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Sunday Extra

Is Sexuality In Pregnancy Healthy?



It is a fallacy that sex can cause an infection during pregnancy and may harm the baby. It has been proven that infection is virtually impossible because the cervix is plugged with a tough mucus that prevents the ascent of bacte­ria into the uterus.
During pregnancy most ladies are afraid to have sex forgetting the fact that the sexual urge of their men does not decrease because they are pregnant.
Pregnancy is not a dis­ease that you should be afraid of infecting your partner with, neither is it a period of sexual isolation. Pregnancy is a normal phenomenon and so should be treated as such.
The desire for sex and the enjoyment or it varies widely, not only from one woman to another during pregnancy but also in the same woman at different times throughout its dura­tion. Typically, though, there is a decline in interest in sex during the first trimester (especially if you are suffering from tiredness and nausea), followed by an increase in the second trimester and then another decline in the third trimester.
When a pregnant woman does have sex, she may find it far more exciting and satisfying than it was before she conceived. Infact, a woman will some­times achieve orgasm or multiple orgasms for the first time when she is pregnant. This enhanced sexuality is principally because of the high levels of female hormones and pregnancy hormones that circulate throughout her body when she is pregnant. These cause a number of important changes to her breasts and sex organs, making them more sensitive and responsive. In addition, because being pregnant is such an affirmation of being female, a woman may find her condition leads to enhanced sensuality.
Eroticism During Pregnancy
One of the effects of the rise in estrogen levels during pregnancy is an increase in blood flow, especially in the pelvic area. Because of this, the vagina and its folds, the labia, become slightly stretched and swollen. This stretching and swelling, which normally occur only during sexual excitement, make the sensory nerve endings hypersensitive, resulting in rapid arousal.
The breasts start to en­large almost as soon as pregnancy occurs. One of the classic signs of pregnancy is sensitive, enlarged breasts with nipples that may tingle or even feel painful. The increased sensitivity of the breasts makes them a focus of sensory arousal, and a woman can feel the most exquisite sensation when her nipples and breasts are caressed and kissed by her partner. This sexual foreplay can result also in the arousal of the clitoris and the vagina, which will swell very rapidly.
When To Make Love
You can make love whenever you want to, given that it’s not too athletic and that there are no medical reasons for you to forego it. According to Dr. Enemo of Urban Clinics, Enugu, “good sex in pregnancy is very enjoyable and it helps prepare you for child birth by keeping your pelvic muscles strong and supple.” It also binds you closer to your partner, which will help you cope with the stresses of parenthood.
There is absolutely no physical reason why a woman having a normal pregnancy should not en­joy sexual relation with her partner, and sex need not stop any earlier than the onset of labour, both partners being willing. In a low-risk pregnancy, the uterine spasms that accompany orgasms are perfectly safe and in late pregnancy may be beneficial because they help prepare the uterus for the rigours of labour.
It is a fallacy that sex can cause an infection during pregnancy and may harm the baby. It has been proven that infection is virtually impossible because the cervix is plugged with a tough mucus that prevents the ascent of bacte­ria into the uterus.
In addition, the baby is completely enclosed within the amniotic sac, which resists rupture even when under great pressure and cushions the baby against all external forces (including the weight of a partner during intercourse).
There are several lovemaking positions that you can use to enhance your enjoyment without in any way diminishing that of your partner once the missionary position becomes too awkward and uncomfortable.
You can continue making love as late into pregnancy as you wish as long as there are no medical reasons for abstaining from it.
Your baby, safe within your uterus, cannot be harmed by any normal social activity and probably enjoys sex as much as you do because your hormones reach him through the pla­centa.
In the early months you can use any lovemaking position you choose but as your abdomen swelis you will probably find that making love in some positions, particularly the missionary position, with your partner on top, becomes uncomfortable.
When this happens, there are plenty of other erotic and exciting positions to use.
Mrs. Ngozi lfediba, a civil servant: “you will probably find these most comfortable from the second trimester onward. As your abdomen enlarges, you can lift yourself further off his stomach by supporting yourself on bent legs. In this way, you can avoid putting too much pressure on your abdomen and breasts. In these positions, too, you can better control the depth of your partners penetration and the speed and rhythm of your love-making.”
These positions allow a great deal of intimacy. You and your partner have your hands free to caress and stroke each other and he can easily reach your breasts with his mouth. Alternatively, you can brush his chest with your breasts to stimulate him further. An example of this woman-on-top position is the “SPOONS” position where your partner cuddles up to your back making this one of the most comfortable and affectionate of all sexual positions.
Mrs. Uche Ngonadi, a pharmacist: “these positions many of which in­volve entering from behind are useful during preg­nancy, particularly if you don’t feel very comfortable lying flat on your back or if you don’t want to take too active a part in the love ‘making.
Kneeling positions allow your partner much freedom of movement and let him vary the amount of penetration. Side-by-side positions are not only com­fortable but permits plenty of passionate kissing and caressing. The “SPOONS” position is so called because the partners nestle together like a pair of spoons, and will also be useful if you experience any soreness or discomfort when you resume lovemaking after you have given birth.
A variation on this position, with the woman lying on her back frees her from any pressure on her abdomen while her partner has complete access to her vagina. He can continue to stimulate her either with his hand or his penis. In the side-by-side position, you manoeuvre yourself onto your partner’s penis, if necessary holding it between your clenched legs, so he is free to caress your genital area.
This wouldn’t be com­plete if the men don’t know a little bit of the Do’s and Don’ts of lovemaking during pregnancy.
According to Mr. Chizoba Achusi, a banker, “be tender, romantic, patient and understanding.
Use different kinds of stroking, such as using a firm hand on her abdomen if the baby kicks.
Keep your weight off her when making love
Use lots of pillows for greater comfort and to get the right angles around the curves of her body.
Take your time when lovemaking and don’t be afraid to experiment.
Don’t force her to make love if she doesn’t feel like doing it.
Expect her to have simultaneous orgasm – or even one orgasm .
Finally ladies, this goes to let you know that you can definitely have your man the way you want him no matter how pregnant you are. Being pregnant doesn’t mean that you still can’t have fun.
Have fun ladies, all the way!

