In spite of the intensity of
the rains, dams in Nigeria are still in good condition, a director in the Ministry of Water Resources has said.
The Director Dams and Irrigation, Dr Emmanuel Adanu, said this in an interview with newsmen in Abuja recently.
Adanu added that the dams were being strictly monitored to prevent flood and that none of the dams was stressed or experiencing excessive inflow.
According to him, the monitoring mechanisms specifically check the inflow, discharge and the rise of water in the dams.
He, however, said that based on the prediction of heavy rains by the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET), if the pattern of rainfall changed significantly, might be a recurrence of 2012 flooding.
“ We still keep monitoring our dams because excessive inflow can cause some problems, so we are monitoring the dams.
“The only dam giving us some problem we are handling now and it is not because of the falls now it is because of some erosion.
“But based on the prediction and the experience we are having from the rainfall, now we have not seen any dam that is highly distressed.
“This prediction came sometime ago and we have been very much aware of it and we are monitoring the rainfall; even, we have the flood outlook, what it might look like based on the prediction.
“So we are very careful and monitoring strictly the rainfall pattern, the rainfall intensity, the water rise in the dams, water flow and the discharges.
“If we have the same kind of rainfall we had last year, with the character, the altitude, and everything, it can still happen.
“But fortunately, we are monitoring that system — the Benue system — and at this time last year, the discharge we had actually was more than what we have now.
“So we are a bit safe to some extent but if the rainfall pattern changes and we have similar rainfall, we may still have some problem from there; so we are preparing ourselves.’’
On flooding, Adanu cited a recent report from Adamawa indicating that some areas at the confluence of River Gongola and River Benue were being flooded.
The director added that this flood was from within Nigeria and not from Lagdo Dam in Cameroon.
He blamed the situation on the heavy rainfall recorded in the Plateau recently.
“ I heard a report from Adamawa that certain areas at the confluence of River Gongola are being flooded; fortunately this is not from Lagdo in Cameroon, this is from within Nigeria.
“And our interpretation is that there has been a lot of heavy rainfall in the Plateau around Jos; a lot of rainfall and these rivers originate from there — River Kaduna, River Gongola and River Jamare — all originate from there; so they take water from this origin.
“Normally at the confluence when a tributary meets the main river at that confluence there is always a build up of water.
“Because the water coming from the tributary meets the water in the mainstream and it builds up immediately.
“Because the mainstream may not take the whole flow immediately at the same rate so there is always a build up backwards towards the tributaries and that’s what is happening.’’
He gave an assurance that the Kashimbilla Multipurpose Buffer Dam would be 100 per cent completed by 2014.
He explained that the installation of the hydropower component of the dam was the major delay at the moment.
He added that the dam would be closed during the dry season next year because it was safer at that season to close a dam.
“ We thought we could finish it this year but for the hydropower component we are installing; the dam itself is almost finished except for the hydro power.
“By next year surely but there are certain aspects that are 100 per cent complete some 70, 80 so effectively it is the hydro power component that is delaying us.
“As soon as we finish that, we close and because of the flooding we experienced last year, it won’t be technically advisable for us to close when the flood is very high.
“ Because you are subjecting a new structure to a high flood, normally you close when the discharge is small so that the structure gets used to the increasing pressure gradually.’’
Group Plans Tree Planting Campaign In Rivers
The Cleanup Nigeria campaigns group has promised massive tree planting programme across Rivers State.
River State team leader of the group, Mr Kingdom Nwanyanwu said this on the sidelines of the just concluded World Environment Day celebration in Port Harcourt
Nwanyanwu who decried the continous cutting down of trees said time has come for the habit to be discouraged.
He said people should be advised to plant more trees rather than cut them down, adding that trees not only provide fruits but also help in reducing the quantity of carbondioxide.
Nwanyanwu also stressed the need for members of the society to cultivate the habit of waste separation.
“We should be able to separate our waste cellophane bags, plastics and bottles take hundreds of years before it can decay. They should be separated and properly disposed off”.
“The term leader also condemned the indiscriminate refuse disposal in the state.
He stressed the need for the government to setup a mobile court that check the activities of people who go against the sanitation laws of the state.
“The government should setup a mobile court to apprehend people who also violate the law”, he said.
Nwanyanwu said the cleanup campaign has done a lot of work in areas of cleanliness around markets in Port Harcourt, schools and other public places.
Children Activists Champion Fight Against Climate Change In Nigeria
Four children climate activists of the Royal Palm International College in Ilorin have inaugurated “Return the Green Club”, an initiative to bring awareness on the need to save the environment from depleting.
The Tide source reports that the Return the Green Club is part of the activities to mark the 2021 World Environment Day, themed: “Restoration of the ecosystem”.
The children are Aderinsola Adegboye, 10 years old; Adenrele Adegboye, 11; Mariam Abdulrazaq, 12; and Chibuzor Oseigbu, 16.
Adegboye, Founder of “Return the Green” initiative, observed that government from nations have agreed to limit global warming by reducing carbon emission in areas like energy and transportation.
