The Federal Government has expressed firm determination to fully catalyse investments in the midstream and downstream sectors of the petroleum sector, with a view to creating employment for teeming youths and maximising local content opportunities.
The Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Chief Timipre Sylva gave assurance when he declared open the Nigerian Content Midstream and Downstream Oil and Gas Summit organised by the Nigerian Content Development and Monitoring Board (NCDMB) in Lagos.
He stated that the Nigerian oil and gas industry was currently in the phase of exploring the vast opportunities and potentials associated with the midstream and downstream sectors, and commended the NCDMB for intervening to foster dynamism in the sectors through the summit.
He acknowledged that the midstream and downstream sectors did not receive the deserved focus in the past but hinted that the situation was set to change because the recently enacted Petroleum Industry Act (PIA) contains fiscal incentives to attract investment in gas development, distribution, penetration, and utilisation and provides exceptional care for host communities.
He charged industry stakeholders to take determined steps to unlock natural gas and domestic production potentials and use the opportunities in the gas ecosystem to drag millions of Nigerians out of energy poverty.
In his welcome address, the Executive Secretary, NCDMB, Engr. SimbiKesiyeWabote affirmed that the board was keen to maximize Local Content opportunities in the midstream and downstream sectors because they offer the greatest number of employment opportunities as well as longevity of jobs in contrast to the upstream sector of the oil industry.
“This provides means to absorb outputs of our Human Capacity Development programs in the form of job opportunities,” he added.
He also stated that the entry barrier for businesses to partake in the midstream and downstream sectors of the industry is relatively lower compared to the upstream sector and there are vast business opportunities in the midstream to downstream sectors, ranging from processing, transportation, storage, and distribution that could be started on small scale and later scaled up to bigger enterprises thereby growing in-country capacities and capabilities.
According to Wabote, the profit margin is also attractive in the midstream and downstream, especially in the LPG distribution value chain and this serves as an incentive to attract a wider number of players.
He emphasized the need to maximise the potentials of the midstream and downstream sectors to ensure energy security and national pride, adding that the direct social impact of a productive and efficient midstream and downstream sector of the oil and gas industry also needs to be maximised.
The executive secretary further explained that the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry Content Development (NOGICD) Act established NCDMB as the regulator of Nigerian Content in the entire spectrum of the Nigerian oil and gas industry.
He added that the board’s regulatory role is not to stifle the industry but to provide enabling, and inclusive, business environment for businesses to thrive with the active participation of critical stakeholders.
Giving a rundown of the board’s achievements in the midstream and downstream sectors, he listed the partnership with Waltersmith, which resulted in the delivery of the 5,000barrels per day modular refinery in Imo State, the 2,500barrels per day Duport Modular Refinery located in Edo State, which is due for commissioning this year as well as the 2,000barrels per day Atlantic Refinery and the 12,000barrels/day Azikel Hydro-skimming Refinery both in BayelsaState, which are under construction.
Other achievements of the board include the partnership with the NNPC to construct a 50,000liters petroleum products terminal in Brass, the partnership with Bunorr Integrated Energy Ltd for the establishment of 48,000 liters/day Base Oil Production Facility in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, which is due for commissioning this year and the ongoing construction of the Eraskon Lube Oil factory in Gbarain, Bayelsa State
Dwelling on the LPG value chain, he stated that the board had gone into partnership with some investors to develop some projects.
Some of them included the partnership with NEDO Gas Processing Company in Kwale, Delta State for the establishment of 80MMscfd of Gas Processing Plant and a 300MMscfd Kwale Gas Gathering hub, partnership with Triansel Gas Limited in Koko, Delta State for the establishment of 5,000MT LPG Storage and Loading Terminal Facility and partnership with Brass Fertiliser for the development of a 10,000MT/day Methanol Plant at Odiama in Brass.
Others are the partnership with Butane Energy to roll out LPG Bottling Plants and Depots in Abuja and 10 northern states and partnership with Southfield Petroleum for the establishment of 200 MMscfd gas processing plant at Utorogu, Delta State to produce 123,000MTPA of LPG, which is about 10percent of current LPG demand nationwide.
Other investments include the partnership with MOB Integrated Services for the construction of the 500MT Inland LPG terminal which is currently in operation at Dikko, Niger State as well as the partnership with Amal Technologies to set up a plant in Abuja to produce Smart Gas/Smoke Detector Alarm devices.
Local Firms Produce 30% Oil, Gas – NUPRC
Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Nigerian Upstream Petroleum Regulatory Commission (NUPRC), Mr. Gbenga Komolafe, says indigenous firms account for the production of about 30 per cent and 20 per cent of crude oil and gas respectively.
Speaking at the Independent Petroleum Producers Group (IPPG) dinner at the 21st Nigerian Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition in Abuja, Komolafe said “as at today, I am proud to say that indigenous companies contribute about 30 per cent of crude oil and 20 per cent of the gas production, as well as 40 per cent and 32 per cent of oil and gas reserves.”
