Scientists have warned on many occasions that the use of plastic materials, especially to wrap food is harmful to human health and the environment.
They call for the training of farmers in leaves cultivation to boost the production of wrapping leaves to phaseout the use of polythene bags.
An environmentalist and the Executive Director, Developing Communities for Sustainability Organisation, a non-governmental organisation, Mrs Nnenna Didigu, said that there were various chemicals disseminated from plastic bags like polyvinyl chloride which are harmful.
Didigu said that hot foods packaged in polythene bags are contaminated by these chemicals mostly when they are hot or heated.
“Those chemicals include styrene and Bisphenol A that can cause cancer, heart diseases and harm the reproductive organs.
“When hot food is packed in polythene and plastics, chemical exchange between plastic and food is maximised by high temperature and the nature of the food.
“There have been cases of environmental pollution as a result of used non-degradable polythene materials littered over the places, especially in city centres,’’ Didigu said.
Didigu also called the attention of the public to a warning by some experts in the health sector that beans meal or “moi-moi’’ wrapped in polythene bag could be poisonous.
“Added to this is the consumption of sachet water exposed to sun at a high degree is poisonous and as such has resulted in many cases of kidney and liver failures among Nigerians,’’ she said.
The executive director said that unfortunately, most people consumed foods that were packaged with plastics.
She pleaded with the government to intensify efforts to control the problem and conduct awareness programmes against the use of polythene bags for hot food items.
Another environmentalist, Mr Richard Inyamkume, observed that plastic and polythene bags pollution was one of the most serious environmental challenges of the 21st century.
Inyamkume said that practice of wrapping hot foods in polythene bags and plastics had become prevalent in urban and rural communities across Nigeria.
“Nigerians need to know that plastics contain Bisphenol A1, a chemical that, once ingested, can mimic estrogen in our bodies, especially in adult women.
“In fact, scientific studies show that certain chemicals contained in polythene bags and plastics are capable of stimulating human breast cancer cell growth and can affect sperm production in adult males,’’ he said.
Inyamkume said that pregnant women, infants and children were not exempted from its adverse effects once they come in contact with such chemicals.
“A study conducted in the US in 2004 found traces of Bisphenol A in 93 per cent of urine samples that were taken from a given sample population.
“This indicates that many humans already have traces of Bisphenol A in their systems and need to limit further exposures.
“One thing is certain, the more plastics are heated and cooled, the more chemicals in such containers begin to break down into our food.
“We need to let people know that for every encounter with a plastic container or polythene bag, especially when such is used in packing hot foods, our health is at risk,’’ he warned.
According to him, people need to be aware so that they can take precautionary measures when handling hot foods and be aware of the adverse chemical effect of plastics when these come in contact with it.
“Though I understand that it is nearly impossible to run a fully equipped kitchen without plastics or polythene bags as most of the food we eat are even wrapped in polythene bags and plastics such as bread, peanuts and beans.
“We could do something to limit exposures to chemicals contained in plastics by opting for products that are free from plastic and polythene bag.
“We need to change our consumption attitudes and engage in healthy lifestyles, and also reduce plastic waste generated in communities,’’ he said.
Inyamkume said that it was also safer to use glassware to package or store both hot and cold foods instead of plastic materials.
“Majority of the plastics which we use contain toxic chemicals and their continued use could be linked to the occurrence of certain health challenges such as obesity, enlarged male breasts and increased prostate cancer, among others.
“I strongly recommend that citizens should consider the use of glass products for food handling in place of plastics because of its advantages.
“This is because glass is safer for packaging hot food or even liquids; it does not leach potentially harmful chemicals into food as plastics.
“Nigeria is facing plastics infiltration crisis, which threatens human health systems and our environment,’’ he said.
Inyamkume said that Nigerians had indulged in the use of plastics for packaging or storing food and other substances without any fear of the potential harm which plastics could cause to the human body.
“I have observed with dismay that the demand for plastic products in the country is relatively high, when compared to the demand for plastics in other countries.
“Our people make use of plastics a lot for shopping or garbage bags, film packaging, wrapping of foods and fluids packaging as well as production of water bottles and toys, among others.
“This trend is unhealthy, as there are certain risks that are associated with plastics use,’’ he said.
However, Mr Alade Adeleke, the director of programme, Environmental Management and Development Trust, a non-governmental organisation, called for training of farmers to boost the cultivation and production of wrapping leaves in the country.
