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Divorce In Nigeria| All You Need To Know In 2019

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Divorce in Nigeria

In Nigeria, getting a
divorce is seen as a taboo and most people find it exceedingly uncommon. This
is because of the highly respected norms and traditions of the people which
forbid the practices of divorcing a married couple. Nigerians are very religious
people and they do not believe that getting a divorce can break the sacred vows
that were made at an altar.

As stated by , about 1% of Nigerian couples admit to being divorced while 0.2% of men and 0.3% of women are legally married. Most wedding ceremonies done in Nigeria are traditional marriages which are not governed by the law. However, there are so many situations that would make a couple undergo divorce in Nigeria. This article will briefly give you all that you need to know about getting a divorce in Nigeria.

What are those grounds for divorce in Nigeria?

Generally, there are four types of marriages practiced in Nigeria. They are the Religious, Customary, Traditional, and Statutory marriages. However, just two of these four marriages are mainly recognized by the law of the country and these are the Customary and Statutory wedding. Getting a divorce in Nigeria depends on the type of marriage conducted. Under the Matrimonial Causes Act which governs the divorce process in Nigeria, there are certain stated grounds that can be used to dissolve a marriage and they include;

  • No Consummation Of The Marriage

Before
you can divorce your partner, you must make it known to the court that there
has been no sexual intercourse between you and your spouse. What this means is
that you must prove to the court that your spouse had failed to have sexual
intercourse but in a situation where it is proved that sex occurred even once,
the marriage will be deemed consummated and therefore, you can not rely on this
ground for divorce.

  • There Is A Case Of Adultery

You
must prove to the court that since your marriage, your spouse had committed
adultery and you find him or her intolerable to live with. By this, it means
that you must prove to the court that your spouse has not been faithful and you
find him or her unbearable to live with such infidelity.

  • Presence Of An Unreasonable Conduct

Before
you can rely on this ground, you must satisfy the court by showing proof that
your spouse had acted in such a way that you cannot reasonably be expected to
live with him or her again. What this really means is that you must prove to
the court that there has been a presence of unreasonable conduct such as rape,
habitual drinking, murder, brutality, made an attempt to murder spouse,
inability to take care of the spouse, had the intention to or actually abused
the spouse by inflicting serious bodily injuries.

  • Abandonment Of Spouse For a Long Period Of Time

On
this ground, you must prove to the court that your spouse had deserted you for
at least, a period of one year prior to the filing of the divorce petition. By
desertion, this means that your spouse must have abandoned you for a long
period of time without any justification.

  • Both Parties lived Separately

What
this means is that you and your spouse have been living apart for a continuous
period of at least 2 years or even 3 years preceding the presentation of the
divorce petition and there is no objection by the person you want to divorce.
Before you can rely on this ground, you must prove to the court that you and
your spouse have not been staying together for a period of 2-3 years.

  • Failure of Either of The Party To Comply With
    Court Order

You
must prove to the court that your spouse had failed to comply with a court
order regarding the marriage or a decree of restitution of conjugal right made
under the Marriage Causes Act.

  • Absence Of The Other Party

On
this ground, before filing for divorce, you must prove to the court that your
spouse has been absent or you have no idea of where he or she could be. In such
circumstances, you will have to provide reasonable grounds that your spouse is
dead or in cases of disappearance.

However, it is stated by the law that a marriage under 2 years cannot be dissolved; this is called the two-year rule. In most exceptional cases, a marriage under 2 years can be dissolved if the petitioner can prove to the court that there has been an exceptional hardship or that the case is one that involves exceptional depravity.

How To File For Divorce In Nigeria?

Filing
for divorce in Nigeria isn’t that easy. There are so many steps to follow and
it would be better for you to fully understand how to apply for divorce in
Nigeria before filing for a divorce petition. However, if you are planning to
file for a divorce, there are so many necessary things for you to consider and
the very first thing for you to do is to consult a lawyer. After that, you can
learn those basic grounds for divorce in Nigeria which we have already looked
at. In this section, we are going to focus more on the process of getting a
divorce.

