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Editorial

Nigeria @ 60: Time To Restructure

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Recently, Nigeria celebrated her diamond jubilee anniversary. This milestone celebration brought to the fore, a furor of agitations from various ethnic groups, religious leaders, regional organs, men of God, and even the ordinary Nigerians for the country to be restructured.
Before independence in 1960, Nigeria had operated a regional-based government, paying to the centre taxes accruing from the commonwealth and natural resources which abound in several parts of the country including the various regions.
Nigeria as a country came into existence in 1914, when the British colonial masters, through amalgamation created a united Nigeria; that is, the unity that has been protected and upheld till date. The administration of Nigeria thereafter was through regional governments, a practice where the regions were autonomous and the centre being co-ordinated by the federal administration that was the structure then.
In 1967, states were created, thereby destroying the regional administration by the military. The military, for purposes of control, made the centre stronger because military administrators for the states were appointed, not elected, by the then Supreme Military Council. The revenue accruing from all the states of the federation became centralised and states were allocated funds for governance through revenue sharing.
The military in 1979 introduced a Constitution for Nigeria, which till date is being used in our democratic administration. The inadequacies and defects of the 1979 Constitution and to date as amended, favoured some ethnic groups, more than others. This situation has created a lot of tension and insecurity in the country, leading to clamour for restructuring of the country.
Some ethnic blocks have taken the demand for autonomy very far and are demanding for separate nations. Better still, many opinion leaders and groups, who still believe in the unity of the country and indivisibility of Nigeria are now asking for restructuring of the country, in the regional form as existed before, posturing that the states in each region should come together and form a regional government.
Other groups are of the opinion that the six geo-political zones of the country as they are today, should be pronounced as regions, so as to exercise the autonomy and powers of the then regional governments.
With this set up, they believe that the Federal Government at the centre will still remain to co-ordinate the regional administrations.
The current tension generated by the clamour for the restructuring of Nigeria is more pronounced and more deep-seated, as many Nigerians of high standing as well as responsible groups have become more vocal.
Again, the sheer fact that there are cracks and divisions within the country today may have propelled Vice President Yemi Osinbajo to state that “Nigeria may break up if efforts are not made to address the cracks in the nation”.
Interestingly, a highly respected Christian leader in the country, Pastor Enoch Adeboye has equally lent his voice to the clamour for the restructuring of the country. To say that the call for structuring of Nigeria has become more strident in recent times is to state the obvious, as such calls cut across political, ethnic and religious divides.
The Tide believes that going by the mood of the country today, restructuring of Nigeria within the context of justice, equity and fairness is the right way to go. We agree that the strength of the country is the unity of the country; and also that the country’s size and population, coupled with her abundant human and material resources better reinforce the need for the country to remain one and an indivisible entity.
Infact, this sheer fact has made the country to be highly respected globally and this has given us a prominent and strong voice in the comity of nations. Balkanising, splitting and even fragmenting the country along whatever lines to form separate nations would definitely reduce our spheres of influence within the global community, as this has the tendency of whittling down our strength and power in international affairs.
Thus, we think that irrespective of our diversities, the country’s unity is non-negotiable, and this must be brought to bear in all that we do as one people with a common destiny, goals and aspirations. We strongly subscribe to the fact that all sections of this country must be given an equal sense of belonging. In this way, our much-touted unity in diversity will make more meaning. This is key to our sovereignty as a nation.
Nonetheless, restructuring of the country would give the various ethnic groups which are today agitating for secession a sense of inclusion in the affairs of the nation, particularly in the fair distribution of the nation’s resources and our common patrimony. We are confident that if the states as they are today are retained and made to develop in their own pace, the country would be better developed.
Infact, the country should be restructured to include the existing states in the formation of a semblance of autonomous regions with the much-needed economic strength to foster equal development in the country. The Federal Government should, on the other hand, serve as the central government so as to reserve the responsibilities of coordinating the regions to enhance growth and development.
Besides, there is need to create regional administrations, taking into cognizance their comparative strength and advantage over others in trade, commence and industry. In the spirit of true federalism, devolution of powers should be such that more powers are given to regional Houses of Assembly, among other democratic organs of government. Luckily enough, at present, the six geo-political zones in the country have presented a perfect delineation in the restructuring of the country. We recommend this as a perfect and more acceptable regional restructure.
Against this backdrop, therefore, we call on the National Assembly to without hesitation commence deliberations on the restructuring of the nation, so as to save the country from imminent collapse and by so doing restore and promote the nation’s fragile unity. It would not be a bad idea if the recommendations of the 2014 National Conference are revisited and its report released and implemented.
There is also the need for the National Assembly to review and amend the 1999 Constitution to reflect the yearnings and aspirations of Nigerians today, as the present Constitution does not address the fundamental issues of justice, equity and fairness. There is no doubt that the Constitution is a mere document put together by the Military, and there is no gainsaying that it contains several defects which must be corrected. What Nigerians badly want today is a people’s Constitution, fashioned in accordance with our democratic norms and principles.
Again, the new Constitution must be such that would be able to entrench the cardinal principles of true federalism, devolution of powers and the rule of law.
Everything said and done, we are convinced that the time to restructure the country is now, for Nigeria to still remain a united and indivisible country after 60 years of her independence.

