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Viral Hepatitis: Expert Identifies Risk Groups

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The Manager, HIV Control Programme, Rivers State, Dr Golden Owhonda, has identified injection drug users, homosexuals, health workers especially dentists and surgeons, people with frequent dialysis and blood transfusion as risk communities of the deadly Viral Hepatis infection.
Owhonda revealed this while speaking with journalists at a Hepatitis function in Port Harcourt, recently.
Owhonda who noted that Viral Hepatis particularly of the type B and C was basically from blood to blood products, said it could also occur sexually and transmitted from the infected mother to the unborn child.
He said “Viral Hepatitis is an issue to us because it carries some very serious consequences especially on their liver causing liver cancer, liver cirosis and failure. It has five types ABCDE. Their mode of spread is different and so their risk factors”.
“For B and C, it is basically from blood to blood products and transmission can also occur sexually where there is an unprotected sexual intercourse. For the risk people, we have men who have sex with men, these people are at risk of hepatitis B and C. We have injection drug users which are people who inject a lot of drugs, we have people with recurrent blood transfusions; people who go for frequent dialysis. We also have health workers as especially dentists and surgeons. These group of people are at risk of the B and C hepatitis “.
The expert stated that the hepatitis type A and C was Bioral explaining that it can be contracted through food, drinks and unsafe water.
“Owhonda said “for this type, it can be gotten from what you eat, drink, areas of poor hygiene and environmental sanitation, unsafe water, in appropriate storage and cooking of food, lack of good water typically infernal areas and improper hand washing. And so, it is imperative that we observe optimum cleanliness at all times, desist from unprotected sex and blood products handling to avoid hepatitis”.

 

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Immunization: Health Board Targets Rural Communities

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Towards ensuring that immunization campaign achieves its target of over 90 percent, the Rivers State Primary Health Care Management Board, says it has provided modalities for trained health care providers to reach the interiors of the state.
Making this known in an exclusive interview, the Health Education / Coordinator, Rivers State Social and Behavioural Change Communication Committee, Dr Daris Nria, said provisions have been made to take the free immunisation exercise to the rural areas of the state.
Because immunisation programe will be running concurrently in all the local government areas, and these areas will be empowered with boats or other means of transport, as well as logistics.
She used this opportunity to call on the public especially parents and women of child bearing age to avail themselves the opportunity of being immunized against tetanus and other diseases.
In another development, the Maternal and Neonatal Child Health (MNCH) Focal Person, Rivers State Primary Healthcare Management Board, Dr Emen-Jaja stated that the MNCH week slated to commence from 20th – 24th September will provide health care services for children under the age of five years, pregnant women as well as their spouses.
Such services, according to her, include administration of vitamin A, deworming exercise, nutritional screening, general health checks, child spacing and birth registration.
“Both women of reproductive age and their spouses who visit the health care centres would also have free services within the week.

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CSO Wants Cancer Treatment Centres In Rivers

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The Rivers State Chapter of the Civil Society organsation (CSO) has called on the state government to establish cancer treatment centres in the state to address the current growing cancer cases in the state.
Making the call recently, chairman of the organisation, Mr Dennis Otobo, said going by the status among the community of states in the country, Rivers State needs such centres in strategic areas of the state.
He stated that “going by the position of Rivers State among other states in the country, we are over due to have enough cancer treatment centres, especially considering the State Government’s focus on the health of her people”.
According to him, “taking some of our cancer patients to other neighbouring states does not tell well of our health services, no matter how we look at it.
“Government should establish cancer treatment centres in the state, at least a one hub treatment centre in each LGA”, he said.
Otobo explained that for now, about 99 per cent of treatments for cancer and related services are provided by donor agencies and patients are taken outside the state for treatment, which requires a lot of fund that is mostly not available.
“If government can provide cancer treatment centres in the state, it will not only lessen the impact of the ailment in the state but will also alleviate the suffering of patients who cannot afford going for treatment outside the state”, he said.

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To Much Salt Consumption, Bad For Kidney – Expert

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A Nephrologist, specialist in Kidney disease, Dr Manda David-West, says excessive salt consumption is one key cause of kidney disease.
Stating this in a recent interview, she said in-take of too much salt is capable of damaging one’s kidney, in addition to raising blood pressure.
“Too much salt can raise up the Blood Pressure (BP), and once the BP is raised, if you are not on medication, It can damage the kidney over time, she said.
In order to prevent this, Dr David West, who is a Consultant Nephrologist at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH) called for limitation in salt in-take.
She further stated that to prevent kidney disease, there was the need to cut down on carbohydrate and callory intake, alongside checking food in-take capable of increasing chances of developing diabetes mellitus.
Dr David West continued that enough intake of fruits and vegetables, alongside exercises with a view to keep fit also prevents kidney diseases.
Contrary to wide spread belief that food supplements are good for the body, Dr David West said too much intake of food supplements is not good for the body.
Accroding to her, besides taking fruits and vegetables, “they should engage in daily exercise, try and keep fit and be active as much.
“Even (food) supplement has not been proven to be good to the kidney, especially when it is taken for a long time.

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