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Capital Market Loses N145bn In November

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The Nigerian Stock Exchange recorded a total loss of N145 billion on equities at the close of trading activities in November, blaming poor financial results of quoted companies on the downturn.

The market value of the 215 listed equities which opened the month at N5.143 trillion closed on the last trading day of November at N4.998 trillion, accounting for 65 per cent of the total market capitalisation of the 300 quoted securities, valued at N7.7 trillion.

Also, the Exchange All-Share Index (ASI), which opened at 21,804.69 closed at 21,010.29. This shows a decline by 794.40 points or 3.64 per cent during the month compared to decline by 260.31 points or 1.2 per cent in October. Compared with an opening value of 31,450.78 on December 31, 2008, the year-to-date decline in the NSE ASI stood at 33.2 per cent.

The Information Department of the stock exchange explained that most companies performed below expectation because the “harsh operating environment” continued to hamper their operations. It added that “the gloomy economic outlook so far in 2009 affected the quarterly results of some quoted companies.

Consequently, stock market indicators recorded downward movements. The stock exchange further explained that the stock market recorded a monthly negative return of 5.32 per cent on a dividend-adjusted basis, a reversal from the positive 0.35 per cent recorded in October. It noted that the 11-month average return remained negative at 38.41 per cent.

The market recorded a low turnover of 9.33 billion shares valued at N56.12 billion in 114,607 deals in November in contrast to the 10.7 billion shares worth N73.31 billion exchanged during October in 134,394 deals. Hence, trading volume and value dropped by 12.51 per cent and 23.45 per cent but rose by 17.9 per cent and 11.1 per cent in October.

Total turnover between January and November 2009 was 95.3 billion shares valued at N638.11 billion. In the comparable period during 2008, 183.45 billion units valued at N2.33 trillion were traded.

Virginus Agada, stockbroker at Eurocomm Securities Limited said the low turnover recorded could be attributed to the fall in the prices of equities and the slow pace of activities witnessed in all sectors of the market.

Measuring by turnover volume, the banking subsector was the most active in November with traded volume of 5.75 billion shares valued at N36.83 billion; the insurance subsector was second with traded volume of 1.7 billion shares valued at N1.3 billion, while the Information Communication and Technology subsector came third with transaction volume of 373.1 million shares worth N1.1 billion.

FinBank Plc was the most active stock with transaction volume of 1.054 billion shares followed by First Bank of Nigeria Plc with 758.03 million shares while Access Bank Plc placed third with 742.2 million shares.

Over-The-Counter (OTC) bond market recorded a turnover of 1.4 billion units worth N1.74 trillion in November, in contrast to a total of 1.71 billion shares valued at N1.9 trillion exchanged during the preceding month.

The most active bond, in terms of volume, was the 5th Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) Bond 2028 Series 5 with traded volume 275.4 million units valued at N477.7billion. It was followed by the 6th FGN Bond 2012 Series 1 with a traded volume of 111.9 million units valued at N125.02 billion. Only 32 of the available 37 FGN Bonds were traded during the month, compared to 29 in the previous month.

Between January and November, total transactions on FGN Bonds through the OTC market were 16.34 billion units valued at N17.7 trillion. During the same period in 2008, transactions on the OTC market for the FGN Bonds were 9.5 billion units worth N1.28 trillion.

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South-East Traders Petition CBN Over Illegal Bank Deductions 

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The South-East Amalgamated Markets Traders Association has frowned against what it called “multiple and indiscriminate charges and deductions on customers” by commercial banks.
The association, in an open letter to the Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Mr Godwin Emefiele, complained about the bank charges.
The letter was signed by the association’s President-General, Chief Gozie Akudolu, and Secretary-General, Mr Alex Okwudiri.
The letter read in part, “Part of the major responsibilities of the commercial banks, we know, is to accept money deposits from customers and keep safe custody of the same, and perform such other transactions for and as directed by the customer through various bank instruments.
“Most of the transactions, we also know, are the social responsibility of the banks. But today, the banks make deductions and charges for virtually every transaction ranging from deposits to even confirmation of signature”.
The association particularly decried indiscriminate charges and deductions in online transactions, calling on the CBN to put a stop to it.
According to it, ”When a customer makes an online transfer of funds, the transfer is charged a certain amount of money deducted from his/her account and the recipient’s account is also charged and deductions made for receiving the money.
“In addition, charges and deductions are also made for SMS, which most of the time were not received. Finally, at intervals, charges and deductions will be made on the same account as service charge”.
The association said its members had individually approached the banks to complain but without success.
It, therefore, appealed to the CBN governor to prevail on the banks to stop “the indiscriminate charges and deductions and, if possible, refund all the deductions”.
The association, however, noted that the cashless economy policy of the CBN had been of immense benefits to its members, especially as it curtailed to the barest minimum armed robbery attacks on them.

