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Divorce In Nigeria| All You Need To Know In 2019

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Divorce in Nigeria

In Nigeria, getting a
divorce is seen as a taboo and most people find it exceedingly uncommon. This
is because of the highly respected norms and traditions of the people which
forbid the practices of divorcing a married couple. Nigerians are very religious
people and they do not believe that getting a divorce can break the sacred vows
that were made at an altar.

As stated by , about 1% of Nigerian couples admit to being divorced while 0.2% of men and 0.3% of women are legally married. Most wedding ceremonies done in Nigeria are traditional marriages which are not governed by the law. However, there are so many situations that would make a couple undergo divorce in Nigeria. This article will briefly give you all that you need to know about getting a divorce in Nigeria.

What are those grounds for divorce in Nigeria?

Generally, there are four types of marriages practiced in Nigeria. They are the Religious, Customary, Traditional, and Statutory marriages. However, just two of these four marriages are mainly recognized by the law of the country and these are the Customary and Statutory wedding. Getting a divorce in Nigeria depends on the type of marriage conducted. Under the Matrimonial Causes Act which governs the divorce process in Nigeria, there are certain stated grounds that can be used to dissolve a marriage and they include;

  • No Consummation Of The Marriage

Before
you can divorce your partner, you must make it known to the court that there
has been no sexual intercourse between you and your spouse. What this means is
that you must prove to the court that your spouse had failed to have sexual
intercourse but in a situation where it is proved that sex occurred even once,
the marriage will be deemed consummated and therefore, you can not rely on this
ground for divorce.

  • There Is A Case Of Adultery

You
must prove to the court that since your marriage, your spouse had committed
adultery and you find him or her intolerable to live with. By this, it means
that you must prove to the court that your spouse has not been faithful and you
find him or her unbearable to live with such infidelity.

  • Presence Of An Unreasonable Conduct

Before
you can rely on this ground, you must satisfy the court by showing proof that
your spouse had acted in such a way that you cannot reasonably be expected to
live with him or her again. What this really means is that you must prove to
the court that there has been a presence of unreasonable conduct such as rape,
habitual drinking, murder, brutality, made an attempt to murder spouse,
inability to take care of the spouse, had the intention to or actually abused
the spouse by inflicting serious bodily injuries.

  • Abandonment Of Spouse For a Long Period Of Time

On
this ground, you must prove to the court that your spouse had deserted you for
at least, a period of one year prior to the filing of the divorce petition. By
desertion, this means that your spouse must have abandoned you for a long
period of time without any justification.

  • Both Parties lived Separately

What
this means is that you and your spouse have been living apart for a continuous
period of at least 2 years or even 3 years preceding the presentation of the
divorce petition and there is no objection by the person you want to divorce.
Before you can rely on this ground, you must prove to the court that you and
your spouse have not been staying together for a period of 2-3 years.

  • Failure of Either of The Party To Comply With
    Court Order

You
must prove to the court that your spouse had failed to comply with a court
order regarding the marriage or a decree of restitution of conjugal right made
under the Marriage Causes Act.

  • Absence Of The Other Party

On
this ground, before filing for divorce, you must prove to the court that your
spouse has been absent or you have no idea of where he or she could be. In such
circumstances, you will have to provide reasonable grounds that your spouse is
dead or in cases of disappearance.

However, it is stated by the law that a marriage under 2 years cannot be dissolved; this is called the two-year rule. In most exceptional cases, a marriage under 2 years can be dissolved if the petitioner can prove to the court that there has been an exceptional hardship or that the case is one that involves exceptional depravity.

How To File For Divorce In Nigeria?

Filing
for divorce in Nigeria isn’t that easy. There are so many steps to follow and
it would be better for you to fully understand how to apply for divorce in
Nigeria before filing for a divorce petition. However, if you are planning to
file for a divorce, there are so many necessary things for you to consider and
the very first thing for you to do is to consult a lawyer. After that, you can
learn those basic grounds for divorce in Nigeria which we have already looked
at. In this section, we are going to focus more on the process of getting a
divorce.

