Expenditure: That Mark’s Humble U-turn


Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, Governor, Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), literally dropped a bombshell recently in the country. Not mincing words, he announced to the chagrin of many, that members of the National Assembly were consuming 1/4 of the nation’s annual expenditure.

Specifically, the CBN boss lamented that the worrisome expenditure was tied to the senators and House of Representative members’ salaries and frivolous allowances. As it were, Sanusi’s outburst threw up dust across the country with condemnations from economists and other well-meaning Nigerians.

Expectedly, the CBN governor was summoned to the National Assembly to explain how he came to the conclusion that NASS members were consuming up to a quarter of the nation’s annual expenditure.

Fearlessly, Sanusi stoutly defended his public statement, which attracted accolade from economic analysts and other Nigerians across the country. Well, our NASS members were not pleased with the Sanusi’s defence. All that is now history.

But the senators and members of the House of Representatives seem to have had closed door meetings to review the matter so as to douse  the palpable tension generated in the country. Perhaps, against the backdrop of public outrage of jumbo salaries and allowances of NASS members, Senate President, David Mark recently announced that the National Assembly was now ready to ensure that its budgetary process did not go beyond “the formalities of annual rituals”.

His words: “We must give meaning and soul to our budgets to truly be the succour to the people’s economic stress and depression, to give hope and to be a soothing source of their faith in government. We owe this to the people we all represent”.

Senate President, however, said that a related issue was the “unacceptable disproportionate ratio of recurrent and overhead expenditure to capital expenditure”, as presented by the financial authorities Nigerians are indeed, glad that the National Assembly is coming to terms with the CBN boss.

Be that as it may, it is sad that all about the anti-graft gospel being preached by the present administration now appears to be a farce, given the avarice with which our legislators and some political appointees want to rise to power through overt and covert graft at the federal level.

Or, how would one explain another story that the Federal Government is reportedly spending at least N 1.3trillion annually on political aides and their cronies, thus undermining the nation’s resources. This is rather unfortunate, to say the least. 

In a lecture he delivered at the 25th Annual General Meeting of the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN), Mr. Bolaji Ogunseye, the Former Executive Director of the Rivers State Sustainable Development Agency (RSSDA), lamented that such expenditure include those as aides to top government functionaries and their cronies.

Such frivolous spending by the Federal Government, he said, “do not contribute to any form of economic advance”, and noted that the situation also extends to government at all levels, hence Nigeria is now operating a “collect and spend economy”, with little or no consideration for the manufacturing industry, which is the mainstay of any development-minded country.

Not done with what he identified as ‘frivolous spending’ by the federal government, the ex-RSSDA boss explained that because of the seeming innate tendency to only collect from government, giving little in terms of being productive in manufacturing of products, most Nigerians are poor.

Listing the solution to the situation in order to achieve the vision 2020, he said the solution is “doing the right thing, and doing it at the right time”, regretting that Nigeria now has what he christened, “economy of affection in which those in authority spend money based on affection instead of on viable economic development ventures such as education, health, among others.

Sadly, the current frivolous spending at the federal level, may force one to recall a seminal and controversial work on “natural tendencies” of organisations, published almost a century ago. Indeed, in 1911, a young German sociologist, Robert Michels, produced a scholarly work on political organisations with the subtitle – A sociological study of the Oligachical Tendencies of Modern Democracy.

Michels, at the end of his research intoned: “It is organisation which gives birth to the domination of the elected over the electors, of the mandataries over the mandators, of the delegates over the delegators.

He also points out that the government of any organisation is always constituted by the leadership, which of course is always an oligarchy. Therefore, what exists in any organisation-including the federal government may not be democratic values, but an oligarchy, defined as a “form of government in which power is vested in few persons or in dominant class or clique”,

Having made these caveat and allowances, it is necessary to allow a confrontation between the’ NASS members, political appointees and Robert Michels, who contends that the elected or government in any form must be rendering services to the people (the electors, mandators, delegators, etc). Therefore, the question now is why would our NASS members want to treat the electorate as underdogs, while aggrandising the scarce resources of the country.

The reported frivolous spending by lawmerkers and other federal authorities is being condemned by civil society organisations, industrialists and some renowned economists. The condemnation borders principally on the fact that the nation’s money should be spent on infrastructural facilities and not on politicians,  political aides and their cronies.

It is instructive to remind our distinguished legislators that they were elected to serve the masses. They should therefore not see themselves as an oligarchy or a clique, thus shirking their constitutional schedules, under selfish motives.

With all sense of humility, one would like to advise the federal functionaries not to rubbish the good work they have printed on the sands of time, since the inception of the present administration.

Well, the last is yet to be heard about the exact amount being spent yearly by the federal authorities on legislators, political aides and their cronies.