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Mbu’s Removal, Any Implication?

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Prior to the redeployment of former Rivers State Police Commissioner, Mbu Joseph Mbu, some civil society activists and interest groups had ceaselessly demanded his removal over accusation of partisanship and culpability in the state’s political crisis. Yet a few others insisted that he was unbiased and truly professional in the discharge of his duties, and therefore should be retained.
Our Chief Correspondent,  Calista Ezeaku and photographer, Dele Obinna sought the views of some residents on the implication of Mbu’s removal on the political situation in the state and expectations from the new police commissioner, Johnson Tunde Ogunsakin.
Excerpts:

Dr Emmanuel Awoala Francis (Network Analyst)
I believe the former Riv
ers State Police Commissioner, Joseph Mbu was a man of integrity and humanity. And I will advise whoever is taking over from him to take his steps, because considering the political situation in this state, Rivers State is one of those critical states that needs iron hand, otherwise the state will turn to another thing. Take for instance, the issue of APC and PDP, there are different kinds of political manipulations but if you have a formidable security agencies I believe things will become  normal.
If you observe some couple of years back, you will find out that the former police commissioners we had, did not work like Mbu. He was formerly in Bayelsa before they transferred him to another place before he came to Rivers State. So they only send him to critical states that have serious challenges in terms of politics, violence and other things and I believe his transfer to Abuja is in readiness for 2015 when many things will be happening in Abuja.
As I said earlier, I expect the new police commissioner, Johnson Ogunsakin to emulate the former police boss in the state. And I believe he will perform well if only he is not carried away with political issues. There is a difference between you coming as a security intelligence and you coming as a personnel. So he has to be in the security intelligence whereby he can utilize his brain to analyse what is going on in the state and find solution to the problems. I want to advise the new commissioner not to allow himself to be used by anybody because if he is a man who loves money, they can influence him with money. But if you are a man of integrity you cannot be bought over with money. He came here for a particular purpose, he should not allow anything to influence him in the discharge of his duties. He should work diligently to protect the image of the Nigerian Police Force.

Mr Zianeh Sylvanus (Teacher)
I don’t think Joseph Mbu’s transfer has any implications on the state. I believe that one being moved from one area of job to another is a normal thing. We know that the state had been on fire because of what the governor thinks the former Commissioner for Police, Mr Mbu, could have been doing. Maybe the man has not been in full agreement with him, the man has not been taking up security issues the way the governor expects. But to me, I think that man has been doing his job. And now that it has come to his being transferred, the new person coming in, I think the other day he said something and the governor also said that he should not be partisan. He should let the police do their duties properly, the police should carry out law and order as it should be. They shouldn’t join APC, they shouldn’t join PDP and all that. So, to me, there is not much about his transfer. It’s normal transfer of person from one duty post to another. Mbu has been transferred, new person has come, so we are also going to watch out to see how he performs his duties.
Most of the problems we’ve been having in the state can be called a misnomer, I don’t believe all the allegations against Mbu are true. But now that Mbu is out, I am thinking that even the governor himself and the others would begin to have trust in the present person that has been brought. Since this person is neutral, this person is not Mbu. And we also believe that he is not going to work as Mbu was working if there has been any area Mbu has been trying to be partisan at all, I cannot testify that. But Mbu has been removed, if he was the cause of the problems, I think the bringing in of the new person will restore some level of peace.
I want the new commissioner to be neutral even as the governor said. Let him not have any political partisanship. Let him not be one sided either for PDP or whatever. It is expected that any political group that wants to hold a rally should obtain police permission. If they should do it, let them be allowed to go on with their rally. But if any group should come up without doing that, let the police also take their stand and say no, these ones are not following the law.
So the agenda for the new police commissioner is simple, let the police look at the law and order position of the state and follow it as such. Let them not begin to consider who is who before they handle their matters.
As I said before, I don’t believe Mbu was responsible for the alleged increase of crime rate in the state or anything. I’m believing that Mbu was trying his best to control the crime rate. And if he was the cause, then let’s expect that as this new man has come in, crime rate will come down. But I’m thinking that the problem with our state is from politicians. The politicians know why they are causing some of these problems. As a matter of fact, if the politicians begin to do their things the way it should be done properly, if they begin to respect themselves and not fight each other, I don’t think there will be any breakdown of law and order.