–         The Divorce Process

a)  A
Petition –

The
first thing to do is filing a divorce petition which is written by either of
the spouses. The petitioner will institute divorce proceedings by filing a
petition and the content of the Divorce
Petition
should include the following:

  • Identification
    of the spouses by name and address
  • Date and place
    of the marriage
  • An
    acknowledgement that you or your spouse had lived in a state or community for a
    specific period of time prior to the filling of for a divorce.
  • Grounds for
    divorce
  • A
    declaration or request as to how the petitioner would like to settle finances,
    sharing property, child custody, visitation and other issues relating to the
    divorce.
  • Which spouse
    will psychically take custody of the child
  • Child
    visitation schedule for the non-custodial spouse
  • Payment of
    child support
  • Payment of
    spousal support
  • Which child
    will live in the couple’s house or primary residence?
  • Payment of
    bills or other financial needs

b)      Serving the divorce petition –

The divorce documents must be served on the other spouse.
Once you have filed the divorce petition in the court, your petition will be
given a file number in the court system and then the contents of your petition
will be delivered to your spouse. A specific number of days will be given to
your spouse to reply back or respond to your petition. However, in a situation
where your spouse refuses to respond or difficult to locate, you can look for
professional assistance to help deliver your paperwork.

c)       Divorce Petition Response –

Once your spouse has replied to your petition, then the
court will hear the case in the open. You can also bring witnesses that will
provide evidence in the court but it is very necessary for your spouse to
respond to your petition before any judgement is held.

d)      The Final Steps Of Divorce

This is when the judges make the final judgement on the
case and once the judges have decided, no further step would be taken. Both
spouses will be required to disclose information concerning their assets, liabilities,
income and expenses. If you and your spouse agree on the terms and conditions
of the divorce then there will be less paperwork to file. Once the judges are
satisfied with the divorce, then a Decree
Nisi
would be granted. A Decree Nisi
is a court order that basically dissolves a marriage. However, the Decree Nisi does not just end the
marriage quickly but you will have to wait for an extra 3 months and then the Decree Nisi will become a ‘Decree Absolute’. The court also has
the power to grant child custody to either of the spouses and can make an order
for the payment of maintenance and settlement of any property of the marriage.

Who Gets The Child Custody After Divorce in
Nigeria?

We
will start with a brief definition of what child custody may be. Child custody
can be defined as the protective care or guardianship of a child which is
determined by the court when both parents of the child are divorced or
separated. The issue of child custody mostly arises in divorce proceedings.
However, child custody primarily rests on the best interest of the child.
Discussing the issue of child custody can be considered into stages and that is
custody of an illegitimate child and custody of a Legitimate child.

At
common law, neither of the parents are strictly entitled to an illegitimate
child because that child is seen as a FILIUS
NULLIUS
. The term also means a ‘son of nobody’, therefore this child has
few legal rights under the common law and he or she is not entitled to either
of the parents. However, in most cases, the mother is granted the child’s
custody.

But
for the custody of a legitimate child, under the common law, the father is
given the absolute right to the custody of his children under maturity. Even
when the father dies, the mother still cannot claim custody over the child. So
generally, if the child is legitimate then the father will be given the child
custody after the divorce. But once the father is dead, the right of child
custody is given to the male head of the father’s family although the mother is
responsible for the daily care of the child.

What is the cost of getting a divorce in Nigeria?

There
are no fixed costs of getting a divorce in Nigeria. The process of getting a
divorce could be personal or procedural. As such, it differs from one
circumstance to another and from one person to another. However, filing for
divorce in Nigeria isn’t quite expensive.

In
conclusion, getting a divorce in Nigeria isn’t that easy not forgetting to
mention that most people in the Nigerian society wouldn’t even respect your
decision on divorcing your spouse. However, getting a divorce depends on the
type of marriage conducted.

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Health

Why Apollo Hospital of Delhi is the most recommended hospital?

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Established in the year 1995 in Indraprashtha, Delhi; Apollo hospital finds its name among the best hospitals in India. The hospital is a part of the Apollo group of hospitals, which is India’s largest healthcare chain. Apollo is the second largest hospital present in Delhi.

The hospital is built over 15 acres of land and still has 600,000 square feet of extendable built-up area. The hospital provides 695 beds with an expandable capacity of up to 1,000 beds. The hospital is well-equipped with modern technology and strives to provide the best medical assistance to its patients.

