Last week Monday, Chief Dr Elechi Amadi, a literary icon was the geust of The Tide Roundtable, a weekly personality interview programme of the Rivers State Newspaper Corporation. He fielded questions on diverse issues, including his background, Niger Delta struggles, amnesty to militants in Niger Delta, amongst other things.
Here is the excerpts. Read On.
Were you captain in the Army or in the Airforce?
We were here in 3rd Marine Commando. I fought here with Obasanjo, and Adekunle in the Army.
A soldier becoming a literary Icon, let us share your background from your beginning as a child?
Well, I had the normal childhood upbringing. I went to village schools, elementary schools.
People like you are born with pen!
No, I wasn’t. I went to Isiokpo, first of all I went to elementary school in my village Aluu, you know in those days standard six schools were very few. Most schools were half way. When I got to Standard Two the school terminated, I had to go to Igwuruta. I did Three and Four there and then the school terminated at Standard Four I had to go to Isiokpo to do Four and Five, and after that I was lucky to pass to Government College Umuahia where I did my Cambridge School Certificate in those days it was Cambridge School Certificate after that I read for a survey course at the Survey School Oyo. I trained in Land Survey. I packed out of school and went to Calabar to work as a Surveyor Assistant then from there I passed to University College Ibadan where I did my degree in Physics. After that I went back to Land and Survey, Ministry of Survey at Enugu.
After a year or so, I realized that I was more intellectually inclined, I was a good Surveyor, we did the Kaloro Oil Palm Estate in Calabar, 20,000 hectares. We were three surveyors who did the job so I was quite good at my job but I realized that I was more intellectually inclined, I left them to teach and after a year or two teaching, at County High School Ahoada, I left for the Army. I had a Short Service Commission Course, The idea then was to get soldiers who were not just fighting men but who were trained scientifically, so they could appreciate modern weaponry, they can analyse situation easily, you know, education helps. That was why we were recruited to the school at Zaira.
The idea was that the students came in and did their normal secondary school training. We incorporated science, I was teaching them physics and mathematics. During the long vacation, we packed up to the bush to teach them military tactics so at the end of the day, in fact, they made better soldiers than the old system where you just had a little training and some of my students included David Mark the current Senate President.
People like Chris Garuba who used to be governor of Bauchi State, Amadi Ikweche, Tunde Ogbeha all these were my students, you can see that they stand out because they had these special training. After these I thought I have had enough of the Army and my Short Service Commission Course ran out, so I decided to leave and continue my intellectual life but unfortunately as soon as I went on my terminal leave, the war broke out.
So the war caught me here, while I was enjoying my terminal leave from the Army. When the 3rd Marine Commando came here, and naturally, I reported myself, I was in detention but I broke out of the Biafran cell.
If you read my book “Sunset in Biafra”, you get all these details, so I managed to break out from the cell at the Police Station here, the one near the Old Teaching Hospital. We broke out, I met my friends, people like Akinrinade, Col. Ini and of course Adekunle himself, he was my neighbour in Zaria at the military school. So they said Old Boy you are here oh. Thank God, pick up the gun. I said what do you mean? Look, I’m on terminal leave. They said pick up a gun. I told them well, the war is ended, with the capture of Port Harcourt and Bonny and Enugu, the war is ended. The rebels ought to surrender any moment if they have military sense. They don’t have a chance, so at the end I had to rejoin the army, and then I was assigned to 14 Brigade, with the third Marine commando, then we had to fight at the Etche front. After a while, I was withdrawn from the 14 Brigade to the Airport as Airport commandant.
Adekunle felt that the officer there wasn’t doing very well and you know Airport was a vital communication link during the war. That is where we got military supplies including guns and so on. So I was the Airport commandant for a while. I went round the trenches and I found most of them were not being well looked after. In the trenches, not much food, cigarettes and things like that, so I made sure they got all those things, I made sure they were well fed, I got civilians to clear the environs and so on. Then there were aircraft machines to work properly. When I got there and I saw the boys, I said now fire, they couldn’t fire that machine about 15 minutes, they were scrambling around, I said these were not anti-aircraft machines, you should fire under a minute, so I refurbished the machines, and they were able to deliver under a minute of alert with that the Airport became safer and then we were able to receive supplies including bombs and so on.
In fact during the whole episode, the governor, Diette Spiff was still in Lagos. He was in Lagos and the situation was that Port Harcourt was unsafe, that there was no real Rivers State government going on. That was the propaganda and Diette-Spiff was then in Lagos so we tried to persuade Adekunle, the “Black Scorpion” you must have heard of him, we told him, “Oga”, look, let the governor come in here, let them start some kind of administration, to boast civilian life and so on and so forth.