Mr Elvis Samuel Iboroma (Civil Servant)
I don’t think Mbu’s removal has any implication, although there was demand for his removal. Personally, I knew he would be removed one day. But then, I don’t see Mbu as a bad man Mbu did a very nice job in the state. Now we have a new Police Commissioner, I don’t know his antecedent, but I will expect that he should do a good work and not involve himself in partisan politics. He should remain who he is and give us all the necessary security measures that we need as individuals and a state. The new commissioner should do pure police work. He should not give much of himself to the governor or whoever. Adequate execution of police duties is what we expect from him. He should take all necessary measures to check crime in the state, especially in this present political period.

Mr Ini Hason (Transporter)
I don’t think there is any big deal about Mbu’s transfer. And I will expect and advise the new police commissioner to work hand-in-hand with the governor of the state without any Kata kata. He should do the police work and don’t favour PDP or APC. He should just do his police work. Now I can see many police check points in Mile One. I can see policemen stationed every- where to check crime in this area. Now I can see there is no too much of wahala here. That is very good and should continue.

Mr Zaromen Leicon (Lawyer)
No, not at all, there is no implication of his removal on the state. The thing is that there has been several calls concerning the removal of Mbu because of the political crisis in Rivers State. Some saying he is not acting fairly, some are saying he is acting in accordance with the provisions of the law that is by saying that his duties are okay. So if his removal can bring about peace in Rivers State, there’s no course for alarm. And I want to tell all those people saying that Mbu’s transfer was maybe because he was not favourable to one faction or the other that it’s not like that. As a public servant, there is every tendency that you must be transferred at the appropriate time. So nothing is wrong about his removal.
Some people alleged that Mbu’s presence here was contributing to the political tension in the state. Well I never looked at it that way. But if that was the situation, then another man has come, let us see how he works. And I will encourage everybody to cooperate with him and work with him.
I want to advise the new commissioner to ensure  that there is lasting peace in Rivers State. We need peace and nothing more than peace. We don’t need any form or any act of criminality around Port Harcourt and even outside Port Harcourt. Let there be peace everywhere. The governor is the Chief Security Officer of this state and we expect the Commissioner of Police to work in hand with him. The governor should also understand that the commissioner of police is a symbol of police and he should also work with him accordingly. The police commissioner should be neutral in his dealing with various political groups in the state.  You know when there is crisis like this, people are bound to talk. You can say anything you like to say. But to the best of my knowledge, the commissioner of police is not a politician, he has nothing to do with politics, so his action is neutral.

Princess Barieeba (Student)
I think the former Commissioner of Police, Mr Mbu, was not doing well in Rivers State because he was being biased. He was favouring one side. But I think the new police commissioner will do well. I will advise the new commissioner  to do his work the way that will please Rivers people. He should work cordially with the state governor and carry out his police duties effectively, to protect Rivers State.
He should try not to favour any political group and do his work as a police man. I believe Mbu was the cause of the problem in Rivers State because he was bought over to do what he was doing. Let’s hope there will be peace in the state again as a new man takes over.

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Skill Gap And Nation Building

