An average student of
Government or Political Science knows that a major feature of any democracy is periodic elections. In Nigeria, the people go to the polls every four years to elect their leaders and rightly so, that time for them to cast their votes in a general election is about a month away.
For the country’s main opposition party, the Peoples’ Democratic Party, PDP, the forth-coming election may be both a battle of wits and strength, having lost a major election in 2015 after holding sway for about 16 years.
Presently, the circumstances are reverse in a manner of saying that the PDP is going to the ballot (maybe battle) like a wounded lion poised to recapture a lost territory, nay a familiar terrain from a known political foe, the All Progressives Congress, APC, a party that is about running out its first tenure of four years as provided by the constitution.
Keen followers of political events in the county are not oblivious of the gale of defections, alignment and realignment that preceded the last general elections. Therefore, to say that the nation had witnessed a similar scenario as the countdown to another major election winds down is to say the obvious. There is no gainsaying the fact that the unfolding political razzmatazz just witnessed with high ranking politicians dumping the ruling party to join its major challenger ahead of a major election is like dejavu!
With the stage now set, the grass is also preparing to suffer like it is said when two elephants do battle. Just recently, the APC flagged off its South-South Presidential Campaign in Uyo, the Akwa Ibom State capital.
Next Tuesday, precisely on January 8, 2019, the PDP would be holding what has been described as the mother of all campaigns as the party prepares to hold its South-South Zonal Presidential Campaign in Port Harcourt, capital of Nigeria’s crude oil and gas rich Rivers State.
A Facebook post by the Rivers State Commissioner for Information and Communications, Emma Okah on December 30, 2018 at 9:42 am reads, “It is not like any other gathering. It is the mother of all campaigns. Port Harcourt 2019: PDP South-South Zonal Presidential Campaign holds on Tuesday 8th January, 2019 at the Adokiye Amiesimaka Stadium, (near the International Airport), Port Harcourt at 10am. It’s PDP or nothing!” Okah said.
One of the issues on the front burner today is whether a free, fair and credible election devoid of violence is feasible in Rivers State?
During a visit by the Assistant Inspector General of Police (AIG) in charge of Zone 6, Calabar, Adeyemi Ogunjemilusi to Governor Nyesom Wike at the Government House, Port Harcourt, the latter had used the opportunity of that meeting to advise two key institutions in the country, the Police and the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) to commit themselves to credible polls in the interest of the nation.
The governor said on that visit held on Friday, December 14, 2018 that it was the negative actions of the Police and the electoral umpire who manipulate the electoral process that makes it difficult for politicians to be held accountable by the electorate.
Wike in a statement issued by his Special Assistant on Electronic Media, Simeon Nwakaudu specifically said that politicians take advantage of the ‘illegal electoral system’ to deny the people good governance.
The statement read, “Don’t allow yourselves (referring to the Police and INEC) to be used negatively to influence the Electoral Process.
“Please, save Nigeria so that we can continue to remain united beyond 2019. The greater interest of the nation is paramount. You people make politicians not to be accountable.
“If votes count, every politician will sit up. Here, our votes don’t count. People rely on Police and INEC to get into office,” Governor Wike stated, noting that the actions of these important institutions generate violence in the political space.
“Violence is caused when security agencies lay the scene for the rigging of elections. INEC manipulates the process and it leads to violence.
“Our major problem in the country is the Police and INEC. It is the duty of the police to stop the crime of rigging,” the governor admonished, even as he assured the Police that the state government will always support them with the logistics and funding to fight crime and criminality.
Earlier, the AIG, in charge of Zone 6, Mr Adeyemi Ogunjemilusi had assured his host (Governor Wike) that the police will perform their responsibility professionally to ensure credible polls in 2019.
Ogunjemilusi further said that Police officers and men are receiving the required training to be neutral and professional during the polls, even as he heaped praises on the Governor for his logistic and financial support which has assisted the police in carrying out her duties.
He informed the governor that the Zone will arrange a peace accord for security agencies, political leaders and INEC ahead of the 2019 elections.
Not only does the governor has words for the Nigerian Police, he does too for the Nigerian Army, when he alleged that the latter has been transformed into a political weapon thereby abandoning its primary responsibilities.
