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2013 In Retrospect



The year 2013 has gradually come to an end and paved the way for a brand new year (2014). Like previous ones, it certainly must have begun with great expectations for most people. Gleefully, unlike 2012, it was not a year of natural or national disasters. There weren’t numerous plane crashes or widespread flooding which 2012 was reputed for.

On the average, the year can be said to be a fair one comparatively. It was characterised by some eccentric developments which indeed invigorated or intrigued Nigerians both at home and in Diaspora.

The year began with Nigeria’s steady cruise to glory in sports. The country had a blissful outing in sports particularly in football and athletics where the strength of the nation was proven fantastically at local and international levels.

On February 10, 2013, the Super Eagles, Nigeria’s senior national team, won the 29th edition of the Africa Cup of Nations (AFCON) final in South Africa beating Burkina Faso, after 19 years attempts at winning the trophy. It was a championship where Nigeria was never listed among tournament favourites.

In July 2013, Nigeria broke another jinx in African Nations Championships (CHAN) when it qualified to feature in the tournament slated for South Africa, the first time since its inception in 2009. Nigeria had beaten Cote d’ Ivoire 4-2 to secure a place.

This success continued between August 11th and 18th, 2013, when a Nigerian, Blessing Okagbare, won silver and bronze medals in women 200m and long jump respectively at the World Athletic Championship in Moscow.

While the nation was basking in the euphoria of the aforementioned successes in sports, the Golden Eaglets on November 8, 2013, again conquered the world in far away United Arab Emirates (U.A.E), trouncing Mexico 3-0 to lift the FIFA Under 17 World Cup for the fourth time, having won it in 1985 in China (maiden edition), 1993 in Japan and 2007 in South Korea.

The zenith of 2013 sports glories was the qualification of the Super Eagles for the next edition of the World Cup finals in June 2014 in Brazil. The country got to this stage when it beat Ethiopia with an aggregate of 4-1 to give it its fifth World Cup ticket.

It was indeed a year to remember with many troubling moments in the aviation industry. A major plane crash, a financial scandal and several other flops have left watchers of the industry in utter bewilderment. The anger they generated were so potent and consistent that they almost overshadowed the remodeling projects of some airports in the country.

The year was characterised by the grounding of the Bombadier Global Express aircraft with registration number 5N565RS by the Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA), belonging to the Rivers State Government, which conveyed the state Governor, Rt. Hon. Chibuike Amaechi, at Akure Airport on 26th April, 2013 . The development caused so much uproar by Nigerians and deep controversy between the federal and Rivers State governments.

Similarly, a chartered helicopter by the Edo State Governor, Comrade Adams Oshiomole, was grounded at the Benin Airport by the federal government on June 7, 2013. Oshiomole was on his way to Akwa, Anambra State, when the incident occurred.

A high profile incident in the aviation sector is the stowaway phenomenon that happened on August 26, 2013. On that fateful day, a teenage stowaway, Master Daniel Ohikhena, beat aviation security at the Benin Airport and hid himself in the wheel compartment of a Lagos-bound Arik Air aircraft and successfully landed at Murtala Mohammed Airport, Lagos. He was later arrested by security operatives for questioning.

Another high point of events in aviation this year was the fatal accident involving a Brazilian-made Embraer 120 aircraft with registration number 5N-BJY belonging to Associated Airline with 20 passengers made up of seven crew members on October 3, 2013.

The aircraft, which flew from Lagos, was Akure-bound. It was conveying the corpse of the late Ondo State governor, Chief Olusegun Agagu, and some members of his family when it crashed. 14 out of the 20 passengers perished. The crash once again threw the aviation sector into a quagmire with many questioning the air worthiness of the aircraft that fly the nation’s airspace.

Developments in the sector remain incomplete without mentioning the recent N255m bullet proof cars scam allegedly bought for the minister, Stella Oduah, by NCAA. Since then the issue has generated a lot of questions that have remained unanswered. Not even the three-man administrative panel set up by President Goodluck Jonathan to investigate the circumstances surrounding the purchase has been able to provide the needed succour.

The nation’s economic sector was not left out in the series of occurrences in the country. During the year under review, the Nigerian Economic Summit Group, Nigeria’s leading think-tank on economic policy and private sector development, hosted the 19th Economic Summit from 3rd to 5th September, 2013. The Summit focused on growing agriculture as a business which aims at turning Nigeria into a global agricultural force.

