflect in our environment.
“The thing we are actually fighting for is a world without wastes, that is our final goal,” she said.
She said that the group desired that Nigerians should know the essence of maintaining a clean environment.
“Reuse, reduce and recycle. We do not have to waste materials that can be converted to other uses.
“The host community for today’s clean-up is Akoka Community, people have come massively to volunteer in the exercise,” Oguns said.
Commending the efforts of the groups, Mr Adegboyega Adefuwa , Environment Supervisor, Bariga Local Government, called on the community members to take clean-up as a personal responsibility.
“The exercise is a laudable programme being supported by the executive Chairman of the Bariga LGA, Mr Kolade Alabi, for the well-being of our environment.
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