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A recent exposition by the Executive Director of National Board of Technical Education in Nigeria Professor Bitrus Bagagi on skill Gap in all se3ctors of the economy is revealing.
The issue of skill gap is traceable to the yawning gap in our educational system between paper qualification and capacity development in skills that are relevant to industry and general services in Nigeria.
According to professor Bitrus Bagegi in every five university graduates, there should be five technologists and in every five technologist there should be five technicians.
However, this reality has eluded Nigeria because of poor educational planning and implementation.
Nigerian educational system is still suffering from the hangover of British colonial Educational system which emphasised two basic skills of Literacy and Numeracy.
The colonial masters brought this skill regime to provide the needed manpower for their colonial administration. They wanted interpreters, court clerks, Clergy and security personnel to run their administration. These skills served their purpose of that time and the early days of our independence. However it does appear as if curriculum developers in the Nigeria Educational System are still struggling to get away with this philosophy of immediate and non- sustainable manpower needs.
When the six-three-three-four system of education in Nigeria was introduced, there was a strong vocational component to remove the system from this colonial need.
Old habits they say are difficult to die. Efforts at building vocational education centres to remove the skill gap at the lower rungs of technological development did not seem to make deep and sustainable impact in bridging skill gaps. Polytechnic Education also was created to grow middle level manpower to groom technologists that will provide industrial revolution. Sadly, polytechnics created none technological
Departments to satisfy other needs which universities and Colleges of Education should address. The Universities of Technology became the vogue in the nineteen . eighties with the establishment of Rivers State University of Science Technology in Port Harcourt. The Federal Government of Nigeria glorified it by establishing several Universities of Technology to enthrone a technological revolution. The idea in all these is to have a large army of Artisans, Technicians, Technologists and Certified Engineers.
Education Departments created vocational Department to produce teachers of these skills in technical colleges and vocational centers. Have these efforts made any sustainable and effective impact in addressing skills gap at all levels of technological enterprises.
It is sad to note that the current railway development project in Nigeria has exposed serious skill gap among the I Nigerian work force. Records indicate that five thousand welders are needed in the current construction of Rail tracks and maintenance in Nigeria but the numbers that were documented were only in their hundreds.
This is just a tip of the ice bag in the gap that exists in skill acquisition in the Nigeria conomy. Citizens of Togo and other West African Countries cross the border to Nigeria to do simple jobs of pipe fitters, plumbers and other building craftsmen.
In a country of over 180 million people, it is difficult to find good craftsmen to do simple electrical wiring in a house and good automobile craftsmen are hard to find.
Most times we find half baked technicians who end up creating more problems. Poor electrical wiring installations have often led to fire out breaks and electrocution. Car engines are easily damaged these days because of Incompetent Auto mechanics.
The problem emanates from poor training culture and get rich quick mentality. Some of these skills which are picked on the road sides can be better managed in well structured vocational training centers with the right curriculum and philosophy.
According to C. S. Lewis “Education without value is useful only to make man a more clever devil”.
Have we asked ourselves why buildings are collapsing? Lack of adequate skill is responsible. The Nigeria Polytechnics and Engineering as well as Environmental science Departments have produced more quacks than men and women with requisite skills, the rest are paper tigers. This is why there is serious reliance on
foreign skill holders in almost all the high tech enterprises in Nigeria.
Competent and well groomed craftsmen, technicians, technologies are very few.
Many quacks roam the streets with their tools of incompetence. Sadly, it is not their fault; it is a problem that starts from a flawed educational Environment. Nigeria is a
; mono cultural economy that relies so much on oil but possesses little skill value in the industry.
Foreign investors still control the bulk of man power needs. The hope lies in restructuring our educational system to produce balanced skill driven system. We must get rid of producing graduates with skills and craftsmen who are empty in capacity.

By: Bon Woke

 

 

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Checking Illegal Oil Refining