In November, 14 private successor companies received their certificates of ownership following the unbundling of Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN). The move brought an end to the many years of public ownership of electricity generation and transmission in Nigeria. This is expected to enhance the country’s fortunes and ensure uninterrupted power supply.

Also,2013 saw the death of literary icon, Prof. Chinua Achebe. His demise created a vacuum particularly in the literary space both in the country and international community. His funeral in May attracted several dignitaries from all walks of life. Late Achebe was known for his very famous book Things Fall Apart.

The entertainment industry also recorded some landmark achievements in 2013 with several events within and outside the country. Many award-winning movies were produced and premiered within and outside the country. The development has placed Nigeria’s movie industry on world map. Also, Nollywood celebrated 20 years of existence with series of activities and funfair.

Still in 2013, Nigeria witnessed a solar eclipse on November 3. The National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA) had earlier predicted that the country would witness a partial solar eclipse on November 3. Solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the sun and the earth, and the moon fully or partially blocks the sun.

A challenge the Federal Government has been working very assiduously to address and surmount is the issue of Boko Haram insurgency in the north eastern part of the country which has made life unpredictable and brutish in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States where emergency rule is currently in place.

That the activities of Boko Haram which have left thousands of Nigerians dead in the past three years is a major source of concern in terms of safety of life and property of citizens, was underlined by the listing of Boko Haram and Ansaru as terror groups by the United States.

The designation was made formal on November 13, following two statements from the White House and the State Department.

This move by the US Government was not surprising if the killing of 32 school children in Potiskum by gunmen suspected to be Boko Haram operatives; Saturday July 6, is anything to go by.

Not done, the terrorist group recently on December 2, in an early morning raid attacked the Nigerian Air Force Base and other military formations in Maiduguri, fuelling suspicion in the military that the attacks had insider collaboration.

This is besides the internecine tribal conflict which regularly claims the lives of citizens on the now infamous “Plateau killing fields”

But as if these security challenges are not enough to keep the federal government on its toes, the escalating oil theft in the Niger Delta must, no doubt, be a source of concern to patriots. So far the country reportedly loses a whopping $1bn  daily to oil thieves who have invaded the Niger Delta as if the area is a “no-man’s-land”

This process which has grave implications for the nation’s economy and the ecosystem in the impacted region is not helped by our law enforcement system which appears to be helpless in the face of rape of our collective resources by a few untouchables.

But the most profound event of 2013 which impacted on the majority of Nigerians was the five month long strike embarked by the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) from  April 2013. Their grouse: non-implementation of an agreement the Federal Government reached with the union in 2009.

The rot in our institutions in terms of infrastructure cannot be contested, but the level of corruption and the depravity which some lecturers exhibit in their relationship with their students is unacceptable and should begin to occupy the attention of the leadership of ASUU in our collective bid to sanitise our tertiary institutions.

It is gratifying, however, that the Federal Government and ASUU, just on December 11, 2013 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the resolution of the dispute which led to the strike. It was on this note that ASUU called off its five month strike.

Though details of the agreement were not made public, ASUU President, Dr. Nasir Fagge, revealed that the deal captured the main areas of the union’s demands, including the deposit of N200bn in a dedicated account in the Central Bank of Nigeria and the non-victimisation clause.

In the area of boosting the economy of the northern part of the country through improved transportation, the federal government had completed the dredging of the River Niger up to Barau, while River ports at Lokoja and Oguta have been completed. Meanwhile, the dredging of the Benue River from Lokoja to Yola is on.

But according to the Minister of Information and Communications, Labaran Maku, the most significant economic project for northern Nigeria done by any federal government for the north is the rehabilitation of the railway system from Lagos to Kano.

This has in no small measure reduced cost of moving bulk commodities like cement and petroleum products which corporate bodies now carry out through use of railway coaches. Besides, he promised that this year train services between Port Harcourt and Maiduguri would be in place as three contractors are handling the rehabilitation of the line with revenue from SURE-P.

However, it appears that in spite of these seeming progress made in the transportation and electricity sectors, critics allege that corruption was now growing in leaps and bounds in the polity with the leaders being the most offenders. For example, the Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria disclosed recently that Nigeria loses nearly $8 billion about N1.24 trillion per year to oil sector corruption despite the existence of the Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI). ERA/FoEN decried the fact that NEITI had failed to sanitise the Nigerian petroleum sector or reduce corruption level as Nigeria loses over 500,000 barrels of crude per day, costing the nation a whopping N1.24 trillion per year.