–         The Divorce Process

a)  A
Petition –

The
first thing to do is filing a divorce petition which is written by either of
the spouses. The petitioner will institute divorce proceedings by filing a
petition and the content of the Divorce
Petition
should include the following:

  • Identification
    of the spouses by name and address
  • Date and place
    of the marriage
  • An
    acknowledgement that you or your spouse had lived in a state or community for a
    specific period of time prior to the filling of for a divorce.
  • Grounds for
    divorce
  • A
    declaration or request as to how the petitioner would like to settle finances,
    sharing property, child custody, visitation and other issues relating to the
    divorce.
  • Which spouse
    will psychically take custody of the child
  • Child
    visitation schedule for the non-custodial spouse
  • Payment of
    child support
  • Payment of
    spousal support
  • Which child
    will live in the couple’s house or primary residence?
  • Payment of
    bills or other financial needs

b)      Serving the divorce petition –

The divorce documents must be served on the other spouse.
Once you have filed the divorce petition in the court, your petition will be
given a file number in the court system and then the contents of your petition
will be delivered to your spouse. A specific number of days will be given to
your spouse to reply back or respond to your petition. However, in a situation
where your spouse refuses to respond or difficult to locate, you can look for
professional assistance to help deliver your paperwork.

c)       Divorce Petition Response –

Once your spouse has replied to your petition, then the
court will hear the case in the open. You can also bring witnesses that will
provide evidence in the court but it is very necessary for your spouse to
respond to your petition before any judgement is held.

d)      The Final Steps Of Divorce

This is when the judges make the final judgement on the
case and once the judges have decided, no further step would be taken. Both
spouses will be required to disclose information concerning their assets, liabilities,
income and expenses. If you and your spouse agree on the terms and conditions
of the divorce then there will be less paperwork to file. Once the judges are
satisfied with the divorce, then a Decree
Nisi
would be granted. A Decree Nisi
is a court order that basically dissolves a marriage. However, the Decree Nisi does not just end the
marriage quickly but you will have to wait for an extra 3 months and then the Decree Nisi will become a ‘Decree Absolute’. The court also has
the power to grant child custody to either of the spouses and can make an order
for the payment of maintenance and settlement of any property of the marriage.

Who Gets The Child Custody After Divorce in
Nigeria?

We
will start with a brief definition of what child custody may be. Child custody
can be defined as the protective care or guardianship of a child which is
determined by the court when both parents of the child are divorced or
separated. The issue of child custody mostly arises in divorce proceedings.
However, child custody primarily rests on the best interest of the child.
Discussing the issue of child custody can be considered into stages and that is
custody of an illegitimate child and custody of a Legitimate child.

At
common law, neither of the parents are strictly entitled to an illegitimate
child because that child is seen as a FILIUS
NULLIUS
. The term also means a ‘son of nobody’, therefore this child has
few legal rights under the common law and he or she is not entitled to either
of the parents. However, in most cases, the mother is granted the child’s
custody.

But
for the custody of a legitimate child, under the common law, the father is
given the absolute right to the custody of his children under maturity. Even
when the father dies, the mother still cannot claim custody over the child. So
generally, if the child is legitimate then the father will be given the child
custody after the divorce. But once the father is dead, the right of child
custody is given to the male head of the father’s family although the mother is
responsible for the daily care of the child.

What is the cost of getting a divorce in Nigeria?

There
are no fixed costs of getting a divorce in Nigeria. The process of getting a
divorce could be personal or procedural. As such, it differs from one
circumstance to another and from one person to another. However, filing for
divorce in Nigeria isn’t quite expensive.

In
conclusion, getting a divorce in Nigeria isn’t that easy not forgetting to
mention that most people in the Nigerian society wouldn’t even respect your
decision on divorcing your spouse. However, getting a divorce depends on the
type of marriage conducted.

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Health

Everyday Habits That Ruin Your Looks

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Are you looking desperately to improve your skin? Using cosmetics is not a decent method to enhance the outlook. One must have solid skin to look excellent. It would be best if you did not rely on cosmetics as it is full of chemicals. However, we don’t understand that our bad habits are mainly responsible for destroying our look. So today, we are going to disclose seven habits that are tremendously ruining our skin.

 

  1. Inappropriate Sleeping

Although everyone needs a sound sleep for taking rest, it can sometimes ruin your skin. The issue lies with your pillowcase. At the time of sleeping, when your face is rubbed on the pillow, it can fade your skin beauty and leave ugly lines over your face. In this case, dermatologists recommend using a silk cushion cover to save your skin. Thus it will remain healthy and you can enjoy your sleeping.

 

  1. Picking Pimples

Picking pimples is a common trend. Never tinker with the pimples all over the face. Otherwise, it will leave a terrible dark spot. Also, it creates some other skin problems. If you notice a pimple existing for a long time, you should consult with a professional dermatologist and get the right treatment. Besides, you can use different kinds of natural products to stop growing pimples.

 

  1. Not Washing Face

Not washing your face regularly is another bad habit that ruins your skin. Wherever you go outside, you must wash your face. It will remove the germ and dust which are harmful to your skin. Avoid buying a random face wash from the market. Not all of them are safe. You can consult with your dermatologist about which face wash is good to use. Moreover, you can utilize some natural products like milk, honey, rose water, lemon, to clean your face.

