Stakeholders in the education sector of Kaduna State held various fora last month to examine ways of addressing the rot in the state’s education system.
Governor Ramalan Yero’s declaration of education as one of his priority sectors prompted the convening of the various summits.
The Chairman of the State Universal Basic Education Board (SUBEB), Mr Ishaya Akau, stressed that the aim of the summits was to bring stakeholders together to brainstorm on how to overhaul the sector.
“We felt that if we could realise that there was a problem; that will be the first step to solving it.
“What we also want is to define that problem clearly and set the platform for the needed synergy to address the deficiencies in the system,’’ he said.
The participants of the summits stressed that the decay indices were quite enormous, just as a former Chairman of the National Universities Commission (NUC), Prof. Idris Abubakar, noted that many secondary school graduates could neither read nor write well.
The Chairman, Kaduna State House of Assembly Committee on Education, Alhaji Umar Mohammed, whose committee was mandated to inspect some selected schools in 2011, said that “about half of the teachers in the primary and secondary schools are not qualified to teach.’’
He lamented that many teachers no longer wrote lesson notes, while others did not just know how to write such notes.
The decay in the quality of teaching could be illustrated via a development last year when SUBEB set a test for Primary Four teachers, in which 75 per cent of them failed.
Besides, SUBEB records also indicate that over half of the 1.2 million pupils of the state’s primary schools had no classes nor seats: They sit under tree shades.
The summits’ participants were also informed that teachers were never trained, even when one per cent of their salaries was deducted every month for that purpose.
Beyond that, Akau said that there was no professional requirement for anyone to become an Education Secretary in the local government areas.
“The most puzzling is a situation where teachers on GL 06 are appointed headmasters to lead senior colleagues, some of them on GL14. This is not good for teachers’ morale.
“We have also discovered that those who are not qualified are teaching, while those qualified are not given the job.
“Again, neither teachers nor students have any textbook, while very few teachers seem to know that they should have benchmarks or syllabus,’’ he said.
All the same, the Commissioner for Education, Alhaji Mohammed Usman, stressed that plans to attain quality education would remain a mirage without the availability of quality teachers.
“You cannot have good education without good teachers, while a good teacher should have the passion to motivate others to learn.
“That is no longer the situation. That good teacher of yore has been replaced by a ghost, absentee and unqualified teacher,’’ he said.
However, Akau said that the quality of education remained low because unlike in advanced countries where students spent 900 hours in class per term, the average period spent in class in the country “is just about 400 hours’’.
He stressed that the 75 per cent mandatory attendance was not being achieved in Nigeria.
“There are too many holidays. There are too many ceremonies such as weddings, birthdays, funerals, send-forth parties and many others; we always insist on attending these ceremonies and taking the children along,’’ Akau noted.
Nevertheless, participants at the fora agreed that the quality of education was still relative high in the South-West geopolitical zone.
They said that successive leaders in the region sustained the heavy investments made in the education sector by former Premier of the defunct Western Region, Chief Obafemi Awolowo.
They argued that in contrast, successive leaders in the North failed to continue from where the late Sardauna of Sokoto, Alhaji Ahmadu Bello, stopped.
“That is why we are here. Education is capital intensive, so we must invest heavily in it.
“Agreed that other sectors are competing for limited resources but education must be given priority because its growth has a domino effect on other sectors,’’ an official of the Parents Teachers Association (PTA), Malam Adamu Shika, said.
The Provost, College of Education, Gidan Waya, Mrs Hope Gajere, identified the seeming apathy of most students toward taking up a career in teaching as one of the factors impeding the growth of the education sector.
“Students do not choose the colleges of education as their first choice; they only come if they cannot get university admission.
“We give admissions but less than half of those offered admission come to register. Some start the NCE programme and leave halfway once they get university admission.
“We have also observed that some people come in with fantastic WAEC and NECO results but cannot justify such grades. Such results are apparently from ‘miracle centres’,’’ she said.