He said, not yet, later he said O.K. I want civilian life to return to Port Harcourt so you have Col. Abubakar, you are his second in command, I want life to come back to the city of Port Harcourt, so I went back to the drawing board, I got people like Wobidike Wonodi, Robert Okara, Chief Oriji, a number of dignitaries like that key men in town who I had identified, it was a war situation and if you come to Port Harcourt, you won’t see anybody in the street, you just see bombed houses and so on, you dare not walk in the street, so there was no real civilian life.
I got these men and I called them Controllers, we got for Education, some for Health, another one for Communication, Post Office and so on I got about seven of them. Within a month, we opened some schools, we opened the Holy Rosary Secondary school, Harbour Road school, we opened Mile 1 Market, then we announced that people should move in, and traders should come in we were issuing Passes to traders to get their things without that pass, you will be deemed a looter, we had a strict law on looting, you could be shot at sight. My office was issuing that permit so that people could move in their things and they did. The market started, the schools started, we sent some people to Lagos to get the key to the Post Office so that mails could be delivered and so on and within a month, the town was swinging, so I reported back to Adekunle, I said the town is swinging, he said ok. We can get the governor in, so we invited Diette Spiff.
When Diette Spiff came in, there was a house, I think it was owned by Shell B.P. inside what is now Government House, it is still there that was where Diette Spiff was, then we got a platoon of soldiers to surround the place to make quite sure it was safe, I got Dikibo Daniel Kalio who was the first Secretary to State Government (SSG).
I gave him a room, because civilians were very afraid of the situation, I gave him a room in my house, so I said you are safe here, there is no problem, then Adekunle said that I should hand over the Administration of Port Harcourt within 24 hours, I said yes sir, so I called Daniel Kalio, I said well, the GOC said that I should hand over the administration to you within 24 hours, ah: Daniel Kalio shouted what kind of 24 hours, he came I handed over the first few files of the state to him. I handed over a couple of files dealing with what was the need of the state, those were infact the first Administrative files of the state which I handed over to Dikibo Daniel Kalio.
They carried on. At the end of the war, Diette Spiff said he appreciated what we have done, he said look you have to join my administration, you have been helping us. I said no, no, no. I have to go back and teach, get me a school somewhere let me go and teach, he said, no, no, who will do the job, you know we need administrative officers, and you have shown that you are capable administratively so, come and join. If you don’t then who will do it. I mean everybody can say well sorry I can’t do it.
Then, nobody does the job so with that challenge, I said alright and that was how I joined that administration. I hated civil service work, I just didn’t like it but this came as a challenge after the war I joined the civil service, worked, there up to the Permanent Secretary level, in 1983, I retired then went on to teach in tertiary institution.
Along the line I was called back then I was at College of Education so when Col Ukpo called me and said look I want you to join the administration so he said I should be SSG I said no no no, I beg you, I have had enough of that kind of job, as Permanent Secretary so he later on gave me the post of Commissioner of Education which I accepted and then I did what I could and when Col. Abe changed Ukpo as governor, he took me over to Land I was Commissioner for Land, by the way while I was Commissioner of Education, I set up Bori Polytechnic, I argued that we didn’t have enough middle level manpower and that there was need for us to have a source of that kind of manpower so at that time my colleagues many of them were drawn from RSUST, they argued against it, fearing that it will erode the influence of RSUST I told them it won’t, so I had to submit my memo two times, eventually, they saw my argument and we setup Technical Committee I left the Ministry I went to the Ministry of Lands, one of the jobs I did was to demolish Marine Base. You know Marine Base was a slum. It was like one of the watersides settlement and so the governor felt the place wasn’t looking good and I got the people living in the Marine Base and we dialogued with them. We registered all the Landlords there who had houses whether, they were batchers or whatever. We took everybody’s name and we said look we don’t have money to pay but when we rebuilt the place, you will have the first option, we are going to give you the option to take houses in the place at highly subsidised rates.
You can buy the houses at very cheap rate and they were very much in agreement, some of them who were good had contract to build the place, we demolished the place and then first of all we did the roads and drainages, put on electricity then we started building. I got a field engineer to stay on site to supervise every processes when you pour concrete the engineer will come and check, and so on.
Eventually, we built up Marine Base, and the original owners were back. I think is still there in spite of the ravages of years, that place you can see that, it is a well planned and so on.
Is it difficult if you don’t have the talent particularly somebody who read Physics?
No there is noting strange. You have doctors, medical doctors writing. A lot of medical doctors have published novels. In fact what you do professionally has nothing to do with your writing productivity if you have the talent to write. When once you are that gifted and you have a bit of the language because writing is language also acquire some language skills and fortunately for me I attended a very good school, Government College Umuahia, we were very well taught, my English teacher was Mr P.J. Justin, in the United Kingdom (UK) he had a first degree in Cambridge, so he was very good.
The time I left Umuahia I was very good in English. I had A1 in English in Cambridge School Certificate, so I was very good. When I read what I wrote then there is very little difference. Because at the university I didn’t add to my knowledge of English.
