Since its creation in the late 1880s by Lord Lugard, Port Harcourt the Rivers State capital had been a city under transition. Like every other big cities of the world it is confronted with a principal municipal problem, urbanisation. Urban renewal policies in Rivers State cost great fortunes yet there are still grave hinderances in the urbanisation process which are yet to received deserving attention. The city of Port Harcourt is said to have started within the coastal axis popularly known as town. This particular part of the city enjoys good architectural plans and road network.
While most parts of Port Harcourt groan under the pains of perennial flooding, the town axis still enjoy good drainage system as the water empties into the river immediately after the rains. As the drive for the prime objective of the city swells, there is equally a growing demand for accommodation.
Consequently, the city is besieged with a spiraling growth in shanties at every available space. Natural drainages are converted to building spaces for make shifts apartments of vague descriptions.
Rumukalagbor in Port Harcourt city local government is one of the areas in the city were such shanties exist. During the last rains the area was one of the worst hit by flooding with most of the houses in the area built on natural drains and forlom vegetations, residents watched their houses flooded as refuse heaps emptied its debries in peoples parlour and rooms. Investigation reveal that natural streams were heaped above water levels and houses are built on them during dry seasons and advertised to unsuspecting tenants who suffers the pains during the rains. When our reporter visited the area, it was discovered that debris of demolished structures are carried in trucks to fill the natural drainages for building purposes. Some prominent politicians are also said to be culpable in the act as they acquire the natural vegetations and drainages, elevated them above water levels and fenced with high walls before erecting their structures.
Abacha road axis is one of the areas that had lost its natural vegetation to land acquisitors and developers. The major flooding experienced within that part of the Garden City is attributed to indiscriminate building of houses on the natural vegetation.
In a recent press interview, Rivers State commissioner for works, Dakuku Peterside said the ministry of works in conjunction with the ministry of urban development had concluded plans to demolish all houses on natural drainages and waterways to lessen the burden of flood in the city. He further disclosed that the inter-ministerial committee on deflooding will be sustained by the ministry to check the problems of flooding in the city. Residents of Rumukalagbor community are however anxious that the government should intervene and save them the embarrassment of perennial flooding in the area, resulting from indiscriminate building of houses. A resident of the area, Mr Ehinda Amadi is worried that the flooding is increasing on yearly basis as more houses are build on the right of drainages. He said when the ‘big men’ buy the land, the first thing they do is to build high fenced walls like formidable fortress, ostensibly to avoid encroachment, while the down trodden are left to their fate. He called for the demolition of all buildings on natural drainages to ease the natural flow of water during the rains. Another issue of concern in the urban renewal policy of the Rivers State government is the unplanned conversion of villages and community settlement into city status. Dickson Akota, an environmental scientist, said the coaxing of existing community settlements into city status had stifled attempts by governments to make Port Harcourt a better place for living “inspite of the huge investment in urban renewal policies in the state, Port Harcourt is yet to attain orderly planning in buildings and scenery like Calabar, there should be disparity between a community and city life”. He added that community settlements are noted for its rustic nature but when they are hurriedly converted into city status they constitute the nuisance of flooding and permanent defacement of the city. It could be recalled that the chairman Greater Port Harcourt Development Authority, Aleruchi Cookey-Gam during a major press briefing in Port Harcourt cautioned against the tendency of people acquiring and erecting buildings on natural drainages. Cookey-Gam said such houses irrespective of the high positions of the owners will be demolished for effective drainage system.
Things to consider when buying a new home
Owning your own home brings a sense of freedom & arrogance that cannot be matched by renting a property but buying a new home is one of the major expenses in someone’s life. There is a big list of things to consider when buying a new home and most of them are vital than color of the paint. As it is one of the big financial decisions in your life, being informed with all basic things is most important aspect to buy a home with the complete peace of mind.
Since buying a home is a big decision for you to take, it would be great decision if all the practical steps are taken carefully in order to avoid feel sorry for your decision in days to come.
Things you need to know about buying a home
Below is the list of things you should take into consideration when buying a new home for peaceful living with a whole freedom.
