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Menstrual Pains: What Experts Say



Rita’s schooling was in terrupted periodically due to painful and heavy bleeding during her menstruation. The assistance rendered by her parents and the school authorities did not reduce the nightmare of the 16-year-old student.

“Whenever my period starts, I have a lot of pains, it is almost impossible for me to go to school. I just stay at home, my mum gives me pain reliever and I sleep.

“Sometimes I will not go to school for two days because of the pains and the heavy bleeding, which usually reduces after the second day. ’’

Miss Tinu Adebayo, a 27-year old civil servant has been queried on few occasions for lateness due to painful menstruation and heavy bleeding.

“I explained my predicament to my boss but he refused to bear with me.

“I have been experiencing severe menstrual pains, accompanied with heavy bleeding and vomiting since my undergraduate days. Then it was easy to skip classes and just stay and rest in the hostel.

“Now, my boss is very difficult and has given me a couple of queries for not coming to work for a day or two. But this is a situation I cannot help for now.

“If I have to go to work, I can hardly get anything done, because I feel very weak and irritated even after I must have taken some pain relief”.

Dr Maxwell Odiegwu, a gynaecologist, says menstrual pain has no cure, but can reduce when childbearing begins.

“It is more of control measure than finding a cure for dysmenorrhea, and there is a possibility that the pain may reduce, especially once childbearing starts, but it is not absolute.

Experts define dysmenorrhea as difficult menstrual flow or painful menstruation and may coexist with excessive blood loss, known as menorrhagia.

Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common gynaecological complaints among female adolescents and young adults with a prevalence of 93 per cent.

Odiegwu explains that dysmenorrhea falls into two categories: primary and secondary, with the latter being more severe and less common than the former.

He says primary dysmenorrhea is found more in younger women and describes it as a situation when a woman experiences painful periods which cannot be attributed to any pathological reason or identifiable cause.

Odiegwu says secondary dysmenorrhea and excessive bleeding are caused by certain conditions, such as uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammatory diseases and ovarian cysts.

Factors such as the gynaecological age of a woman or the age she started her menstruation could determine if she would suffer from primary dysmenorrhea.

“A 20-year-old girl that started menstruating at the age of 13 has a gynaecological age of seven years, while a 19-year-old girl that started menstruating at the age of 16 has a gynaecological age of three years.

“So the longer the gynaecological age, the possibility of dysmenorrhea occurring.”

Odiegwu says primary dysmenorrhea can be remedied by the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and oral contraceptives, adding that lying on the tummy, and having a warm bath, can help reduce the pains.

He says that it has been discovered that women who drink and smoke or those who are obese, are prone to dysmenorrhea.

“My advice is for them to modify their lifestyle, stop smoking, reduce alcohol intake to the barest minimum and try to lose weight. ’’

A naturopath, Dr Dapo Aderele, says that food rich in fibre such as carrots, cucumber, cabbage and lettuce can help in managing excessive menstrual pains.

“Primarily, when you take food rich in fibre, it mops up the excess estrogens and it is passed out of the body naturally.”

The naturopath also says that healthy dieting and consumption of much water can help to manage dysmenorrhea.

He says that fish oils such as Omega 3, Evening Primrose oil extracted from medicinal plants, are managing agents.

Aderele says menstrual pains will reduce after childbirth but may not completely stop.

A general physician, Dr Ochuko Urhioke, says blood lost during menstrual flow is insignificant and can not lead to anaemia except if the bleeding is always excessive.

“The amount of blood a woman loses during her menstrual flow is really insignificant because that is how God has designed it to be.

“Excessive bleeding leads to anaemia and the woman can go into shock, have heart failure which can lead to death. So what we do is find out the cause of the excess bleeding which in some cases can be caused by uterine fibroid. “

Urhioke says that doctors recommend blood tonics, Vitamin C and folic acid, as well as pumpkin leaves to boost blood level.

The principal of the Anglican Girls’ Grammar School, Abuja, Mrs Kate Bello says the school has many cases of such girls.

“What we do for them here in the school is advise them to go to the school clinic immediately, where they are placed on pain reliever but for the severe ones, they rest in the sick bay.

Naturopath recommends that every woman must have a way to cope for the days leading up to her menstrual cycle, to avoid stressful emotions that accompany associated pains.

Oghenekaro writes for  News Agency of Nigeria


Okeoghene Oghenekaro

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Woman Sells Two Daughters For N300,000 In Ogun



A 35-year-old housewife, Blessing Agoro, has been arrested by men of Ogun State Police Command for allegedly selling her two daughters, Semilore Agoro (four), and Deborah Agoro (two).
The suspect was arrested, following a report lodged at Redeemed Camp Divisional Police Headquarters by her husband, Oluwaseyi Agoro.
The Police Public Relations Officer in the state, DSP Abimbola Oyeyemi disclosed this in a statement, yesterday.
Oyeyemi said the husband reported that when he returned from travelling last Tuesday he couldn’t find his two daughters.
The PPRO said, “The man stated further that all efforts to make his wife tell him the whereabouts of the children proved abortive, hence his report.
“Upon the report, the DPO Redeemed Camp division, CSP Alabi Akinjide, detailed his detectives to apprehend the suspect, who had already been with the camp’s code of conduct department.
“On interrogation, the suspect explained to the police that her husband left home for the past two years, and while he was away, she found it difficult to cater for the two children with her other two children she had for another man.
“She stated further that while she was contemplating on what to do, one Kolawole Imoleayo introduced her to a couple in Port Harcourt who was in need of children. She sold the two daughters to the couple at the rate of N300,000.
“Her confession led to the arrest of the said intermediary, Kolawole Imoleayo. They are both assisting the police in their investigation.”
The Commissioner of Police, Edward Ajogun, has ordered the transfer of the suspects to the Anti-Human Trafficking and Child Labour Unit of the State Criminal Investigation and Intelligence Department (SCID) for discreet investigation.
Oyeyemi added that Ajogun directed that the children must be rescued and brought back to their parents as soon as possible.

