The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has raised the alarm that Nigeria’s democracy is being threatened by the predominance of money politics.
The INEC Chairman, Prof. MahmoodYakubu, said this at a one-day colloquim on “Emerging Issues that will Shape the 2023 General Election in Nigeria” organised by the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) in collaboration with Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA) in Abuja.
Yakubu said that there were three critical challenges to overcome in the conduct of the 2023 elections namely insecurity, fake news and money politics.
“My third area of concern is the influence of money on politics and is becoming more present and the risk is that ours may soon become a plutocracy for the rich rather than a democracy for the people.
“The way money is exchanging hands is a source of concern, yes, we have collaboration with ICPC and the EFCC and only recently we renewed our collaboration with the EFCC, saying that we are going to do something together.
“However, there are two dimensions to it, when you have willing connectors it becomes a bit more difficult to contain the situation.
“On the one hand, you have brilliant examples, we all saw this on the social media in Anambra when there was an attempt to bribe voters and the women refused to accept the money and voted their conscience,” he said.
According Yakubu, what political parties do is critical to what INEC does because that is what is called the primary election.
This, he said, was because the candidates that emerged from the primary elections were the ones that would participate in the secondary election which INEC would conduct.
He said that the commission was working with anti-graft and finance agencies to see how to curb the challenge of money politics.
He added that the commission was concerned about the security situation in the country as it prepare for the 2023 general election because it was a major challenge.
He said that the commission has been meeting with security agencies to tackle the challenges.
He added that the commission would try as much as possible to be transparency during the elections in order not to give room for fake news.
“I believe that the antidote to fake news is more real good news, and greater openness and transparency. We will continue to be open and transparent,” he said.
Former INEC Chairman, Prof. AttahiruJega, said that the use of money in Nigerian politics was a source of concern.
According to Jega, frankly, the way money is used, many of us are now saying that we are moving in the direction of becoming a plutocracy rather than a democracy.
“Plutocracy is basically government of the rich for the rich by the rich.
“Imagine, the National Assembly altered the Electoral Act to increase the threshold of how much a candidate can spend for election finance.
“That is something that we should all have opposed regrettably, we were too busy with the issue of electronic transmission and so on that we lost focus.
“We did not pay sufficient attention to what they were trying to do because they now smuggled the issue of huge financial outlays required of candidates,” he said.
Jega said that in addition to that, many political parties, especially the so-called big ones, now put huge amounts as nomination fees, which automatically excluded women, young men and people with disability from the contest.
He said that attention has to be focused on money politics for the next cycle of electoral reform to the electoral legal framework.
Running Mate: Makarfi, Lamido Back Ortom, Fayose On Wike …BOT Commits To Appease Rivers Gov …As Atiku Moves To Douse Tension In PDP
A former Kaduna State Governor and chieftain of the Peoples Democratic Party, Senator Ahmed Makarfi, yesterday, agreed with the former Governor of Jigawa State Sule Lamido, Benue State Governor, Samuel Ortom, and former Ekiti State Governor, Peter Fayose, that the party’s leadership, and particularly the presidential candidate of the PDP, Atiku Abubakar, has a lot of explanations to do to appease the Rivers State Governor, Chief Nyesom Wike, if the main opposition party must win the 2023 presidential election.
He, however, urged leaders of the party to close rank and resolve all political challenges that might have arisen as fallout of the party’s presidential primary.
Makarfi, who spoke with newsmen in Kaduna, yesterday, amid rumour of defecting from the PDP to the All Progressives Congress (APC), said he was not contemplating leaving the party he joined others to form in 1999.
According to him, “the only reason I will quit the party is when retiring from active politics”.
He said that the misunderstanding associated with the outcome of the party’s presidential primary and the choice of the PDP presidential candidate, Atiku Abubakar’s running mate must not be allowed to rock the PDP boat.