All the same, the Speaker, Kaduna State House of Assembly, Alhaji Muazu Gangara, assured the people that the legislature would make good laws which would enhance the quality of education.
He said that the passage of the Education Quality Assurance Bill was aimed at boosting the quality of education in the state.
Gangara urged Governor Yero to declare an emergency in the educational sector so as to save it from total collapse.
The speaker re-echoed the participants’ concern that most primary and secondary schools in the state were facing serious challenges which required special attention.
Hajia Rakiya Musa, who chairs the Governing Council of Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan Waya, also underscored the need to give special attention to the development of primary education and the training of teachers.
“In our days, we were anxious to learn but now, we have to beg our children to go to school. We must take primary education even more seriously because that is where everything starts. Once a child misses it at that point, he or she is lost,’’ she said.
The education commissioner, however, pledged the government’s determination to ensure quality education, adding that 3,800 unqualified teachers had been sacked.
Usman said that those teachers who survived the purge were given a five-year deadline to obtain the minimum teaching qualifications.
He stressed that the inspectorate division of the ministry of education would be further fortified to ensure effective monitoring of schools.
“SUBEB has also developed a comprehensive lesson plan document to ease the work of teachers and set benchmarks which pupils must attain at specific levels.
“We expect teachers to implement the scheme and use it to assess themselves, while parents should similarly use it to test the progress of their children or wards,’’ Usman said.
All in all, experts believe that if the recommendations of the summits are faithfully implemented by the government and other stakeholders, the quality of education in Kaduna State will soon experience a remarkable improvement.
Sheyin writes for News Agency of Nigeria (NAN)
Checking Sex Trafficking Of African Women
For thousands of years and even up to the present, African women have been subjected to acts of slavery, including sex trafficking, forced labour and domestic servitude.
Slavery has, therefore, become a daily happening each and every year, particularly among Africans. Now it seems some persons have turned it into a huge business from which they make large sums of money with no intention to let go any soon. This criminal act towards these victims is mostly perpetrated by their relatives, friends, men or women who pretend to mean well but who harbour evil intentions toward their unsuspecting victims.
The world is increasingly being blinded by the truth so much so that we don’t get to face the reality when a young girl is being trafficked. During the invasion of slave traders, women were used to satisfy their sex needs because such females were deemed to be of little or no importance unlike the men who were forced to perform the harder duties. These ladies were used anytime, any day thereby robbing them of their dignity and self esteem. Unfortunately, this trend has endured till date, more especially among African women.
Let me share the story of a young lady who was once a sex traffic victim. Her name is Ngozi (not real name). I met her in Moscow, the Russian capital, four years ago. She and her baby caught my attention. I was so curious to know who she was because, from every indication, she didn’t strike me as a student.
We started off by exchanging pleasantries after which she asked to know if I was a student, to which I responded in the affirmative. When she said she wasn’t a student, I then realised that my instinct was right, after all.
She was like, I need to tell you about myself unashamedly; an experience that has become a lesson to me and which might serve as a warning to any young girl who clamours to travel out of Nigeria in search of a better life.
Ngozi started narrating the story of how she was taken from Delta State, lured with the offer of travelling to Russia to assist a certain nursing mother from Uganda who was resident in Moscow. Her duty would entail taking care of the lady’s children in her absence.
The woman who travelled down to pick her from Nigeria happened to be a friend to her aunty whom she was staying with then. The two friends had a lengthy discussion together during which the woman assured Ngozi’s aunty that her niece would be well paid and have a good life. In turn, the aunty pleaded that Ngozi be properly taken care of and given the best of life as promised.
Fast forwarding a little, she narrated how her travel documents were processed based on the understanding that she was going for study as claimed by her lady companion in order to avert suspicion.
Ngozi said she was barely 17 years old as at when the woman came to pick her up. Everything sailed through for her at the entry points and they were able to arrive Moscow. But life took a different turn for her in a space of three days. The woman really made her feel comfortable in those few days, but on the fourth day, two hefty men wearing masks came into the apartment at night and whisked her away.