Ogechukwu Eluemunoh

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Sunday Extra

Ways To Maintain Healthy Circle Around You




The surprising thing is that all it takes to enhance your relationship with friends and neighbours is respect for their feelings, concern for their property and a helping hand when it’s needed.

Modern life is a lot less conducive to friendships and neighbourliness than it used to be. The average American moves every five years. People drive straight into their garages, hire lawn services, hang out in their backyards instead of their front porches. These days, neighbours don’t even know each other’s names.

Good neighbours and good friends are a lot alike electricity or running water: We don’t know how much we depend on them until we don’t have them. They make our lives more pleasant and give us sense of who we are, both as an individual and as a member of the community. In fact, the authors of a recent book, Refrigerator Rights, claim that refrigerators are gauges of intimate relationships; after all, you wouldn’t snatch a drumstick from the refrigerator of a stranger.

The surprising thing is that all it takes to enhance your relationship with friends and neighbours is respect for their feelings, concern for their property, and a helping hand when it’s needed. Here’s how to nurture your relationships with two types of vitally important people in your life.

Strikes up a conversation over the fence or on the sidewalk.

It’s okay to be the one to break the ice, even if you’ve lived next door for years. Most neighbours enjoy making small talk with the folks on the other side of the fence. So as you see them at work, in their yards or at play in their pool, smile, wave, and say hello. Ask how their kids are, (whether they’re toddlers or in college), whether they could use an extra zucchini from your garden, or what they think of the prices at the local supermarket.

Extend yourself to the new family down the block.

These days, the old Welcome Wagon is a thing of the past. But your new neighbours may be feeling lonely and unsure, especially if they’re far from home, and might appreciate a friendly face bearing fresh baked brownies. If they have kids, tell them where the children in the neighbourhood live. Clue them in to the best places to eat and shop. Invite them over for coffee when they get settled, give them your number and point to your house as you say goodbye.

Be considerate, especially of elderly neighbours.

Return anything that you borrow from a neighbour, such as tools, in good repair and as soon as you’re finished with them. Replace anything that belongs to your neigbour that you, your children, or your pets break or soil. If your neighbour hasn’t brought in his garbage cans yet, roll them back into his yard. Random acts of consideration will have your neighbours talking and the talk will be good.

Invite your neighbours to your next bash or throw one in their honour.