So what I am saying is that if you are gifted then when the inspiration comes you find you can write, provided you have acquired some language skills, is just natural. Cyprian Ekwensi was a Pharmacist, but he was one of the most prolific writers, we heard he has produced so many books.
Knowing the level of piracy, how much money have you made from the sales of your book?
These days, you make very little if any. But in those days, my books were fortunately for me published abroad by Heinemann based in London. They published my first novel The Concubine and they were very good and I had an agreement with them and they paid me royalties depending on the number of copies they sold.
That was when I earned some money from my books and they were honest and you know, money had value. I was earning Pounds Sterling which they banked for me abroad. So it was something good until much later when they folded up and then we now had Heinemann Nigeria and the pirates started and my earnings fell
I’m not deriding Heinemann Nigeria, they were good but then the pirates had moved in. So for every copy of my book sold, the pirates sold ten and these pirates don’t pay any tax, they don’t pay you any royalties, you don’t even know where they are, they just print your book and sell and for a popular novel like The Concubine everywhere you have it you couldn’t get the original copy from the market.
So they crowded Heinemann out of the market. I had very little royalties right now throughout last year what did I have, may be N10, N15,000, or may be N20,000, but if without the pirates I should be a rich man.
Because if you take a school certificate year, and The Concubine, you know, it has been on the WAEC list for years, now let’s take a typical school certificate year, you have at least half a million students, right now if they sell half a million copies that is five hundred thousand copies and you get a royalty of even N10, you have Five Million Naira, straight away. If I earned that one every year, I would be a millionaire but nothing you find that even in a school certificate year, by the time Heinemann will print, say fifty thousand copies, the pirates have printed three hundred thousand and they flooded the market already. That is the problem when once you write a book that is popular and is used in schools, piracy will immediately move in, they have a way of finding out which books are selling.
In my case, they pirated my play Isiburu. They pirated Pepper Soup and of course The Concubine is the main victim of this piracy. That is the problem we have in Nigeria.
But does it discourage you from writing?
No, No. I stopped thinking about money. Because there was nothing anybody could do, so I just wrote for the joy of it. The fact that people enjoy what I was writing.
How many books have you written so far?
I have written twelve books and from what people say The Concubine appears the most popular.
There is this popular saying that in Nigeria we have an Ogbuefi of a Nigerian literature. Others argue that we don’t have an Ogbuefi, we have an Asiwaju, do we have an Amanyanabo or Nyenweli of literature?
Well if you think of prominence, as such, our Nobel laureate takes that place, because it is something that is world wide, the highest literary prize so if you have some body who have got that award, then naturally he stands out as the Asiwaju or the Ogbuefi, whatever, you know, so we are proud of Soyinka and we regard him as a leader in literature. Then of course coming immediately after that you have people like Achebe, but in literature you know people write differently so really comparison is very difficult. For instance Soyinka basically is a playwright so he is basically a playwright.
Achebe is basically a novelist. I’m a novelist so you have all these genres and is difficult to compare two authors.
To be continued
Those Demarketing Rivers Should Stop Spreading Falsehood -Sophia
Only recently, the Rivers State Ministry of Information and Communications orgainsed an essay competition for students in the State as part of the second phase of the advocacy campaign of #Our StateOurResponsibility, aimed at changing the negative narrative about the State.
The first prize winner of the competition, Miss Oyibo Sophia Awajibenem, now the Ambassador of the programme and the face of the Information and Communications Ministry for three months, is truly passionate about advancing the frontiers of the campaign.
In this encounter with our General Manager, Ernest Chinwo and Group News Editor, Victor Tew, she dwells extensively on the imperatives of potraying the state in its true positive status, given the giant strides of the state Governor, Chief Nyesom Wike, and many more.
Could you please, tell us about yourself?
I am Oyibo Sophia Awajibenem from Ngo in Andoni Local Government Area. I am 18 years old. I am a public health student. I reside in Port Harcourt.
I school at Port Harcourt Joint Professional Training and Support International Institute.
I am the Ambassador of the Rivers State Ministry of Information and Communications. I am patriotic and ready to achieve more success.
I will like to further my education in order to become a Medical Doctor.
How do you intend to go about that in terms of resources and all that?
It is by being studious. By going out there to read and gain information, do my research and also being focused. The determination in me will keep me focused
Why did you participate in the essay competition orgainsed by the Rivers State Ministry of Information and Communications on the advocacy programme tagged. #OurStateOur Responsibility?.
I did it because I love the vision of #OurState OurResponsibility. I deemed it fit to participate to promote our State as an individual and also as a youth.
What really spurred you into partaking in the essay competition? Is it because of the pecuniary benefit attached to it or an altruistic concern to change the narrative of the State?
Firstly, I never saw the competition as a challenge. I just wanted to write the truth. I wanted to make known what I felt was what we as individuals, as the State should do.
