Banking System Credits Up By 4.6%
The 5.5 per cent increase in claims on the private sector drove the aggregate banking system’s credit (net) to the domestic economy by 4.6 per cent in July 2009, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has disclosed.
Claims on the private sector include gross credit from the financial system to individuals, enterprises and non-financial public entities not included under net domestic credit, as well as financial institutions not included elsewhere.
Before the recent CBN cleansing exercise in the banking sector, banks credit to the economy has been the major driver of recorded growth in other sectors of the economy. This is an indication that other sectors’ activities may have been boosted in relative terms by 4.6 per cent increase in banks’ credit to the economy.
This recorded credit level is compared to the increase of 3.6 per cent in the preceding month.
At N3.088 billion, the banking system’s credit (net) to the Federal Government declined by 7.2 per cent, compared to the fall of 4.9 per cent in June, 2009. The fall was attributed wholly to the 11.1 per cent decline in deposit money banks’ (DMBs) holdings of government securities during the month.
The banking system’s credit to the private sector rose by 5.5 per cent to 9.026 billion, compared to the increase of 0.6 per cent in June 2009. This reflected largely the 4.6 per cent increase in DMBs claim on other private sectors. At N7.554 billion, foreign assets (net) of the banking systems declined by 1.2 per cent, as against the increase of 0.1 per cent in the preceding month. The development was attributed to the fall in both CBN and DMBs’ holding.
Meanwhile, the recorded contraction in broad money (M2) is a reflection of the respective decline of 1.2 and 8.5 per cent in net foreign assets and other assets (net) of the banking system. Barely a month to the end of year 2009, the apex bank noted in its July report that over the level at end – December 2008, M2 decline by 3 per cent.
With the expectation of more developments on the sector by the CBN as the year draws to a close, monetary and credit developments in the economy have been trailed with mixed developments in July.
For instance, provisional data by the CBN indicated a decline in monetary aggregates at the end July 2009, while broad money (M2) fell by 2.1 per cent to N8.889 billion, compared to the 4.1 per cent decline in June 2009. Similarly, narrow money (M1) declined by 4 per cent to N4.303 billion, as against the incase of 3.8 per cent in the preceding month.
The CBN revealed that quashi money fell by 0.2 per cent to N4.585 billion, in contrast to the increase of 4.4 per cent in June 2009. The development reflected the decline in all the components, namely: time, savings and foreign currency deposits of the DMBs.
Other assets (net) of the banking system also fell by 8.5 per cent to N4.602 billion, compared to the decline of 3.4 per cent in the preceding month. The fall was attributed to the decline in unclassified assets of both the CBN and the DMBs.
At N1,008 billion, currency in circulation increased by 0.2 per cent in July 2009, over the level in the preceding month. The rise was due to the 2.7 per cent increase in currency outside the banks. Monetary aggregates contracted further in July 2009, while banks’ deposit and lending rates indicates a general increase. The value of money market assets increased, largely on account of the rise in commercial papers (cps).
Plastic Pollution, Threat To Mangroves In N’Delta – HYPREP
The Hydrocarbon Pollution Remediation Project (HYPREP) has expressed concerns that plastic pollution was an emerging threat to mangroves in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.
It stated it would soon commence the shoreline clean up and mangrove restoration of oil-impacted areas in Ogoniland.
The Project Coordinator of HYPREP, Prof Nenibarini Zabbey, in his address to mark the 2023 World Environment Day, expressed regrets that plastics do not only suffocate and kill mangrove biodiversity, but also impact local livelihoods and compromises mangroves’ capacity to sequester and mitigate climate change.
According to him, a project with a mandate to remediate and restore oil-polluted ecosystems, HYPREP, was positioned to offer solutions to plastic pollution, which synergistically mitigate the effects of hydrocarbon contamination.
“The 2023 WED commemoration, which also marks the 50th World Environment Day celebration, presents a golden opportunity to deploy science, adapt innovation, and develop sustainable policies towards addressing environmental problems.
“HYPREP is about to commence shoreline cleanup and mangrove restoration in Ogoniland. Recently, plastic pollution has been identified as an emerging threat to mangroves in the Niger Delta”, he noted.
In proffering solutions to plastic pollution flex in line with the 2023 WED theme, the HYPREP boss recommended a reduction in plastic production and consumption, and the promotion of sustainable alternatives and reusable products.
ICAN Urges Accountant General To Prioritise Financial Stability
The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN) has called on the new Accountant-General (AG) of the Federation, Dr Oluwatoyin Madein, to ensure financial stability, transparency, and accountability in the country’s financial sector.