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Editorial

Withdraw Onochie’s Nomination Now

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In what appears to be a deliberate assault on the sensibility of Nigerians, President
Muhammadu Buhari recently nominated a card-carrying member of the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC), Ms Lauretta Onochie, into the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) as a National Commissioner.
Coming at a time when the torrents of protests against the notorious anti-robbery unit of the Nigerian Police Force known as the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) have reached a feverish pitch, the appointment of Onochie is, to say the least, very insensitive and ill-advised.
No fewer than 70 civil society organisations (CSO), some opposition parties, Senior Advocates of Nigeria and other interest groups have vehemently criticised the appointment.
It is unimaginable and paradoxical too, that the President who, not too long ago, enjoyed the goodwill of the Nigerian populace over the conduct of the Edo State governorship election and the dismantling of the vicious, infamous anti-robbery squad would make a turnabout to commit such a political heresy.
Recall that President Buhari was commended for his non-partisanship in the Edo State governorship election held on September 19. He was also recently hailed for dismantling the notorious arm of the Nigerian Police that was terrorising Nigerians.
His recent appointment of Onochie, a well-known member of APC in Delta State into INEC has, however, eroded this goodwill going by the avalanche of criticisms that is currently trailing this infamous action.
Like many other Nigerians, The Tide considers Onochie’s nomination as an assault on the Nigerian Constitution and in particular, a gross violation of Item F, Paragraph 14 of the Third Schedule of the 1999 Constitution (as amended), which forbids a card carrying member of a political party to be a member of INEC.
By this constitutional provision, the appointment of Onochie is an insult to the institution of INEC and a direct affront on the patience and emotions of Nigerians who have tolerated the excesses of the Buhari government in the last five years.
Besides being a card carrying member of Buhari’s political party, Onochie is the Senior Special Assistant to the President on Social Media. Her nomination into such a sensitive position will surely compromise the neutrality of the electoral body.  As a political officeholder and an ally of a political party, Onochie should ordinarily not be allowed to hold any office in INEC.
We say this because the position of INEC commissioner requires some elements of maturity, neutrality and non-partisanship. Onochie doesn’t have these credentials to serve as an impartial arbiter in INEC.
Like the Rivers State Governor, Chief Nyesom Wike, recently noted, the appointment of Onochie is a recipe for election rigging ahead of the 2023 elections. Her appointment will not only constitute an impediment to the independence and sanctity of the electoral umpire, it will also erode the recent gains recorded by INEC and undermine the entire democratic process.
At a time when Nigerians’ confidence in INEC and the nation’s electoral system is beginning to shore up, it will be suicidal to erode the people’s trust on the platter of vested interest. In other words, Onochie’s appointment does not sit well with the Nigerian Constitution and the recent gains of the nation’s electoral system and should, therefore, be withdrawn forthwith.
This appointment is least expected from a President who has always professed his support for the independence of INEC. As a President who is serving his second and final tenure in office, it would have been more honourable and dignified for Buhari to bequeath to the country a viable, non-corrupt and truly independent electoral body.
We insist that the mood of the nation at this period of #EndSARS protests does not call for such erratic nomination by the President. This period calls for sober reflection and a lot of proper reasoning on the part of our leaders. Anything short of this will be very insensitive to the feelings of the generality of Nigerians and may further challenge the already angry populace to action.
Again, we urge President Buhari to withdraw, without delay, Onochie’s nomination that is currently before the Senate. If, however, the President finds Onochie’s services too indispensable to him, he may find another job for his beloved aide. But her service is surely not needed in INEC.
However, if the President refuses to yield to popular demand, the members of the Senate, irrespective of their political leanings, should rise up to the occasion to reject Onochie’s nomination and save the nation the ugly backlash of this thoughtless appointment.