I wanted to spread the love. It is not just about your personal benefit or your personal need. It should go around, it is collective.
What was the major attraction to you?
I don’t want to use the word major because I saw just the Ambassadorial duty. First to be the Ambassador of the ministry before I ever read down to see that there was a cash prize attached to it. I wasn’t concerned about the cash prize, I was concerned about being an Ambassador. I wanted to represent that and that was the goal.
When you submitted your essay and was shortlisted, how did you feel?
I felt overwhelmed, this is where the trust comes in. They should know who we are personally and believe in us, that it is actually from within. I had to go there, to do what I had to do because it was not something that was forged, it is the passion in letting people know. So I felt appreciated by that means.
OurStateOur Responsibility. How do you see it?
It is a vision. It is telling us that we have roles, obligations, duties to perform in the state. When we say #OurStateOur Responsibility, it includes everyone. We are the State, we are the government and that responsibility is what we have to render to the state.
Well, there was a statement credited to you in your essay. You did say that you remembered a piece by Erekosima.What did you think about that piece?
The piece by Boma Erekosima is a motivation. It is what inspired me to write, to participate in the essay writing. It actually spelt out my essay. That piece was a summary of what I wrote.
Can you recount it?
Love Rivers State or leave her alone, don’t pull us down, see what you can do for us, engage yourself in meaningful activities, no room for gossip and do something meaningful.
How does it relate to us, the youths of today, our politicians, those who are trying to pull the State down and those who don’t have the interest of the State?
When we say we should love the State, it means that we should love ourselves, everything about the State, we shouldn’t be into propaganda, we shouldn’t spread rumours, flasehood. We should appreciate the fact that our State is improving. We should see the progress, we shouldn’t just vandalise those things that have been provided for us. We should use them as resources. We shouldn’t be idle because an idle man is the devil’s workshop.
We should grab opportunities, work with them and make them a success.
We find our youth involved in anti-social activities. So, what is your message to youths of Rivers State?
There is no benefit in doing things that are irrelevant. We should put our vision where it will benefit everyone, it should not just be personal. Don’t do things that are illegal. Grab opportunities that will promote the nation, that way, we all can grow.
How do you think the youths can be detached from being used as political thugs and all that?
If they are given proper knowledge about the consequences of the things they indulge in, I feel that it will bring them to the consciousness that they are better off than being thugs. Proper orientation of being good in the society to be leaders of tomorrow. That way, they will see the bright side of it and focus on good visions in promoting theState.
If you are asked to draw up a sensitisation programme for youths, how would you go about it?
I will start with an orientation or a sensitisation programme because it does not just start like that. You make them understand, you bring them to their notice and do a follow up. When you tell somebody about something, as you let them be, you are not really convinced that you are passing the message to them. You have to follow them up, bring up situations and platforms that will ensure that they are actually rooted in being successful.
As the face of the state Ministry of Information and Communications programme: #Our State Our Responsibility, what would you like to do?
As an Ambassador, I am an advocate of something, an advocate of the vision, #OurState Our Responsibility. I am here to start a programme to enlighten the youths about the good opportunities that abound in the State and to make our leaders know that we are not lazy and we have talents and if only we are given the platform to showcase them, we will do better.
It is something that we as youths have to bring out the best in us.
OurStateOur Responsibility, how do you see it?
It is a vision. #OurStateOur Responsibility is a vision that is telling us that we have roles, obligations and duties to perform in the State and when we say #OurStateOur Responsibility, it is not just one person, it is everybody in the State.
Some politicians in a bid to score some cheap political points have been known to brand the State as unsafe for people to live in, unsafe for investments and all that, do you share in that view?
No, I don’t, because we are in this State. We go out and come in to our houses. We should be security conscious. For investors, people who go about their business activities, I feel that the trust should be there.
There should be a benefit of the doubt and as far as Rivers State is concerned, we are the people who will showcase the business. We should be exemplary.
So there is no room for falsehood or any kind of conviction that we are not safe. We are safe.
So what is your advice to those demarketing the State?
I will say that they should stop spreading falsehood. There is no gain in spreading lies. At least, they should come and see for themselves. And those investors also for you to invest in a place, you should have a background check on whoever you are going to invest with or who your investors are for you to know better. Not just by word of mouth but seeing it.
How do you see the Wike administration
He has really done well. The Rivers State of yesterday can not be compared to what we have now. Port Harcourt is beautiful and safe. Port Harcourt is filled with so many businesses, so many organisations are doing well, so there is prosperity.
What about human capital development, are you impressed?
I am, because it is improving. it is not like how it was before. we are doing well.
Rivers State is blessed.
As an Ambassador of the Ministry, what is your advice to the youths, politicians and leaders?
To the youths, I will say success is not determined by age grade or age limit, we need to grab opportunities. we do not have to wait for us to be told what we have to do. We recognise who we are. Because we are the leaders of tomorrow and it starts now.