Apollo hospital, Delhi has more than 50 specializations under one roof; some of which are-

  1. Heart
  2. Spine
  3. Orthopedics
  4. Cancer
  5. Nephrology
  6. Urology
  7. Bariatric surgery
  8. Colorectal Surgery
  9. Cancer
  10. Gastroenterology

Catering to the multiple fields, the hospital houses a panel of more than 150 specialists who are well qualified and experienced in their respective specializations. They are adept in performing various medical procedures, a few of which are:

  1. Cancer treatment
  2. Knee replacement
  3. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery
  4. Cosmetic & Maxillofacial Surgery
  5. Hand microsurgery
  6. Bone marrow transplants
  7. Hip Arthroscopy
  8. Trans-oral robotic surgery
  9. Optical coherence tomography
  10. Infertility care

The hospital staff strives to ensure that the patients are catered to with utmost care and comfort. Thus, the hospital is equipped with state- of the art amenities including:

  1. Diagnostics labs
  2. Operation Theater
  3. Canteens
  4. OPD
  5. X-ray labs
  6. Ambulance service
  7. Patient counseling
  8. Growth & Development Evaluation/ Management

What makes Apollo Hospital, Delhi the most appropriate option to get treatment?

Apollo hospital in Delhi is one of the best hospitals owing to its state-of-the-art facilities and accreditations. With more than 50 specialties, experienced doctors, and the highest number of ICU beds as compared to other private hospitals; Apollo hospital is one of the best diagnostic and treatment centers in Delhi.

Apollo has the largest sleep lab in Asia as well as the largest number of dialysis units in India.

6 beds are only dedicated to the bone marrow transplant unit with strict infection control practices.

Doctors at Apollo make use of the most cutting edge medical technology such as PET-CT, PET-MR, BrainLab Navigation System, Tilting MRI, Hyperbaric Chamber, 3- Tesla MRI, 128 Slice CT Scanner, DSA lab, portable CT scanner, and Vinci robotic surgery system to provide the most advanced care for its patients.

Records:

The hospital holds the record of-

  • Performing first liver transplant in India in the year 1998
  • It is known to have one of the busiest liver and kidney transplant units in the country
  • The hospital is known for successfully performing a split liver transplant in two adult patients- first in Delhi and second in India.

Awards and accredits:

  1. It was ranked 6th best private hospital in India for Cardiology by the WEEK-A C Nielsen, Best Hospital Survey 2013
  2. It won the FICCI Healthcare Excellence Awards for its operational excellence in the year 2013. The award was given for the project ‘Project Ulcers- Zero Tolerance’
  3. It was ranked the 8th best private hospital in India for Diabetology by the WEEK-A C Nielsen, Best Hospital Survey 2013
  4. It was ranked as the 4th best private hospital in India for Pediatrics by the WEEK-A C Nielsen, Best Hospital Survey 2013.
  5. It was ranked the 5th best private hospital in India for Neurology Pediatrics by the WEEK-A C Nielsen, Best Hospital Survey 2013.
  6. The hospital was JCI re-accredited for the fourth time consecutively in the year 2011.

The doctors at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital are experienced and skilled in their respective specializations. The doctors are supported by a team of skilled nurses and well-trained paramedics staff making it one of the most recommended hospitals in Delhi.

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Entertainment

Building Your Music Brand with SoundCloud

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Promoting music today is a totally different ball game from what it was in the past. Previously, it was practically unthinkable for your music to be heard and become a hit if you did not have the backing of a major record label.

This was mainly because you required massive financial backing to enable you to get radio time, television slots, headline at concerts of already popular artists, go on road tours and more. This was something that was not possible for most artists back then.

Interestingly, the music industry was among the first to be hit by the changes brought on by the internet even before other industries began to experience massive disruptions. We can see this in this article here. The status quo had already been disrupted in the entertainment industry, resulting in a proliferation of what we now know as indie labels and independent artists.

One of the major tools that has made it possible for these indie artists to achieve fame and fortune even without the backing of any major record label is music streaming platforms. These platforms allow independent artists to build their fan base on the internet, sharing their songs and receiving likes, followership, shares and collaborations which all result in increased visibility.

With increased visibility comes increased demand for their songs which results in increased song sales, concert ticket sales, merchandise sales and other opportunities. In fact, a lot of them even get pickup by one of the major labels because they’ve shown that they have what it takes to make it in the entertainment world.

There are currently a number of these kinds of platforms, but we will be focusing on one and that is SoundCloud.

What is SoundCloud?

This is an online music sharing, streaming and distribution platform. Here, musicians and podcasters alike can upload their content, making it available for access by a huge audience. These uploads can be listened to, downloaded, shared, commented on, liked and reposted.

This platform offers independent musicians a great opportunity to bring their sound and music to the world without spending an arm and a leg. Everyone on the platform has equal access to the many platform users, so this levels the playing field for all.

Why Should I Choose SoundCloud?

There are a number of benefits that this platform offers. These benefits can be broken into two parts. There is the issue of convenience of use and the second issue which has to do with statistics. You can read about the convenience that the platform offers here: https://www.houstonpress.com/music/necrofier-at-the-secret-group-11332021. We will however focus on the stats in this article.