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Editorial

That FG’s Package For Teachers

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Smarting from this year’s World Teachers Day celebration, a day dedicated to celebrating
teachers for their contributions to the development of society, Nigeria’s President, Muhammadu Buhari, recently announced a special package for the country’s beleaguered teachers.
In announcing the package, Buhari approved a special salary scale for basic and secondary school teachers, including provisions for rural posting allowance, science teachers allowance and peculiar allowances.
The package includes a special teacher pension scheme to enable the teaching profession retain its experienced talents, extension of teachers service years from 35 to 40, automatic employment for graduates of education, reintroduction of bursary award to students in universities and colleges of education, building of low-cost houses for teachers in rural areas, and sponsorship of teachers to, at least, one refresher training per annum.
In addition, the annual presidential teachers and schools awards have been expanded to cover more categories with outstanding winners to be considered for national awards and National Productivity Order of Merit (NPM) awards.
More still, prompt payment of salaries and other emoluments including consideration for first-line charge in annual budgets, timely promotion of teachers to eliminate stagnation, provision of loan facilities, free tuition and automatic admission for biological children of teachers in their respective schools.
For a profession that has been so denigrated to the point that a teacher’s reward is derisively said to be in heaven, these obviously fundamental and far-reaching incentives would, no doubt, motivate teachers, restore their lost glory, and galvanise teachers into repositioning primary and secondary education to the ultimate and maximum benefit of pupils, students and the society at large.
Like Buhari stated, the implementation of the new policies will certainly attract the best brains into the teaching profession and encourage teachers in delivering better services that would produce quality students who would, in turn, contribute to national development. What this means is that the education system will now produce the much-needed skills and manpower that would set the country on the path of industrialisation.
There is no gainsaying the fact that teachers deserve even more than what the Federal Government has rolled out for them, considering their pivotal role in moulding our children who are the leaders of tomorrow.
It is common knowledge that teachers exert a lot of influence on their students because learners spend more time in school than at home except during holiday period and the prevailing unusual situation that the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has foisted on everyone.
Apart from waking up very early after lateness to bed daily for the sake of other people’s children, teachers even play the role of nannies – in the case of kindergartens and crèche – and ensures that students imbibe lessons taught, and are generally happy.
The rampaging Covid-19 pandemic which has left in its trail a deleterious impact on virtually all facets of human life has not been kind to teachers.
The hardest hit are private school teachers who remained unsalaried for about six months that schools were closed. Many lost their jobs just as some private school proprietors opted out of the sector, with some converting their classrooms to accommodation for people to rent. Some school owners even sold their properties off.
For that, The Tide believes that teachers in the country deserve every encouragement now for their resilience and for coping with new developments in the education sector brought about by the outbreak of COVID-19.
Thus, the Federal Government’s reprieve for teachers, albeit long overdue, could not have come at a more auspicious time.
Good and commendable as the Federal Government’s package to teachers appear to be, not a few Nigerians, including the Rivers State Governor, Chief Nyesom Wike, think that government was hasty about it.
They argue that the Federal Government should have consulted widely before arriving at the implementation of the policies, given the lean purse of states already worsened by their dwindling revenues arising from the fatal impact of the Covid-19 pandemic.
They further argue, just as Wike had persistently maintained, that unless the present revenue sharing formula is tremendously improved upon in such a manner that states are given enough respite, the new policies would be difficult to implement in the states considering the huge financial outlay involved. The Tide agrees no less.
While the new package is expected to enthrone a culture of competence, commitment, discipline, increased learning, and better service delivery in the nation’s education sector howsoever, it behoves the Federal Government to speedily address the present system of inequitable fiscal federalism to avoid unnecessary hiccups in its implementation in the states.

