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‘Inflation Rate Higher In Oct Than Sept’



Figures released on Monday in Abuja by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) show
that Nigeria’s inflation rate rose to 11.7 per cent in October, as against 11.3
per cent recorded in September, the month of October increased by 0.4 per cent.

The Statistician-General of the
Federation, Dr Yemi Kale,said in a statement that the monthly change in the composite
Consumer Price Index (CPI) was due to the rising cost of food items during the

“The rise in the food Index was mainly
due to higher food prices in various classes lead by meat, fish, potatoes, yams
and other tubers, fruits, bread and cereals as well as other foods.

“While the impact of security concerns
on agricultural production has eased significantly, the higher food prices
continue to reflect the impact of recent floods on farm produce.

“This is resulting to difficulty of
moving food products to markets across the country, coupled with higher demand
for food items due to the just-concluded Muslim festival,’’ the statement said.

He said the relative moderation in the
headline index in September was offset by the rising cost of food items during
the period.

“While the “Core’’ index continues its
declining trend over the last few months, rising to 12.4 per cent in October
from 13.1 percent in September, the food index increased to 11.1 per cent from
10.2 per cent over the same period.

“Since its year-on-year peak of 15.2
per cent in June, 2012, the Core Index continued to exhibit a declining trend
partially as a result of uncompromising monetary policy on the part of the
Central Bank of Nigeria.

“It should be noted that the Headline
Index is made up of the Core Index and Farm Produce items.

“ As processed foods are included in
both the Core and Food sub-indices, this implies that these sub-indices are not
mutually-exclusive,’’ the statement said.

It said the average annual rate of
rise of the index for the twelve-month period ending in October 2012 was 11.2
per cent when compared to 10.5 per cent in 2011.

The statement said the urban inflation
rate was recorded at 15.3 per cent in October, compared to 14.22 per cent in

It explained that the rural index
recorded a 9.1 per cent year-on-year increase, relatively unchanged from

It stated that both the “Urban and
Rural All Items’’ index increased by approximately 0.9 per cent month-on month
each, when compared with the previous month.

“The percentage change in the average
composite CPI for the 12-month period ending in October 2012 over the average
of the CPI for the previous 12-month period remained unchanged at 11.9 per

“The corresponding 12-month
year-on-year average percentage change for Urban and Rural indices was 13.5 per
cent and 10.8 per cent respectively.

“In October, the composite Food Index
increased year-on-year to 11.1 per cent, 0.9 percentage points higher than 10.2
per cent recorded in September,’’ it said.

The statement stated that on a
month-on-month basis, the Food index increased by 1.0 per cent in September.

“In October, the “All items less Farm
Produce” index which excludes the points lower than the 13.1 per cent was
recorded in September.

“The relative moderation in the core
index (on a year-on-year basis) continues a trend exhibited for four
consecutive quarters,’’ it stated.

The statement said increases in the
Core index were as a result of increases in the educational expenses due to the
resumption of the academic year, higher transportation costs due to the recent
concluded Muslim festival, and health expenditures.

“On month-on-month basis, the core
index increased by 0.4 per cent in October, down marginally from 0.5 per cent
in September.

“The average 12-month annual rate of
rise of the index remained at 13.5 per cent (year-on-year) for the 12-month
period ending October 2012,’’ it said.

According to the bureau, pricing and
weighting are the two basic parameters used to arrive at the CPI.

It added that 10,534 officers were
deployed to collate the data for the CPI monthly, while 740 product
specifications were priced across the rural and urban areas of the 36 states of
the federation and the FCT.

The statement added that the average
price of each item was computed for each sector for each state and the FCT and
used for index computation..