Determine how much home you can afford
Determining that how much you can offer should be the first step towards buying a new home. If you are about to buy home without getting loan, the process will be easier for you but if you will pay for it via mortgage then your total debt-to-income ratio should not exceed 36%. And mortgage money owing alone should be less than 28% of the monthly income if you really want to prevent financial troubles in near future.
Assess your credit score
Credit score is one of the important things when it comes to apply for a loan. That’s why; you should assess your credit score ahead of time before applying for the mortgage. Having improved credit score can help you get lower interest rates that can save thousands of dollars until the loan fully paid. Applying for a loan with better credit score can help you get better and simply loan terms.
Loan approval numbers and down payment options
Pre approval for loans give you a clear idea of what type of mortgage you can deal in best way when buying a new home. Loan approval numbers is something that can also help you state how much you need to think for a down payment. That is the reason, it is considered as one of the vital things to consider when buying a new home that keeps you stay within your means.
Since home warranty is something that keeps you away from expensive home repairs and costs in future, you should consider the best home warranty company to make sure all things would be in your favor. Basically, home warranty is a contract between the homeowner and the warranty company that provides discounted repair and replacement service on the home’s major components; you can find a best one for your home here https://aaacreditguide.com/best-home-warranty-companies/. These companies offer best plans that provide homeowners who purchase a policy with certain coverage or plans can also be modified according to the individual needs.
Size of the home you need
Buying a bigger home space than your currently requirements or needs is always recommended by experts as you will require more space with growing family. More space in new home means you can maintain it in best possible way without facing troubles in future. But, you should also take your budget or mortgage into consideration when looking for a best suitable home space for a peaceful living.
Location is incredibly important
When it comes to buy a new home, location is one of the vital things to consider. You should choose the location near to all facilities and essentials such as school for kids, a home near to workplace or office, easy reach to grocery store and so on. By doing so, you are not only going to save your money but time as well because you are going to commuting from your home place to different locations like office, kid’s school and market etc.
Go with a trusted realtor
Due to the higher commission rates, most of peoples are cautious to avail services of realtors. You should also keep in mind that the seller, not the buyer pays the commission during the home sale transaction. Before availing the services of realtor or real estate agent, you should compare the best services in the town. Nowadays, you can also find the best real estate services online to save time and money as well.
The Most Effective Real Estate Tips
Sellers have the significant deal of information at their convenience, though a reasonable amount of it is invalid or deceiving. This article concentrates only on guidelines that have been proven to work through years of the program.
The cost makes all the difference. Unless you set an attractive, sensible cost, it will be very difficult to entice interest from buyers.
When selling a house, clear as many items out of it as you can, even if you still live in the home. The people who visit need to see themselves in your home, but your hits could give them a perspective they just can’t fit into.
Small kitchen improvements can be wise investment strategies that increase the attraction and value of your residence. Rather than taking a capturing approach to upgrading the entire kitchen area, which can be expensive, select one noticeable equipment to update and use as an “eye-catcher.” A nice isle update with a clinging equipment holder is also an excellent way to capture a consumer’s eye. Instead of changing out old units, consider giving them a clean cover of color.
Check the place of your air conditioner systems before selling your home. If necessary, have them maintained or fixed, so they are running nicely when you record your home. Typically, customers don’t like purchasing a home that requires having to spend a lot of cash on having to purchase a new heating unit. Therefore, if your AC and heating unit are in excellent condition, this attracts possible customers more.
Often the real estate industry goes through the periods. Fall designs can help your home appears more pleasant to potential customers. Always make sure that the simply foliage is raked from the lawn; this provides a cleaner overall look and increases charm.
Putting in a bidding war could be just what you are looking for. You will want to get a genuine idea of present price tags for similar houses in your area.
If you are desperate to offer your residence, find out what the smallest asking cost is on similar houses in your community, and record your home at a cost that is 10 percent lower than that. Buyers will be drawn at such a low cost and will head to your home for a watching.