Entertainment has always been about numbers. How many ears will hear it? How many eyeballs will view it? etc.So, in this regard, what does this platform offers? Let’s quickly enumerate a few of them right here.

User Base

A lot of different people use this platform. Some simply come to listen to music that have been uploaded while some others upload their music and also listen to music uploaded by others. SoundCloud currently has over 76 million users who come to the site for one reason or another each month.

The site also has about 20 million musicians who are registered on this site. Having such a huge community of artists, covering practically every known music genre means that collaboration is very easy.

Reach

Every month, content from the site reaches over 175 million people from around 190 countries of the world. These are 175 million folks that your music can potentially reach it you know how to go about it. That’s really huge.

Music Uploads

This year, SoundCloud announced that it had hit its 200th music upload. This makes it the streaming platform with the most uploads. You can read about it in this blog post. This should tell you that there is something about the platform that has warranted such a huge following.

How Do I Get SoundCloud to Work for Me?

All of the stats we have listed above will not profit you much if you do not know how to make the most of the platform. We will therefore dedicate the remaining part of this article to explaining a few ways in which you can get the most from this platform

Your Profile

It all begins with your profile. This is not something you treat carelessly. Put some thought into what you write here, understanding that it should be something that will pull people in to listen to your work.

Your Images

This is another very important thing to note. Your profile image as well as your album arts should be very attractive. People will see this before clicking to listen to your song. If the image is not attractive, the chances of getting them to listen to your song will be lower.

Quality of Music

No matter how wonderful your profile and images are, if a person listens to your music and it is horrible, what you will achieve will be negative publicity. It is therefore important to understand that you must ensure you do a good job before trying to promote it.

Proper Tagging

Tagging is very important when it comes to campaigns online. This is not just something you do for fun. It has to be strategic. You may want to read about it in this article. Properly tagging your work makes it easy for the right people to find it.

If you are a pop artist, tagging your song as pop and also using other related tags will ensure that pop lovers and other pop artists can find you easily. This is very important.

Offer Previews or Free Downloads

This is especially important for very new artists. You should consider offering free downloads so people can really feel your music. As you get more popular, you can begin to offer short previews of your new tracks. These will act as teasers that will get people interested in listening to the whole thing.

Be Active

It is important that you do not just upload your music and then fold your hands. You need to be active on the platform. Listen to music by other similar artists. Make comments on their work, reposts some, reach out and try to establish some relationships. Doing this will organically attract more people to come check out your page and what you have to offer.

Collaborate with Other Artists

Following from the point above, collaborating with fellow artists on the platform can help build your brand. When two artists come together to do a track, they could easily be bringing their respective fan bases together to support both of them. This becomes more for each person.

Pay for Promotion

While you do all of the above, something else you should really consider is paying to have your music promoted. SoundCloud promotion offers could come in different forms. You could decide to buy SoundCloud reposts, followers, likes, comments etc.

There are companies that offer these services. If for example you pay for 1000 reposts, these will be delivered to you over a specific period. Same goes for likes, comments and followers. This is most certainly a good strategy to adopt if you really want to speed things up nicely.

Conclusion

There is a lot that SoundCloud has to offer you. Carefully take advantage of its many features and with a little help, you may find yourself the next big sensation to have come out of the social media space.

 

 

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Health

How to Get Rid Of Rashes Or Itching?

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Itchy rashes torment you when least expected. What seems like innocent, mild rashes may soon give rise to a vicious itch-scratch-itch cycle. Rashes may appear anywhere on your body. It all starts with abnormal discolouration of the affected region on the skin, accompanied by a change in its texture. Some rashes are flat while others may appear as bumpy red spots.A condition in which you develop red, bumpy rashes on your body, is commonly known as dermatitis. Itchiness and development of rashes are termed as pruritus.

Rashes are generally non-contagious and affect adults and children alike. Certain weather conditions and immune response also contribute to the development of rashes.[1] Eczema is the most common type of rashes, followed by other kinds like granuloma annulare, pityriasisrosea and lichen planus. In extreme case, rashes may develop into puss,and the infection may worsen

Since there may be several underlying reasons for rashes or itching, getting to the root cause is important, and for that one can book a doctor online at docprime to get an expert’s opinion. Topical application of anti-pruritic ointments coupled with antifungal and antibacterial drugs can provide relief from rashes and itching.[2]Surfaz-Sn cream is effective in the healing of rashes and itching when applied on affected area as directed by your dermatologist.

