Forty million Nigerians are engaged directly in fuelwood collection and charcoal production, says the report launched by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations.
This is contained in a report entitled; “2022 State of the World’s Forests,” released at the ongoing 15th World Forestry Congress (WFC) in Seoul, South Korea.
The report said that these engagements provided an estimated 530,000 full-time equivalent direct jobs for the citizens.
It said that an additional 200,000 people – mostly also full-time – provided transport services for retail and wholesale trade in the fuelwood and charcoal production in the country.
It said that large numbers of livelihoods in other sub-Saharan African countries also depended on the fuelwood and charcoal economies.
The report, however, raised environmental concerns about the further use of wood biomass for bioenergy production associated with greenhouse gas emissions, soil-quality degradation and biodiversity loss.
In many developing countries, the transition to improved energy access and modern renewables may have implications for livelihoods.
“Therefore, there is a need for environmental, economic and social sustainability in bioenergy production, which can be assessed through a set of multicriteria indicators, and life-cycle assessment can be used to explore environmental performance.
“Although the full impact of wood fuel on climate change is disputed, there is little disagreement that benefits can be maximized by applying sustainable forest management practices and increasing the operational efficiencies of combined-heat-and-power plants and biorefineries,” the FAO’s report said.
Flood: NEMA, Experts Task Communities On Preventive Measures
As the rain intensifies across the country, the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and other stakeholders have advised residents of flood-prone communities in the South East to embark on preventive measures for safety of lives and property in the zone.
The agency made the call while responding to a Tide source survey on Challenges of Flooding during rainfall.
The reports say that some states in the South East Zone of Nigeria experience perennial flooding during rainy seasons which threatens lives and the economy of the country, hence the survey.
Some of the stakeholders who spoke to the agency maintained that flood posed disaster risk, not only to prone areas but the nation’s economic development.
The Acting Head of NEMA, Imo/Abia Operations Office, Mr Ifeanyi Nnaji, advised affected communities to always monitor sea level in their areas.
He said the Disaster Risk Management Implication of the 2022 flood prediction by NEMA through the Seasonal Climate Prediction (SCP) will soon be released to help prepare the society for emergency.
”The Annual Flood Outlook (AFO) and the Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency (NIHSA) give the organisation effective planning of weather-related disaster management in Nigeria,” he said.
Nnaji further advised the public to desist from indiscriminate disposal of waste in or around water channels.
According to him, such habit hinders the free passage of rain water, hence causing the overflow of rain water beyond boundaries to damaging proportions.
Also, the Executive Secretary of Imo State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA), Mrs Agnes Ajoku, expressed concern over the negative impact of flood on the society.
She said if not properly managed, flood effect could cause shortage of food, ecological disaster and even loss of lives and property.
“In 2018, Imo experienced one of the greatest flooding in the history of the state, which left many people homeless, while some lost their lives to the flood.
“Since flooding in most cases is a natural disaster, there is the need for both government and the people to take strict measures to prevent heavy effect of flooding.
“One of the ways is for citizens to stop the habit of blocking drainage system centrally built to checkmate flood with waste,” she said.
She also advised against building on water ways, adding that such structures built on the water ways are potential disaster.
A Director in the Ministry of Environment, Dr Clement Anyawu, said government should consider demolishing all buildings around water ways.
Anyawu said the ministry had studied Federal Government prediction for the 2022 flood outlook, adding that necessary actions had been taken to address the issue.
He appealed to residents in the flood prone communities to always adhere to early warning measures stipulated by relevant agencies.
In Abia, the State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) said that 45 communities in 14 local government areas of the state were currently being ravaged by flooding.
The Executive Secretary of the agency, Dr Sunday Jackson, told Tide source that the state had already begun to experience high rainfall, in line with the 2022 Seasonal Climate Prediction by the Nigerian Meteorological Agency.
According to him the Annual Flood Outlook Prediction by the Nigerian Hydrological Services Agency also shows that Abia, was one of the highly probable flood risk states in the country.
Kerosene Scarcity: Households Resort To Firewood
As kerosene scarcity bites harder, more Rivers households are now relying on firewood as their source of energy.
Our correspondents report that a bottle of kerosene is now selling between N700 and N800 in some markets especially in Port Harcourt City and environs.
A recent market survey conducted by our correspondents on the prices of the product in some markets in Port Harcourt shows that a bottle of kerosene which used to sell N150 and N200 now sells at N700 to N800.
A visit to the Eleme junction market shows the product selling at N700 while at the small market at Igbo Etche, the product is selling at N800.