Before you show your home to buyers, you should open the curtains as widely as possible. Prospective buyers enjoy seeing how shiny the home can be just from the sunshine. You should pull all the curtains and curtains returning, and raise all the shutters, as well. You should even raise those windows up to let some clean air into the home along with the natural sunshine.
When trying to offer your home, make sure your ceiling is in excellent. A ceiling that is in need of significant maintenance could be a significant deal-breaker for customers. Consider offering buyers a discount on your asking cost if you do not plan to fix your home’s ceiling before selling it.
Now that you have analyzed these guidelines, your goal should be to integrate them into a tangible sales plan. Carefully develop your strategies and rest-assured that you are better prepared to cope with this varying industry. Look returning to these guidelines and stay present with the industry.
About the Author: Carol James is a writer and senior editor custom papers and essays writing service EssayLab. She has MA degree in social sciences and writes articles, reviews on the different actual subjects. So, if you have any questions regarding the writing, feel free to ask her.
Experts List Impediments To Estate Surveying Practice
Experts in thebuilding industry have listed some factors bedeviling estate surveying and valuation profession in the country.
They include, poor remuneration, quackery, stringent legislation, lack of training and falling standards of valuation practice.
Speakers at a three day educations seminar organised by the African Reel Estate Society (AFRES), West Africa Group in Ogun State recently said this in the papers presented at the workshop.
Setting the ball rolling, the Dean School of Environmental Science, Convenient University, Ota, Professor Olajide Solanke stated that poor quality service, outdated scale of fees and unhealthy competitions are some of the major challenges of the professionals in the industry.
Professor Solanke was of the view that poor quality service will incur the disrespect of the society on the professionals and also lead to non-payment of professional fees including threat on the continued existence of the profession.
According to him, the 1996 scale of fees for the professionals can in no way stand the test of the time due to frequent currency fluctuations and devaluation.
He stated that one of the greatest challenges of the building industry today is the need to revise the 1996 scale of fees stressing that in spite of the fact that Nigeria currency has experienced devaluations and fluctuation, the client do not want to pay the 1996 specified fees.
In the same vein, he attributed unhealthy competition among professionals in the sector despite clear specification of professional roles to lack of vision by the practioners.
He however, used the occasions to canvass for the regeneration and restoration of professional ethics as to enhance the practice of estate surveying noting that the future of the sectors is the future of the professionals.
Also presenting a paper entitled “Challenges Facing Surveying and Valuation profession on the Global Setting,” Dr Olawande Oni of the Department of Estate Management, Convenant University observed that the challenges confronting valuation profession across the globe are interconnected.
He insists that competition for work, compliance with complex and stringent standards of professionals practice within harsh environment, keeping abreast of the dynamic and changing environment of valuation practice, poor remuneration and coping with stringent legislation are some of the problems facing the practitioners all over the world.
On the negative impact of stringent legislation in the country, Dr Oni pointed out that such laws include the Land Use Charge Law 2001 in Lagos State and perceived threat from Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and money laundering Act.
He explained that the greatest challenge to the profession is the EFCC Act, Sections 17, 18 and 24 which put the onus on an estate surveyor to prove that he/she is not aware of concealment, removal of jurisdiction, transfer to nominees or otherwise retains the control of a proceed of a criminal conduct or illegal act on behalf of his principal.
It also provides that a person knowing that any property in whole or part directly or indirectly represents another person’s proceeds of a criminal conduct and uses that property or has possession of it, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not less than five years or fine equivalent to five times the value of the proceed of the criminal conduct.
Dr Oni noted that this implies that estate surveyors must be vigilant and investigate all instructions that they secure as illegal money being diverted into real estate investment.
On the training of practitioners he canvassed the replacement of the syllabi adopted by some of the institutions of high learning offering estate management with modern ones saying that they are outdated and quality of graduates is questionable.
To overcome the challenges, Dr Oni called for formation of partnership of medium and large estate surveying establishments to enjoy internal economic of scale, enforcement of valuation standard, and keeping abreast of modern trends in real estate.
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