“If the capacity of farmers is built on wrapping-leaves production, it will go a long way in addressing polythene and plastic pollution in the country.
“Our organisation provides “Farmers Face School Training Programme’’ in Ile-Iran community, Ayedire Local Government Area, Osun state, adding that the programme was held and delivered in each of the farmers’ farms.
“We have carried out farmers face school programme in six places. For every farm we go, we distribute farm materials such as cutlasses, hoes and farm chemicals,’’ he said.
Adeleke said that before the organisation inaugurated the programme, it started the nursery of wrapping leaves.
According to him, wrapping leaves which is called Thaumatoccocus danielli (or Ewe-eran in south-western Nigeria) is a kind of leaf that is used for wrapping hot local food.
“Women use it in wrapping cake “moi-moi’’) and corn meal in major urban centres,’’ the programme director said.
Adeleke said that the organisation had a nursery that had more than 10,000 leaf samplings.
“We decided to be taking the leaf from nursery to other places to plant in each of the farms where we go and do the farmers face school,’’ he said.
He said that the training focused on the new approach to agro-forest production to bridge the gap of deforestation in south-western Nigeria, using Ile-Iran and its environs as its local example.
According to him, the organisation chooses wrapping leaf as element that makes the forest to look better.
“We also realise that people use polythene bags because of the depletion of forests and non availability of wrapping leaves.
“Our survey across the 10 towns of Osun and even in Lagos showed that wrapping leaf is scarce.
“The need for wrapping leave is so high that everybody knows the implication of using polythene bag that is not degradable such as leaves,’’ he said.
Abdulwahab writes for the News Agency of Nigeria.
The Wike That I Know
Several comments, interpretations, narratives and theories have greeted the recent letter written by Governor Nyesom Ezenwo Wike of Rivers State to President Muhammadu Buhari, expressing the sincere appreciation of the Rivers State Government and people to Mr. President, for approving the sum of N78.9 billion to the state, as refund of monies expended by the State on federal projects in the state.
Most of these responses have either been mischievous, absurd, totally misleading and some even trying to conjure and configure fabulist narratives, celebrating the mystique and magical influence of the power of money on the human psyche.
But the most remarkable of these is the one written by Femi Adesina, the Special Adviser to President Buhari on Media and Publicity, titled: WIKE VINDICATES BUHARISTS.
To be sure, Femi Adesina’s opinion on any topic immediately attracts considerable attention and commands tremendous weight, not just for the fact that he has been a seasoned journalist over the years, but indeed in recognition of his status as the Special Adviser to Mr. President Buhari on Media and Publicity; which makes him one of the recognized spokespersons of our President, whose views unequivocally represents the opinion of the Presidency in all matters.
It is therefore, in due cognizance of this latter responsibility and authority of his portfolio, that one must appreciate and commend Femi Adesina for his endorsement of Governor Nyesom Wike’s decision to thank President Buhari for approving the refund of N78.9 billion to Rivers State, and also the quite remarkable request for the President to oblige Rivers State with a State visit.
Of course, Femi Adesina’s admiration of Governor Nyesom Wike and his bold Thank You letter are embedded copiously in his article, though couched in the unerring profiling of the Rivers Governor in some lyrical passages and in some truculent, pro-Buhari obsessiveness in others.
The point needs to be made unambiguously, that the Rivers State Government, by way of emphasizing what Governor Wike rightly stated in the letter, appreciates the magnanimity of President Buhari,with profound gratitude and deep sincerity.
It was Aesop, the legendary Greek fabulist and writer of fables, who said that “Gratitude is the sign of noble souls.” There is certainly no doubt that one man who stands tall and proud, courageous and fearless with great nobility in today’s political space, is definitely Governor Nyesom Ezenwo Wike.
For instance, what Femi Adesina describes as “crying wolf” and “pontificating” is nothing more than the ability to say and do things which other people are too frightened or lily livered to say or do; what we refer to in Nigeria as “dying in silence. ”
What Mr. Adesina surely knows is that one virtue that Governor Wike possesses is courage. He has never hesitated to call anybody out including the President, his own party members and even multi-nationals operating in Rivers State, whenever the need arises and Adesina himself, has already agreed, by confessing to responding to some of these wolf cries in his write up, that these calls were necessary at the time they were made.