Wike made the accusation in Odiokwu, Ahoada West Local Government Area of Rivers State where he flagged off the construction of a Model Primary Healthcare Centre, Odiokwu Internal Roads, Odiokwu-Anwuigboko and Odiokwu-Oyigbo Roads on precisely on Thursday, November 29, last year.
Governor Wike while reacting to the disruption of the training of the Rivers State Neighbourhood Safety Corps Agency (RIVNESCA) taking place at the permanent orientation camp of the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) at Nonwa-Gbam, Tai Local Government Area of the State by the Nigerian Army same day he was away flagging off construction of a Model Primary Healthcare Centre, Odiokwu Internal Roads, Odiokwu-Anwuigboko and Odiokwu-Oyigbo Roads, described the action of the Army as the worst act of irresponsibility aimed at instigating insecurity in the state.
A statement issued by Simeon Nwakaudu, the Governor’s media aide, said, “The Army is not concerned about the killing of soldiers in Borno. They are only interested in creating insecurity in Rivers State. If you do not want Rivers State to be safe, then, Nigeria will not be safe. They want to use their guns against us”, he alleged.
He stated that Zamfara and Kogi States have vigilante outfits which were commissioned by the Nigerian Army and the APC Federal Government, wondering why the Nigerian Army would stoop so low to disrupt a legal training exercise.
”Zamfara and Kogi States have vigilante groups. They commissioned them and the Chief of Army Staff did nothing. The House of Assembly passed a law approving the Rivers State Neighbourhood Safety Corps Agency. The Chief of Army did not challenge the law in court, but today he sent troops to invade the training camp”, he said.
The Rivers State Chief Executive regretted that the Nigerian Army has been turned into an outfit to stoke insecurity in order to attract huge security votes, saying, “The Army is the agency causing insecurity mainly to attract more security votes. They collected $1Billion from our excess crude account, yet our soldiers were killed.
“All they are doing is to intimidate people for political reasons. When you fight a state blessed by God, you will crumble. Nobody can intimidate us in Rivers State,” Wike declared.
He explained that the State Government worked with the Police, the Department of State Services (DSS) and other Federal Agencies to ensure that only law-abiding citizens are recruited into the agency.
“We did not hire boys for political reasons. This has been a transparent process and that is why the personnel are trained at the NYSC Orientation Camp. We involved the Police and the DSS to ensure that the trainees are profiled for the good of the society.
“The main aim of this agency assist the security agencies with intelligence and information, since there is a lacuna in this regard “, he said, even as he declared that the State Government will continue with the training.
He further said that all the antics of the Nigerian Army will not deter the government and people of Rivers State.
Briefing newsmen shortly after the incident, the agency’s Director General, Dr. Uche Chukwuma corroborated the views of the governor and described the episode as very unfortunate.
“I can tell you authoritatively that before the training commenced, we wrote to the Army, Police, Civil Defence, Man O’ War and other agencies for training assistance in drill, physical training, leadership among others, hence, the gestapo action is therefore unwarranted and unjustifiable,” the agency’s DG narrated tearfully.
But in its defence, the Army in a statement issued by Deputy Director, Public Relations, 6 Division of the Nigerian Army, Colonel Aminu Iliyasu alleged that its troops discovered an illegal militia type of training at NYSC orientation camp.
According to Ilyasu, “Troops of 6 Division Nigerian Army (NA) today the 29th November, 2018 while on a routine surveillance at Nonwa Gbam, (NYSC Orientation Camp) in Tai Local Government Area (LGA) of Rivers State, discovered an illegal militia training camp. The troops met over 100 recruits undergoing military type of training.
“Preliminary investigations into the discovery has commenced in conjunction with sister security agencies in the state to fish out the sponsors of the militia and the training camp.
“Recall that similar illegal militia training camps were discovered and disbanded in Benue and Taraba States earlier in the year and measures were promptly taken to forestall breach of security and safety of citizens, the statement said.