According to the lady, she was not the only one in such a mess as she could hear other girls crying and pleading for help from another cage where they were held. All she did was to cry quietly knowing the uselessness of any loud wailing. Soon, they were given new clothes by the masked men and told to get ready for work.
A new but harsh life began for Ngozi such that she got thoroughly beaten and starved whenever she declined sleeping with her assigned clients. She was forced to sleep with an average of 10 men each day and the money paid directly to the madam in charge of them. All her attempts to escape proved futile. Ngozi’s child came from a Russian man who bought her off from her madam. On the possibility of returning to Nigerian, Ngozi vehemently rejected the idea, claiming that she was ashamed of herself and nothing good could come of her life anymore.
After hearing Ngozi’s story and comparing with other accounts I had heard previously in the media, I was so broken and asked myself questions that might appear unexplainable but which definitely have answers: Why are young ladies in their early ages of 15-40 years, still being trafficked every year? What measures are being applied to stop the rise in sex trafficking cases in Africa? Why is the government not paying adequate attention to human trafficking? Why are there no seminars or platforms created to educate and possibly discourage the average young lady who wants to risk her life by travelling to such countries? And lastly, why are they mostly trafficked to Middle East countries?
Now, let’s start with the first question. Like stated in the first paragraph of this article, young ladies have always been victims of sex traffickers and also major targets because they are young and energetic.
Also, most of the girls trafficked are either orphans, people from poor homes or those who are desperate to have a better life by all means and who do not care about what happens to them afterwards.
On the second question, it can be said that the men and women who take these women overseas from Africa are most likely to have connections with a human trafficking syndicate. Just like the narcotics business, it is extremely difficult to identify those in charge. In the event that something goes wrong and a leader is apprehended, a fresh link is created immediately for the business to continue.
For the third question, we understand the fact that the government has a lot of responsibilities to handle; but regardless, women trafficking is an important issue too. It is a threat to society, trafficking is an important issue too. It is a threat to society, a threat to Africa and also to the girl-child. We appreciate the role being played by the Nation’s Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking In Persons (NAPTIP) but such monster as this deserves utmost attention and should be critically followed with all amount of seriousness.
The fourth question harps on the need for platforms to be created to discuss and enlighten potential victims of such illicit trade. We now live in a world that has gone digital and where information on any topic is readily accessible. But unfortunately, most of the less privileged young women still need to be properly taught about the so-called ‘countries with great opportunities’ which they hope to travel to and make quick money.
They should also be schooled on how to easily identify any person(s) who is coming around with the aim of deceiving them into travelling abroad for good jobs and better living standards.
On the frequency of trafficking women for sex in Middle East countries, I want to believe that it is as a result of the handsome monetary reward. Ladies who are trafficked to Arab countries often end up in wealthy families where they are mostly maltreated by their bosses and the entire household. These young women are usually placed on faulty contracts which subjected them to such households for life. They are bought from their traffickers with huge sums of money and forever remain as slaves or sex objects in which ease they are sometimes used to also generate revenue from pornographic video productions. And whenever these girls attempt to escape, having had enough, they are either killed or some other tragic fate befalls them.
Some of the effects of sex trafficking on African women who had been victims include, but are not limited to: loss of self worth, misery, self pity, living in fear, hunted by past experiences, loss of confidence in society and psychological trauma.
Sex trafficking can be checked if young women look out for early danger signals as already stated. Other measures that can be taken are as follows:
Young ladies should take note of false appearances and suspicious behaviours. Most fraudsters appear to be decent while some even belong to the same religious or ethnic group with them. They may even be the people such girls see daily who usually look harmless.
Parents and guardians should not just give out their daughters to people they barely know on the claim of providing them a better life elsewhere.
Government should ensure that once caught, tried and sentenced, any perpetrators are adequately punished if only to serve as deterrent to others.
And finally, the country’s borders should be under constant watch because these traffickers can always improvise means of transporting their victims out of the country or locally without the awareness of security officials. Some even pay their way through.