She warned that globally, the world has started experiencing changes due to climate change.
Adegboye advised that to cope with the climate change that is taking its toll on the environment, drought resistant crops and trees should be planted.
She also advised Nigerians to build houses and roads above sea level and use of technology to be innovative about irrigation method.
Adegboye listed actions to reduce causes of climate change to include using renewable energy, cooking clean, and reduce re-use and recycle, among others.
Miss Chibuzor Oseigbu listed causes of climate change to include deforestation, burning of fossil fuel and agriculture as a major cause of source of greenhouse gases which contribute to the green house effect and climate change.
She also observed that sometimes natural climate change happened naturally through volcanic eruptions, ocean currents and earth orbital changes, among others.
Miss Mariam Abdulquadir, in her presentation, explained that World Environment Day is United Nation’s principal vehicle for encouraging children and adults, educated and uneducated, rural and urban dwellers, to be worldwide on the awareness and action for the environment.
On his part, Master Adenrele Adegboye, advised school children to fight climate change through provision of bird feeders to provide shelter for birds, use of snack paper bag, compost making and making short videos on climate change and posting.
Also speaking, Mr AbdulGaniyu Opeloyeru, the Executive Director of Ajike Foundation of the Kwara First Lady, Mrs Olufolake AbdulRazaq, commended the children for the initiative.
He observed that such initiative would promote awareness on dangers of ill treatment of the environment and the need to protect it.
Opeloyeru advocated taking such awareness to mosques, churches, opinion and community leaders so as to preach the importance of ecosystem.
Earlier in her address of welcome, Mrs Funmi Adefila-Osiegbu, founder of Bundies Care Support Initiative, noted that human relationship with nature is broken.
“These crises stemmed from the unhealthy practices we have adopted as occupants of our planet,” she said.
According to her, many have been lost to various diseases and infections, from the recent COVID-19 to Ebola, Lassa fever and Zika virus, among others.
Oseigbu expressed optimism that the Return the Green initiative would become national and global, adding that it is time to be action driven towards restoration and preservation of the environment.
On her part, Mrs Remilekun Bamigboye, the state Commissioner for Environment, noted that climate change issues had been left unattended to and now threatening human existence.
She urged the younger generation to champion the cause of the environment so as to have a safe world to live in.
No More Room For Illegal Wildlife Trade -FG
The Conservator General, National Park Service, Dr Ibrahim Goni, says there is no more room for illegal wildlife trade in the country as offenders will be prosecuted.
Goni, made this known in Abuja when the Nigerian Agricultural Quarantine Service (NAQS) handed over a confiscated parrot to the parks service for keeps and management.
He noted that the confiscation of the bird and its hand-over to the park’s management was a welcomed development, adding that Nigeria would continue to fight against wildlife trafficking.
Goni said Nigeria had been accused by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) as a transit root and source of illegal animal trafficking.
“This has given our country a bad name. We are here to redeem that image. Mr President in 2016 reviewed the CITES Act for this reason.
“Based on the Act, most agencies like the National Park Service, NAQS, National Environmental Standard and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Department of Forestry in the Ministry of Environment were given additional powers.
“This has made us to work as a team and as a result led to the confiscation of the parrot,’’ he said.
he further said that in the convention Act, the parrot was clearly stated as an endangered bird and must be protected.
“Parrots are beneficial to man in several ways as they serve as stress buster due to their talking nature and help in guarding in homes.
“When well-trained, parrot would be able to pass information to the owner of the house especially if a trespasser comes around.
“A parrot can also tell time about one’s environment. It is highly trafficked because the feathers and inner organs serve as medicine,’’ he said.
Dr Vincent Isegbe, Director General, NAQS, also noted that one of his organisation’s mandate was‘ to track the in and out of illegal animals’.
Isegbe, who was represented by Dr Yunisa Dakat of NAQS, said that the confiscated parrot was arrested and detained in Lagos for lack of document.
“If our officers discover you don’t have the right documents attached to the animal to travel with, they will confiscate the animal.
“This parrot was seized at the Murtala Muhammed International Airport in Lagos. The people don’t have the document of the bird so we confiscated it and brought it to the parks for keeps,’’ he said.
Also, Yohanna Saidu, Wildlife Conservation Service, commended NAQS for doing its job and taking the pain to move the parrot from Lagos to Abuja for proper management.
According to him, such gesture and collaboration among relevant agencies would help Nigeria to redeem her image globally.
Dr Muhtari Aminu-Kano, Director-General, Nigerian Conservation Foundation (NCF), said the gesture showed that government enforcement agencies were working.
“It sent a message to the would be perpetrators that they will be caught and prosecuted. It will reduce wildlife crime in the nation.
“CITES is an international treaty drawn up in 1973 to protect wildlife against over-exploitation.
“It also has the mandate to prevent international trade from threatening species with extinction. Endangered species is a species of animal or plant that is seriously at risk of extinction,” he said.
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