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Experts Identify Gastrointestinal Diseases Management Challenges

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Some medical practitio
ners in Lagos have listed self medication, late presentation and ignorance as some of the challenges facing the management of gastrointestinal diseases.
The experts gave the advice in seporate interviews in Lagos.
Dr Funmi Duro-Emmanuel, Physician at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Idi-Araba, said that gastrointestinal diseases were commonly seen at the hospital, usually at the late stages.
According to her, the diseases are right from the mouth to the anus which involve  the throat, stomach, small and large intestines and anus.
“At each point, these organs present different things ranging from fungal infection in the mouth to peptic ulcer in the stomach and inflammation and bleeding of the intestines.
“We find that a lot of people self medicate, and it is when things have taken too long, not going down well, and late, that is when we find people coming to the hospital,’’ she said.
The physician said that many people were ignorant of which specialist to visit when they had problems ranging from mouth infection to ulcer and inflammation of the intestines.
Duro-Emanuel said: “Ignorance, not only that they deny, but also they listen to a lot of talks involving spirituality, visit the pastors or Imams, talk to neighbours before getting to the doctors.
“Also, they are ignorant of the specific doctor to visit when they have any of the problems of the organs highlighted above.”
Also speaking, another physician at LUTH, Dr Remi Oluyemi, said that ignorance of what was viable options for diagnosis and treatment were some of the challenges.
“Some people do not even know that in some of these diseases, all that is needed is just a blood test or an ultrasound,’’ he said.
Oluyemi said that there was need for more awareness so that people would know where and who to see when they have gastrointestinal problems.
“There is need to create awareness for people to know that they need to present themselves early for screening and treatment.
“It is not until when a tumour has gone beyond surgical care that they come, but it can be detected early and treated,’’ he said.
In his remark, Dr Mobolaji Oludera, a surgeon, urged philanthropists and stakeholders to donate facilities for the diagnosis of these diseases.
Oludera said that facilities for the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases were few to meet the needs of many people seeking treatment.
“Sometimes, the facilities are there, but are grossly underutilised, because many people do not present their ailment early at the hospitals,’’ he said.

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Monkeypox: NCDC Registers 59 Suspected Cases, 15 Confirmed

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The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has registered 59 suspected cases of Monkeypox with 15 confirmed, its Director-General, Dr Chikwe Ihekweazu, said yesterday in Abuja.
Ihekweazu was reacting to the Dallas, Texas resident who recently returned from Nigeria and tested positive to the disease.
The Tide source reports that it was the first confirmed case of the virus in the U.S. since 2003, with health officials saying that the public should not be concerned.
Laboratory tests confirmed that the patient was infected with a strain of the virus mainly seen in West Africa, which included Nigeria.
“While rare, this case is not a reason for alarm and we do not expect any threat to the general public,” Dallas County Judge, Clay Jenkins, said in a statement by Dallas County’s health department.
With passengers wearing masks on the flight and in the airport, the health department said that the risk of spreading monkeypox via respiratory droplets to others on the planes and in the airports was low.
Ihekweazu told The Tide source that just as the agency responded to other epidemic prone diseases in the country, an outbreak would be declared when there was a large cluster of monkeypox cases that constituted an emergency.
“The Federal Government was notified of the situation in Texas, through the International Health Regulations (IHR), who reported a case of monkeypox disease diagnosed in a patient who had recently visited Nigeria”, he said.

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Covid-19: UNIPORT Directs Compulsory Use Of Face Masks

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The management of the University of Port Harcourt on Monday made compulsory the use of face masks in its campuses over concerns of third wave of Covid-19 in the country.
The Federal Government on Sunday put six states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) on red alert following the emergence and possible rising cases of the Delta variant of Covid-19 infection.
The affected states, which are spread across four of the country’s six geopolitical zones of South-West, South-Wouth, North-West and North-Central are Lagos, Oyo, Rivers, Kaduna, Kano, Plateau and the nation’s capital, FCT.
A statement issued in Port Harcourt by the chairman of UNIPORT’s Steering Committee on Covid-19, Prof. Siminialayi Iyeopu, quoted the institution’s Vice Chancellor, Prof. Owunari Georgwill, as issuing the directive.
According to Georgewill, the university is worried about the rising number of new cases and hospitalisation from the pandemic in the country.
“So, the mandatory use of face masks shall commence effective Monday, July 19, in UNIPORT.
“Every member of the university community must wear a face mask and observe all Covid-19 protocols for all indoor activities, including examinations and lectures, as well as meetings”, the VC said.

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Boosting Vision And Immunity With Herbs

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Boosting ones immunity and eyesight is key to better health. The eyes play key role in keeping one alert of the environment and relationship. The immune system helps to stabilize and keep us going as human beings. A stable immune system is vital for survival and wellbeing.
Over the years, scientists have discovered that Vitamin A is germane to healthy eyes and strong immune system. They are a group of fat-soluble antioxidant compounds. It is considered an essential vitamin, and performs a large number of roles in the body including maintaining vision, supporting the immune system and aiding gene transcription. Unfortunately, vitamin A deficiencies are becoming increasingly common worldwide. These deficiencies, which can result in deteriorating eyesight, rough skin and greater susceptibility to disease, are almost always caused by poor diet. Therefore, the best way to increase one’s vitamin A intake is to simply eat more whole foods that are rich in it. This article focuses on the greatest sources of carotenoids, the plant-based form of vitamin A.
Excellent plant-based sources of vitamin A:
Turemeric -This cousin of ginger is packed with lots of Vitamin A essential for better vision. The yellow colour of turmeric makes it one of the most viable source of vitamin A. The carotenoids in Turmeric also help boost immunity. The better aspect of the spice is that its less hot and calmer to the tongue and stomach than ginger.
Garlic – This king of spice is highly packed with lots of immune boosting agents called allicin. Garlic has other ingredients that helps make it as an immune booster and these include its antifungal and microbial virtues. Egyptians of the old used to eat garlic to strengthen their immune system.
Sweet Potatoes – Despite their name, sweet potatoes are only distantly related to regular potatoes, and their nutritional value is greater. For example, whereas cooked white potatoes contain only minimal amounts of vitamin A, cooked sweet potatoes are packed with it. In fact, just one ounce of these starchy, sweet-tasting root vegetables contains more than one hundred percent of the RDI — more than any other regular vegetable. They’re also a good source of fiber and vitamin C. However, sweet potatoes are an acquired taste and liking regular potatoes is no indication that one will like sweet ones.
Carrots – That carrots are rich in vitamin A shouldn’t surprise anyone who knows that beta-carotene, one of the most important provitamin A carotenoids, was named after them. Yes, eating one ounce of these popular orange vegetables supplies the body with 95 percent of the RDI, as well as decent amounts of manganese, fiber and vitamin K. Generally speaking, the deeper the orange color, the more beta-carotene the carrot contains.
Many spices, such as cayenne pepper and paprika, are also excellent sources of carotenoids. These spices can help give nutritionally-average meals an added boost of essential vitamins.
Good animal sources of vitamin A:
Though most people obtain the bulk of their vitamin A from the carotenoids present in plant foods, the preformed vitamin A (“retinoids”) found in animal products shouldn’t be overlooked. According to the World’s Healthiest Foods website, cow’s milk is the best source of retinoids, with shrimp, eggs and salmon following thereafter. Since vitamin A is stored in the liver, it’s unsurprising that liver contains more vitamin A than any other part of the animal, with veal liver containing the most of all.
Culled from natural news.com

By: Kevin Nengia

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