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Gynaecologist Alerts On Babies’ Malformation …Cautions On Radiation, Drugs

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A gynaecologist, Dr Nathaniel Adewole, says radiation exposure at early stage of pregnancy as well as intake of antibiotics could cause congenital malformation in babies.
He advised women of reproductive age to avoid self medication prior to ovulation period.
Adewole, who works with the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, spoke in an interview with newsmen last Tuesday in Abuja.
He cited an example where a woman had an infection and she had taken antibiotics for two weeks, not knowing that she was pregnant.
Adewole stressed that intake of the antibiotics at early stage of the pregnancy would have affected the formation of the babies, if there was no early intervention.
“So drugs; both orthodox and herbal medications should not be taken carelessly, infection should be avoided and if any, should be treated properly.
“There are a lot of drugs that are contraindicated in pregnancy which is the most critical factor that predispose to congenital malformation.
“So any woman contemplating becoming pregnant should be careful of the drugs she takes, especially during the ovulation period until she did the next pregnancy test.
” The unfortunate thing is that damage would have occurred before the woman will know that she is pregnant.
“Others include radiological investigation; radiation exposure can lead to congenital abnormality.
“This is why some x-ray investigations are not carried out in certain period because it poses a little bit of risk to the baby,” Adewole explained.
He advised women to attend clinic prior to conception, especially those with existing health problems; so that drugs that might not be compatible with the pregnancy would be changed.

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Immunization: RSG To Sanction Healthcare Providers For Demanding Money

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Any Healthcare worker under the employment of the Rivers State Government who demands for money before administering meningitis A Vaccines will be punished.
The Permanent Secretary, Rivers State Primary Healthcare Management Board, Dr Agiriye Monima Harry stated this recently during a media parley on the introduction of Meningitis A Vaccines popularly called “Men A” in Port Harcourt.
Dr Harry, who was represented by the Director, Community Health Services of the Board, Dr Isaac Opurum, stated that this measure is to ensure that Health workers do not exploit parents who bring their children to health facilities to be immunised.
While calling on parents to avail themselves of the opportunity by ensuring that their children within the age of 9 to 15 months are immunised, he emphasized that the immunisation is free and safe.
All they (parents) need to do is to take their children to the nearest government-owned health facility and get their children immunised against Men A.
“Any health worker found to be collecting money before administering Men A will be dealth with seriously”, he said.
The on-going Men A immunisation, which started last Monday is a federal government immunization programme which was introduced into the routine immunisation programme in the country.
Speaking in a post-media parley interview, the state immunisation officer, Dr Inwon Joseph Urang stated that meningitis is a disease that affects the covering of the brain and spinal cord, resulting in a inflammation of the covering of the brain and spinal cord.
He stated that in children, meningitis starts like a fever, then the child will develop poor feeding ability and a feeling of sickness.
“Children will be irritable, cry uncontrollably and also develop a bulging forehead which would later develop an opening”.
“For adults, they would develop stiffness in the neck.
According to Dr Urang the causes of meningitis include virus, fungi or bacteria, but that Men A is targeted at the bacteria that causes meningitis.
He stated further that meningitis is a respiratory disease and can be easily transmitted through droplets from sneezing, coughing and other forms of droplets, adding that the risk factors meningitis is overcrowding and inhaling of dust containing the droplets, especially during the dry season.
In order to prevent the disease, according to Dr Urang, there is the need to avoid poorly ventilated environments, regular watching of hands and general cleanliness.

 

Sogbeba Dokubo

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FG Approves Lab Evaluation Of HIV With Rapid Test Kits

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The Federal Ministry of Health on Monday approved the conduct of laboratory evaluation of insti HIV 1/2, and insti Multiplex Dual HIV 1/2, both HIV test kits, and Syphilis antibody rapid test kits.
The National Coordinator, National AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) and Hepatitis Control Programme (NASCP) Dr Araoye Segilola, said this at the dissemination of the antibody rapid test kits in Abuja.
According to him, the result of the evaluation shows that insti HIV 1/2 has specificity and sensitivity of 99.7 per cent.
Segilola, said that Insti multiplex HIV 1/2 syphilis antibody on its part had sensitivity and specificity of 100 per cent.
He said that the test kit was therefore, recommended as a first line kit in the National HIV testing algorithm.
He said that Nigeria did an evaluation of HIV rapid test kits using the World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines and got appropriate evaluation of HIV Testing Techniques in Africa, where three phases of evaluation were recommended.
“These phases are: phase, I Laborary based, phase II, Field based and phase III, continuous monitoring of the algorithm performance.
“National HIV testing algorithms were developed from these rounds of evaluation conducted and all the test kits are antibody based kits,” he said.
He disclosed that more than 1.9 million Nigerians were infected with HIV with about 1.1 million on Anti-retroviral Therapy (ART).

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Medicinal Uses Of Lemon Grass

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Lemon grass also known as “cymbopogon citrates” is a local herb commonly grown in many homes and gardens in Nigeria. It has a unique aroma that makes it a detectable to have around the neighbounhood.
It’s claimed that lemon grass is a native of India, and other tropical regions in Asia. In parts of India it’s used for soups and makes a delicious fasted in meals with its citrus aroma.
Apart from the culinary uses of lemon grass, it has great medicinal virtues. It’s used in teas, curries and beverages to revitalize the body.
One quality that imbues lemon grass with healing properties is because it has lots of essential nutrients such as vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin B2, foliate and vitamin C.
It also has lots of essential minerals including calcium, magnesium, potassium, phospharous, manganese, copper, zinc and iron.
It has been confirmed that lemon grass has therapeutic properties, drinking a cup of lemon grass tea can uplift the spirit and refresh the body. In other words, the herb has anti depression properties.
Not only that, the consumption of lemon grass in moderate will help to promote the body health as it helps to reduce high cholesterol. We know bad cholesterol is harmful and can give the body stress. High cholesterol can lead to heart disease including stroke and heart attack.
That said lemon grass help lower blood pressure. The herb contains potassium, so with regular consumption of a tea or soup made from lemon grass, one may not suffer the fear of high blood pressure.
Lemon grass is good for the digestive system, as it has huge contiseptic properties. These constituents have a role in killing the bad bacteria, parasites and other pathogens in the digestive system.
With a good effect in the digestive system, the herb can help reduce constipation, diarrhea, bloating, indigestion and vomiting.
Lemon grass is one of the healthy herbal plants that has analgesic properties which is valuable to deal with pain, and discomfort.
At this point, lemon grass is responsible for treating headache and migraines.
Also, other benefits of reducing pain are in improving the blood circulations that it help to relieve the muscle cramps, spasms, and back aches.
The grass further helps in building a strong immune system. We all need a strong body to fight diseases, and lemon grass is very effective.
Consequently, lemon grass has nutrients that promote a good immune system, as it promotes the work of digestion, respiration and also the nervous system with a good consumption of lemon grass, the body inhibits the presence of bacteria and viruses.
Finally, the herb has the effect to control fever. The way it cures fever is by inducing sweating when consumed hot. It deals with coughs, cold and flu. The grass is packed with lots of vitamin C, so that it protects the body with strong immune system against infection. Always make lemon grass your regular beverage.

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