What better way to meet your neighbours than to invite them to an informal barbecue, pool party, or holiday open house.

Better yet, you might even consider throwing a get-to-gether just for them. Deliver the invitations in person to everyone who lives on your street and chat with each for five minutes before moving on to the next house. This way, you will get an idea of what your neighbours are like so that you can plan for appropriate food and music. Be a better friend.

On your computer, at home or at work, make “call friends” a standing appointment. Don’t have a computer? Keep a post it note on the phone, the bathroom mirror, the car dashboard, anywhere you’re likely to see it. Also make sure your friends’ phone numbers are programmed into your cell phone. Then call that friend when you’re stuck in traffic or waiting in line and chat for 10 minutes. Alternatively, schedule a standing once-a-month lunch, same time, same place.

Make time for friendships. Nothing makes closeness fade away than never talking with or seeing each other. While some bonds or friendships may be strong enough to span long silences, most aren’t. If you cherish a person’s friendship, make time for him or her, whether it’s just the occasional phone call or a weekly get-together.

Remember: a true friend doesn’t flee when changes occur. Nothing is sadder for new parents than to find that their single friends have abandoned them because of the baby. The sign of a good friend is one who stays true through it all, marriage, parenthood, new jobs, new homes, the losses. Just because situations change doesn’t mean the person has.

Make sure you aren’t being a burden to a friend.

Friendships fade away if there isn’t equilibrium between the give and the take. Be sensitive to how much your friend can and can’t offer you, be it time, energy, or help, and don’t step over the line and vice versa. Friendships that drain you will not last. If a friendship is out of balance in this way, you’ll need to talk the situation through.

Sweat the small stuff. Yes, there are times when it doesn’t pay to sweat the details, but in a friendship, it’s the little things that count. Notice her new hair-cut. Remember to ask about her mother’s surgery or her daughter’s new baby. And if you’re truly a good friend, you’ll know when she needs some cheering up, a simple arrangement of flowers if you can afford it, a simple card or e-mail if you can’t, it really is the thought that counts.

Be a good listener. It can be the hardest thing in the world to do, to simply listen as he or she pours it all out or is seeking your advice or opinion. To be a better listener, follow this advice:

Maintain eye contact. Offer nods and murmurs that indicate you understand her point of view.

Don’t finish your friend’s sentences. If you catch yourself planning your response while your friend is still talking, gently remind yourself to focus on him.

Minimize distracting, don’t type, open mail, or watch television while you’re on the phone with your friend. Your friend will undoubtedly hear your dis-interest in your responses.

Be careful with advice.

Assume your friend wants vent, not necessarily ask for a plan of action.

Be in her corner if she’s not there to defend herself.

If you’re at a gathering at which someone mentions your friend disparagingly, defend her against gossip or criticism. Say, “Mary is my friend, and it makes me feel bad to hear you talk this way.” Sooner or later, news of your loyalty will travel back to her and it will deepen your friendship.

Culled from Stealth Health.

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Sunday Extra

Ten Mistakes Women Make With Men




Mothers must remember to praise those family members who are consistently helping out. Husbands and children love to hear that their contributions are making a difference.

A client asked me recently, “What do you believe are the most common reasons that mothers are overwhelmed?” I thought about this great question and decided to share with you my response. I’m giving you my top three here. Enjoy!

Mothers are overwhelmed and over scheduled due to the variety of extra-curricular activities that they find themselves in this time of the school year as well as the regular obligations of work, home and volunteer commitments. Today, mothers are no longer multi tasking but instead mega tasking.

If we follow the pattern backwards, it often points directly to the fact that moms never learn how to stop the “Mom-Me” rollercoaster. Here are some common mistakes made by mothers and another course of action they could be taking.

1. Mothers accept unrealistic workloads and allow guilt to drive them to create schedules that don’t work. They fail to delegate family chores effectively and find themselves exhausted by trying to do it all, and then blame themselves when it doesn’t work out.

Action: Mothers need to learn to delegate properly. The reason for delegating work is to get the family to help with. the needs of the family. Delegated projects should always be appropriate to the ability of the child to whom it is given. If the mom is washing dishes after dinner, she has to learn to ask her spouse for help with other nighttime tasks such as bath, bed time or planning for the next day.