In the political scene, the year witnessed many political developments and upheavals that are bound to change the political alignment of the country.

A major disclosure in the political arena is the merger of four political parties into All Progressives Congress (APC). The four parties were Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) and a faction of All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) led by the Imo State Governor, Owelle Rochas Okorocha.

With the merger, Nigeria now has two major national parties. This means Nigerian now have an alternative party to the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP).

The year also witnessed the factionalisation of the Nigeria Governors Forum (NGF), following the victory of the Rivers State Governor, Rt. Hon. Chibuike Amaechi in the Forum’s chairmanship election. During the election, 19 governors voted for Governor Amaechi while 16 voted for the Plateau State Governor Jonah Jang, who is the factional chairman.

The Rivers State House of Assembly also had its share of turpsy turvy political situation inthe country. It was plunged into a serious crisis following the failed attempt by five lawmakers to impeach the speaker, Hon. Otelemaba Dan Amachree. Following the crisis, the Assembly was unable to open for normal legislative functions. This led to the taking over of its duties by the National Assembly.


Arnold Alalibo

President Goodluck Jonathan and Governor Chibuike Rotimi Amaechi

President Goodluck Jonathan and Governor Chibuike Rotimi Amaechi

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Imperative Of Overhauling Nigeria’s Security Agencies



Recurring terrorists’ killings, banditry, kidnapping, deadly farmer-herder clashes and other related crimes across the country, have, no doubt, reached embarrassing situation. These dastardly incidents have also elicited hue and cry, prayers and suggestions on how to contain the incidents.
Security agencies have upped their ante fighting with tenacity to curb crime and tackle terrorism in various theatres, while President Muhammadu Buhari, has reiterated his administration’s commitment of protecting the lives and property of Nigerians.
Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, recently reassured of government’s commitment to protect lives and property, when he announced that more personnel would be recruited for the nation’s security agencies. He said that more weapons would be acquired to tackle the hydra-headed problem, adding that more would be done to ramp up surveillance and intelligence gathering.
Osinbajo spoke when he hosted clergymen from the northern part of Nigeria, under the aegis of Arewa Pastors’ Forum for Peace. The vice president said the Federal Government was committed towards containing the threats and security concerns in the country. The vice president assured the pastors that the Federal Government was doing everything that needed to be done.
“We are handling security well, and as you know, including military deployment in diverse fields, like the Boko Haram in the North-East. In fact, we have to recruit more into the army, and much faster than we ever did because we need men on the ground and resources to buy more arms, to buy more platforms.
“ At the last meeting of the National Security Council, we had discussions on how to beef up the military’s platforms. How do we beef up the numbers? How do we recruit more men and women into the army? How do we collaborate more with local vigilante, the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF) and all that.
“So, there is a lot going on in terms of trying to beef up security; the security situation is one that is very challenging. We are also looking at aspects of surveillance, how we can do more aerial surveillance using drones and electronic devices to improve surveillance,” he said.
Osinbajo assured the clergymen that the Federal Government was also committed to finding lasting solutions to the perennial crisis in communities in the North and other parts of the country, including the ones bothering on religious prejudices. He urged the group to also come up with ideas and thoughts on how to ensure lasting peace in the country.
President of the forum, Bishop Mbayo Japhet, said the group’s visit to the Presidential Villa was to support the administration and the vice president. The bishop described  Osinbajo as an apostle of peace.