Investigation also revealed that in some rural communities, especially in the riverine areas the product is non existent.
Similarly, prices of firewoods have also gone up, at Igbo Etche, a trader told The Tide that a bundle of firewood which before at N100 now sells between N300 to N400.
According to Mrs. OgechiIzuba, “even firewood self is scarce”, adding that they now go to bush markets to get them.
The Tide also learnt that some food vendors have also increased the prices of their food.
A food vendor who simply gave her name as Mrs. Blessing told our correspondent that the situation was affecting her business negatively.
In her words, “ I have increased the price of my food because of the increase in kerosene and firewood prices.
“I barely make enough from sales and this increment is really not helping”.
She also said she resorted to the use of firewood because of the increase in price of kerosene.
“ I started using firewood because I could not cope up. It is raining season now.
Speaking with our correspondent at Eneka, Miss Caroline Mbata regretted that kerosene which used to be at the doorsteps of every household was now a scarce commodity.
She said the price of the product was driving the women to revert to the old method of using fire wood as a source of energy and stressed the need for the government to do something about it.
Also, a petty trader, Obinna Johnson said the situation was biting is bitting harder on many households.
He regretted that kerosene which was the commonest product for the common man was now a scarce commodity.
Obinna also urged the government to do something about it.
Meanwhile, the Executive Director of Reginagilead Foundation for the elderly, Mrs. Ebiware .N. Helen has called on households not to increase their reliance on firewood for cooking.
Helen, who spoke on the situation in an interview with The Tide said cutting down trees for firewood has a big negative impact on the environment.
She said the situation contributed to climate change, stressing that instead of using firewood, they can use coal.
Helen said firewood smoke caused blindness, “we do not need kerosene and firewood. Coal does not generate smoke.
“ Coal is very cheap to get, it does not cost much so i am appealing to our women to look for coal instead of kerosene and firewood” she said.
By: John Bibor, Oribimlbama & Precious Boms
Forum Blames Rate Of Respiratory Infections On Soot
An inter-disciplinary research meeting on “Urban Resilience To Air Pollution and soot has blamed the rising cases of respiratory infections in the Niger Delta on the prevalence of the soot.
The forum which held in Port Harcourt was sponsored by the Arua Centre of Excellence for Urbanisation and Habitat Cities and University of Lagos
It was funded by the UKRI /Global challenge Research through the network Grant,establishing the African Network for Urbanisation and Habitable cities.
A cross session of participants drawn from the various local government areas of Rivers State also identified some major culprits in the illegal oil activities.
They said the situation has increased poverty, especially among the rural folks.
According to them,some rural dwellers resorted to herbal medicine in a bid to contain the ravaging effect of the soot on them.
They particularly noted that tablets such as,paracetamol has increased in price from N50 to N200,while Vitroline is now sold at N400 from N50.
The participants also said price of frannol has risen from N50 to N400.
They said even cost of accommodation in Port Harcourt is beyond the reach of the common man.
According to them some of the culprits include the security agencies, host communities, youths,transportation companies as well as buyers of the products.
They also urged the government to creat employment with a view to directing the attention of the youth from bunkering activities.
They decried the high cost of food stuff supplement and diesel.
Speaking Country Director of Centre for Development Support Initiative, Dr Mina Ogbanga said the group was sponsoring some bills on soot and climate change in the Rivers State House of Assembly.
She said the group was working hard to domesticate the National Act in climate change in the state through the sponsorship of climate change bill .
Ogbanga said the group was desirous in ensuring that the State was free from the soot.
She said the bill against illegal oil bunkering was before the state assembly as well as the state environmental protection amendment bill.
According to her,CEDSI is at the forefront of pushing for the passage of the bill.
She said the National Action plan which Will soon be localised in the state will address issues concerning climate change.
In her words, “CEDSi is looking for a zero soot in Rivers state.The drive is to have zero percent tolerance the soot”.
By: John Bibor & Oribim Ibama
Business4 days ago
Nigeria Loses N500.6bn Over Crude Oil Sale
Business4 days ago
Firms Want Solar Integration In Renewable Energy
Business4 days ago
NDLEA Arrests Two Freight Forwarders Over Drug Trafficking
Business4 days ago
Fake Products Controversy: SON’s DG Lied – Customs
Sports4 days ago
NPFL Can Become Best In Africa – Coach
Sports4 days ago
LMC Explains 30Mins Added Time In Katsina Utd, Remo Stars Clash
Sports4 days ago
Athletes Laud Sports Facilities In Edo
Politics4 days ago
Lawyers Ask Court To Disqualify Atiku, Tinubu, Obi Over Running Mates