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Customs Accuses Embassies Of Encouraging Smuggling



Another mode of vehicle smuggling through the land borders hiding under diplomatic cover of embassies has been uncovered by the Nigeria Customs Service at Seme Border in Lagos.
The Customs Area Controller, Seme Border, Comptroller Bello Mohammed Jibo, disclosed this on Tuesday when briefing newsmen on activities of the command between January and September.
Jibo displayed four exotic vehicles with diplomatic number plates that were seized by his men.
He said that the smugglers in an attempt to bring in dutiable vehicles into the country without paying Customs duty hid under the pretence that the vehicle belonged to a diplomat.
Jibo said that upon scrutiny and investigation, the claims that the vehicles belonged to the embassies and that diplomatic officials were traveling in them were discovered to be untrue.
The command, according to him, also intercepted contrabands worth one thousand, two hundred and forty four (1,244) smuggled items with Duty Paid Value (DPV) of eight hundred and eighty six million, four hundred and twenty eight thousand, one hundred and sixty three Naira, forty one kobo (N886, 428, 163.41) only between January and September this year.
The command added that it collected the sum of seven hundred and eighteen million, eight hundred and twenty eight thousand, five hundred and twenty nine Naira, eighty five kobo (N718, 828, 529.85) only as revenue during the period under review.
Within this period, the command also processed and exited exported trade volume of six hundred and thirty five thousand, one hundred and forty nine Naira, twenty three kobo (635, 149.23) metric tonnes, with the Free On board (FOB) value of fifteen billion, five hundred and sixty four million, one hundred and thirty thousand, five hundred and eighteen Naira, nine kobo (N15, 564, 130, 518.09) only, and the NESS value of seventy eight million, two hundred and three thousand, seven hundred and seventy nine naira, eighty one kobo (N78, 203, 779. 81) only.
Under ETLS, the command treated and exited one thousand, three hundred and fourteen (1,314) trucks of goods under the scheme.
Explaining some of the items seized, Jibo said in July 2021, the command made a huge seizure of three thousand, one hundred and eighty six (3,186) parcels of cannabis sativa concealed with sharp sand along Badagry-Seme road.
“Furthermore, in our last press conference, the command handed over two hundred and thirty two (232) parcels of cannabis sativa to National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) Special Command Seme.
“Securing our borders is a collective responsibility; the Nigeria Customs Service ensures inter-agency cooperation and coordination among all the other security agencies at the border”, he said.
The command, however, lamented that the economic policies of the Benin Republic was affecting its revenue drive, saying all goods transiting through Benin are mandated to pay some duties and levies by the government of Benin Republic which is contrary to ECOWAS protocols and international transit agreements.

By: Nkpemenyie Mcdominic, Lagos

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Nigeria Owes N35.5trn, As Local Debt Stands At N21trn



The nation’s public debt stock stood at N35.465trillion as at June 30, Director-General of the Debt Management Office (DMO), Ms. Patience Oniha, has disclosed.
Total public debt is composed of the domestic and external debt of the Federal Government, the 36 state governments and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).
Nigeria’s total public debt stock was N33.107trillion or $87.239billion, as at March 31, 2021.
This indicated a N2.358trillion rise in the debt stock from the end of the first quarter of the year to the end of the second quarter.
A breakdown of the public debt figure under review indicated that that external debt was N13.711trillion, representing 38.66 per cent.
On the other hand, domestic debt was N21.754trillion, representing 61.34 per cent of the total stock.
The Federal Government accounted for N11.828trillion of the external debt and N17.632trillion of the domestic debt.
States and the FCT’s external debt stood at N1.883trillion, with a domestic debt stock of N4.122trillion.
The breakdown of the external debt showed that the bulk of the debt is owed to multilaterals (World Bank Group and the African Development Bank Group), which accounted for 54.88 per cent.
The next highest category is the commercial debt (Eurobonds and Diaspora bonds) which accounted for 31.88 per cent; while bilateral (China, France, Japan, India and Germany) stood at 12.70 per cent.
Promissory Notes represent 0.54 per cent.
Oniha explained that the nation had several benefits from going to source funds which included showcasing Nigeria in a positive light in the international financial markets where large pools of capital are available.
In addition, she said, “The sovereign Eurobonds serve as a benchmark on the back of which several local banks have issued Eurobonds. Amongst them are Zenith Bank, Access Bank, UBA, FBN, Ecobank Nigeria and Fidelity Bank. This window opened by the sovereign enabled these Nigerian Banks raise Tier-2 Capital to meet regulatory requirements and enhanced their capacity to lend to, and, support local borrowers.
“Issuing Eurobonds has been a potent tool for building up Nigeria’s External Reserves. A healthy level of External Reserves supports the Naira Exchange Rate and Nigeria’s sovereign rating.
“Raising funds externally through Eurobonds to finance budget deficits reduces the level of sovereign borrowing in the domestic markets. The benefits of this are many: mitigates the risk of crowding out the private sector (more funds available at moderate rates for other borrowers in the domestic economy).
“The Eurobonds are also listed in Nigeria’s two securities exchanges: The Nigerian Exchange Limited and FMDQ Securities Exchange Limited. This increases the size of these exchanges and diversity of instruments listed.
“The Eurobonds are actually issued as part of approved Government Borrowing Plans, usually in the FGN’s annual budgets, for financing capital projects thereby reducing the infrastructure gap.”
The D-G explained that the issues of rising debt, high debt service to revenue ratio and utilization of borrowed funds were germane.
She said that members of the public should not lose sight of the facts which necessitated borrowing which included, “Huge Infrastructure Deficit , Recession (twice in the last six years), Consecutive Budget Deficits, Low Revenue Base, compounded by dependence on one source – crude oil which prices crashed and at a point, at the peak of the Covid-19 pandemic had no buyers.”
Oniha stressed that Nigerians must challenge themselves and support the Federal Government on the need to raise revenue.
She noted that the 5 per cent tax as a percentage of the Gross Domestic product (GDP) was too poor for Nigeria and that concerted efforts must be made to increase the nation’s revenue.
The D-G disclosed that work has already started on this, adding the Federal Government debt to the Central Bank of Nigeria which was at about N10trillion at the beginning of the process.
She said, “We are working towards recognizing it, getting the proper approvals to include it in the public debt stock. Where we are is to get the necessary approvals to convert it into a tenured debt.”
On the foreign exchange implications for debt service, especially the fall in the value of the Naira, in recent times, the DMO boss said, “we have initiated actions towards managing that risk.”

