Connect with us


UBE Policy And Catholic Education



Basic education is the education given to children aged 0-14 years. It encompasses the early childhood education (0-5), and 9 years of formal schooling (six  years of primary education and 3 years of junior secondary education).Early childhood education however is segmented into ages 0-3 years situated in daycare centres fully in the hands of  the private sector and social development services whilst ages 3-5 are within the formal education sector.

This is the education which every Nigerian child is expected to receive between the ages of three (3) and fourteen (14) years. It consists of three years of Early Childhood Care Development and Education (ECCDE), Primary, as well as Adult and Non-Formal Education.  It also covers special interventions directed at nomadic and migrant children, mass literacy as well as the ‘almajirais’ and other vulnerable and excluded groups.  The agencies which coordinates the affairs of this sub sector is the Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC), National Commission for Nomadic Education (NCNE) and National Mass Education Commission (NMEC).

In Nigeria, Basic education is free, universal and compulsory for all children of school-going age.  The goals of basic education are to:

a) Provide the child with diverse basic knowledge and skills for entrepreneurship, wealth generation and educational advancement.

b) Develop patriotic young people equipped to contribute to social development and in the performance of their civic responsibilities.

c) Inculcate values and raise morally upright individuals capable of independent thinking, and who appreciate the dignity of labour.

d) Inspire national consciousness and harmonious co-existence irrespective of differences in endowment, religion, ethnic and socio-economic background.

e)    Provide opportunities for the child to develop manipulative skills that will enable the child function effectively in the society within the limits of the child’s capacity.

Others are:

·Developing in the entire citizenry a strong commitment for education and strong commitment to its vigorous promotion.

·Reducing drastically the incidence of drop out from the formal school system through improved relevance, quality and efficiency.

·Catering for the learning needs of young persons who for one reason or another, have to interrupt their schooling through appropriate forms of complementary approaches to provision and promotion of basic education.

·Ensuring the acquisition of appropriate levels of literacy, numeracy, manipulative,  communication and live skills as well as the ethical, moral and civic values needed for laying a solid foundation for life-long learning.

  Strategies mapped out by government to address these issues include:

·Wide sensitisation and advocacy in support of enrolment, retention funding

·Inventory of infrastructure needs of schools, as well as urgent rehabilitation of schools.

·Establishment of National Agency for Education Quality Assurance at all levels below the tertiary level.

·Ensure appropriate staffing in schools, implement National Teacher Education Policy, institutionalise career development and provide conducive working environment for teachers.

·Ensure timely review and enrichment of the schools curriculum

·Increase of budgetary provision for Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and provision of ICT laboratories in all schools with requisite ICT infrastructure and services to also accommodate children with special needs.

·Deliverables to tie in with the specific strategies have also been articulated and timelines included in government’s action plan.  Let  us briefly examine specific aspects of the basic education policy.

A   Early Childhood Care and Education

The Jomtien Declaration article 5 and the United Nations conventions on Child Rights, states; “learning begins at birth.  This calls for early childhood care and initial education. This can be provided through arrangements involving families, communities, schools/institutional programs as appropriate”.  Nigeria not only endorsed the Jomtien declaration and convention on Child’s Rights but has only recently given prominence to the need for early childhood care and education in the Universal Basic Education (UBE) Assembly passed the Child’s Rights Act into law and was signed by the Governor of Rivers State, Sir, Amaechi on the 24th February, 2010.

This is because research has shown that sensations necessary for the development of the five senses occur between ages 0-3 years.  Also the building blocks for effective learning in later years occur between ages 4-6 years. No wonder the huge investment in early childhood education in developed countries.

In Nigeria, early childhood education is the care, protection, stimulation and learning promoted in children from age 0-5 years in a day care centre, nursery or kindergarten.  For others still it is a form of organised learning for age-specific competencies for children between 0-6 years.  When the focus is on children between the age brackets 3-6, it is usually referred to as nursery education or early childhood education. However, if the focus is integrative of all young children 0-6 years it is usually referred to as Early Child Care Development Education (ECCDE).  It is particularly important  to understand the difference between ECE and ECCDE, even though both concepts have been used interchangeably in recent years.