We shouldn’t wait till that level where they throw accusations at us that we are not doing anything. We need to show that we are ready for the future.
To the politicians, I feel that education is the key; knowledge is power, they should actually support the youth and everyone in Rivers State and they shouldn’t do things that make youths to regret.
They should support that which is good, education , security and also when it comes to bringing up talents. I feel that there should be more investments.
To our leaders. they should keep up the good work, because we look up to them.
They should be exemplary, they should be disciplined.
There is this misconception that the youths of our State are only interested in what they can do for money to come immediately and are not conscious to the extent of working hard, believing that their efforts will yield dividend tomorrow. So they prefer what they can get now What is your reaction to that?
I feel that it is a practice. It is not our culture because we have to be hard working. we have to be professional, we have to know what we have to do to attain such position, is not by having it immediately, because that is theft, corruption and greed.
We have to work diligently to get what we want. So it is wrong for anybody to have any amount of money that is not from a genuine source.
I feel that all we need to do is to put our hands on deck to work for that which is right at all times.
One thing we have noticed in our State, especially the state capital is indiscriminate dumping of refuse. Are we saying that it is not part of our responsibility to keep our State clean?
It is our responsibility to keep our environment clean and safe because when our environment is dirty, it affects our health. so we should actually work at our health, our wellbeing and also we have agencies which are controlling that. If the agencies are working, it is our responsibility to support them in making the place clean, because we all are humans and it will be inhuman for some one to be working for the cleaniness of our environment then, we all make the place dirty.
It’s not right. So our responsibility is taking it up to ourselves as humans to make our environment clean.
You were Commissioner for Information for 30minutes, how do you feel about that?
It was amazing, it was a rare opportunity, and I feel that for anyone to sit there as a commissioner, then, there is a whole lot to do, it is not just by saying it but it is by showing it. Our Honourable Commissioner, I know is showing it because having sat there, I saw so many opportunities on that seat and this has actually motivated me to do more to sit there one day.
Having sat there for at least 30minutes or so, will you go into politics?
Yes. For you to be a citizen, involving in politics is just what to get you to that level, it is not a bad thing.
What extent has your participation in this essay competition motivated you?
It actually gives me an opportunity to meet people, to see things, to have views, to hear about what the world is saying. So, I feel that encouragement is not by saying or being an Ambassador, it is being here in the State and doing more for the State. So, I feel motivated to bring that picture and few presentations of what the vision is, that is what I feel.
As an Ambassador for some weeks now, what has been your kind of schedule? Have you met some new persons, some new opportunities so far?
It has been excellent, but not easy, because this time around in my life, I try to schedule things and share some of my times there is time management and there is this hospitality you have to show to everyone because they want to know more about you. You give them the chance to express themselves, and that has actually made me to realise and have the knowledge about everything and because they throw questions you are not familiar with. That gives me the room to read more, that gives me the room for human resources management, to understand people, to actually know more about people, to understand their mood and where they are headed to, and to understand their different perspectives and to know what they indulge in.
Where do you see Rivers State tomorrow and in the future? .
We are already in the future because we are getting to the top; I see an extraordinary State; I see a beautiful State; I see a State that is without or should I say with less corruption, that is with more of development. That is where I see Rivers State.
Wike Has Made Rivers People Proud – Eke
His Majesty King (Dr) Leslie Nyebuchi Eke, Eze Gbakagbaka, Eze Oha Evo III of Evo Kingdom in Obio/Akpor Local government Area of Rivers State, is a First Class Traditional Ruler.
Trained as a Biological Scientist at Illinois State University, Bloomington Normal, United States of America, he holds a Masters Degree and Doctor of Philosophy Degree (PhD) from Wycliffe University & ATS, California.
Suave, ebullient, accessible, humble, down-to-earth and cerebral, Eke is also the Secretary General of the Association of Niger Delta Monarchs (ANDMON) and the Public Relations Officer of the Rivers State Chapter of Traditional Rulers of Oil Minerals Producing Communities (TROMPCOM).
In this exclusive interview with our Production Editor, Donatus Ebi and cameraman, Egberi A. Sampson, Eke poignantly bares his mind on sundry issues affecting the State and the nation. He particularly eulogises the Executive Governor of the State, Chief Nyesom Wike for the giant development strides of his administration within the past six years and comes to the inevitable conclusion that he has surpassed the achievements of his predecessors, having performed beyond the expectation of Rivers people.
His Majesty, by virtue of all that you have seen in the State in the past six years, what are your comments on the achievements of Governor Nyesom Wike?