Makarfi urged Atiku to reach out to Rivers State Governor, Chief Nyesom Wike, on the choice of his running mate, saying that “the matter is resolvable.
“I won’t blame Wike for feeling bad because he has been one of the pillars of the party. Let the presidential candidate, Atiku, sit down with Wike to discuss issues because he is the only one that knows why he picked his running mate. The matter is resolvable,” he said.
Makarfi, a former national chairman of the party, expressed optimism that PDP would bring back true democracy to Nigeria in 2023, adding that “we have learnt our lessons, and we will do more than we did when we were in power”.
He explained that as long as the 2023 election would hold, the party “will win but we need to work hard for us to win in 2023. PDP is set to bring back true democracy to Nigeria, and we have learnt our lessons”.
Markarfi also described his rumoured defection from the PDP to APC as the handiwork of jobless politicians.
He said, “Honestly, I am hearing this for the first time that I am defecting from PDP to APC, and I don’t know what can be the basis.
“Why should I make an investment in terms of time and whatever you can mention in PDP, and now decide to leave? Why should I go through the stress and just when we are getting it right, then I now leave the PDP for APC or any other party?
“What will be the attraction for me to leave the PDP? Well, people don’t approach me with such a rumour because they know the type of person that I am. If they want to come, they come to me with substance. What could be the basis because in every rumour, there must be a basis?
“Is it because members of the opposition party attended my son’s wedding, and that is the basis of that rumour? Even then, people of my own political party were all there. Is this the kind of country that we want to build that because people from all shades of life attended wedding ceremonies, or a burial that they will now start flying rumours of defection?
“The rumour is the figment of the imagination of people who are jobless. I am a PDP member thorough and thorough. If I leave PDP, I should be retiring from politics. And because you hold different political opinions, then, you now cut off all relationships with people and you want Nigeria to move forward?
“I will continue to hold my political opinion as a PDP person. I will continue to stand by my opinion in PDP. I have stood by it a long time ago and I will continue. People that have been gallivanting between PDP and APC are known.
“I am in politics in PDP on principle. If people are moving across parties because they want to capture power or they want to enhance their financial-economic position or whatever; I am still in PDP and I will continue to be in PDP and this time around, I believe we are going to be in power God’s willing in Kaduna. And we shall be successful even at the national level.”
Also reacting, former Jigawa StateGovernor, Alhaji Sule Lamido, said that Rivers State Governor, Chief Nyesom Wike, has the right to be angry for not achieving his presidential ambition under the platform of Peoples Democratic Party (PDP).
Lamido, a PDP chieftain said this in an interview with newsmen, last Wednesday.
Wike came second to former Vice President, Atiku Abubakar, who emerged as the PDP’s presidential flag bearer at the special convention at MKO Abiola National Stadium, Abuja on May 28, 2022.
There are reports that Wike is aggrieved as Atiku picked Delta State Governor, Dr Ifeanyi Okowa, as his running mate on June 16, 2022.
Reacting to these developments, Lamido said: “He is right to be angry for having not achieved his own personal interest or ambition but again, that is what leadership entails. He is a party man and the party is not his enemy.
“The party is his home, his own group, his own support, and, therefore, whatever might have been the failure of him to achieve his interest, should not be taken too seriously at a personal level.
Lamido described Wike as an asset to the PDP and a front-runner who had engraved his name in glory, given his performance as chief executive of the oil-rich state.
He, however, blamed undisclosed individuals close to the governor for fanning flames of enmity, adding that the party must rescue the Rivers State governor and preserve him for the future.
He said: “Wike is a huge treasure for the PDP and one of the best materials. If we win (in 2023), he is the natural heir to the throne because he has the quality, the aura, the charm, the charisma and the age.
“People around him who he thinks are his own friends are his biggest enemies. It is a fact and he will see it later on and that is why they are putting more logs under the fire. By now, they should be withdrawing all the logs under the fire to allow the pot to cool down.