President Buhari, at the recent inauguration of two Nigeria Air Force Agusta 109 Power Helicopter and Mi-17 E Helicopter at the Eagle Square, Abuja, said the military would be re-professionalised and re-equipped to meet the growing exigencies of security in the country. He assured Nigerians that the promise of ending terrorism would be realised. The president urged the Nigeria Air Force to ensure discipline in their operations, and a strong maintenance culture that would enable the nation to derive maximum benefits from the newly acquired helicopters.
“We promise to re-professionalise and re-equip the armed forces and security agencies to effectively discharge their duties to our nation. Professionalism, capacity building and adequately equipping the armed forces and other security agencies are a major policy thrust of the administration. I have no doubt that the deployment of these Agusta 109P gunships and the M-17E Helicopter would add impetus to the combat efficiency of the Air Force in combating our contemporary security challenges.’’
Buhari said that two earlier inaugurated Agusta 109 Power Helicopter gunships, which were procured from Italy over a year ago, had made impact on the war against terrorism. He commended the support of the governments of Italy and the Russian Federation, and efforts of the Italian and Russian ambassadors to Nigeria, at sustaining the strategic partnership which facilitated this acquisition.
“I want to, once again, salute the resolve of our armed forces and the invaluable contributions of all security agencies for their efforts towards the decimation of Boko Haram. Your contributions in internal security, peace keeping and humanitarian operations in places like The Gambia, Guinea, Mozambique, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Mali, Guinea Bissau and Cameroon have not only been a source of pride to us as a nation, but has also projected us as a reliable regional power.
“During my inaugural speech as President, I promised to put an end to Boko Haram insurgency, kidnapping and other forms of criminalities that have bedevilled our country. You will all agree with me that the successes we have achieved so far, have restored our pride and honour, the world over,’’Buhari said.
The president appreciated Nigerians for their support to the military and other security agencies against terrorism, banditry and kidnapping, adding that the security challenges would be collectively won.
On his part, the Minister of Defence, Bashir Salihi Magashi, said the purchase of the helicopters further demonstrated the administration’s commitment to bringing the security challenges in the country under control.
Sharing a similar sentiment, the Chief of Air Staff, Air Marshal Sadique Abubakar, said the visionary approval to purchase more aircraft for the Air Force since 2015 had impacted positively on the fight against terrorism and other crimes.
“Your excellency’s government has so far procured and inducted 22 aircraft. And the service is expecting 17 additional platforms including 12 x Super Tulcanos from the US,’’ he said.
Inspector General of Police, Mohammed Adamu, recently ordered the deployment of aerial surveillance helicopters to major cities in the South-West and North-West. He said that the Police air wing operational base in Abuja, would cater for Abuja–Kaduna highways and the adjoining states in the North-West and North-Central.
The National Assembly, on its part, strongly agreed on the urgency of boosting the capacity of Nigeria’s security agencies to enable them tackle the security challenges. The leadership of the National Assembly recently met with President Buhari over the security issues in the country and other matters of governance. Speaking afterwards, Senate President, Ahmed Lawan, said that there was need to provide solution on how to tackle the security challenges in the intermediate and the long term.
“We should be able to come up with some strategies, the road map to ensure that we secure the lives and properties of Nigerians. We believe that it is imperative that we are able to provide those necessary equipment and welfare for the armed forces of this country and the police, to ensure that they are able to operate and perform efficiently and effectively,’’ he said.
According to Lawan, in order to minimise the casualties of the armed forces and improve efficiency, technology should be applied.
Security analysts are of the view that, aside enlisting more men and procuring more weapons, revving up intelligence gathering is also critical as this will keep security personnel ahead of the criminals or terrorists as the case may be.
Okoronkwo is of the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN)

By: Chijioke Okoronkwo

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NEW Rivers: Promotion Of Workers’ Welfare