As it concerns us and the Governor, Governor Nyesom Ezenwo Wike is God-sent, a purposeful Governor, a vision-full Governor and a man that knows why he is Governor, why he did come to contest and contested as Governor. And this man, meticulously, seriously, honestly, has continued, day by day, month by month, to roll out projects that are impactful to the society, to Rivers people. Roads infrastructure, schools, hospitals, human capacity, I mean continuously. This man has turned the Garden City into a city of flyovers. And that is very meaningful. We very much appreciate such a person. And unfortunately, he can’t go for a third term. We wish he goes for a third term. He is going to give so much to the Rivers people.
He has made us so proud. He has distinguished himself among the Governors and governments in Nigeria. All the things he has done, other governments and even the Federal Government should learn from him.
A case in point is the Coronavirus pandemic. Our Governor took proactive actions in time and that is why Rivers State did not suffer much from the pandemic and they had to learn from him. He has impacted on the people commercially, economically and otherwise. Even our Christian lives have improved because he gave this State to God and declared it a Christian State. He built an Ecumenical Centre and God literally has come down to work with His people and has begun to give us a sense of direction, a sense of belonging. We appreciate so much from the man, who has unlike others, really worked even in the second term, working like it was the first term. And we are grateful to God for all his achievements. He is a true Ikwerre son. We appreciate him. We pray that he would find more to do even after he has left this stage of governance. We couldn’t have had it any other way.
Would you then say that Governor Wike has performed beyond expectation?
Very true. This Governor has done beyond expectation. Looking at precedents, looking at people before him, what he has done even per month, it is unequalled anytime, anywhere in the history of Rivers State. This Governor has done so much.
In spite of all that you have seen he has done, is it not surprising that there are still pockets of opposition in the State?
Well, it is unfortunate but we must have opposition. We must have people that agree and people that don’t agree. It is normal. We just want to encourage them to criticise constructively. They should engage in constructive criticisms. They should criticise him constructively. Not just opening your mouth for opening sake. This time around, it will be very difficult. You know, he has been accused of 3D projects. It is no longer 3D now, because you can come there and see it for yourself. You will see the flyovers. Who does three flyovers at the same time? Nobody. And he has told us that he has more, seven more to deliver to Rivers people and put us on the world map of very very improved humane settlements. We appreciate that.
You said it is unfortunate that the Governor won’t run for a third term, but there are people out there calling on him to run for the Presidency come 2023. What is your take on this?
At his point, I am not a politician. For him to run for a federal office, it is entirely his prerogative, it is at his discretion. It is left for him to decide. He has to watch the politicial terrain and decide what he wants. But one thing is sure. Anywhere this Governor, Chief Ezenwo Nyesom Wike finds himself, he would deliver on his promises, he would deliver on the NEED Assessment of the people. This man is in tune with development. He is in tune with the people. And I am not afraid. If tomorrow, he runs for the Presidency, it is Nigerians that will gain because he is going to work tirelessly. I don’t know where he gets his energy; he is going to work tirelessly and fearlessly and deliver on the things that matter to the people.
As a royal father, which areas would you like to advise the Governor?
Well, first and foremost, he has to watch his back. He is a Governor that works by self-conviction. And so he cannot be deterred by anybody, by superiors’ stories, very bad advice; he is unaffected by those kinds of things because he is a man of conviction. When he decides on a project, he delivers, because he is in tune with the people. He is a grassroots politician; he feels the pulse of the people. And I am sure he knows what Nigerians want too and if he finds himself in that national stage, I have no doubt in my mind that he will win and provide dividends of democracy to our people.
We have been having some security challenges in the country and even in the State in recent times to the extent that Governor Wike had to impose curfew in the State. How would you react to this?
Well, the Governor has done well in the area of security. This Governor has done more than any government, to give state of the art equipments to security operatives in the State, both water and land. He has done so much and continues to do. So, the rest is left for these professionals to deliver. The Governor is not a policeman or a soldier. He has built a Guest House for the Army, giving them vehicles, and the police, you know it, giving them so much including other security organisations. The government has done so much for the security people and they are supposed to complement the huge expenditure of government on them.
The idea of having a curfew is also part of his own actions to mitigate these security lapses that are creating fears among our people. So, he is helping them. It is good for them. It is good for them to complement what he is doing, in terms of speaking to the people by his now and then broadcasts. It is to encourage them to know exactly what government is up to. It is for them to know what is happening. In this way, they are able to work with him, and stay distance and time with the Governor and not begin to feel that he is not doing enough. He is talking to them constantly. The security operatives should complement this government’s efforts and prove it right in its activities to secure lives and property. I support the government of Ezenwo Nyesom Wike. I support him wholeheartedly and he has done well. I score him high and give him excellent mark.
But some people are still complaining about the curfew, what do you have to tell them, both the residents of the State and Rivers people?
The curfew we should obey. The residents and people of Rivers State should obey the curfew. It is even in the Bible, that we should obey the laws of government. And so, if it is this one regulation that government has brought, we should obey. It is not for peace-loving rivers people but this is to catch the criminals. We too should complement government’s efforts by obeying the rules and regulations. Like when we had the lockdowns, don’t we see that we are enjoying health now? At that time too, people criticised the government and the Governor, but today, they have swallowed their words. They are enjoying health now. If the Governor had left Coronavirus to fester, then, it would have been terrible for our people. But today, we are walking around, the markets are open, and everywhere else, people are able to live their lives.