“I have been saying this: PDP is a family. There was a primary election, and there were expectations but some of them were not met. So, it is natural for one to react. I can understand that. Governor Wike is somebody who is very forceful, who has done so well as a governor of PDP in his own state, and who has been very supportive of the PDP.
“But again, he was made by the PDP. He is somebody we must make sure we preserve, and we must rescue him from his own anger,” Lamido added.
Earlier, Benue State Governor, Samuel Ortom, had urged the leadership of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), to go to Rivers State Governor, Chief Nyesom Wike, and appeal to him to forgive and forget.
He insisted that the PDP has treated Wike, a former presidential aspirant of the party, badly.
Ortom, who appeared on Arise TV, last Wednesday morning, also claimed that it was Wike who brought him back to the PDP in 2015 when he was treated unjustly.
“Why do you just send calls to Wike, you should have to go to him,” Ortom said.
“When people left the party, Wike was on ground. It was Wike that brought me back to PDP when I was treated unjustly.
“He brought me back to PDP in 2015. You have treated Wike badly. The party at the national level should go to him and appeal to him. He came second to Atiku.”
Ortom claimed that the Presidential Candidate of the party, Atiku Abubakar, insulted the Rivers State Governor, Nyesom Wike.
He said it was an insult for Atiku to send emissaries to Wike, who was runner-up in the party’s presidential primaries.
The governor criticized Atiku for not reaching out to Wike personally.
Ortom said: “It’s an insult for Atiku Abubakar to send people to a powerful mobiliser like Wike.
“Atiku offended Wike. It is an insult for Atiku to send people to call Wike.
“Atiku and the leadership of the party at all levels must visit him, Wike is a strong pillar in PDP.”
“Why can’t Atiku visit Wike personally?”, Ortom asked, saying that it was the right thing to do to douse tension in the party and assuage the feelings of betrayal perpetrated against the Rivers State governor.
In response to questions on rumblings in the PDP in the aftermath of the Presidential primaries, Ortom said, “I was among the 17 member committee set up by Atiku and 14 of us in the committee said the person should be Wike. Unfortunately, Atiku picked Okowa, that is his wisdom.
“You cannot ignore the decision of a committee you set up yourself and expect people to be happy. For now, I have gone into hibernation.”
On whether Ortom will support the candidature of the PDP, he said, “I am in hibernation. I am praying. When I finish the prayers and whatever God directs me, I will do. We expect Atiku to do more but we are not seeing that.”
On alleged Atiku camp’s attempts to reach out to Wike by phone calls, Ortom said: “They should stop that. Atiku should go to him. Why won’t he (Wike) ignore their calls. Is that not an insult? Wike is a pillar in the party. Everybody knows that. Currently, nobody in the party has contributed more for the party to move forward than Wike.
In his reaction, the former Ekiti State Governor, Ayo Fayose, explained why he believes Rivers State Governor, Chief Nyesom Wike, would never support the presidential candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Atiku Abubakar.
Fayose, in an interview said power must shift to the southern part of Nigeria in 2023 after the expiration of President Muhammadu Buhari’s second term.
The former governor also recounted how Atiku “promised” to make Wike, the Rivers State governor, his running mate after he was declared winner of the PDP presidential primary election.
According to Fayose, Atiku failed to fulfil his promise to Wike when he settled for the Delta State Governor, Dr Ifeanyi Okowa, as his running mate.
“Wike never said he wanted to be VP, but when Atiku visited him, he was the one who said, ‘I want you to be my VP’. He said that to Wike. If that then changes, is Wike not supposed to be told? Is he not supposed to know?”
He recalled that Atiku had ignored the recommendation of a committee set up by the opposition party to pick his running mate.
“PDP set up a committee to recommend a running mate for the candidate and the committee voted and picked Wike, but they didn’t comply with the recommendation of the committee.
“If the party is now a one-man show, we will show them that we can resist it. We are with Wike 100per cent.