 

  1. Using Ordinary Soaps

Some so many people are likely to use ordinary soaps to clean their face. But such kinds of soaps destroy your skin significantly. They contain some harsh chemicals which are detrimental to your skin. So don’t use these soaps to clean your face regularly. You can take the advice of a dermatologist and purchase the best natural face cleansers. Leave all the chemicals and start using genuine products to wash your face.

 

  1. Extensive Smoking

If you are addicted to smoking and trying to beautify your skin, you can not ever do that because smoking causes serious damage to your skin and diminishes the look. Further, it has some other health hazards like cancer, heart attack, bronchitis, etc. We understand that you can’t leave smoking overnight. So you can try the alternative, which is vape juice. Vape juice is safer than smoking, and you can control the nicotine dosage as well.

 

  1. Running Away from Sun

Everybody gets insane with regards to presenting their skin to the sun. They take adequate measures to protect themselves by applying sunscreen, wearing caps, sunglasses, etc. But do you know the skin needs Vitamin D to keep healthy? Any other Vitamins can be taken through food. But only Vitamin D can be the best retained through the skin by the beams of the sun. However, spend at least 10 minutes in the early morning and afternoon sun effect.

 

  1. Not Drinking Enough Water

Water is a vital element for our body, especially for the most significant organ – the skin. Not drinking enough water will damage your skin significantly. Our skin is considered the best protector against outside germs. So you must consume sufficient water to improve your look. It will remove the unwanted pimples and spots and ensure the smoothness of your skin.

 

Conclusion

These are a couple of things everybody of us should remember that ruin our whole look. So try yourself to give up the above habits, and there you go!

 

Image Source:

https://pixabay.com/photos/smoking-tobacco-smoke-addiction-2889419/

 

 

 

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Health

Stakeholders Advocate Improved Funding For Safe Blood Services

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Some stakeholders in the health sector have advocated that a percentage of the Basic Healthcare Provision Fund (BHPF) be used for provision of safe blood services across states by the National Blood Transfusion Service (NBTS).
The stakeholders made the call in a communiqué signed by the Country Director, Safe Blood for Africa Foundation (SBFA) Idris Saliu, and Maj. Iriah Samuel of the Armed Forces Blood Services, after a meeting organised by NBTS in Abuja.
“There is need for a dedicated percentage of the BHPF by the National Health Act 2014 to be earmarked for the provision of safe blood services by NBTS,” they noted, as contained in the comminuque.
The National Health Act of 2014, Section VI, Sub-section 47-57 is the legal instrument that empowers NBTS to regulate and coordinate blood services in Nigeria.
The health sector stakeholders, therefore, called for the establishment of Hospital Transfusion Committees (HTCs) to ensure appropriate clinical use of blood and blood products to minimise adverse reactions and events following blood transfusion.
They stressed the need to communicate quality standards to relevant blood establishments across the three tiers of government, as well as enforce sanctions for breaches of standards in collaboration with law enforcement agencies.
They called for public health education and sensitisation, using various strategies and communication channels to dispel myths and misconceptions about voluntary blood donation.
The stakeholders stressed the need for survey of health facilities on blood product demands to achieve component production goals.
They also noted that the National Blood Service Commission Bill, when passed into law, would strengthen the NBTS mandate to coordinate, regulate and provide safe, quality blood services in Nigeria.
The Tide reports that 128 participants drawn from Ministries, Departments and Agencies and Non-Government Organisations attended the NBTS meeting.