Meanwhile, the police, the major outfit in a democracy entrusted with responsibility of ensuring the protection of lives and property of the civil populace has assured that it will be unbiased, but professional in the discharge of its duties during the coming elections. In fact, the former Rivers State Commissioner of Police, Zaki Ahmed is hopeful of a peaceful election in the state.
At a recent media briefing at the Police headquarters in Port Harcourt, Ahmed advised politicians and political parties in the state to be peaceful and play by the rules throughout the campaign period; even as he expressed the hope that the elections in the state will be peaceful.
According to Ahmed, “The elections of 2019 will be devoid of violence as we (the police) promise to be neutral, apolitical and professional in the discharge of our constitutional mandate.
“We promise to provide level playing field for the political parties and appeal to them to play the game by the rules. We shall spare no effort in dealing with anybody or group of persons found breaching the peace of the land no matter how highly placed,” he said.
The former police boss further called on the political parties and their candidates to always talk to their members and supporters on the need to conduct themselves peacefully before, during and after the elections.
“Leaders and candidates of political parties are further enjoined to talk to their members and supporters to embrace the peace, as the state will outlive the elections. You (political parties) are further directed to put us on notice on all campaigns and party activities to enable us provide adequate security,” the State Police Commissioner stated.
Like the Police, the Nigerian Red Cross Society also expects the 2019 general elections in the state to be peaceful, despite reports that the state was among flashpoints of violence.
Chairman, Nigerian Red Cross Society, Port Harcourt Division, Mr. Yibotemeka Kalio gave the optimism during a two day training the body organized for journalists in the state.
But unlike the Police that foresees a peaceful poll in the state from the lenses of its promise of neutrality and professionalism in the discharge of its ‘constitutional mandate’, the Red Cross said its expectations for a peaceful poll in Rivers was borne out of the organisation’s positive disposition because according to Kalio the society always prepares for disaster rather than waiting for it to happen.
He said, “The elections in Rivers State will be peaceful. But that is not what the reports are saying. The last report I saw said Rivers State is among four other flashpoints where there will be violence.
“My confidence why I said the election will be peaceful is mainly that for us in the Red Cross we are always positively minded. We prepare for disaster. Not for it to happen. And we feel that if everybody understands what election is supposed to be then elections will be peaceful.
“So we are expecting that between today that we are talking till the time for the election. The necessary things will be put in place by way of public enlightenment. By way of synergising with the candidates and the political parties.
“So that we understand that it is a matter of casting your vote and allowing your vote to be counted. Once that is done we are going to have a peaceful election in Rivers State.
“Secondly. Yes, the reports have come out that there will be violence. We expect that if your neighbour warns you of an imminent danger. You should take the necessary precaution to avert it,” Kalio said.
He said further, “So now that the reports have come those in places of authority should will know the one or two things to do to avert it. And working together we can avert it and expect a very peaceful election in all our polling units.
“Government who are the people organising the election should be able to get the candidates and everybody to be on the same page. We (Nigeria Red Cross Society) expect that our body language and the words that come out of our mouths should be such that will be friendly to one another.
“Threats (by political parties and politicians) should be brought to the barest minimum. We also expect that government should assist everybody and make them play by the rules of the game.
“Election has rules. If we say it is ballot papers and the ballot papers should go with the necessary forms, they should be provided.
“We have the monitors. INEC, the security agencies, all should work together to make sure that it is peaceful. The fault should not come from them,” the Chairman, Nigerian Red Cross Society, Port Harcourt Division said.
Speaking during a stakeholders’ meeting in Port Harcourt precisely on July 30, 2018 ahead of the August 18 bye-election in Rivers State, INEC had assured the people of the state of a free, fair and violent-free poll.
The bye-election for the seat of Port Harcourt Constituency III in the State House of Assembly it would be recalled became imperative as the former occupier of the position, Mr. Victor Ihunwo, left, contested and won the local government election in the state and is now the Mayor of Port Harcourt.
During that meeting, the State Resident Electoral Commissioner of INEC, Mr. Obo Effanga, had urged political parties and their supporters to shun any act that would disrupt the elections.
Effanga, who said measures had been put in place to ensure a hitch-free bye-election, pointed out that the exercise would be a test-run for the 2019 general election, describing it as a priority for the commission.