“When they need Wike’s money and Wike’s support, they will say, ‘Wike is good enough’. Wike has been injured, but we will remain with him. Whatever he does is what we would do; wherever he asks us to go is where we will go.”
When asked what would happen should Wike ask them to support Atiku, the former governor said: “Wike will never say we should support Atiku.
“Wike cannot come out to say he is supporting Atiku. I dare him to say so; because he knows that whatever he says will haunt him forever. If Wike supports Atiku, we will abandon him.”
On whether the plan is now to technically support the All Progressives Congress (APC) candidate, Bola Tinubu, or his counterpart in the Labour Party, Peter Obi, Fayose said: “this is not about Bola Tinubu or Obi, but this is about our belief that power must come to the South and it is a struggle we must actualise”.
Fayose further explained that “when the June 12 election was cancelled, the presidency was zoned to the South-West to pacify the South-West region.
“When former President Goodluck Jonathan was over staying, it was believed that he was already using the northern slot. So, he was opposed and a northern candidate was installed through the APC.
”This time, it is the turn of the South because Buhari has spent eight years. Why will PDP be insisting that it must again be the turn of the North.”
Fayose also stated that he does not care if his actions are perceived as anti-party activity.
“What I am saying is, it is the turn of the South, and if they want to expel me, to hell with them. I am not taking money from anyone to belong to this party.
“If they want to rock this boat, we will help them to rock it.”
In his reaction, Chairman of the Board of Trustees (BoT) of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Walid Jibrin, said that the party would do whatever it takes to ensure Rivers State Governor, Chief Nyesom Wike, doesn’t defect.
“We in PDP know how to solve our problems. We know that Governor Nyesom Wike may not be happy.
“It is the intention of this party to constitute a reconciliation committee that will meet Governor Nyesom Wike to talk to him, appeal to him, and pray that he will not leave our party,” he said.
Jibrin described Governor Nyesom Wike, as “a great man who has been fighting for the party and the party will not want to see him moving to another party”.
He also said the party will meet with all the persons who participated in the primaries.
“We will all visit Governor Nyesom Wike together, and if it means kneeling to Wike, we will kneel for him,” the BoT chairman said.
“We respect him. We respect his integrity and honesty in supporting the PDP. It is our belief that in any contest, there must be a winner and a loser.”
Wike has been involved lately in closed-door meetings with some top politicians who visited his country home shortly after the 2022 PDP presidential primaries and controversial selection of Governor Ifeanyi Okowa as running mate.
The governor has so far met with Peter Obi, presidential candidate of the Labour Party; Governor David Umahi of the All Progressives Congress (APC); Senator Rabiu Kwankwaso of the New Nigerian People’s Party (NNPP); and the Bauchi State Governor and former presidential aspirant, Senator Bala Mohammed of the PDP in his private residence in Port Harcourt, the state capital.
He has also met with PDP leaders in the National Assembly, as well as a former minister of Niger Delta Affairs, Godsday Orubebe.
Reacting, yesterday, the presidential candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party, Atiku Abubakar, said the leadership of the party is taking action to address the grievances of all the PDP members.
Atiku stressed that every governor, legislator, and other officials elected on the platform of the party “are much loved and respected by me”.
He made this known via a string of tweets on his verified Twitter handle, yesterday.
He wrote: “The @OfficialPDPNig will remain united. Focus on our actions. We are taking action to address the feelings of all party members.
“The unity in our community is my priority. Our resolve to unify Nigeria starts in our party and moves to the community, then on to society.
“Every governor, legislator, and other elected officials produced by our party, and party members and loyalists, are much loved and respected by me
“When they speak, I listen. I do not only listen. Appropriate actions have been taken, are being taken, and will continue to be advanced,” the PDP standard-bearer stated.
This is coming amidst the crisis rocking the main opposition party ahead of the 2023 general election.