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Lately, the rate at which fire incidents resulting from illegal oil refining, popularly known “kpo fire” refining, are being reported is alarming. The fire incidents have led to several deaths and destruction of properties worth millions of naira.
It is worrisome that the sad event occurs almost on a daily basis.  No week passes without a case of kpo fire explosion being mentioned in the society. These days, it is not only in the rural areas of the creeks, it is also happening in the urban areas that are heavily populated, due to storage of either kpo fire kerosene or petrol.
Despite heavy security checks and monitoring of those involved in the act of producing adulterated petroleum products, the menace has continued unabated. The rate of loss of lives and properties due to activities of illegal refineries has continued to increase despite all the surveillance mounted in various communities by community heads, community development committees (CDCs) and local vigilante groups whose responsibility is to safeguard oil installations in their domain.
Kpo fire or illegal refining does not just occur but is carried out by humans through illegal tampering of the oil pipelines by fraudsters. It is high time we looked into it by getting the relevant authorities to create more awareness. Government at all levels and all relevant agencies involved in crude oil production and refining should, as a matter of urgency, do something as it has caused a lot of harm in most communities.
About two months ago, it was reported that residents were concerned about the activities of illegal oil refineries which led to three separate fire outbreaks in different communities in a local government area. After a fire incident that occurred in Elele community, they were worried about the activities of artisanal crude oil refinery.
As the dry season approaches, it calls for concern because a little spark can lead to serious fire outbreak. Any lives lost can never be recovered. It was alleged that a case of fire outbreak that occurred at Omerelu and led to the death of a man was as a result of kpo fire. Residents of that area also alleged that those involved in the act convey the products in the open without fear of apprehension.
Those involved should be fished out because they are humans and are visible. A situation where such illegal business will be going on within a neighbourhood, while residents keep quiet calls for concern. Even when some of the residents are aware of the activities, they are afraid of victimisation at the end of the day.
Recently, it was also reported that a motorcycle carrying illegally refined products fell and spilled its content in Ubima community. That led to the razing of some buildings and properties worth millions of naira were lost to the inferno.
Eyewitness account revealed how in Omerelu community, a fire incident was recorded when a bus carrying adulterated petroleum products ran into a truck while trying to avoid security checks. It was also gathered that three occupants of the bus lost their lives to the fire and properties were also destroyed.
One problem associated with fire incidents in the rural areas is that of contacting Fire Service operators who are usually stationed in the city. One thing is to put a call across and another is the distance which may take a long time before arrival.
About a month ago, there was fire incident around Chokocho village in Etche Local Government Area. Although Fire Service from Mile 1 in Port Harcourt was contacted and they responded but properties worth millions of naira were already destroyed before their arrival. Their effort deserves commendation, though.
We are aware of the far distance between Isaac Boro Park Flyover in Port Harcourt and Chokocho. One amazing thing about that incident was that so many people in that neighborhood never knew what happened and even those who knew could not speak out.
It was also gathered that the fire outbreak was traceable to the activities of illegal oil refinery. The artisanal refinery was said to be owned and operated by a yet-to-be identified man who fled the area before the surveillance group got information about him. In fact, the man was accused of being behind the Chokocho incident. The head of task force on illegal bunkering activities who made inquiries about it discovered that the suspect left the area with his family before their arrival.
The issue of artisanal refinery has been on the increase in this part of the country and it is important that people are aware of the activities going on in their neighborhood as that will check the excesses of those who indulge in it. People should be able to identify their neighbours with their occupations.
Imagine a situation where security agents were not aware of such incidents until the members of the illegal bunkering taskforce got informed. There are speculations that law enforcement agents are involved and assisting perpetrators in indulging. It is high time the police defended themselves so that all eyes will not be on them. Lately, the Police had been doing great jobs. In fact, their relationship with the citizenry has been very cordial and anything that will tarnish the image of the Force should be avoided.
At the end of investigation, anyone found guilty of the offence should be arrested and prosecuted to serve as deterrent to others. This is because the harm resulting from illegal oil refinery and kpo fire is alarming. Sometimes, it is either adulterated petrol or kerosene stored in the houses that go up in flames when it comes in contact with fire. Petrol as inflammatory substance is supposed to be deposited at the petrol filling stations and not in the houses.
It is common these days to see heavy and thick smoke resulting from kpo fire around creeks in the environment. The smoke, experts say is dangerous to human health. How long will ‘yet-to-be-identified persons’ continue to perpetrate evil in the society?
Some persons have argued that it is better to gather all the people doing the illegal refining since they have become local petroleum engineers. Then the government should set up refinery and sell the crude to them to refine legally without doing kpo fire that is harming the environment. At the end of the day, they distribute to their customers in a better and legal manner. I think that is a welcome development as it will save the society from the menace.
The issue of illegal refining or kpo fire should be looked into by governments and oil producing companies in Nigeria.  Surveillance by both host communities where oil installations are sited and security agencies should be intensified so as to apprehend those whose stock-in-trade is to vandalise pipelines and cause loss of lives and properties.
Local Government chairmen and their councillors should ensure that those found in the act are punished according to the law. Community heads should communicate with the rural dwellers and more awareness created on the dangers of oil bunkering.