He diclosed that seven indigenous companies are among the top 20 companies with the highest oil reserves in Nigeria.
Komolafe noted that the commission is not oblivious of the threat posed to the development of the hydrocarbon industry by divestments of the International Oil Companies (IOCs).
The impetus for divestment by the IOCs, according to him, is mainly attributable to the hostile upstream petroleum environment arising from crude oil theft and energy transition as a global response to the advocacy for reduction in carbon emissions.
As far as NUPRC is concerned, he stated, IPPG and other prospective indigenous players should see the IOCs divestment in some of the upstream assets as an opportunity rather than a threat to the development of the Nigerian upstream petroleum sector.
“It is indeed the right time to look inwards in the sector to prove the capability of the local content in value addition and optimising development of the nation’s hydrocarbon resources”, he emphasised.
The theme of the event was ‘International Oil Industry Divestments- Nigeria’s Energy Security, and The Role of the IPPG in this New Mix’.
Stakeholder Urges Govt To Hands Off Business
A player in the oil and gas sector of Nigeria’s economy, Dr Godswill Ihetu, has said that government should keep its hands off business, saying its interference is detrimental to the growth and sustainability of business.
Ihetu, an octogenarian who had been in the oil and gas sector since 1959, said this while speaking to newsmen at the 5th Nigeria Entrepreneurial Summit and Honours Foundation (NESH) Oil and Gas Roundtable Series in Port Harcourt.
Giving reasons for the huge unemployment indices in the country, in spite of having huge oil and gas reserves, Ihetu stated that the oil and gas sector does not actually employ a lot of people due to the way it is structured, noting that there were inputs from the industry, capable of creating employment if well managed.
According to him, “the industry itself does not employ many people, but there are inputs that are capable of creating employment in the economy, like the Ajaokuta steel plant, petrochemicals”.
He continued that the oil and gas businesses, in which the government had majority share and played managerial role, did not strive due to incessant hire and fire of top officers, adding that such constant removal of captains of such establishments would not allow for continuity of laudable projects.
“30 to 40 years ago, there was a pipeline sending gas to Ajaokuta plant. Can you imagine if that plant had succeeded, the number of people that would be employed? But that huge complex is lying waste and there are many such complexes scattered across the country that are not producing much”, he explained.
He observed that the private sector-driven companies such as Eleme Petrochemical, were doing well, “ but you come to government-owned establishment, you find that the ability to sustain those plants like the refinery is lacking, why?
“Government’s interference, government’s lack of support in making sure that these establishments were created. If the Port Harcourt refinery was working it would create more jobs for the youths.
“So the oil industry itself is not one that creates a lot of jobs but the pinups from the industry, gas into petrochemicals, gas into power, gas into manufacturing create a lot of jobs.
“Unfortunately, some of those establishments that are government-run have not done very well”, he said.
He urged government to sell majority stake to private sector and let NNPC be a minority shareholder.
By: Tonye Nria-Dappa
NSC Nets N115.2bn, Records 28 Seizures In Six Months
The Onne Customs Area Command of the Nigeria Customs Service (NCS) collected a total revenue of N115,264,159,921.12 between January and June this year.
This amounts to an increase of N78 billion over the N37,097,63.91 in the corresponding period of 2021. The net was N68,597,503,002 in 2020.
Onne Customs Area Controller, Comptroller Auwal Mohammed, disclosed this in a statement made available to our correspondent by the Public Relations Officer of the command, SC. Ifeoma Onuigbo Ojekwu.
According to the statement, the command recorded 28 seizures, comprising nine containers with a duty paid value (DPV) of N531,386,166.78 in the period under review.
“This year’s number of seizures is higher by 20 numbers between January and June 2021.
“Among the siezed goods are machetes brought into the country without end users certificate, military wears, vegetable oil, whisky, soap and used clothing.
Others include used tyres, foreign parboiled rice, tomato paste, used vehicle parts and others classified as uncustoms goods.
“There is a corresponding decline in smuggling activities accasioned by the aggressive anti-smuggling operation of the ommand.
“This is in order to ensure total compliance with the policy thrust of the Comptroller General of Customs, Col. Hammed Ali (rtd) and the extant law of the service”, Mohammed said.
On export, Mohammed said,”our export drive has also yield Fruitful dividends. A total number of 876,775.60 metric tonnes with $495,384,221.99 Free on Board (FOB) value translated into N203,969,499,562 and Nigeria Export Supervision Scheme (NESS) valued N1,075,060,914.52 were also processed during the period under review.
“It is petinent, therefore, to sound this note of warning that our eagle- eyed officers are very much on red alert to checkmate the activities of those who thrive on evasion of customs duties on their consignments”, he stated.
By: Nkpemenyie Mcdominic, Lagos
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