By: Osepken Muzan
Miss Muzan is a Nigerian medical student in Russia.
Customs And Dynamism At Seme Border
The pains cum hardship believed to have been occasioned by the Nigeria‘s international land border closure seemed incomparable to the dynamism and operational progress that have characterised the reopening of the borders.
Enlightening Nigerians, through the media, on the positive exploits of his leadership team associated with border reopening to their progress, the Nigeria Customs Service (NCS) Seme border area boss, Comptroller Bello Mohammed Jibo, stated that his area command situated at the ECOWAS Joint Border Post, Seme-Krake Borders, has since the pronouncement of the reopening of land borders to date by the Federal Government, performed creditably.
He maintained that during the course of its sustained tempo in the fight against smuggling, the Command intercepted a total of 232 (Two Hundred and Thirty Two) parcels of cannabis sativa. In line with the dictates of the Service towards promoting inter-agency collaboration, cooperation and its unequivocal zeal towards the fight against drug trafficking, the Command handed over the aforementioned seized drugs with duty paid value of N2,933,358.40 (Two million, Nine Hundred and Thirty Three Thousand, Three Hundred and Fifty Eight Naira, Forty Kobo) only to the Commander, NDLEA Special Command Seme.
According to Jibo, officers and men of the Command had in their various operations taken the full advantage of the Service’s renewed strategies to continue the fight against smuggling, leading to remarkable interception of 705 (Seven Hundred and Five) items, with a duty paid value of N409,851,533.14 (Four Hundred and Nine Million, Eight Hundred and Fifty One Thousand, Five Hundred and Thirty Three Naira, Fourteen kobo).
The Area Controller itemised the seizures as 5,568 bags of foreign parboiled rice (50kg each); 3208 jerry cans of Premium Motor Spirit (25 liters each); 79 units of smuggled vehicles; 294 cartons of frozen poultry products; 131 parcels of cannabis sativa; 798 cartons of tomato paste; 3 cartons of sugar; 6 cartons of slippers; 305 pairs of used shoes; 30 cartons of Nescafe; 19 cartons of non-alcoholic wine; 10 cartons of cigarettes; 12 cartons of herbal soap; and 2 sacks of condoms; adding that the landmark achievement was an indication that officers and men of the Command were not losing their guard in detecting and streaming the tide of the nefarious activities being perpetuated by daredevil smugglers.
“In the wake of Federal Government pronouncement on the reopening of land borders, the Command harnessed all revenue compounds in line with the new operational guidelines with a view to projecting revenue base of the Command and facilitation of legitimate trade,” he said.
The Customs comptroller disclosed that in export, the Command recorded a trade volume of 348,827,775 (Three Hundred and Forty Eight Million, Eight Hundred and Twenty Seven Thousand, Seven Hundred and Seventy Five) metric tons of exported goods with the free on board (FOB) value of N4,277,047,153.92 (Four Billion, Two Hundred and Seventy Seven Million, Forty Seven Thousand , One Hundred and Fifty Three Naira, Ninety Two kobo) and a NESS value of N21,384,443.67 (Twenty One Million, Three Hundred and Eighty Four Thousand, Four Hundred and Forty Three Naira, Sixty Seven kobo).
Jibo explained that a whopping sum of N80,774,807.22 (Eighty Million, Seven Hundred and Seventy Four Thousand, Eight Hundred and Seven Naira, Twenty Two kobo) was raked into the Federation Account (federal government coffers) during the period under review emanating from 0.5% ETLS, 1% NESS, Baggage assessment and reassessment of trapped trucks; stressing that the Command was yet to receive imports from third countries, as there are clearance procedure disputes to settle between importers, agents from Nigeria and Benin Republic authorities, including the shipping companies, declaring that the Grand Total for the seizures and revenue stood at N490,626,431.36 (Four Hundred And Ninety Million, Six Hundred And Twenty Six Thousand, Four Hundred And Thirty One Naira, Thirty Six Kobo).