His Majesty, some Nigerians are today calling for the restructuring of the country and some too are calling for secession, from the foregoing, what do you think is the fate of Nigeria and what do we really need?
Obviously, to sustain the various geo-political zones of Nigeria, we do need restructuring within one Nigeria. And people that are resisting this, obviously, in time, will bow to the yearnings of the people. If you go back to the time when we had regions, we had relative peace. We are not saying we should go back to that but those kinds of things we were enjoying regionally, should begin to be apportioned within the States. Like for us in the South-South or the core Niger Delta, it is very important that we enjoy the proceeds of the God-given minerals that we have. We cannot have these minerals and people who are somewhere else, even beyond the shores of this country, are enjoying them. We can’t have that. No responsible government can do that. What God has given Nigeria is for Nigerians.
What do you have to say about the ongoing Constitution Review vis-à-vis the need for the traditional institution to be given roles in the Constitution?
The Constitution Review is welcome even if we are hearing that they are spending so much. Unwarranted expenditure is not good but the Constitution Review is good. And as it concerns the traditional institution, we need to spell out the functions of traditional rulers. With what we are doing, now, that I say it is illegal, as per it is not captured in the Constitution. But when it is captured in the Constitution, then, it serves as a support for us to do what we are supposed to be doing; and that is to complement government in the area of governance. So, that is very important. We should be captured in the Constitution. Traditional rulers are very important in nation building. They are very important in creating national identity. We are doing it now. There is this unofficial regulation, as it were, for Northern traditional rulers to come and visit their counterparts in the South and vice versa, both in the East and the West; that kind of friendship is ongoing. But it needs to be captured in the constitution. If it is captured in the constitution, it will be sustained and it will be done as a matter of duty.
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We similarly urge the Federal Government to take decisive steps to enforce the Zero Gas Flare deadline.
The devastating effects of coastal erosion and lack of effective shoreline protection for the coastal communities of the Niger Delta must be tackled as a matter of urgency.
The Maritime University Issue
The Nigerian Maritime University, Okerenkoko, is largely regarded, by persons from the Zone, as symbolic and deserving. Its closure and certain statements around it, have been viewed as insensitive and out rightly provocative. This, of course, is aside from the obvious potential benefits that the Institution offers to the technical and managerial capacity enhancements of, not just persons from the Zone, but all Nigerians. We, therefore, strongly urge the President to direct the take-off of the already approved Nigerian Maritime University, Okerenkoko, in Delta State. The prompt take-off of this University will most certainly assure the people of the Niger Delta that President’s Administration is truly a sensitive, listening and inclusive Government. Also, we strongly urge that the announced plans to upgrade the 30-year old Maritime Academy, Oron, Akwa Ibom State, to a university should be implemented.
Key Regional Critical Infrastructure
There is the need for the Federal Government to fast-track interventions on some of the indicative Regional Infrastructure viz:
• We wish to thank President for ensuring that the first phase of the coastal railway project is provided for in the current 2016 budget. We urge the Federal Government to further ensure the full implementation of this project that is designed to run through all the states in the Niger Delta, up to Lagos.
• Complete the existing East-West Road.
• Work should resume on the abandoned Bodo-Bonny Road Project. We note that NLNG had already offered 50% funding for this Project.
• Implement the proposed East-West Coastal Road Project, which stretches 704 km in length along the Atlantic coastline, from Odukpani Junction in Cross River State, connecting over 1000 communities, to Ibeju on the Lekki-Epe Expressway in Lagos State (Design already completed by NDDC).
• Implement the development of inland waterways and riverine infrastructure.
• Remove bottlenecks militating against the full activation and utilization of the existing ports in the Niger Delta, including Port Harcourt, Onne, Calabar, commence dredging of the Escravos bar-mouth which will open up Burutu, Koko, Sapele, Warri and Gelegele Ports to deep sea-going vessels and expedite work on the dredging of the Calabar Port. The Deep Sea Port project in Bayelsa State also requires consideration.
• We urge the commencement of work on the Ibaka Deep Sea Port for which Feasibility has long been completed.
Details of other regional infrastructure projects will be presented in the course of the dialogue.
Security Surveillance and Protection of Oil and Gas Infrastructure
The incessant breaching and vandalization of pipelines, and oil theft, have taken direct tolls on oil production and supplies, with corresponding adverse effects on the economy of our dear Country. Pipeline vandalism also damages the environment, health and economic activity of inhabitants of affected areas, as well as complicates environmental cleanup efforts.
