An environmentalist, Mr Uche Agbanusi says the continuous depletion of the ozone layer by humans through unchecked destruction of natural resources is responsible for several environmental and health problems.
Agbanusi, who is also a former National President, Nigerian Environmental Society, said this in an interview with newsmwn in Abuja.
He said that ozone layer depletion entailed the creation of “holes” in the atmosphere, in the shield of atmospheric ozone which protected the earth surface from harmful ultra-violet radiations from the sun.
“The human-induced gases tend to reduce the regulatory roles of the ozone layer by creating holes in the ozone, thereby allowing in a large percentage of the rays of the visible light from the sun.
“And this affects the earth’s surface in the form of long-wave infrared radiation, which affects the human body and often times causes skin cancer,” he said.
Agbanusi, who cited some Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reports, said that human contribution of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere had intensified the depletion of the ozone layer over the years.
EPA which was established in 1970, seeks to protect and conserve the natural environment and improve the health of humans by researching the effects of chemicals and other pollutants, while specifying limits on their presence in the environment.
Agbanusi stressed that Nigeria was not exempted from the effects of ozone layer depletion inasmuch as human activities such as burning of fossil fuels and industrial activities were happening in the country.
He, called on the Federal Government to quickly devise strategies to reduce effects of climate change and emission of greenhouse gases.
He said that this was essential to save the lives of Nigerians and protect the nation’s environment for the present and future generations.
According to him, the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions from human activities in the whole world is from burning fossil fuels for electricity, heat, and transportation.
He noted that Nigeria was actively participating in all these activities.
“The harmful effects of the presence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere include global warming, climate change, ozone depletion, sea level rise and adverse effects on biodiversity.
“In one way or another, these adverse impacts are all directly or indirectly related to the presence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Agbanusi said, “Human energy production releases chemicals such as nitrogen oxide that react with other chemicals when sunlight is present, thereby creating greenhouse gases which deplete the ozone layer.
“The depletion of the ozone layer is harmful to ecosystems as well; it damages crops and creates respiratory problems in humans.”
Agbanusi, therefore, warned against indiscriminate deforestation and other activities that could further deplete the ozone layer, so as to protect the environment from the effects of heat radiation.
We’re Hopeful Of Passage Of Water Resources Bill -Minister
The Minister of Water Resources, Mr Suleiman Adamu, has expressed hope over the passage of the National Water Resources Bill before the National Assembly.
Adamu expressed the optimism while answering questions on the sidelines of a two-day training for Water Resources Correspondents, Editors, and News Analysts in the Nigerian Water Sector’ with theme, ‘Reporting Water in its Perspective’.
The Tide source reports that the training is to build capacity of reporters on water resources sector by having deep knowledge of terminologies and issues in the water sector.
The Tide also recalls that the Bill, which was introduced in the 8th Assembly, caused outrage as some Nigerians interpreted the law as a power grab by the federal Government.
“It is part of our roadmap as far as I am concerned. We will continue to engage with the National Assembly, now that they have come back from recess, we hope to engage.
“At the same time, we are talking to all other antagonists to allay the fears to accommodate whatever apprehension. We are very confident that we’ll get that bill passed,” the minister said.
He further stated that it was wrong for a section of Nigerians to completely criticize and condemn the whole Bill instead of pointing out areas that needs to be reconsidered.
“It doesn’t make sense if you have problem with the Bill; identify the key issue or problem if there is need for amendment instead to completely condemn just because of one or two items you are not satisfied with.
“In the National Assembly, you have public hearing, and we will still go back,” the minister said.
Community Residents Flay Dumping Of Sachets, Bottles In Drainages
Some residents of Eneka Community in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State have condemned the indiscriminate dumping of water sachets and bottles in drainages and along the road in the community.
Speaking in an interview with The Tide in the community, they said the situation is not only an eyesore but responsible for incessant flooding being witnessed in the community.
Mr Chibuike Adim, indigene of Rumuoji Eneka condemned the practice, adding that it is this practice that blocked the gutters and caused flashed flooding in some areas in the community.
Adim called on the state government to save the community from the practice by constituting the tax force to check this habit.
He also said those who engaged in this practice are not only uneducated but also foolish, stressing that such people must be dealt with according to the law.
Also speaking, Miss Patience Odum also condemned the practice but added that there is no designated refuse dump site in the community.
Odum also urged for the provision of refuse receptacle in the area while the Rivers State Waste Management agency (RIWAMA) should also monitor the activities of the people.
Also speaking, Miss Alice Nsikak, a student of Rivers State University said the practice has become a big problem to the community as the entire drainages are blocked.
She stressed the need for sensitisation of the residence against the practice.
Nsikak also called on government to improve the method of refuse collection by providing waste bin to homes on the streets.
According to her, “people could be asked to pay little amount of money every month”, adding that the proposal will check the menace as well as check flash flooding in the community.
Also speaking with The Tide, Mr Ndubuise Ogom confirmed that dumping of plastic materials, refuge and pure water sachets in the drains is a very common practice in Eneka and also felt very bad about this practice.
This practice, added, must be stopped by government by promulgating laws to punish offenders. This if done, will prevent people taking part in such practice. He suggested, a fine of N1000 be slammad on those dumping refuge and plastic containers in the gutter.
By: Oribim Nyanaa Ibama, Elendu Obochi Esther & Inimgba Favour Victor
UNESCO Laments Impending Collapse Of Biodiversity …Says Human Survival At Risk
The United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) has raised alarm at the unprecedented speed which biodiversity is collapsing globally.
The Director-General of UNESCO Ms Audrey Azoulay, expressed this concern at the UNESCO 33rd session of the the International Coordinating Council of the Man and the Biosphere (MAB-ICC) Programme in Abuja.
Biodiversity refers to the variety of life on earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain
The director-general said that with the impending collapse, not only was human survival at risk, but also the beauty and the diversity of the world.
She said that the collapse was from the treetops to the ocean depths and from vertebrates to invertebrates, adding that no species was spared.
“This is the spirit driving UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme. It is what makes it so pioneering and so valuable.
“We all have to stand on the earth itself and go with her at her pace. With this impending collapse, not only is human survival at risk, but also the beauty, the diversity of the world.
“But this collapse is not inevitable: there is still time to make peace with the planet,” she said.
According to her, there is the conviction that we can re-forge our relationship with nature, that we can reconcile development and environmental protection.
“We must harness the power of education to rebuild our relationship with nature. UNESCO is fully mobilised to ensure that the environment becomes a key curriculum component by 2025.
“This is in line with the commitment made by the 80th governments we gathered at the Berlin conference last May.
UNESCO, a custodian of knowledge and know-how concerning biodiversity, has been developing concrete solutions to environmental challenges for over 50 years through the MAB programme and its network of protected sites, covering nearly six per cent of the planet.
With 714 biosphere reserves in 129 countries, including transboundary sites, UNESCO seeks to reconcile humans and nature and demonstrate that it is possible to use biodiversity sustainably while fostering its conservation.
The Minister of State for Environment, Chief Sharon Ikeazor, said that the world was facing planetary crises of climate change and biodiversity loss.
According to her, this global loss of biodiversity is threatening the security of the world’s food supplies and the livelihoods of millions of people including indigenous people and local communities, especially in the African region.
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