All across the country, Rivers State Governor,  Nyesom Ezenwo Wike is known as Mr Projects.  He is popular for his commitment  to expanding  the frontiers  of infrastructural development of Rivers State.  But there is an aspect of Governor Wike’s performance  that is not as pronounced. His commitment  to workers’ welfare.
Many have forgotten  that Governor Wike took over the reins of leadership at a time the morale of Rivers workers was at its lowest level.  The immediate past APC Administration owed the workers three months salary arrears. Even Pensioners were owed four months arrears.
Governor Wike cleared the arrears and has since placed workers welfare on his top priority list. He has always opened a line for dialogue  and settlement of disputes that arise in the course of government-workers relationship.
The Rivers State Government has built and completed  the Ultra-modern Secretariat of the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC). The Former NLC Secretariat was gutted  by fire in 2015. Since then, the Rivers NLC operated from makeshift  facilities.
On 29th June, 2018, Governor Wike invited the NLC President,  Comrade Ayuba Wabba to lay the Foundation of a new Secretariat.  That Secretariat is now being  used by Rivers workers.  The State Government  is also constructing another Secretariat  for the Trade Union Congress (TUC). That Secretariat is almost ready for Commissioning.
During the commencement  of construction,  Governor Wike said that the State Government embarked on the construction of the  two secretariats  in appreciation of the cordial working relationship with Rivers workers.
“We have worked harmoniously with labour. They have not troubled this administration with unnecessary strikes . In order to build stability, we have set up a structure that will enhance the performance of labour.
“This project must be completed by December.  I don’t want to hear excuses.  The contractor has been mobilised.  We will also build a secretariat for the Trade Union Congress “.
Performing the flag off, NLC President, Comrade Ayuba Wabba lauded the Rivers State Governor for taking steps to improve the working condition of workers.
“This will go down in history as a landmark as you are one of the governors who has worked with Labour for a better society”.
He said that the partnership between labour and the Rivers State Government will lead to faster development in Rivers State.
”Once workers are happy, they will put in their best and the state will benefit in terms of development “.
The NLC President added that the congress was overwhelmed by the gesture of the Rivers State Government, which will advance the productive relationship between Labour and the Government.
“Workers and employers are supposed to be partners in progress. It is when we partner together that we will be able to deliver on our various mandates. This is commendable and I urge that it should continue”, the NLC President said.
Rivers State NLC Chairman, Comrade Beatrice Itubor said by constructing the Rivers State Secretariat of the congress, Governor Wike has shown goodwill, which will be reciprocated by the workers.
The NLC Secretariat built by the Wike Administration  is a three-storey building with conference halls, offices, stores and multiple staircases.
The Secretariat was commissioned as part of the first 100days of the second term of Governor Wike.  It emphasised the commitment of the Rivers State Governor to the welfare of workers.
Speaking at the Commissioning of the NLC Secretariat,   Governor Wike said that his administration will continue  to partner with labour for the development of Rivers State.
He said that the State Government resolved to create enabling environment for labour leaders to work towards improving labour/government relations.
Rivers State Governor,  Nyesom Ezenwo Wike called on the leadership of labour in the state to always place the interest of Rivers State above other considerations in their engagements with the State Government.
“For me, Rivers first  before  any other thing. Before you go on strike or declare any dispute with the Rivers State Government,  look through and check what the implications would be for Rivers State.
. Chairman of NLC Rivers State,  Comrade Beatrice Itubo commended the Rivers State Governor for building the Secretariat despite recent economic challenges.  She said that labour is committed  to improving  synergy with the State Government for the development of the State.
Representative of the NLC President,  Dr Comfort Okoh said Governor Wike is the authentic leader who is needed at the national level to advance national growth.
Aside the Secretariat,  Governor Wike recently commissioned a Civil Servants Quarters  in the heart of Old GRA in Port Harcourt.  Last year, the Governor unveiled another Civil Servants Quarters at Lagos Street,  Port Harcourt and Doctors Quarters at the GRA.
Governor Wike said that his administration remains committed to ensuring that civil servants live in beautiful and secured residential Quarters.
“ See where you are going to live free of charge.  Assuming you are going to pay house rent here in Old GRA,  you know it will be very costly.
“This is a very secured environment.  Government is here for you. To give you the best. You also have to contribute your own quota as Civil Servants.”
Governor Wike urged Rivers civil servants to reciprocate the commitment of the State Government to their welfare. He said that they are under obligation to give their best to the state.
“Work for the people of the state. Civil servants should reciprocate and work for the people of Rivers State.
“I dont know any State that can say they have these  facilities. This is the third time. We built one at Lagos Street,  we built the Doctors Quarters and then this one.
“You have no excuse not to contribute the best. Take this property as your own and keep it clean. Civil servants I give that challenge   keep your environment clean. “
The Rivers State Governor assured workers that his Administration will invest in the development of more housing quarters for civil servants.
“We will build more houses for civil servants to stay . Take it as your personal building.”
Governor Wike pointed out that Judges Quarters, constructed by his Administration,  is  one of the most beautiful residential estates  in the country.  He said that Judges Quarters will soon be commissioned.
The commitment to workers  welfare does not mean that there are no areas for further engagement.  It simply means that Governor Wike is ever willing to address workers needs within the available resources and with the required speed necessary at all times.
The harmony that exists cannot be underestimated.  Several states are owing salaries and pensions,  running into years. While State Economies are collapsing across the country,  Rivers State is waxing stronger.
Much as the opposition is unwilling to recognise this fact, they appreciate  the truth that Governor Wike has enhanced  working conditions and stabilised the work environment.
The key projects developed by Governor  Wike will serve as the premise for further partnership between the State Government and Rivers workers.
Nwakaudu is Special Assistant to Rivers State Governor on Electronic Media.