Why Do Rashes and Itching Occur?

Rashes and itching often go together.[3] While most rashes are pruritic, continuous itching can also lead to the appearance of rashes.

Rashes appear when your skin is inflamed. Inflammation is an immune response to allergens, antigens and pathogens.

Rashes Due to Immune Misfire

  • Rashes which are red, scaly and itchy might be due to Eczema. Atopic Eczema results from a hypersensitive immune system. Common triggers are skin irritants (found in skin products or fabrics), stress, certain proteins and other allergens.
  • Dermatitis causes red, dry, flaky and itchy rashes which often become infected.[4] Physical contact with irritants, hives due to hypersensitivity and extremely dry weather can cause atopic and nummular dermatitis respectively while stasis dermatitis stems from poor blood circulation to extremities.
  • Red, circular and raised rashes could be Granuloma annulare.
  • An autoimmune disorder, triggered by certain medications, Hepatitis B or C could lead to the development of flat, shiny and reddish-purple bumps. These are called Lichen Planus.
  • Pityriasisrosea refers to large, scaly and pinkish rashes associated with itching. Later, they develop into red,inflamed regions due to constant itching.
  • Psoriasis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus are examples of autoimmune disorders resulting in rashes

 

Rashes Due to Pathogens

  • Ringworm infection is caused by a fungus, which is characterised by circular, itchy rashes in groins, the area between fingers and arms.Seborrheic dermatitis is caused due to fungal infection on the scalp.Surfaz-Sn cream can be used to treat fungal skin infections.
  • Impetigo is an example of highly contagious bacterial infection leading to puss filled blisters on face, arms and legs.
  • Rashes due to chicken pox and Hand Foot and Mouth diseases are attributed to viral infection.

The sensation of itching is primarily mediated by immune molecules like histamine. Other molecules triggering itching are proteases, cytokines and neuropeptides.[5]

Getting Rid ofrashes and Itching

For mild itching, you can opt for some home remedies for symptomatic relief. These can help you soothe your itchy skin and prevent reinfection caused by constant itching.

Dryness can trigger itchy skin rashes. Regular moisturization using non-scented and mild oils and lotions can ease the itchiness. Cold compress also helps to curb skin inflammation by cooling down the affected area. It can be used whenever required. Humidity and sweat can also aggravate rashes. Wearing lightweight clothes and staying in a cool setting can tone down itchiness.

Calamine lotion is effective in treating rashes due to hives by cooling down the inflamed skin. Oatmeal bath and baking soda bath can also cool off your body and reduce the intensity of rashes.

Most rashes resolve after topical application of corticosteroid ointments and antifungal or antibacterial ointments.An ointment which has anti-microbial, as well as anti-histamine action, is the best way for symptomatic treatment of itchy rashes.

Surfaz-Sn cream use is highly recommended to battle itchy rashes. Manufactured by Franco Indian Pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd, Surfaz-Sn cream composition is of Beclomethasone Topical (0.025%), Clotrimazole Topical (1%) and Neomycin Topical (0.5%).

Surfaz-Sn cream mechanism of action stems from the combination of anti-microbial and corticosteroid composition. Beclomethasone is a steroid that inhibits the production and migration of leucocytes, prostaglandins and other mediators of inflammatory reaction. It is useful in providing symptomatic relief from itchy rashes. Clotrimazole prevents fungal growth by interfering in their cell wall production. Bacterial growth is inhibited by antibiotic Neomycin which acts by blocking protein synthesis necessary for the survival of bacteria.

Other variants of Surfaz-Sn cream are Surfaz Dusting powder, Surfaz cream, Surfaz Topical Solution, Surfaz-O tablet and Surfaz-B cream.

Surfaz-Sn dosage and duration of treatment should be followed as directed by your physician. Surfaz-Sn side effects, although rare, shouldn’t be ignored if they occur. Your doctor should be notified about any such unwanted reactions like itchiness of the skin, dry and cracked skin, acne, infections, discolouration of the skin and increased hair growth.

Surfaz-Sn contraindications include allergy to any of its components, systemic fungal infection and any other active infection. Avoiding contact with eyes, nose and mouth, washings hands after every application and using a thin layer of the cream are some Surfaz-Sn precautions that should be followed. Surfaz-Sn cream interaction has been reported with other topical drugs like Amphotericin B, Nystatin and Flucytosine.

Persistent rashes with chronic inflammation might require a more detailed investigation and treatment, apart from the topical application of ointments.

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