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Physician Advises On Iron Deficiency Anaemia Signs

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A consultant pathologist,
Dr Idris Durojaiye, says pale skin, breathlessness, dizziness, cold hands and feet, and fast heartbeat were likely signs and symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia.
Durojaiye, said this in an interview with the press in Lagos
He said, “Iron is an important component of the haemoglobin which enables the red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body.
“At the early stage, the symptoms can go unnoticed. However, as the anaemia intensifies in the body, the symptoms become noticeable.
“Some of these symptoms include extreme fatigue, pale skin, frequent infections, loss of appetite, dizziness, chest pain, sore tongue and uncomfortable tingling or crawling feeling in the legs”, he said.
According to him, young children, adolescents and pregnant women are more likely to have iron deficiency anaemia because they have more need for iron.
Durojaiye said that poor nutrition, ill health and blood loss could cause iron deficiency anaemia.
“ Iron deficiency anaemia occurs when the body does not have enough iron, leading to the decreased production of red blood cells. A lack of iron in the body can be caused by several factors.
“ One common cause is blood loss due to menstruation, which usually happens in women who have heavy periods, stomach ulcer and colorectal cancer.
“Pregnancy is also a common factor because the body needs extra iron to ensure that the baby has sufficient blood supply and receives necessary oxygen and nutrients.
“Other factors are chronic kidney disease, gastrointestinal blood loss, nosebleed and poor nutrition”, he said.
He said that iron deficiency anaemia could be prevented and treated with good healthy diets like green leafy vegetables, beans, fruits, sea food, white and red meat, fish and eggs.
“Eating vegetables and fruit rich in vitamin C, especially citrus juices like oranges, grapefruits and tangerines can also enhance your body’s absorption of iron.
“Pregnant women may have to increase the amount of iron-rich food they consume during their pregnancy to help prevent iron deficiency anaemia,” he said.
According to him, iron deficiency anaemia can be prevented in infants by feeding them with breast milk or iron-fortified formula for the first year .
“Cow milk is not a good source of iron for babies and is not recommended for infants under one year.
“Iron from breast milk is more easily absorbed than iron found in formula”, he said.

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Immunization: Health Board Targets Rural Communities

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Towards ensuring that immunization campaign achieves its target of over 90 percent, the Rivers State Primary Health Care Management Board, says it has provided modalities for trained health care providers to reach the interiors of the state.
Making this known in an exclusive interview, the Health Education / Coordinator, Rivers State Social and Behavioural Change Communication Committee, Dr Daris Nria, said provisions have been made to take the free immunisation exercise to the rural areas of the state.
Because immunisation programe will be running concurrently in all the local government areas, and these areas will be empowered with boats or other means of transport, as well as logistics.
She used this opportunity to call on the public especially parents and women of child bearing age to avail themselves the opportunity of being immunized against tetanus and other diseases.
In another development, the Maternal and Neonatal Child Health (MNCH) Focal Person, Rivers State Primary Healthcare Management Board, Dr Emen-Jaja stated that the MNCH week slated to commence from 20th – 24th September will provide health care services for children under the age of five years, pregnant women as well as their spouses.
Such services, according to her, include administration of vitamin A, deworming exercise, nutritional screening, general health checks, child spacing and birth registration.
“Both women of reproductive age and their spouses who visit the health care centres would also have free services within the week.

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CSO Wants Cancer Treatment Centres In Rivers

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The Rivers State Chapter of the Civil Society organsation (CSO) has called on the state government to establish cancer treatment centres in the state to address the current growing cancer cases in the state.
Making the call recently, chairman of the organisation, Mr Dennis Otobo, said going by the status among the community of states in the country, Rivers State needs such centres in strategic areas of the state.
He stated that “going by the position of Rivers State among other states in the country, we are over due to have enough cancer treatment centres, especially considering the State Government’s focus on the health of her people”.
According to him, “taking some of our cancer patients to other neighbouring states does not tell well of our health services, no matter how we look at it.
“Government should establish cancer treatment centres in the state, at least a one hub treatment centre in each LGA”, he said.
Otobo explained that for now, about 99 per cent of treatments for cancer and related services are provided by donor agencies and patients are taken outside the state for treatment, which requires a lot of fund that is mostly not available.
“If government can provide cancer treatment centres in the state, it will not only lessen the impact of the ailment in the state but will also alleviate the suffering of patients who cannot afford going for treatment outside the state”, he said.

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To Much Salt Consumption, Bad For Kidney – Expert

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A Nephrologist, specialist in Kidney disease, Dr Manda David-West, says excessive salt consumption is one key cause of kidney disease.
Stating this in a recent interview, she said in-take of too much salt is capable of damaging one’s kidney, in addition to raising blood pressure.
“Too much salt can raise up the Blood Pressure (BP), and once the BP is raised, if you are not on medication, It can damage the kidney over time, she said.
In order to prevent this, Dr David West, who is a Consultant Nephrologist at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH) called for limitation in salt in-take.
She further stated that to prevent kidney disease, there was the need to cut down on carbohydrate and callory intake, alongside checking food in-take capable of increasing chances of developing diabetes mellitus.
Dr David West continued that enough intake of fruits and vegetables, alongside exercises with a view to keep fit also prevents kidney diseases.
Contrary to wide spread belief that food supplements are good for the body, Dr David West said too much intake of food supplements is not good for the body.
Accroding to her, besides taking fruits and vegetables, “they should engage in daily exercise, try and keep fit and be active as much.
“Even (food) supplement has not been proven to be good to the kidney, especially when it is taken for a long time.

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