Simeon Nwakaudu

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Using Weather Forecast To Boost Agric



The Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMet) predicts a below-normal rainfall, dwindling amount and duration in many parts of the country.
Observers, therefore, posit that the pattern of rainfall can affect food production except there is sensitisation to climate-smart agricultural practices and proper weather information dissemination to the farmers.
Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) is an approach for transforming and reorienting agricultural systems to support food security under the new realities of climate change.
Researchers believe that widespread changes in rainfall and temperature patterns threaten agricultural production and increase the vulnerability of people who are dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods.
According to them, the threats can be reduced by increasing the adaptive capacity of farmers as well as increasing resilience and resource use efficiency in agricultural production systems.
They note that CSA promotes coordinated actions by farmers, researchers, private sector, civil society and policymakers towards climate-resilient pathways.
Minister of State for Aviation, Sen. Hadi Sirika, while reviewing NiMet’s report admits that the country is expected to experience a below-normal rainfall season.
He observes that rains are expected to start late, especially in the northern part of the country while the south eastern zone as well as the coastal areas will experience a normal onset of the rains.
He notes that most of the northern states will experience earlier-than-normal end growing season while shorter length of the growing season is predicted for most parts of the country.
He also says that there will be frequent and severe dry spell over the northern region during the rainy season.
“Dry spell will be more frequent and severe, ranging from 10 to 18 days in some parts of the extreme north around June and July, while the little dry season or (August break) in parts of the south is expected to be pronounced.
“The expected below normal rainfall in parts of the country does not rule out the possibility of isolated flash floods due to high intensity rainfall at the peak of the season, especially in places that are naturally prone to flooding.
“In every season, dry spells occur and in certain cases, lead to crop losses; farmers and other stakeholders are advised to get in touch with NiMet to access meteorological updates within the growing season.
“This is because these are risk factors for farmers in the affected areas and have to be carefully and scientifically managed.
According to Sirika, early release of the SRP before the beginning of the rainy season is to ensure effective harnessing of the climate resource.
He agrees that such information will further guarantee minimal losses from associated hazards, which are becoming quite devastating in this era of climate change.
He says that an increase of at least 30 per cent agricultural yields can be achieved if relevant meteorological information is utilised.
Similarly, Prof. Sani Mashi, the director-general of NiMet, says that farmers in the northern part of the country, mostly the Sahel zones are advised not to plant early as the country is likely to experience late onset of rains.
Mashi explains that early cessation of rains in the northern part will lead to shorter length of growing season and recommends  early provision and access to improved and drought resistant variety seeds.
“Normal onset is expected over coastal and some south-east states while the earliest onset date is predicted to be from March 7 around the coastal region of the south-south region.
“The onset dates are expected to change northwards with areas around Maiduguri, Sokoto, Katsina, Dutse, Potiskum, Kano and Nguru having onset of rains from June 16.
“The earliest cessation dates are expected to be from September 29 around the north-western parts of the country while most of the north is expected to witness cessation dates within October,’’ he explains.
He explains further that while the growing season is expected to end between late October and mid-November, parts of the central and southern states are expected to experience end of the season by mid-November to early December while the season is expected to end by late December along the coast.
According to him, governments at all levels are advised to embark on awareness and sensitisation of farmers and other stakeholders on CSA practices such as on-farm water harvesting structures, soil and water conservation practices and land preservation.
“Farmers are also encouraged to make provision for irrigation water during the predicted periods of dry spell.
“The warmer-than-normal temperatures predicted in February and April are expected to affect livestock in some parts of the country, particularly the northern states where rainfall has not yet established.
“Decrease in fodder production from dry land, increase in vector-borne diseases, internal parasite infestation and mortality rate is likely to increase during these months due to temperature fluctuations, shell quality and egg weight in layers may also be affected.
“The colder-than-normal daytime temperatures in March may affect day old chicks and increase feed conversion ratio in layers and broilers while the spread of heat-related diseases is likely to increase as a result of the predicted warmer conditions in most parts of the country.
“Good veterinary practices for livestock vaccination, fisheries and aquaculture management should be adhered to because fish production is likely to be adversely affected as a result of warmer-than- normal conditions especially in the northern part of the country,’’ he warns.
Ogbaje writes for the News Agency of Nigeria.

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