ECE emphasizes purely the educational framework and ECCDE emphasizes all aspects of child’s development including education, health, nutrition etc. ECCDE is being emphasised in poor disadvantaged communities where parents are poor and cannot provide the basic necessitates  such as nutrition and health which are key components if education is to succeed.  This necessitates the need for intervention from the outside to support families’ role in all aspects of the children’s lives because families cannot afford to do so.  The ECCDE concept that integrates education with other issues such as nutrition and health can work only with close collaboration among the different stakeholders such as government’s ministries of education/UBE, health, social welfare, International agencies, NGOs, churches, etc.

The purpose of Early Childhood Care Development Education (ECCDE) in Nigeria is to

(a)   Effect a smooth transition from the home to the school.

(b)Prepare the child for the primary level of education.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
Continue Reading
Click to comment

You must be logged in to post a comment Login

Leave a Reply


NEW Rivers: A Glorious Second Term Is In Progress



During his first term, 2015 to 2019, award winning Rivers State Governor, Nyesom Ezenwo Wike put up a splendid performance that earned him the trust and respect of Rivers people. It was for this reason that Rivers people stood their ground despite the invading prowess of the AAC/APC/ARMY/FSARS Alliance.
On 3rd April, 2019 when INEC concluded the collation of results and declared Nyesom Ezenwo Wike, winner of the Rivers State Governorship election, the Rivers State Governor made a commitment to the people of the state to serve them diligently. He acknowledged the sacrifices of Rivers people in the process of his emergence as second term Governor.
On that day, he said: ”I want to thank the people of Rivers State for showing the kind of love we have never seen before. I thank them for showing the kind of support we have never seen before.
“Those who died not because they were criminals, but because they wanted to defend their votes. We dedicate this victory to God those who were killed .
“They protected our votes and they defended us. We pray God to grant their families the strength to bear the losses. We shall continue to support the families .We will not disappoint the PDP. We will not disappoint Rivers people. We shall continue to serve. “
Truly, Governor Wike has continued to serve Rivers people in the actual sense of the word. All sectors of the economy have been positively impacted for the good of Rivers people.
One of the key areas where Governor Wike has excelled, is the promotion of security of lives and property. Though the state is yet to reach the desired point, marked improvement has been experienced in all 23 Local Government Areas.
This is a fallout of the launch of Operation Sting. This is a security architecture designed by the Wike Administration during his second term.
Governor Wike said Operation Sting will be fully funded by the Rivers State Government with the aim of tackling criminal elements and reducing crime and criminality in all parts of the state.
He said: “OPERATION STING” is therefore, our own specialized and dedicated security initiative anchored on an integrated and complementary approach, fully funded by the Rivers State Government to effectively tackle both the sources and drivers of insecurity in their diverse criminal manifestations and operations and nib them in their buds or rout and root them out of existence.
”Under Operation Sting we have taking concrete steps to strengthen the logistics and operational capability of the civil and armed security forces”.
Governor Wike has taken very profound measures to improve the standard of living of Rivers people.
In the course of his second term, Governor Wike abolished the payments of user-fees for persons living with HIV/AIDS who want to access treatment at State-owned Health facilities.
Governor Wike said that the State Government will take over the payment of the user-fees to encourage more Rivers people to seek treatment for HIV/AIDS.
To ensure access to education for the less privileged, Governor Wike abolished all forms of fees and levies in public primary, junior and senior secondary schools in Rivers State.
This was a major second term action. He has since released funds for the running of the schools for the 2019/2020 academic session.
The funds released by the Rivers State Governor would be used by the schools for registers, chalks, dusters, markers, notebooks, pens and other consumables
Governor Wike approved that the State Government will henceforth bankroll the form fees for the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) of Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board(JAMB) for all Indigenes and non-indigenes in the state.
This approval by Governor Wike has been implemented for the 2020 UTME to be conducted by JAMB.
During the closing days of his first term, Governor Wike ensured that the relevant facilities were on ground for the successful take off of the College of Medical Sciences and the Rivers State University Teaching Hospital.
Since commencing his second term, Governor Wike has created the right environment for the accreditation of the College of Medical Sciences at the Rivers State University.
The National Universities Commission in recognition of the facilities and personnel on ground, approved that the Rivers State University run full-time undergraduate programmes from the 2019/2020 Academic Session in Medicine and Surgery (MBBS) and Nursing Science, BNsc.

