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Naira Value: Expert Seeks Productivity In Nigerians

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Unsettled with the economic situation in the country, an expert in economics, Dr Nkem Amadi, says Nigeria must increase its productivity and change consumption patterns to shore up the value of its naira.
Amadi, a senior economics lecturer at the Federal University, Wukari in Taraba State, who disclosed this to newsmen shortly on arrival at the Port Harcourt International Airport, Omagwa, at the weekend, noted that the value of the naira will continue to depreciate, if productivity continues to go down in the country.
He noted that the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) had made several policy interventions to improve the value of the national currency, including via the Anchor Borrowers Programme, which was created and has enhanced farmers’ access to loans.
“This initiative alone has created millions of jobs, taken many youths off the crime path and rescued many local economies.
“Only economy-reflating and socially impactful efforts, as seen in such initiatives, in addition to consuming what we produce and producing what we consume, will give us the prospect of bringing up the value of the national currency and keeping it up,” he said.
Amadi described as unacceptable, the level of insecurity in the country and called for more strategic efforts towards ensuring the release of citizens being held in captivity by terrorists.
He also urged the government to prioritise the release of kidnapped victims, including the remaining Chibok girls, Leah Sharibu, the Kaduna train victims, and others.
According to him, government should be proactive in information dissemination about what it is doing concerning those in captivity in various parts of the country, rather than keeping people confused on its efforts.
The expert called on the youths to take advantage of their numerical strength to vote for competent Nigerians in the 2023 general elections, who can tackle the economy of the nation.
Amadi also called for the promotion of vocational skills and innovative entrepreneurship and values re-orientation for youths to create the right mindset that would enable them to function successfully in a 21st century world.

By: Collins Walter

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Local Firms Produce 30% Oil, Gas – NUPRC

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Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Nigerian Upstream Petroleum Regulatory Commission (NUPRC), Mr. Gbenga Komolafe, says indigenous firms account for the production of about 30 per cent and 20 per cent of crude oil and gas respectively.
Speaking at the Independent Petroleum Producers Group (IPPG) dinner at the 21st Nigerian Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition in Abuja, Komolafe said “as at today, I am proud to say that indigenous companies contribute about 30 per cent of crude oil and 20 per cent of the gas production, as well as 40 per cent and 32 per cent of oil and gas reserves.”
He diclosed that seven indigenous companies are among the top 20 companies with the highest oil reserves in Nigeria.
Komolafe noted that the commission is not oblivious of the threat posed to the development of the  hydrocarbon industry by divestments of the International Oil Companies (IOCs).
The impetus for divestment by the IOCs, according to him, is mainly attributable to the hostile upstream petroleum environment arising from crude oil theft and energy transition as a global response to the advocacy for reduction in carbon emissions.
As far as NUPRC is concerned, he stated, IPPG and other prospective indigenous players should see the IOCs divestment in some of the upstream assets as an opportunity rather than a threat to the development of the Nigerian upstream petroleum sector.
“It is indeed the right time to look inwards in the sector to prove the capability of the local content in value addition and optimising development of the nation’s hydrocarbon resources”, he emphasised.
The theme of the event was ‘International Oil Industry Divestments- Nigeria’s Energy Security, and The Role of the IPPG in this New Mix’.

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Stakeholder Urges Govt To Hands Off Business 

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A player in the oil and gas sector of Nigeria’s economy, Dr Godswill Ihetu, has said that government should keep its hands off business, saying its interference is detrimental to the growth and sustainability of business.
Ihetu, an octogenarian who had been in the oil and gas sector since 1959, said this while speaking to newsmen at the 5th Nigeria Entrepreneurial Summit and Honours Foundation (NESH) Oil and Gas Roundtable Series in Port Harcourt.
Giving reasons for the huge unemployment indices in the country, in spite of having huge oil and gas reserves, Ihetu stated that the oil and gas sector does not actually employ a lot of people due to the way it is structured, noting that there were inputs from the industry, capable of creating employment if well managed.
According to him, “the industry itself does not employ many people, but there are inputs that are capable of creating employment in the economy, like the Ajaokuta steel plant, petrochemicals”.
He continued that the oil and gas businesses, in which the government had majority share and played managerial role, did not strive due to incessant hire and fire of top officers, adding that such constant removal of captains of such establishments would not allow for continuity of laudable projects.
“30 to 40 years ago, there was a pipeline sending gas to Ajaokuta plant. Can you imagine if that plant had succeeded, the number of people that would be employed? But that huge complex is lying waste and there are many such complexes scattered across the country that are not producing much”, he explained.
He observed that the private sector-driven companies such as Eleme Petrochemical, were doing well, “ but you come to government-owned establishment, you find that the ability to sustain those plants like the refinery is lacking, why?
“Government’s interference, government’s lack of support in making sure that these establishments were created. If the Port Harcourt refinery  was working it would create more jobs for the youths.
“So the oil industry itself is not one that creates a lot of jobs but the pinups from the industry, gas into petrochemicals, gas into power, gas into manufacturing create a lot of jobs.
“Unfortunately, some of those establishments that are government-run have not done very well”, he said.
He urged government to sell majority stake to private sector and let NNPC be a minority shareholder.

By: Tonye Nria-Dappa

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NSC Nets N115.2bn, Records 28 Seizures In Six Months 

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The Onne Customs Area Command of the Nigeria Customs Service (NCS) collected a total revenue of N115,264,159,921.12 between January and June this year.
This amounts to an increase of N78 billion over the N37,097,63.91  in the corresponding period of 2021. The net was N68,597,503,002 in 2020.
Onne Customs Area Controller, Comptroller Auwal Mohammed, disclosed this in a statement made available to our correspondent by the Public Relations Officer of the command, SC. Ifeoma Onuigbo Ojekwu.
According to the statement, the command recorded 28 seizures, comprising nine containers with a duty paid value (DPV) of N531,386,166.78 in the period under review.
“This year’s number of seizures is higher by 20 numbers between January and June 2021.
“Among the siezed goods are machetes brought into the country without end users certificate, military wears, vegetable oil, whisky, soap and used clothing.
Others include used tyres, foreign parboiled rice, tomato paste, used vehicle parts and  others classified as uncustoms goods.
“There is a corresponding decline in smuggling activities accasioned by the aggressive anti-smuggling operation of the ommand.
“This is in order to ensure total compliance with the  policy thrust of the Comptroller General of Customs, Col. Hammed Ali (rtd)  and the extant law of the service”, Mohammed said.
On export, Mohammed said,”our export drive has also yield Fruitful dividends. A total number of  876,775.60 metric tonnes with $495,384,221.99 Free on Board (FOB) value translated into N203,969,499,562 and Nigeria Export Supervision Scheme (NESS) valued N1,075,060,914.52 were also processed during the period under review.
“It is petinent, therefore, to sound this note of warning that our eagle- eyed officers are very much on red alert to checkmate the activities of those who thrive on evasion of customs duties on their consignments”, he stated.

By: Nkpemenyie Mcdominic, Lagos

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