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Rising Food Prices Fuelling Inflation In Nigeria, Others  – IMF 

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The International Monetary Fund (IMF) says rising food prices is the major factor fuelling inflation in Nigeria and other Sub-Saharan African countries.
IMF made this known in a blogpost on Monday, saying inflation is rising around the world, but because food accounts for about 40 per cent of the SSA’s consumption basket, it plays a major determining role in inflation.
According to the body, “Food inflation increased throughout 2019, on average, across 25 countries in the region where monthly food price data are available.
“After remaining stable around seven to eight per cent (year over year) since the beginning of the pandemic, food inflation started to rise again from April this year to some 10 per cent in October. The chart shows how food inflation is outpacing and contributing to the pick-up in overall consumer price inflation in sub-Saharan Africa, which rose to about eight per cent in October, up from around five per cent in 2019”.
The global body attributed the recent increase in food inflation to rising oil prices (which raise fertilizer prices and transportation costs), droughts and export restrictions imposed by some major food exporters, and stockpiling in some countries.
It said, “In addition, pandemic containment measures disrupted production and imports of seeds and fertilisers and caused labour shortages during planting seasons.
“Importantly, there is diversity across the region—food inflation in Chad is near zero but around 30 per cent in Angola. This suggests that domestic factors such as weather and exchange rates are important contributors to food inflation in sub-Saharan African countries”.
IMF added that food inflation and consumer price index inflation could moderate if commodity prices eased and pandemic-induced global supply chain disruptions were solved.
The international fund body said on the average, inflation would continue to rise in 2021 before dropping in 2022 depending on commodity prices and the resolution of supply-demand mismatches.
It said higher food inflation would worsen the situation for countries already facing food insecurity and shortages, and largely impact poor households.
“The number of undernourished persons in the region is projected to have increased by 20 per cent in 2020, encompassing 264 million people.
“Fighting food insecurity through targeted social assistance and insurance can help populations cope. Avoiding trade barriers and improving access to finance, seed stocks, insecticide, fertilizer, anti-erosion measures, and irrigation are also important”, IMF said.

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Nigeria Records N8.9trn Trade Deficit In Nine Months

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Nigeria recorded a negative trade balance of N8.9 trillion, between January and September, 2021, data from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) have shown.
Within this period, total foreign trade stood at N35.09 trillion, comprising N22 trillion imports and N13.1 trillion exports, leading to N8.9 trillion trade deficit.
A breakdown of the trade data by quarters shows that Nigeria’s total merchandise trade stood at N9.76 trillion in the first quarter of the year representing 6.99 per cent increase over the value recorded in Q4 2020.
The export component of this trade stood at N2.91 trillion, representing 29.79 per cent of the total trade in Q1 while import was valued at N6.85 trillion representing 70.21 per cent.
The higher level of imports over exports resulted in a trade deficit (in goods) of N3.94 trillion in Q1 2021.
The value of crude oil export stood at N1.93 trillion representing 66.38 per cent of the total export recorded in Q1, 2021, while non-crude oil export accounted for 33.62 per cent of the total export.
The data also showed that majority of the goods imported during this period originated from China, valued at N2 trillion, followed by the Netherlands (N726.09 billion), the United States (N608.12 billion), India (N589.1 billion) and Belgium (N238.5 billion).
Similarly, Nigeria’s top export trade partners in Q1 were India (N488.1billion), Spain (N287.2 billion), China (N190.1 billion), the Netherlands (N160.billion) and France (N133 billion).
However, in the second quarter of the year, Nigeria’s trade deficit fell to N1.87 trillion as exports jumped to N5.08 tillion against imports of N6.95 tillion.
The value of imports and exports in Q2 brought total merchandise trade to N12.03 trillion, representing a 23.28 per cent increase from the N9.7 trillion recorded in Q1.
The NBS said crude oil, the major component of export trade, stood at N4.08 trillion (80.29 per cent) of total export.
It further said crude oil value had a sharp increase of 111.32 per cent in Q2 compared to the N1.93 trillion recorded in Q1 2021, while the non-crude oil goods recorded N1 trillion (19.71 per cent) of total export trade during Q2 2021.
Further analysis of data from the bureau shows that the majority of imported goods in Q2 2021 originated from China with a value of N2.08 trillion, followed by India with N570.01 billion, Netherlands (N557.15 billion), United States (N526.92 billion), and Russia (N284.36 billion).
Meanwhile, most goods were exported to India (949.05 billion), Spain (N524.49 billion), Canada (N355.60bn), Netherlands (N298.29 billion), and the United States (N256.63 billion).
The NBS on Monday revealed that Nigeria’s trade deficit rose to N3.03 trillion in the third quarter of the year.
According to the Statistician General of the Federation, Simon Harry, who disclosed this in a press briefing held in Abuja, total trade in the review period rose to N13.3 trillion, comprising N8.2 trillion imports and N5.1 trillion exports.
The NBS noted that the rise in imports was driven majorly by increase in the importation of commodities such as motor spirits (N1.1 trillion), Gas Oil (N225.6bn), imported motorcycles and cycles and CKD valued at N116.3 billion from N94.7 billion respectively.

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