The state REC explained that INEC was ready to work with civil society organisations and youth groups in ensuring a high level of sensitisation that would encourage a high voters’ turnout during the exercise.
“For groups that have shown interest in partnering with INEC on voters’ sensitisation and publicity, we will be part of that. I will ensure that every party, contestant is given a fair chance to register.
“I will also ensure that every party, candidate participate and vote during elections. We will talk with party agents, political parties and other stakeholders in the state,” he had said.
Whether INEC kept to that promise of conducting a free and fair election as far as that particular poll is concerned remains a matter of debate, as the exercise was suspended and still stands so six months after.
From the foregoing, one can safely glean that the police and the Red Cross as privileged bodies maybe be seeing what the rest of us are yet to see.
However, from whatever lenses they may be looking at the forth-coming polls, what is important is for the political actors, including political parties, the politicians themselves and their supporters to heed the advice of the Red Cross and be guided by the warnings of the Police as the elections draws closer.
Similarly, if the admonitions of the Governor to the Police and INEC to commit themselves to a credible election, a point which the Nigerian Red Cross Society aptly reverberated are taking to heart by the key actors, the political gladiators and stakeholders, maybe, just maybe, Rivers State can change the narrative of being one of the flashpoints of violence but one of the states that election took place without hitches, violence and or rigging.
In the main, it would be unwise to run into conclusions, but safe to give these institutions (especially the Police and INEC) the benefit of the doubt, save there is sufficient reason to think otherwise.
But if the reservations of the governor and many others like him are confirmed during the elections, it would be on record as he did during previous elections in the state since he became governor in 2015 that he indeed raised the alarm.
Of Governance And Clamour For Unicameral NASS
Although the heavy cost of maintaining Nigeria’s 469 federal lawmakers has always been a source of concern, “sitting politicians’’ have joined in the campaign for the reduction of the number of federal legislators.
In fact, one of the converts even suggested the scrapping of the Senate, as according to him, it is the House of Representatives that represents.
The converts: Gov. Kayode Fayemi of Ekiti; Sen. Rochas Okorocha, former governor of Imo and Chief Osita Chidoka, former Minister of Aviation, made their suggestions at different fora.
Chidoka who advocates for a unicameral legislature, made the suggestion after President Muhammadu Buhari presented the 2020 budget.
“In Nigeria, we need a unicameral legislature with six members each from the 36 states and two members from FCT.
“The legislature with 218 members will be less than 50 per cent of current members and term limit of three terms.
“The 2020 budget for the National Assembly (NASS) is N125bn, higher than the combined budget of Education N48 billion (excluding UBEC and TETFUND), Health N46 billion and Social Investment N30 billion.
“Reducing National Assembly members by half will provide over N60 billion annually for the social sector, that will be 600 billion over 10 years.”
Chidoka said the new National Assembly would be both efficient and economical.
He described the budget of N125 billion for the National Assembly as “hugely extravagant,” in an economy adjudged to have over 100 million poor people with gross infrastructure deficit.
The former Minister of Aviation said that funds saved from the contraction would be available for investment on policies and projects that would serve the common interest of the greater number of the population.
On his part, Fayemi advocated for the scrapping of the Senate in order to save cost and reduce financial burden on the government.
He also advocated for the adoption of Stephen Orosaye’s report which recommended the merging of federal government’s agencies that perform similar functions.
Fayemi said the type of legislative system that would be more productive for Nigeria in this current economic situation is a unicameral legislature.
“As it stands, the country’s legislative arm consisting of 109 Senate members and a 360-member House of Representatives, on yearly basis gulps millions of Naira.
“We do need to look at the size of government in Nigeria, and I am an advocate for a unicameral legislature.
“What we really need is the House of Representatives because that is what represents.
“You have three senators from little Ekiti and you have three senators from Lagos State, I guess the principle is not proportionality, but that if you are a state, you get it automatically.
“But I think that we can do away with that. There are several things that we can do away within the government,” he said.
Okorocha, the immediate past governor of Imo, now the Senator representing Imo West, on his part called for the reduction in the number of federal lawmakers representing a state.