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Editorial

Still On Constitution Review

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Like every Senate before it since 1999, the Ninth Senate recently set up a 56-member
committee for the amendment of the 1999 Constitution. The committee, headed by Deputy Senate President, Obarisi Ovie Omo-Agege, may be the Senate’s response to objections and continual whines of the constitution for containing some ambivalence that impede harmony and development of Nigeria.
As the review process starts up, Omo-Agege of the All Progressives Congress (APC, Delta Central) said recommendations of the 2014 National Conference chaired by late former Chief Justice of Nigeria, Idris Kutigi, and the Committee on Restructuring headed by the Kaduna State Governor, Nasir el-Rufai, would be evaluated and used as working documents.
Speaking further, the Deputy Senate President said the alteration of the Sixth Schedule, the establishment of National and State Houses of Assembly Pre-election Matters Tribunal, Governorship Pre-election Matters Tribunal and Presidential Pre-election Matters Tribunal including time limits for the disposal of all pre-election matters before the conduct of the general election would be considered as well.
Also to be examined, according to the committee chairman, are devolution of powers, full local government fiscal autonomy, full autonomy of the judiciary, youth inclusiveness in governance, and gender parity, among others.
“In carrying out this national assignment, this committee will, no doubt, consider the alteration of the Sixth Schedule to make provision for new items, the establishment of National and State Houses of Assembly Pre-election Matters Tribunal, Governorship Pre-election Matters Tribunal and Presidential Pre-election Matters Tribunal including time limits for the disposal of all pre-election matters before the conduct of the general election,” Omo-Agege said.
It is reasonable that the Senate has, for once, pledged to study the reports of the 2014 National Constitutional Conference and the el-Rufai Restructuring Committee. There were far-reaching deliberations and resolutions on moving the country forward in those reports. We believe it will be wise to initiate relevant bills based on their recommendations in this constitution review activity.
Indeed, the items contemplated for amendment are what Nigerians have always clamoured for in previous constitution modifications. But will anything change with this fresh initiative? Will the outcome be acceptable and assented to by the President? This ritual was performed four times in the Fourth Republic, all of which failed woefully to address the crucial issues undermining the country’s corporate existence.
For instance, there are many recurring issues like local government autonomy, devolution of powers, rotation of power at federal and state levels, full autonomy for state Houses of Assembly, electronic voting, state police, and the likes, which had the sanction of majority of Nigerians during previous exercises, but they failed to make it to the amended Constitution. It is for this reason Nigerians have always found fault with the 1999 Constitution.
This has led to the screaming advocacy for the complete rejection of the present document in favour of an autochthonous one. The campaign is based on the opprobrious fact that it is dubious and a product of the military regime of Abdulsalami Abubakar, with the counterfeit claim that it was the creation of the people.
Nigeria is eclectic in ethnicity, culture and religion. Therefore, it should be run with deference for these sensibilities through pristine federalism. If this model works for the United States of America (USA), Canada, India and Australia with diversities as ours, why can’t it work for us?
It is explicit that lack of a home-grown constitution has made nation-building complicated; economic growth and development evasive; and social harmony a sisyphean task. Consequently, ethnicity and religion have become divergent points in the Nigerian state.
It was to prevent chaos that the country’s founding fathers adopted the 1963 Constitution entrenched in true federalism. The four regions at the time: West, North, East and Mid-West were the federating units with their own constitutions. Revenue was not shared at the centre. Rather, every region was a wealth creator; developed at its own pace; had its police, controlled its resources and paid royalties to the Federal Government.
We need a return to this archetype, not a constitutional amendment. So, the National Assembly should begin a process that will hand down a brand new constitution to Nigeria, which would bring it to self-rediscovery. Having borrowed the presidential system from the United States, we ought to have replicated its constitution. Is it not astonishing that while Nigeria has 68 items in the Exclusive Legislative List, the US has only 12 items in its exclusive list, known as Enumerated Powers?
Today, Nigeria has been transformed into a valley of death, largely because of the notorious activities of terrorist groups, bandits, kidnappers and armed robbers, among others. That is why the nation must undertake urgent political restructuring and enthronement of true federalism through the ongoing constitution amendment exercise.

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