In November 2019, Governor Wike commissioned the New Radiology Department of the State University Teaching Hospital, upgraded and re-equipped by his administration.
Commissioning the new health facility, Governor Wike reiterated his commitment to quality healthcare for the people of Rivers State.
Governor Wike described the Rivers State University Teaching Hospital and the College of Medicine as his initiative, saying that he will continue to invest in their rapid development.
“We will do everything possible to promote quality healthcare for our people. We need good healthcare for people to carry out their daily activities.
“We have good doctors, but there are no good equipment. What we are doing is to provide the right equipment “, he said.
Rivers State Governor, Nyesom Ezenwo Wike took the entire country by storm during the first 100days of his second term.
For three weeks, Governor Wike rolled out very significant projects that touched the lives of Rivers people. Chairman of the Nigeria Governors Forum and Ekiti State Governor, Kayode Fayemi who commissioned the Rumuwoji Market confessed that he has seen why people insist that Governor Wike is Mr Projects.
The projects rolled out during the first 100days of the governor’s second term include:
.Bonny Street, Adaka , Boro/Elliot Henry Streets
• Government Secondary School, Ubima
(Formerly Community Secondary School, Ubima)
•Sea bed Model School , Port Harcourt
•Port Harcourt Pleasure Park Cinema
•Dualised – Birabi Street
•Justice Iche Ndu (Formerly Rumukwurusi -Elelenwo –Akpajo Road )
•Government Craft Development Centre, Port Harcourt
•Civil Servants’ Quarters
•Rivers State NLC Secretariat
•Ogbum-Nu-Abali Fruit Garden Market
•Rivers State University, Students Union Secretariat
•Rumuwoji Market
•Real Madrid Academy.
This is a legacy project that will soon be commissioned by the Rivers State Government.
It was to be a Joint project with the NDDC, but the commission, reneged and Governor Wike had to drive the execution of the project alone.
The contractors are putting finishing touches to the modification works at the facility. Similarly, the equipment contractor is installing the equipment procured by the Wike Administration for the specialist hospital.
This is a mega hospital, the very first in the Niger Delta that will improve access to tertiary healthcare for Women and Children.
This is a legendary project initiated by Governor Wike to promote the Independence of the Judiciary. It is also aimed at ensuring that the welfare of Judges is taken care during and after their service.
The Judges Quarters has been completed. It has been furnished. It will soon be commissioned for use.
This is a state-wide intervention programme continued from the first term. During his first term, Governor Wike reconstructed and equipped over 250 schools through the Universal Basic Education Commission counterpart fund scheme and through the state’s direct funding.
Once again, the Rivers State Governor is using the two funding models to address issues relating to educational facilities in all the 23 Local Government Areas of the state.
The three Flyover Bridges already under construction in Port Harcourt are meant to improve traffic flow in the Rivers State capital.
These projects form the most ambitious developmental intervention by any Governor. The construction of the three Flyover Bridges is progressing simultaneously.
To icing on the cake is that Governor Wike has already paid 70 Percent of the contract sum. The contractor, Julius Berger Nigeria Plc is expected to deliver the Bridges by February 2021.
The length of the Flyover Bridges include: Rumuogba (Formerly Artillery 1 and 2) : 517.5 metres, Okoro-Nu-Odo 360 metres and Rebisi (formerly Garrison 360 metres)
Port Harcourt and its environs have become a huge construction site. The Rivers State Government under the leadership of Governor Wike is remodelling different parts of the state capital.
Other key projects like the Ogoni-Andoni-Opobo-Nkoro Unity Road, Zonal Hospitals, Sakpenwa-Bori Road, upgrade of different iconic secondary schools are progressing in different parts of the State.
Governor Wike is yet to conclude the first year of his second term and the results are everywhere. The future is bright for the state. The Governor has emphasized at every point that he will never be party to the second term failures of State Governors.
His administration will be a departure from the discouraging norm. Every step of the way will be decorated with pro-people projects and programmes to improve the lives of Rivers people.

