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What To Know About Asthma

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Asthma  is a serious respiratory  disorder. It is a lung disease that  resultsd in the blockage of the airways.
The Natural Remedies Encyclopedia (sixth edition) reveals that  during an attack,  the muscles around the bronchi (the small passage ways of the lungs) tighten  and narrows,  making it difficult for air to leave the lungs.
The chronic  inflammation and excessive sensitivity of the bronchi produces those constricting spasons .
The bronchial  tubes swell and become plugged with  mucus. An attack  often  occurring at night usually begins as a non-productive cough and wheezing which  is often  followed by difficult  breathing and tight chest and after a few hours,  it subsides.
Symptoms:  Difficult breathing, coughing,  tight chest, wheezing etc. Attacks of multiple symptoms  can occur suddenly or gradually. Sometimes, there  is coughing with thick persistent sputum that may be clear or yellowish. There is a feeling of suffocation. Children often have coughing and vomiting episodes.
Causes: Only certain people have asthma. Those that do  may have an attack triggered by allergen or other irritants  (such as chemicals, drugs, dust mites,  feathers,  food  additives, pollutants, fumes,  tobacco smoke among others.
But other things can also cause it and they  include anxiety, fear, stress, low blood sugar, temperature charges, adrenal  disorders, extreme of dryness or humidity or respiratory  infections.
About 80 per cent have  allergic disorder but others do not. Experts warn that ever-increasing amounts of pollutants will cause  the number of asthmatics to increase. Many workers must continually live with such things as sulfite, polyurethane, exposy resins, dry clearing chemicals, lerathane and many other chemicals common to industry.
Types: There are two types-Intrinsic  and Extrinsic. Extrinsic (inherited) usually  begins in childhood. It is seasonal  and usually caused by  a definite number of substances which can  more easily be identified and occurs  between   in age 2 and 17 group.
This type of asthma can be difficult to diagnose  because its symptoms are similar  to those of bronchitis, emphysema and lung infections. But if the  symptoms  reoccur  every year at a certain time and there is  a family history of allergies, it should be treated as for Asthma.
Intrinsic Asthma  is more severe and generally  begin after 30 years of age. Attacks  can occur at any time and the causes are much more difficult to identify.
It is generally advisable that we keep away from such Asthma causing  agents to avoid or minimise  the level of  attacks  and stay healthy.

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Immunization: Health Board Targets Rural Communities

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Towards ensuring that immunization campaign achieves its target of over 90 percent, the Rivers State Primary Health Care Management Board, says it has provided modalities for trained health care providers to reach the interiors of the state.
Making this known in an exclusive interview, the Health Education / Coordinator, Rivers State Social and Behavioural Change Communication Committee, Dr Daris Nria, said provisions have been made to take the free immunisation exercise to the rural areas of the state.
Because immunisation programe will be running concurrently in all the local government areas, and these areas will be empowered with boats or other means of transport, as well as logistics.
She used this opportunity to call on the public especially parents and women of child bearing age to avail themselves the opportunity of being immunized against tetanus and other diseases.
In another development, the Maternal and Neonatal Child Health (MNCH) Focal Person, Rivers State Primary Healthcare Management Board, Dr Emen-Jaja stated that the MNCH week slated to commence from 20th – 24th September will provide health care services for children under the age of five years, pregnant women as well as their spouses.
Such services, according to her, include administration of vitamin A, deworming exercise, nutritional screening, general health checks, child spacing and birth registration.
“Both women of reproductive age and their spouses who visit the health care centres would also have free services within the week.

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CSO Wants Cancer Treatment Centres In Rivers

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The Rivers State Chapter of the Civil Society organsation (CSO) has called on the state government to establish cancer treatment centres in the state to address the current growing cancer cases in the state.
Making the call recently, chairman of the organisation, Mr Dennis Otobo, said going by the status among the community of states in the country, Rivers State needs such centres in strategic areas of the state.
He stated that “going by the position of Rivers State among other states in the country, we are over due to have enough cancer treatment centres, especially considering the State Government’s focus on the health of her people”.
According to him, “taking some of our cancer patients to other neighbouring states does not tell well of our health services, no matter how we look at it.
“Government should establish cancer treatment centres in the state, at least a one hub treatment centre in each LGA”, he said.
Otobo explained that for now, about 99 per cent of treatments for cancer and related services are provided by donor agencies and patients are taken outside the state for treatment, which requires a lot of fund that is mostly not available.
“If government can provide cancer treatment centres in the state, it will not only lessen the impact of the ailment in the state but will also alleviate the suffering of patients who cannot afford going for treatment outside the state”, he said.

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To Much Salt Consumption, Bad For Kidney – Expert

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A Nephrologist, specialist in Kidney disease, Dr Manda David-West, says excessive salt consumption is one key cause of kidney disease.
Stating this in a recent interview, she said in-take of too much salt is capable of damaging one’s kidney, in addition to raising blood pressure.
“Too much salt can raise up the Blood Pressure (BP), and once the BP is raised, if you are not on medication, It can damage the kidney over time, she said.
In order to prevent this, Dr David West, who is a Consultant Nephrologist at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH) called for limitation in salt in-take.
She further stated that to prevent kidney disease, there was the need to cut down on carbohydrate and callory intake, alongside checking food in-take capable of increasing chances of developing diabetes mellitus.
Dr David West continued that enough intake of fruits and vegetables, alongside exercises with a view to keep fit also prevents kidney diseases.
Contrary to wide spread belief that food supplements are good for the body, Dr David West said too much intake of food supplements is not good for the body.
Accroding to her, besides taking fruits and vegetables, “they should engage in daily exercise, try and keep fit and be active as much.
“Even (food) supplement has not been proven to be good to the kidney, especially when it is taken for a long time.

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