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World Bank Trains 54,000 Women, Youths On Economy



The Kebbi State Government has disclosed that over 54,000 women and youths have been trained by the World Bank to be economically active.
The government also revealed its readiness to reciprocate its achievement recorded in rice production in other products such as onions, sheer-butter and soya beans for exportation purposes.
The Kebbi State Governor, Abubakar Atiku Bagudu, who stated this while launching women and youth export development facility, in partnership with Nigeria Export-Import Bank (NEXIM), said, the state has comparative advantage in agriculture over other states.
Represented by the Secretary to the State Government, Alhaji Umar Babale Yauri, Bagudu said, “As you know, Kebbi State is blessed with a population of women who are engaging in rice production and it is now a top talk across the nation due to efforts and support of state governor.
“The state government is trying to reciprocate the achievement recorded in the rice production into sheer butter, onions and soya beans.”
He added that with the partnership with NEXIM, Kebbi State would start the export of soya beans, shea butter and onions.
The Special Adviser to State Governor on Women Development, Hajia Zarau Wali, disclosed that through partnership with the World Bank, over 54,000 women have been trained to be economically active.
According to her, “It is also worthy of note, that the state government in partnership with the World Bank empowered 54,000 women to be economically active through the formation of Women Initiative Group in Maiyama, Ngaski and Argungu local government areas.”
She explained that more women and youths, especially in the rural areas, are actively involved in the production of rice, sheer butter, onions and water melon stressed that they are capable of feeding the nation and exporting the products if they were properly guided.
Wali urged NEXIM to include in their programmes mode of processing and packages of perishable products during their training session for women and youths.
Earlier, the Managing Director and Chief Executive, Nigerian Export-Import Bank (NEXIM), Mr Abba Bello, had commended the state government over it investment on rice production in the state which has increased the IGR of the state.
“Let me commend the investment drive in the state by your administration, particularly the Rice Revolution, which recently led to the unveiling of the rice pyramid as well as the cassava-based ethanol project with huge prospects for production of biofuel and renewable energy.
“Your efforts in this direction have not only contributed to the significant increase in the Internally Generated Revenues (IGR) but have also positively impacted the socio-economic indices particularly in the areas of jobs creation and sustainable development”.

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Eve Afrique Red Ball Takes Centre Stage In PH, Sunday



This year’s Eve Afrique Red Ball event with theme: “Together, Ensuring Peace and Development Across the Niger Delta”, is set to take place on Sunday in Port Harcourt, Rivers State capital.
In an interview, the Editor in Chief of Eve Afrique Magazine, Mrs Ivy Davis Etokakpan, said, this year’s Red Ball event is the 10th and will focus on the socio-economic wealth of the Niger Delta region.
She stated that, over the years, Eve Afrique had worked on eight health related issues, but this time, because of times and seasons, “we are focusing on peace and development across the Niger Delta.
According to her, “we hope to achieve this with the cooperation of leaders of corporate organisations in the Niger Delta. We believe that with the cause action on the Red Ball, we hope to do that with our Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO), Eve Afrique Empowerment Initiative”.
Etokakpan added that this year will focus basically on internship programme for young people by asking partners of the NGO to accept and train secondary school students during holidays in their companies.
She said, “in the past, we used to do vacation jobs in the oil companies, even in our parents’ companies. We hope that our partners would teach our children workable skills. If this is done, the Niger Delta child would know his or her skill and work on it.
“We want these young ones to learn management and accountancy skills through these internship programmes. Our dream is that, in five years’ time, we would have raised a group of’ equipped and empowered Niger Delta youths who in turn will mentor those coming after them. We need to prepare these ones for the future.
At the Red Ball event this weekend, we expect Elsphon Nigeria Alabo (Dr) Emi Membrane-Otaji, Managing Director, to present a keynote address on “Economic Development across the Niger Delta. Also, former MD of NDDC, Mr Timi Alaibe will present a paper on Peace Across the Niger Delta at the event”, she said.
It would be recalled that over the years, Eve Afrique Red Ball has achieved levels of successes over the previous Red Ball events in raising awareness on general health matters, empowerment programmes as a way of giving back to the state and society at large.
Eve Afrique had hosted programmes which include the sickle cell awareness programme, cervical cancer awareness and prevention programme, diabetic management awareness and prevention programme, prostate cancer awareness programme and colon cancer awareness programmes.
Eve Afrique had the mandate of changing the narrative concerning the Niger Delta.
They are on a mission to highlight and showcase the beauty of the Niger Delta and Nigeria as a whole, she added.

By: Ibinabo Ogolo

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