He suggested that a Senator and three members of House of Representatives should represent each state.
“I want one senator and three House of Representatives members per state, which will cut expenses.
“A Senator and three House of Representatives members can do what many have been doing.’’
He said that the reduction in the number of representatives from the states would help cut cost and ensure effective representation.
While advocating for ways to cut cost and ensure effective representation, Okorocha said he would sponsor a bill that would seek for the reduction of the number of Senators and House of Representatives members for each state.
The Conference of Nigeria Political Parties (CNPP), has endorsed the suggestions for the reduction of the number of federal lawmakers.
The CNPP via a statement from its Secretary-General, Willy Ezugwu, said Okorocha spoke the truth concerning the need to reduce cost of running the National Assembly.
“The former governor simply told Nigerians the truth when he said what three Senators from a state can do; one lawmaker is capable of handling the same.
“Like Sen. Okorocha asked, what is too sacrosanct that Senators and House of Representatives members are doing that only a Senator per state can not do?’’
Also, two professors of political science at the University of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN), Jonah Onuoha and Aloysius Okolie, agreed with the advocates for unicameral legislature, which they reiterated would reduce the cost of governance.
Onuoha, who is the Head, Department of Political Science, said bicameral legislative system is not cost effective, especially in a country like Nigeria, where federal lawmakers receive bogus salaries and allowances.
“It takes huge amount of money to maintain bicameral legislative system, especially in a country like Nigeria where federal lawmakers receive bogus salaries and allowances monthly.
“Bicameral legislative system is not only costly but delays legislative processes of passing bill into law, since the bill will pass through the two chambers.’’
Onuoha, who is also the Director of American Studies in UNN, urged the country to adopt unicameral legislative system as it is cost effective.
“If the country settles for unicameral, the extra money it could have spent in paying salaries, allowances and maintaining the two chambers which runs into billions can be used to carry out capital projects,” he said.
He said if the country insisted on running bicameral legislative system, the number of lawmakers should be reduced.
Okolie in his contribution said that it was as result of bicameral legislative system that every year the budgetary allocation to the National Assembly had remained the highest.
“I subscribe to opinions in some quarters that the country should adopt unicameral legislative system as it will reduce the cost of running government as well as quicken legislative processes.
“The country is spending much to pay salaries, allowances and maintaining the two chambers — 109 Senators and 360-members of House of Representatives,’’ he said.
Okolie, former Chairman, Academic Staff Union of Universities, UNN branch, also said that as part of measures to reduce cost of running the government, the country should return to the regional structure.
“If we have one federal parliament and one regional parliament in each of the six geo-political zones, it will go a long way in cutting down cost of running the government,” Okolie said.
However, a legal practitioner, Mr Dele Igbinedion, said that people should not clamour for unicameral legislature just for cutting cost, adding that the issue is not whether or not a bicameral legislature is good or bad.
“I believe the bicameral system should remain because it has been proven to be sustainable and necessary. The process of law making is a very serious business which cannot start and end within a short time.
“The problem with the unicameral system which we have at the state level is that a bill can be introduced and passed the same day and sent to the governor for assent.
“This is not the case in the National Assembly; the two chambers must meet and possibly form a joint committee to look at the bill before sending it for presidential assent.
“The rigorous process a piece of legislation has to pass through forms part of the beauty of democracy.
“I think Nigerians should stop looking at the legislature each time there is a slight challenge and asking if we really need that arm of government.
“The judiciary often doesn’t respond to executive excesses, except there is a case it initiates, but in the legislature, a member can raise it as a matter of urgent public importance, national importance or ethics and privileges, and the attention of the parliament can be brought to it.’’
Apparently, Igbinedion was surmising that many state assemblies have become rubber stamps because the governors could easily “conquer’’ them, because it is only a single chamber.
Stakeholders say that unicameral and bicameral legislature have their advantages, but the country should settle for an option that cuts costs and wastages.
Ukoh writes for News Agency of Nigeria(NAN).
Dickson Dismisses APC Candidates As Militants, Terrorists
The Bayelsa State Governor, Hon Seriake Dickson, has described the the All Progressives Congress (APC), joint ticket of Lyon/Degi for the November 16 Governorship election in the state, as a representation of militancy, terrorism, cultism and criminality.