If Governor Wike’s courage to speak up when others are silent and cowering in fear, leads to the approval of the refund of the N78.9 billion which the Federal Government owes Rivers State, then the expression of gratitude that recognizes and appreciates such appropriate magnanimity is the highest form of nobility.
Like Mr. Femi Adesina rightly pointed out in his essay, the Federal Executive Council (FEC), chaired by President Buhari, approved the REFUND of N148 billion to five states in the country for repair of Federal roads, for which Rivers State got N78.9 billion. But that is not even half the story.
For the avoidance of doubt and to set the records straight, it will be germane at this juncture to tell the true story of the refund and set the records straight, as presented by the Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, once and for all.
Giving a background to the reimbursement, Lai Mohammed had explained that the decision was sequel to a huge bill sent to the federal government by the entire 36 states of the federation in 2016, seeking a refund of funds they expended on the repair of some federal roads in their respective states.
He said: “You will recall that in 2016, 36 states of the federation sent a very huge bill to the federal government, asking for compensation for money that they have expended on federal roads. This prompted Mr. President to set up a committee to go and verify the claims of these 36 states, whether indeed, these projects were actually constructed. Were they completed in line with the federal government standards?
“At the end of that exercise by an inter-ministerial committee, chaired by the Minister of Works and Housing which also had ministers of education, transportation (and immediate past Governor of Rivers State, Chibuike Rotimi Amaechi), minister of finance, minister of state for works, Director-General of the Bureau of Public Procurement (BPP) and permanent secretary, cabinet office as members, the committee recommended that the federal government should refund N550,364,297.31 billion to 31 of the 36 states, after they were convinced that, yes, indeed, the projects were completed and they were federal government roads.
“But the claims of five other states – Cross River, Rivers, Ondo, Bayelsa and Osun – failed on the grounds that they did not do proper documentation and the committee felt they needed proper documentation. So, the committee went back with new terms of reference to ensure that the claims of the five states were in order. That is why the BPP is on the committee.
“So, at the end of the exercise, the committee now reported that the five states – Cross River with 20 roads and one bridge will get a refund of N18,394,737,608.85; Ondo with six roads to get a refund of N7,822,147,577.08, and Osun with two roads and one bridge to get a refund of N2,468,938,876.78.
“Others are Bayelsa with five roads and one bridge to get a refund of N38,040,564,783.40 and Rivers with three roads and three flyover bridges is to get a refund of N78,953,067,518.29.”
From the above therefore, three important points stand out for particular interest and reference, viz:
1. The money is neither a generous loan gift or a desperate bailout package as people like Femi Adesina are shaping the narrative to sound, but a REFUND of monies already spent by Rivers State on Federal projects.
2. Rivers State was initially denied the refund until proper documentation was provided; a situation which many Rivers watchers will recall, prompted the Minister of Works, Babatunde Raji Fashola, to visit Rivers State in March this year.
3. Rivers State got the approval for the amount of refund simply because Rivers State did the most comprehensive, qualitative and enduring projects.
For record purposes, let us state clearly that President Buhari has the authority to visit any state he wants to in Nigeria, whether he is Invited or not. He is the father of the nation and Rivers State enjoys a candid, honest and robust relationship with the present Federal Government, especially the presidency.
On August 19, 2017, Governor Wike was among the dignitaries that welcomed President Buhari after 103 days in London where he received medical treatment for an undisclosed illness.
While naysayers were busy misinterpreting the gesture, Governor Wike explained that no sane person would not be happy that his sick President was back home.
Recall alsonthat Governor Wike was the first PDP Governor to congratulate President Buhari after his second term election victory was upheld by the Supreme Court in September last year. Indeed, the warm, cordial, respectful relationship between President Buhari and Governor Wike, captured in several widely circulated photographs, of the President’s visit to Rivers State to commission the international wing of the Port Harcourt international airport speaks volumes.
We need not also remind Mr. Adesina that as far back as February 2017, when Governor Wike was not even up to two years in Office, he had already been christened “Mr. Projects” by none other than the Vice President himself, Professor Yemi Osinbajo, who not only affirmed that Rivers State was an important state to Nigeria and the Federal Government, but has since endeared himself to Rivers State and Governor Wike.
This brings us nicely to the part of the letter where Governor Wike unequivocally appeals to President Buhari to honour Rivers State with a Presidential state visit and we ask Mr. Femi Adesina: ‘what is wrong with the Rivers State Governor inviting the President for a state visit. Is he not the Father of the nation again. Is Governor Wike not one of his children?