It is therefore our view that an urgent review is done to pipeline surveillance contacts to give the responsibility to Communities rather than individuals in a manner that ties some benefits to their responsibility. Communities would then see their responsibility for the pipelines as protection of what belongs to them.
Relocation of Administrative and Operational Headquarters of IOCs
The Headquarters of most Oil Companies are not located in the Niger Delta Region. As a result, the Region is denied all the developmental and associated benefits that would have accrued to the Region from their presence. It has therefore become imperative for the IOCs to relocate to their areas of operation. This move would create a mutually beneficial relationship with the host communities.
Despite being the core of power generation in the Country, most Communities in the Niger Delta remain unconnected to the National Grid.
We, therefore, advocate a power plan that strongly ties power supply in the Region to gas supplies, thereby giving all sides a stake in improved stability. Because of existing infrastructure, this should be an area where the Government could deliver the swiftest and most noticeable change.
Economic Development and Empowerment
The Federal and State Governments need to signal their interest in sustained economic development in the region by:
i. Implementing the Brass LNG and Fertilizer Plant Project and similarly concluding Train 7 of the NLNG in Bonny
ii. Reviewing, updating and aggressively driving the National Gas Master Plan to integrate the economic interests and industrialization aspirations of the Niger Delta Region
iii. Creating a Niger Delta Energy Industrial Corridor that would process some portions of the Region’s vast hydrocarbon natural resources, where they are produced, to create industrialization and a robust economic base in the Region that would improve the living condition of the Citizens.
iv. Expediting work on the Export Processing Zones (EPZs) in the Region, in particular, the Gas City, Ogidigben and Deep Sea Port, Gbaramatu, in Warri South LGA of Delta State.
v. Harnessing the huge rain-fed agricultural potentials of the area through the development of farm estates, fishery development projects and Agro-Allied Industrial Clusters.
vi. Harnessing the entrepreneurial ingenuity of the youths in the Region to keep them gainfully employed in legitimate businesses, and away from restiveness.
vii. We urge the use of ICT as a tool for peace, job-creation and development. Appropriately deployed ICT can be the elixir to create much-needed jobs, promote entrepreneurship and create wealth in the Region.
vii. Resolve the various issues leading to the non-operation of Delta Steel Company, Oku Iboku Paper Mill, Edo Textile Mill and ALSCON.
Inclusive Participation in Oil Industry and Ownership of Oil Blocs
The sense of alienation of Niger Delta indigenes from the resources of their land will continue until there are affirmative actions that guarantee the involvement of these communities in the ownership and participation in the Oil and Gas Industry. We, therefore, urge the Federal Government to enunciate policies and actions that will address the lack of participation as well as imbalance in the ownership of Oil and Gas Assets.
We similarly urge the institution of Host Community Content within the Nigerian Content framework, across the entire enterprise chain of the Petroleum and Maritime sectors.
Restructuring and Funding of the NDDC
There is the urgent need to adequately restructure the NDDC to refocus it as a truly Interventionist Agency, that responds swiftly to the yearnings of the grassroots of the Niger Delta. Communities must be able to have a say in what projects come to them. We also urge the full implementation of the funding provisions of the NDDC Act.
Strengthening the Niger Delta Ministry
Since the creation of the Niger Delta Ministry, even though it was meant to function in the mode of the Federal Capital Territory Ministry, its funding has been abysmal. There is an absolute need, therefore, to adequately fund, and strengthen this Ministry to the purpose for which it was created.
The Bakassi Question
The fall out of the ceding of Bakassi to Cameroon continues to threaten the security of the southernmost part of the Niger Delta Region. The unresolved issues arising from the Green Tree Agreement continues to create tension and plague the region. There is also the lack of a well-coordinated transparent blueprint for the development and resettlement of the displaced populations. The host communities face huge abuses and are unable to reestablish their respective means of livelihood. We, therefore, recommend a comprehensive resettlement plan including development for the host communities and displaced populations to reduce the risk of making them into a Stateless People.
The clamour for fiscal federalism has continued to be re-echoed by different sections of the country. The people of the Niger Delta region support this call and urge that the Federal Government should regard this matter expeditiously.
What message would you want to pass to the Federal Government for being insensitive to these issues five years after?
It is regrettable to say that the 16-point agenda has not been attended to thereby bringing about high rate of insecurity in the region.
For emphasis, after having several interface with these boys, they saw the reasons for dialogue than allowing the region go in flames as a result this brought about ceasefire in the region making everyone to be enjoying the relative peace being enjoyed today.
I want the Federal Government to know that when these boys see that there is blatant refusal in addressing their issues by the Federal Government, they are capable of making the region go into flames, adding that he appealed to the Federal Government, and other critical stakeholders responsible for the implementation of this 16-point agenda to be sincere to themselves and do the needful, adding that what the people in the Niger Delta region want is that all must be fair, just and equitable in what they do, so as to engendered peace and security to the Niger Delta region.
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