According to a statement, the President of ICAN, Dr Innocent Okwuosa, gave the admonition in Abuja, Tuesday, when he paid the new Accountant-General of the Federation a courtesy call in Abuja.
“The position of the Accountant-General of Nigeria carries immense responsibilities, especially now that Nigeria stands at a pivotal juncture, facing a rapidly evolving economic landscape, changing regulatory frameworks coupled with endemic corruption.
“As the Accountant-General, you have the responsibility for maintaining the financial stability, transparency and accountability of the nation as a whole”, he told the AG.
He, however, assured her of ICAN’s continued support to her office to ensure effective management of government finances, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating the country’s budget and other fiscal management obligations.
“We understand the enormity of your responsibilities and we will continue to encourage you and all our members in the public service and private sectors to adhere to the profession’s ethics to succeed”, he continued.
Okwuosa also used the opportunity to appraise the AGF of the ICAN Accountability Index, one of the institute’s innovations to contribute to the promotion of accountability and transparency in the Federation.
According to him, it is a novel and first-of-its-kind Index developed to assist the adoption of best practices in Public Financial Management in all tiers of government.
He added that the ICAN-AI had been ratified by several national and international organisations such as the World Bank, the Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability and the International Federation of Accountants as an equitable and professional way of monitoring Public Financial Management practices.
In her response, the Accountant-General conveyed her appreciation to the ICAN team for the honour bestowed upon her.
NNPCL To Cut Fuel Import From August
The Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC) says once the Dangote Refinery starts pumping out refined petroleum products from late July or early August, the NNPCL will cut down on its imports of Premium Motor Spirit, popularly called petrol.
NNPCL is currently the sole importer of petrol into Nigeria, a task which it had shouldered for several years. Other oil marketers stopped importing petrol due to their inability to access the United States dollars at the official rate.
NNPCL also owned 20 per cent stake in the Dangote Refinery. The 650,000 barrels per day crude oil processing refinery was inaugurated on May 22, 2023 by former President Muhammadu Buhari, who described the facility as a game-changer.
Also at the inauguration, the Founder/Chairman, Dangote Group, Aliko Dangote, said the facility would put an end to the inflow of toxic substandard petroleum products into Nigeria, adding that the refinery would meet 100 per cent of Nigeria’s fuel needs.
Dangote also stated that the refinery would start delivering refined products to the Nigerian market from late July or Early August this year.
According to the spokesman of NNPCL, Garba-Deen Mohammed, immediately Dangote Refinery begins to push out products in August, it would change the NNPCL fuel imports programme.
He said, “NNPC Limited is bringing in products from outside Nigeria as a matter of necessity, not as a matter of choice. We would have preferred that we produce here, refine here and we sell and provide the energy security that the country needs.
“Because of the circumstances that surround our refineries, we cannot allow the country to be grounded. So we have to buy wherever we can get and sell. So if Dangote products are available, why should we not buy from Dangote?
“There is absolutely no reason. And that is the reason why we are interested in the Dangote Refinery. We are co-owners, shouldn’t we do business with our partners rather than do it with other people?”
Muhammad stated that the NNPCL would be supplying crude oil to the Dangote Refinery based on business agreement between both parties, and that this would be in accordance with the international price of crude.
“NNPC owns 20 per cent of that asset and we have an agreement with Dangote that we will supply the refinery with crude. So as soon as Dangote begins to request for crude to pay for it, NNPC is prepared to supply the crude as a business transaction.
“We have been selling crude to different parts of the world for decades, and it is not whether we will sell it to Dangote, for why won’t we sell to Dangote when we are selling to other refineries and countries?
NNPCL Group Chief Executive Officer, Mele Kyari, recently stated that the supply of 300,000 barrels of crude oil per day by the national oil firm to the Dangote Refinery would start once the facility commenced operations.
to be produced by the Dangote Refinery would not be known at the moment until the refinery released its pricing template.
They expressed hope that the refinery would improve the petroleum products’ supply situation in Nigeria, but noted that the cost of white products would only be determined by the pricing template of the facility.
The Secretary, Independent Petroleum Marketers Association of Nigeria, Abuja-Suleja, Mohammed Shuaibu, said, “By the time it starts producing, we would see how implementation is going to be and his template.
“We cannot say much about the refinery until it starts. So let us see the mode of production, how it is going to look like in terms of its pricing template”.
Also speaking, the President, Petroleum Products Retail Outlets Owners Association of Nigeria, Billy Gillis-Harry, said the pricing template from the new refinery would guide operators on what would be the cost of refined petroleum products from the facility.
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