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Health

The eyes are one delicate part of the body essential for our sight and awareness of our environment. A healthy eye is key to the function of a human being and overall health. Poor eye sight can be depressing and frustrating to any human being, and thus eye care is crucial for better health and happiness. In this edition I have selected some herbs that can help one to care for one’s eyes naturally. Milk Thistle is a popular herb used for eye improvement but it’s rare in this clime, but can be replaced with carrots which has lots of carotenes and carotenoids which help the retina have amazing antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties usually used to detoxify the liver. Fat-soluble vitamins and glutathione present in the liver and are responsible for repairing any eye damage, thus the health of the liver plays an important part in the health of your eyes as well. Green tea really does deliver when it comes to health benefits and disease prevention. The secret superpower of green tea is antioxidants, like vitamin C, lutein, and zeaxanthin which are vital in helping prevent eye disease. Special antioxidants called flavonoids in the tea leaves help protect the eyes against diseases such as cataracts, age-related macular degeneration and some types of glaucoma. One particular flavonoid known as gallocatechin, collects in the retina and actually protects the retina against dangerous UV rays. Bilberry has a long medicinal history in Europe. It has been used to treat anything from kidney stones to Typhoid fever. During World War 2, British pilots noted that Bilberry jam before a flight dramatically improved night vision. Modern research now supports these claims. Bilberry is known to contain anthocyanosides, which not only have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties but are also good for microcirculation, improving night vision and enable the eyes to adapt to lighting changes. Bilberry, known to contain 10X antioxidants of vitamin C and 50X of vitamin E, is also beneficial for eye disorders like macular degeneration, reducing inflammation of retina and retinopathy. Gingko is not a common herb in our clime but it can be replaced with garlic which enhances blood circulation in the body and the eyes as well. It has also been used to treat the central nervous system and much other eye disease for centuries. In a study conducted by Korean researchers in 2012, biloba extracts were shown to have improved the vision of many test subjects suffering from normal tension glaucoma. It has also been proven to be beneficial to those suffering from macular degeneration. Specifically, garlic reduces blood pressure and other high cholesterol challenges that may affect blood circulation to the retina. Eye patients are advised to eat garlic most often in their food, teas and other condiments. Those with ulcer are advised to use garlic cautiously. Bitter Cola is another herb that has been tested and confirmed by natural health researchers, that helps to enhance eye health. Studies have shown that it’s effective for cataracts and glaucoma. The effect is such that it decreases the pressure in the eyes of glaucoma sufferers. One can chew it or extract the liquid as eye drop. Turmeric is known for its medicinal and anti-inflammatory benefits as well as its positive effects on the eyes. Curcumin, an active compound in turmeric, is known to be effective against inflammation of dry eyes. This well-known spice is also said to reduce the oxidation of the eye lens, which is considered to be a major cause of some eye disorders. The caution however is that these herbs should not replace the expertise of an optometrist. Rather they are meant to be the sole backer of your eye health, incorporating them into your regular diet is certainly recommended to keep them healthy. Along with this, don’t forget to consult your optometrist on a regular basis.

Published

on

The eyes are one delicate part of the body essential for our sight and awareness of our environment. A healthy eye is key to the function of a human being and overall health.
Poor eye sight can be depressing and frustrating to any human being, and thus eye care is crucial for better health and happiness. In this edition I have selected some herbs that can help one to care for one’s eyes naturally.
Milk Thistle is a popular herb used for eye improvement but it’s rare in this clime, but can be replaced with carrots which has lots of carotenes and carotenoids which help the retina have amazing antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties usually used to detoxify the liver. Fat-soluble vitamins and glutathione present in the liver and are responsible for repairing any eye damage, thus the health of the liver plays an important part in the health of your eyes as well.
Green tea really does deliver when it comes to health benefits and disease prevention. The secret superpower of green tea is antioxidants, like vitamin C, lutein, and zeaxanthin which are vital in helping prevent eye disease. Special antioxidants called flavonoids in the tea leaves help protect the eyes against diseases such as cataracts, age-related macular degeneration and some types of glaucoma. One particular flavonoid known as gallocatechin, collects in the retina and actually protects the retina against dangerous UV rays.
Bilberry has a long medicinal history in Europe. It has been used to treat anything from kidney stones to Typhoid fever. During World War 2, British pilots noted that Bilberry jam before a flight dramatically improved night vision. Modern research now supports these claims. Bilberry is known to contain anthocyanosides, which not only have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties but are also good for microcirculation, improving night vision and enable the eyes to adapt to lighting changes. Bilberry, known to contain 10X antioxidants of vitamin C and 50X of vitamin E, is also beneficial for eye disorders like macular degeneration, reducing inflammation of retina and retinopathy.
Gingko is not a common herb in our clime but it can be replaced with garlic which enhances blood circulation in the body and the eyes as well. It has also been used to treat the central nervous system and much other eye disease for centuries. In a study conducted by Korean researchers in 2012, biloba extracts were shown to have improved the vision of many test subjects suffering from normal tension glaucoma. It has also been proven to be beneficial to those suffering from macular degeneration.
Specifically, garlic reduces blood pressure and other high cholesterol challenges that may affect blood circulation to the retina. Eye patients are advised to eat garlic most often in their food, teas and other condiments. Those with ulcer are advised to use garlic cautiously.
Bitter Cola is another herb that has been tested and confirmed by natural health researchers, that helps to enhance eye health. Studies have shown that it’s effective for cataracts and glaucoma. The effect is such that it decreases the pressure in the eyes of glaucoma sufferers. One can chew it or extract the liquid as eye drop.
Turmeric is known for its medicinal and anti-inflammatory benefits as well as its positive effects on the eyes. Curcumin, an active compound in turmeric, is known to be effective against inflammation of dry eyes. This well-known spice is also said to reduce the oxidation of the eye lens, which is considered to be a major cause of some eye disorders.
The caution however is that these herbs should not replace the expertise of an optometrist. Rather they are meant to be the sole backer of your eye health, incorporating them into your regular diet is certainly recommended to keep them healthy. Along with this, don’t forget to consult your optometrist on a regular basis.

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