Understanding Home Economics


Home Economics is a field of study and a profession domiciled/ situated in the human science that draws from a range of disciplines to achieve optimal and sustainable living for individuals, families and communities.

The International Federation for Home Economics (IFHE) position statement for Home Economics in the 21st century, intends to encapsulate the diverse nature of the course, to embrace its multiplicity and the various ways in which it has adapted to meet specific requirements, in terms of educational, business, social, economic, spiritual, cultural, technological, geographic and political contexts.

The capacities, choices and priorities of individuals and families impact at all levels, ranging from the household, to the local and the global community.

Home Economics are concerned with the empowerment and well being of individuals, families and communities, and facilitating the development of attributes for lifelong learning for paid, unpaid and voluntary work; and living situations.

Home Economics professionals are advocates for individuals, families and communities.

Home Economics content draws from multiple disciplines, synthesizing these through interdisciplinary and tran-disciplinary inquiry. The content from which studies home economics draw include:

1.Food, Nutrition and Health

2. Clothing and Textiles

3. Housing and Shelter

4. Consumer Science and Consumerism

5.House hold Management

6. Design and Technology

7. Food Science and Hospitality

8.    Human Development and Family Studies

9.  Educational and Community Services etc.

The capacity to draw from such disciplinary diversity is a strength of the profession. This disciplinary diversity coupled with the aim of achieving optimal and sustainable living means that home economics has the potential to be influential in all sectors of society by intervening and transforming political, social, cultural, ecological, economic and technological systems, at global levels.

This is driven by the ethics of the profession, based on the values of caring, sharing, justice, responsibility, communicating, reflecting and visionary foresight.

Ogali is of the Department of Vocational Teacher Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.


Theodorah Ogali