The PDP National Working Committee (NWC) later nominated three names that included Okowa, Wike, and Akwa Ibom State Governor, Udom Emmanuel, to Atiku for the party’s vice presidential candidate.
88,000 Sit For NABTEB Exam
No fewer than 88,000 candidates sat for the 2022 examinations of the National Business and Technical Examination Board (NABTEB).
This is as the Minister of Education, Adamu Adamu, warned against the devaluation of certificates issued by NABTEB.
The minister noted this, yesterday during the 2022 monitoring of NABTEB examinations at the Federal Science and Technical College, Orozo, Abuja.
Adamu, who was represented by the Director of Human Resources in the ministry, David Gende, further explained that those who could not fit into the country’s formal sector would have the opportunity to get involved in the informal sector, which underscored the reason for setting up the examination board.
“I think we need to correct this impression, skills acquisition is what we are promoting in this regard and there is no rule that says everyone must go to the university.
“You know, if we look across the globe, there are people who have achieved greatness without seeing a university.
“So, we should stop demeaning this very certificate so that people can pick up the skills that are required,” he said.
On his observation during the monitoring, the minister expressed satisfaction with the conduct of the students, saying that there was no record of any students involved in malpractices.
Adamu, therefore, said that the ministry would continue to promote the culture of excellence to have great leaders that would sail the country in the near future.
On her part, the head, NABTEB, Ifeoma Isiugo-Abanihe, said the board had experienced an increase in enrollment of Technical and Vocational Education and Training candidates since 2018.
Isiugo-Abanihe said that the increase was as a result of interest in technical education among the youths, adding that, “The board received 83,000 candidates in 2021 and 88,000 in 2022. It’s been increasing every year. If you check from 2018, it was about 55,000 candidates.
“There has been steady increase in enrollment and I think it is because of the realisation that TVET is the way to go. This is because in the world today, there is need for skills as well as empowerment in skills and self-reliance and it is at the bottom of development.
NABTEB is a Nigerian examination board responsible for conducting examinations for technical and business innovation colleges in Nigeria.
The board was established under Decree No. 70 (now Act 70) of the 199 Constitution. The Decree (Act) mandated NABTEB with the responsibility to conduct Technical and Business Innovation certificate examinations hitherto being conducted by the West African Examinations Council.
May/June 2022: WAEC Begins Marking Of 1.6m Candidates’ Answer Scripts
The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) has said that it would commence the marking of answer scripts of over 1.6million candidates, who sat for the just concluded May/June 2022 West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE).
A statement signed by WAEC acting Head, Public Affairs, Mrs. Moyosola Adeyegbe, said coordination and marking of the school candidates answer scripts would start from Wednesday, July 13, 2022.
The statement reads: “The West African Examinations Council (WAEC), Nigeria wishes to inform its stakeholders and the general public that the coordination and marking exercise of the just concluded WASSCE for school candidates, 2022 will be carried out at 85 marking venues spread across the country.
“To keep up with the practice of releasing candidates’ results 45 days after the conduct of the last paper, the coordination and marking exercise will commence on Wednesday, July 13, 2022, after the Eid-el-Kabir holidays.”
Adeyegbe said the coordination meetings for chief examiners and team leaders would hold in the morning of Wednesday, July 13, 2022 while the assistant examiners coordination meetings would commence in the afternoon of the same day.
“The coordination meetings would span three days, from Wednesday, July 13 to Friday, July 15, 2022. This is to enable our Muslim brothers and sisters (staff and examiners) partake fully in the festivities before embarking on the assignment,” she stated.
WAEC Head of Nigeria National Office, Mr. Patrick Areghan, while announcing the conduct of the school exam, said results will be released within 45 days after the last paper was written.
Areghan said 1,607,985 candidates were examined in 76 subjects, made up of 197 papers.
Majority of the SS3 students wrote the 2022 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Board (UTME) as awaiting result candidates.
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