The comptroller explained that in line with the Comptroller-General’s reform agenda which sees the welfare of officers as paramount, the Command benefited from different welfare initiatives from the management of NCS, including the construction of 32, 30 and 16 man ranks and files barracks accommodation to cover the inadequacy of accommodation in the Command; pointing out that there was also ongoing renovation of Deputy Comptroller’s quarters as well as the new upgraded terminal to accommodate consignments, in the event that the private bonded terminal cannot handle the volume of consignments coming into Nigeria.
“In a bid to sustain the existing cordial relationship with the host communities, the Command through corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiative, constructed a modern convenience at the International Park, J4, in Seme Badagry West Local Government to assist travellers both local and international. The convenience was handed over to the Chairman of the Local Government Council for effective utilization,” he stated.
The Seme Customs boss stated that the Command was partnering with an NGO named Community Football Foundation for the establishment of a football club named Badagry United; which has already been registered with the Cooperate Affairs Commission (CAC) and Oba Akran of Badagry, De Wheno Aholu Menu-Toyi 1, was also presented with the Certificate of Grand Patron while the new team was accorded royal blessing and support.
Comptroller Jibo who personally led media practitioners on an inspection tour of some multi-million naira worth of trade facilitation equipment put in place by the NCS at the Seme Border also maintained that effective and efficient community relations was being maximally fostered by his leadership, leading to a befitting collaboration with traditional leaders as well as representatives of other sister government agencies.
On whether the Command has the operational capacity to contend with effective implementation of the new government directives that imports into the country must be fully containerised henceforth, Comptroller Jibo explained that it was only goods imported from developed countries that were to be received in containers while ECOWAS Trade Liberalisation Scheme products generally referred to as ETLS goods were still receivable in trailers and trucks; stressing that more uitra-moderm scanning machines have been acquired and installed for the command to boost its examination capacity and efficiency.
The well attended media briefing which was co-ordinated by the Command’s Public Relations Officer, Mr. Hussaini Abdullahi took place recently at the Seme conference room of the Service.
Ikhilae is a Lagos-based public affairs analyst.
By: Martins Ikhilae
Covid-19 Vaccine And Wike’s Approach In Rivers
I have read with dismay the misinformation peddled on social media about the Rivers State Government and its citizens on receiving the so-called Oxford AstraZeneca Covid-19 vaccine, especially as the Governor, Chief Nyesom Ezenwo Wike, was not seen on live television receiving a shot.
Some even reported that his Deputy, Dr Ipalibo Harry Banigo, allegedly received an empty syringe of a supposed Covid-19 vaccine on live TV.
As a concerned Rivers indigene who has the privilege of practising medicine in a developed country, I write in defence of the Governor’s health policies and to debunk some unfounded misconceptions about the Covid-19 vaccines at this crucial point in this pandemic.
We have seen and read about the devastating effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on the Black race, majority of whom are Africans. It, therefore, behoves every government and policy makers to prioritise their citizens, especially the ‘at-risk’ and vulnerable groups when it comes to receiving Covid-19 vaccines.
If the Deputy Governor of Rivers State got the vaccine before the Governor, it is probably because she is more at risk than the governor of which her profession as a medical doctor automatically places her up the risk ladder. The Covid vaccine is given based on risk-exposure basis.
The Federal Government of Nigeria through the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) and Ministry of Health, with the approval of NAFDAC, has procured about 4 million Oxford AstraZeneca vaccines and has rolled out plans to get the citizens vaccinated. The best that every state government can do, at this point, is to key into this vaccination programme and get the ball rolling, which the Rivers State Government is rightly doing.
Let us take a look at the various types of Covid-19 Vaccine;
Contextually, there are five major vaccines commercially available against Covid-19 and all have undergone clinical trials and certified to be efficacious to varying degree.
Vaccine trials are done using different criteria aimed at measuring infection load which determines their effectiveness. Every degree of vaccine efficiency offers better immunity than none.