Nwakaudu is Special Assistant to Rivers State Governor on Electronic Media.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
Continue Reading


FG Should Wake Up



I get so pissed off each time the news of insurgents’ attack on Nigerians begins to make the rounds in quick succession. My emotion gets worse when Federal Government, the supposed custodian of the people’s peace and safety appears so handicapped and helpless in situations they are looked upon to deliver.
While the nation yet mourns the Kogi and Delta killings of less than two weeks ago, fresh revelations have emerged on how Boko Haram insurgents attacked Garkida town in Gombi Local Government Area of Adamawa State for six hours on Friday night.
According to media report, many persons were feared killed by the invaders who announced their entry into the town by shooting aimlessly, looting the rural health centre, burning two ambulances and carting away another two.The source said, “they had unfettered access because a battalion of troops in the town was withdrawn sometime back, leaving behind just a few soldiers who could not repel the insurgents.
At the end of the day, the devastation of police barrack, police station, two churches; Living Faith and EYN, and a shopping mall, as well as a house belonging to Gen Paul Tarfa (retd.) in addition to lives either maimed or lost or captured, were relics of their heinuous visitation. This is not only frightening, it is sad.
This development does not in one bit present Nigeria as a country ready to combat insurgency which had lived with us before the advent of this administration.I do not want to be misled into believing that Nigeria has lost direction. Thus, I encourage the Federal Government to rise up to its responsibility before it is too late


By: Goodnews Mbachu, Owerri.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
Continue Reading


Talk About Sanitation Marshals, Not Cart Pushers



Going through the immediate past Wednesday edition of your paper, I came across a headline that captivated my attention; “RIWAMA Warns Cart Pushers To Steer off Streets”. I got to know that the Rivers State Waste Management Agency (RIWAMA) under the leadership of Bro. Felix Obuah had, before now, ordered cart pushers to leave the streets and roads of Port Harcourt and its environ, an order which deadline ended February 17, 2020.
The waste management agency boss explained that the ban became necessary as the activities of the cart pushers have become a nuisance, turning some areas to an eyesore with indiscriminate dumping of refuse on the streets and roads.
In fairness to Obua, whose fears may not be far-fetched, I do not see the riddance of the cart pushers from the roads and streets of Port Harcourt as a panacea to the continuous ailing environmental state of the metropolitan capital city of the oil rich- state.
Instead, the realization of the adoption of sanitation marshals, will go a long way in solving the state’s sanitation problems. Recall that people were delighted with news of Rivers State government approving the appointment of sanitation marshals, which featured in your paper on Thursday, January 30, 2020. The subsequent approval that a bill be sent to the State House of Assembly to give legal backing to the appointments, gladdened their hearts the more.
Rather than chasing away these scavengers from their source of livelihood, it will be better to empower the sanitation marshals to check the activities of the former. With this in place, the state will not only have continued to sustain the economy of these peasants, it will have also created employment for the marshals thus providing a level playing ground for all.
I, therefore, suggest that the RIWAMA boss should consider hastening the bill that will give a legal backing to the marshals so they could be empowered to enforce the required sanitary practices and habits especially as it concerns strict compliance to the bagging of refuse, expected to be kept at authorised places for onward pick-up.
I hope that the coming of the sanitation marshals will, among other roles, end indiscriminate disposal of refuse on road medians and other unlawful places. Most importantly, ensure that residents of Port Harcourt city practise good sanitary habits.


By: Chinyere Ikpo, Ngbuoba.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
Continue Reading