He emphasized that the APC government after five years at the centre has done nothing in the state but to promote violence in different communities, adding that the consequences of losing election to the APC in the state will be dare to imagine.
Dickson made the revelation during the official inauguration of the gubernatorial campaign teams and secretariat on Tuesday, in Yenagoa.
He said, “Consider what would happen if things were to happen otherwise, none of you will spend a week in Bayelsa State. APC is presenting a ticket of militancy, terrorism, cultism and criminality, it’s going to be a government of criminals and cultist.”
Democracy in Bayelsa State can never turn to a government of militancy and criminals.
As we are formally inaugurating the campaigns, we will also launch “Operation wind APC in Bayelsa.”
“The consequence are too dare to imagine, people will be scared to visit the state , even indigenes will be scared to visit their communities.
“If we don’t take this elections seriously, by 17th the day after the election we should be ready to leave the state. This election is not about the candidate or even me but about the future of our state and our children.
“In 2015, when I was contesting, I saw more than the defection we are seeing today but let me assure us of victory. And don’t be perturbed but that doesn’t mean that we are happy as party leaders are decamping but victory will be ours at the end.”
Okowa Inaugurates 42-Member State Advisory Council
Governor Ifeanyi Okowa of Delta State yesterday inaugurated a 42-member State Advisory and Peace Building Council with a charge on the members to sustain and deepen the peaceful atmosphere in the state.
The council has Prof. Sam Oyovbaire, former Minister of Information, as Chairman.
Okowa named former state Deputy Governors – Chief Benjamin Elue and Prof. Amos Utuama – and Prince Sam Obi, Chief Chris Agbobu, Alawei Brodrick Bozimo, Brig.-Gen. B. Demeyeibo (rtd), Chief Mike Adiotomre and Chief Ignatius Agidi as members.
Other members included Chief Patrick Egone, Mr John Nwagimeje, Sen. Stella Omu, Mr Paul Enebeli, Sen. Patrick Osakwe, Dr.(Mrs) F. Nwaeze, Prof. E.C. Nwanze, Dr Pius Sinebe, Chief Joseph Ejigba, Chief Eddie Sorhue and Chief (Mrs) Esther Uduehi.
Also, Chief E.D. Oborfukoro, Chief Robert Ejifoma, Pa. John Edah, Chief Roland Oritsejafor, Chief E. E. Ebimani, Chief Judith Enamuotor, Rev. Gideon Oyibo, Mr Joseph Ikhena, Chief Denis Etaluku, Prof. Sam. Ukala, Chief Jonathan Uyeri and Chief Samuel Okoro are members.
Other members are Mrs Felicia Ajagu, Mrs Theodora Giwa-Amu, Mrs Felicia Sani, Rev. Oke Akokotu, Elder Ayo Odonmeta, Chief Emmanuel Okumagba, Rear Adm. Mike Onah (rtd), Chief Magaret Unukegwo, Mrs. Grace Boyo and Rt. Rev. Justus Mogekwu.
According to the governor, the inauguration is part of the State Government’s effort to further strengthen the wheel of governance in the state.
“As a way of tapping from the wealth of experience of our people, it is necessary to reconstitute the Delta State Advisory and Peace Building Council through the appointment of these men and women of tested integrity and exemplary character.
“Let me reiterate that the appointment of the members of the council is not based on any political consideration whatsoever,” he said.
He charged the council to bring their experiences to bear on their function and create environment to deepen the peace between the state executive and other arms of government.
Okowa charged the council ensure harmony between Delta government and the Federal Government and other international bodies.
He called on the citizens to give the council the needed support and corporation to succeed while thanking the members for accepting to serve.
“I urge all of you to bring your wealth of experience to bear on this appointment,” Okowa said.
Responding on behalf of the council, Oyovbaire thanked the governor for the appointment and pledged their resolve to deliver on the assignment.
Also in an interview, Rev. Mogekwu said the appointment was a call to service, adding that the council would not betray the confidence reposed on it to sustain and deepen the peaceful atmosphere in the state.
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