Unfortunately, as most things are politicised in our country, people are quick to discredit the Governor solely by looking at summary figures and get swayed into propagating misconstrued and unfounded propaganda of the AstraZeneca vaccine as being substandard.
Oxford University AstraZeneca Vaccine.
This is a vector vaccine with 70.4% protection after the second dose.
It is given as 2 doses 3 months apart and can be stored in a refrigerator between + 2 to + 8 degrees Celsius for six months or till expiry date. It costs only $4 per vial.
Owing to the peculiarity of Nigeria’s erratic power supply and comparative cost advantage, this appears the best option. It is in no way substandard.
The Mordana Vaccine.
This is an mRNA vaccine developed by Madonna in partnership with Niaid.
It has 98.1% efficacy after the second dose given 28 days apart.
It can be stored in freezer between – 25 to – 15 degrees Celsius till expiry and in the fridge at +2 + 8 degrees Celsius up to 30 days before its use. It cannot be re-frozen and the cost of a vial is $15 to $25.
Pfizer BionTECH Vaccine
This vaccine was developed by Pfizer using the mRNA technology.
It provides 52% protection after the first dose and 95% effective at preventing Covid- 19 after the second dose. It consists of 2 doses given 21 days or three months apart depending on the supply availability. It can be stored frozen between -80 degrees Celsius to -60 degrees Celsius until expiry or six months afterwards. Once diluted, it has to be stored at +2 + 25 degrees Celsius used within six hours. Each vial costs $20.
Jensen (Johnson & Johnson) Vaccine.
This is a vector vaccine produced in America and found to be 72% effective at preventing moderate form of Covid-19 and 85% protective against the severe form of the virus.
It offers 100% protection from hospitalisation and death arising from Covid-19.
It is only giving in a one-off dose and can be stored in warehouses between – 20 degrees Celsius. It can remain stable at this temperature for up to two years.
This is a protein adjuvant vaccine. It provides 89.3% protection after two doses.
It can be stored at fridge temperature making it easier to distribute.
Vaccines, just as medicines, have side effects. The side effects represent signs that the vaccine is prompting your body to mount an immune response which is a sign that the vaccine is working.
For all vaccines against Covid-19, the most commonly reported side effects are mild discomfort at the site of injection, fatigue, nausea, headache, fever and chills.
The side effect profiles were extensively explored using the clinical trials data from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and other relevant bodies.
The WHO and CDC have published various data to reveal that the Black race is more at risk of mortality from Covid-19. Ironically, Black people are the lowest group to have received the vaccine so far globally. This apathy stems from propaganda, politics, conspiracy theories and statistics suggesting that the Black race is the elimination target of Covid-19.
It is interesting how data has been skewedly misinterpreted to suggest that any vaccine not up to 100% efficacy is substandard. That is not correct.
Despite the low efficacy rates of any of the vaccines, they still provide near-perfect protection against Covid-19 and prevent hospitalisation and death arising from complications of the disease.
People should be encouraged to take whichever vaccine is available to them depending on their local peculiarities and regardless of the vaccine brand.
If the Rivers State Government has procured any brand of the vaccine from the Federal Government or from any other source, despite the efficacy level, it is still optimum and will provide effective protection against the deadly Coronavirus and forestall poorer outcomes.
Let history not repeat itself. May we not forget the consequence of the apathy of the Northern leaders towards polio vaccine that gave Nigeria a herculean task in eradicating polio from the country.
The priority of the Rivers State Government in its roll-out Covid-19 vaccination plan should be to aggressively embark on public enlightenment to gain trust in our communities so as to underpin her commitment in ensuring that the health of Rivers people is prioritised.
There are various haemorrhaging concerns about the health sector both in Rivers State and nationally which will have to be addressed by the government in power, but of utmost immediate importance is to contribute meaningfully towards fighting this pandemic.
I salute the Rivers State Governor for championing this course in ensuring that Rivers people were promptly included in the Covid-19 vaccination campaign.
Dr Pepple is a fertility expert and NHS registrar in the United Kingdom.
By: Douglas-Iyalla Pepple
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