Considering the fact that the approval for the refund was also made for monies expended by Rivers State for Federal Projects, isn’t it equally apt that Governor Nyesom Wike should invite Mr. President to come and at least see the work for which the refund was made? Indeed, it will also provide Mr. President the grand opportunity to see first hand, the amazing and fantastic infrastructural wonders which Governor Wike is delivering in Rivers State. This is absolutely the right thing to do by a grateful recepient.
Governor Wike has aptly pointed out that the decision to thank Mr. President and the appeal to invite him for a state visit was not a personal one, but a collective decision taken by the State Executive Council, to assure Mr. President that all is well with Rivers State and Rivers people are quite happy with him for approving the refund.
Like Femi Adesina correctly noted in his article, the N78.9 billion cannot be the reason for Governor Wike’s thank you letter and invitation to Mr. President. According to him: “I don’t think so. Rivers is by no means a poor state. The amount is handsome, no doubt, but the state is oil rich, and can hold her own when it comes to finances. I don’t agree less with Adesina because Governor Wike does not speak from both sides of his mouth and does not play to the gallery. His moral upbringing makes him to speak the truth at all times not minding whose ox is gored.
Finally, it is important to commend Mr. Adesina for articulating and justifying the decision of Governor
Wike to thank Mr. President and invite him to Rivers State. There is absolutely no doubt, as he so succinctly pointed out, that millions of Buharists would have actually advised the President not to approve the refund to Rivers State, and while many of them are still wailing and bellyaching at the President’s magnanimity, the icing on the refund cake is the chagrin and consternation, which even Adesina admits, has greeted Governor Nyesom Wike’s letter in their camp.
While Rivers people will not complain that the money was actually reduced from the original amount and that it even took so long for President Buhari’s fairness and justice to touch Rivers State, while he has been fair and just to other states, we are all still very happy and grateful that this approval for refund has been made, finally.
Attempts by people like Adesina to make political capital out of the genuine stance of a statesman will not be bought by well-meaning Nigerians.
What makes Adesina’s grandstanding more worrisome is that he will never comment or let the world know how much the South-West States received as refund for federal projects executed in that part of the country.
Governor Wike’s letter of appreciation and appeal for a presidential state visit is thus a clear indication that what the people thought was lost has now been recovered. All is well that ends well and Rivers people are happy.
For the avoidance of doubt, the letter to Mr. President was delivered to Aso Rock, three weeks before it was published.
Governor Wike is not like Adesina who knows how to speak from both sides of his mouth. In 2008, he said this about the Chief of Staff to the President: “Gambari enslaved himself to please his paymasters. Now 13 years after, the shackles are still tied around his neck, threatening to asphyxiate him. What an eternal lesson for fawning bootlicking grovellers to learn. Old sins indeed have long shadows.”
Now that Gambari is Chief of Staff to the President, people have been asking if Adesina still sees Gambari’s sins’ shadows or he(Adesina) has turned to a bootlicking groveller?
There is no doubt that he is currently savouring the office of Special Adviser to the President on Media and Publicity as a compensation, having used his positions as former Editor-In-Chief of The Sun Newspapers and President of the Nigerian Guild of Editors to feather his own nest.
Adesina should be told that no amount of political mischief will turn Governor Wike from a hero to a villain in this matter.
The Wike that I know cannot be swayed by pecuniary interests. He will always stand for the truth and defend the interests of Rivers people.
Nsirim is the Commissioner for Information and Communications, Rivers State.
By Paulinus Nsirim
WIKE: Striving To Make Rivers State Safe
“Fundamentally, during the campaigns, we also promised to secure our State. No government is worth any value if it cannot guarantee the security of lives and property. I assure you that never for a moment will our administration be a captive of politics, when it comes to public security. We have the political will to fight, defeat crimes and criminality in Rivers State. There will be effective coordination, collaboration and synergy with the Federal Government, the law enforcement agencies and our community leaders in the prosecution of the war against cultism, kidnapping and armed robbery. We urge our people to fully co-operate with us in this direction.” – Nyesom Ezenwo Wike These were the words of Governor Nyesom Ezenwo Wike in his inaugural address to Rivers people on Friday, May 29, 2015, at the Yakubu Gowon Stadium ,Port Harcourt. Dispassionate analysts and Rivers watchers will agree that the Governor.
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