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85,265mt Of LPG Supplied In August, PPPRA Claims



The Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency (PPPRA), yesterday, reported that 85,264.803 metric tonnes (MT) of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) were supplied nationwide in August.
The Executive Secretary of the agency, Abdulkadir Saidu, made the disclosure in a statement.
A breakdown of the supply report shows that 38,040.457MT was sourced locally by Ever Oil, Stockgap, NIPCO, 11 Plc, Greenville Natural Gas, PNG Gas Ltd, NPDC and Ashtavinayak Hydrocarbon Ltd, while 47,224.346MT was imported by NIPCO, Matrix, Algasco, Techno Oil, Prudent, AA Rano, Stockgap.
Additional analysis of the data on importation in the month of August shows that 21,606.301MT was imported from the USA, while 13,044.266MT was imported from Algeria and 12,573.779MT was brought into the country from Equatorial Guinea.
The volume of LPG supplied in August suggests a decrease of about 21,959.781MT compared to the 107,224.584MT supplied in the month of July.
In addition, 102,787.234MT was also supplied in the month of June.
On the other hand, out of the 38,040.457MT sourced locally, 7,042.058MT was sourced by Ever oil, 9,429.761MT by Stockgap, 7,687.112MT by NIPCO, 4,761.626MT by 11 Plc and 440.380MT by Greenville,Rumuji, Rivers State.
Also, the PNG Gas Ltd in Ebedei, Delta State supplied 651.490MT into the market, while NPDC, Oredo, Benin State provided 1,055.310MT and Ashtavinayak Hydrocarbon Ltd Kwale, Delta State, discharged 6,972.720MT.
Similarly, 11,262.04MT of propane was sourced locally and supplied into the energy market by NPDC and Ashtavinayak Hydrocarbon.
“It is worthy to note that since the declaration of the “Decade of Gas” by President MuhammaduBuhari, and the Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Chief Timipre Sylva, the nation has witnessed a significant increase in the volume of LPG produced locally. This is due to the commitment of the Federal Government in promoting gas penetration, to ensure a clean source of energy for cooking, power generation and transportation,”Saidu said.
The Petroleum Industry Act (PIA) as the first law that recognises the oil and gas midstream sector will promote and protect gas-based investments and optimise the nation’s enormous gas potentials while ensuring that Nigeria transit to become a net-zero emission nation.
The PPPRA boss reiterated the agency’s continued support for the Federal Government’s policy to deepen LPG penetration in the country and create a healthy life for Nigerians.

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