By: Eunice Choko-Kayode

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Violence Against Women And Girls

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It is important to recall that when God created Adam, he needed to make creation complete by creating Eve. He thus sowed the seed for procreation and for the population of human society. It became, obvious that no human society can be complete without the presence of male and female homosapien. God made all creatures male and female. This was intended to achieve harmony. Unfortunately, peace and harmony have eluded the human society because of violence. Violence has been explained as strength of emotion or of a destructive natural force.
More apt is the definition of violence as behaviour involving physical force intended to hurt, damage or kill someone. Precisely, violence is about human behaviour which relates to emotional and physical force intended to hurt. The International Day for the elimination of violence against women was celebrated on the 25th day of November, 2021.
This global celebration is a wakeup call on the world population to remind them of the danger of gender based violence. In this case, women and the girl children are the victims of this absurdity. Indeed, any harm done to women and the girl children is harm against humanity. This fragile specie of the human society deserves to be protected because of their roles as mothers. Mothers nurture the present and the future of any society. It is therefore a thing of great global interest that the U. N. Body set aside 16 days of activism as part of this celebration to dig deep into the importance of protecting women and Girl children against all forms of abuse.
Records indicate that one out of three women has been abused at one time or the other. Indeed, 35 percent of women worldwide have been abused with respect to rape. The theme of this year’s celebration is Orange The World: End Violence Against Women Now!”
Orange in this concept is explained as a colour that represents a brighter future, free of violence against women and girl children.
Women and gender activists around the globe have remained awake and vociferous to raise the awareness that women around the world are objects of rape, domestic violence and other forms of gender based violence. Rape in particular is the most prevalent violent injury inflicted on women globally in India, UK, South Africa, Nigeria and the United States. In the United States, reports indicate that one out of six Americans has been raped or has been a victim of attempted rape.
“Rape is an unlawful act which involves sexual intercourse carried out by force and under threat of injury against a person’s will”. Research evidence across the globe indicates that reporting rape cases is a herculean task because many victims choose not to report as a result of the embarrassment associated with it and most importantly because of fear of reprisals.
Victims are most often threatened with serious repercussions if they reveal the encounter and the perpetrators of the act. Parents and adults, keep mute when their girl child is raped because of prejudices and attendant stigmatisation that may trail the victims. The conspiracy of silence is the greatest bane of the unfortunate pain the girl child suffers.
Defilement of underage girl child is the most unfortunate and demonic aspect of gender abuse. There are rampant reports about the adults and aged males forcing their genitals into the sex passage of infants. This absurdity further debases the human society and brings to question the moral authority of some persons who address themselves as fathers. Innocent children are victims of their depravity that sometimes have ritualistic intentions.
According to the Minister of Women Affairs in Nigeria, Mrs. Paulen Tallen, 30 percent of women and girls have experienced one form of sexual abuse or the otherin Nigeria. Women and girls between the ages of 14 and 49 years, experience different forms of sexual abuse.
Research reveals that 28 percent of Nigerians aged between 25 and 29 years of age have experienced physical violence since the age of 15 or below. Most of these revelations come up when the victims are liberated and free to speak out. Also 44 precent of divorced, separated or widowed persons have reported experiencing violence since early teens.
The case of married women in Nigeria and domestic violence is replete with tales of horror, pain and penury. 25 percent of married women experience violence which comes in different forms of abuses. Sadly, many married women die in silence struggling to keep their marriage because of societal stigma. Some swallow the abuses and pain for the sake of their children. In all, the girl children and women suffer sexual harassment, physical violence, harmful traditional practices, emotional and psychological violence.
The girl childen and women need to be rescued from this hell. They need sustained Advocacy and empowerment. The women need to be protected by the law through consistent and purposeful prosecutions of perpetrators of violence. Let parents speak out and let the girl children be taught to speak out too.
The female gender needs to be protected and given the confidence to shield themselves against sexual violence. The society, parents, law enforcement agencies, N. G. Os and the judiciary should rally forces together to protect the mothers of today and the future.

By: Bon Woke

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