2. Mothers fail to create a family culture of support. Children often have chores and have no idea of the value their task has on family living. As a result, family members don’t come to understand that everyone has a vital role of supporting the family this community.

Action: Mothers need to make sure that children understand not only what they are doing but why they are doing it. This builds the esteem of children and teaches them the importance of accountability. Parents need to explain to their children that active families members to lighten the responsibilities to make time for these extra-curicular responsibilities. Often children have no idea of the cost of baseball practice on the family’s schedule.

3. Mothers can be very picky, and rigid in family ex-open to having things approached differently if they want help from the family. The process of involving the family meeting to discuss weekly task and allowing each family member to share their best alternatives for helping. Mothers must remember to praise those family members who             are consistently helping out. Husbands and children love to hear that their contributions are making a difference.          In a nutshell, the happiest mothers are those who learn how to articulate their needs clearly, get help when needed and set realistic boundaries of what they can and can not do. As a “coached mom,” the “mother” has a deep understanding of the five essential strategies for personal self care and these replace the old methods of “Mommy Martyrdom”.

The Essential Strategies for a mother’s Self-Care, discuss the following five tenets of self-Care for moms. They are:

Finding Time

Creating a personal schedule that honors the mother’s values, allowing the mother to set realistic boundaries and allow her to fully enjoy what he commits too.

Finding Meaning

In order for a mother to truly help someone else she must begin by helping herself in order to truly be a wonderful contributor, you must help your self first. Mothers who commit to a reduced life load find that they get more enjoy-ment out of life.

Finding Connection

Motherhood does not completely define us but enhances what already is. This involves understanding that while mothers create the lives of our children they must remember that it is their life too. When mothers establish viable supportive networks to assist them they recognize that they become stronger at parenting.

Finding Solutions

Anytime a mother wants make a change in your life she must begin by raising her standards. She has to decide that she wants more out of her life. Next, a mother must understand she must change what she believes is possible and be willing to try new strategies. She must be open to learning from non-judgmental sources like “mom-coaches” about techniques, solutions and real strategies on creating ways to incorporate what she wants into her life.

Personal Growth

This strategy is aimed at helping mothers make shifts in their lives that leave them changed for the better. Personal growth is recognizing that mothers have the capacity to be more of who they are .

. In short, mothers have to find time for the “Me” in Mom and learn the Five Essential Strategies for a Mother’s Self-care.

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Sunday Extra

Internal Causes Of Stress




Not all stress is caused by external pressures and demands. Your stress  also be self-generated. Internal causes of stress include: uncertainty or worries, pessimistic attitude, self criticism, unrealistic expectations or belief, perfectionism, low self-esteem, excessive or unexpressed anger, lack of assertiveness.

Risk factors for stress

The presence of a stressor does not automatically result in disabling stress symptoms. The degree to which any stressful situation or event impacts your daily functioning depends partly on the nature of the stressor itself and partly on your own personal and external resources.

Stress : How vulnerable are you? 

The nature of the stressors Stressors that involve central aspects of your life (your marriage, your job) or  chronic issues (a physical handicap, living from pay cheque to pay  cheque are more likely to cause severe distress.

A crisis experience

Sudden intense crisis situations (being raped, robbed at gunpoint, or attacked by a dog) are understandably over-whelming. Without immediate intervention and  treatment, debilitating stress symptoms are common.

Multiple stressors or life changes stressors are cumulative, so the more life changes or daily hassles you’re dealing with at any one time, the more intense the symptoms of stress.

Your perception of the stressor

The same stressor can have very different effects on different people. For example, public speaking stresses many out, but others thrive on it. Additionally, if you’re able to see some benefit to the situation the silver lining or a hard lesson lesson learned-the stressor is easier to swallow.

Your knowledge and preparation

The more you know about a stressful situation, including how long it will last and what to expect, the better able you’ll be to face it. For example, if you go into surgery with a realistic picture of what to expect post-up, a painful recovery will be less traumatic than if you were expecting to bounce back immediately.

Your stress tolerance

Some people roll with the punches, while others crumble at the slightest obstacle or frustration. The more confidence you have in yourself  and your ability to persevere, the better able you’ll be to take a stressful situation in stride.

Your support network

As strong network of supportive friends and family members is an enormous buffer against life’s stressors. But the more lonely or isolated you are, the higher your risk to of  stress.

Effects of  chronic stress

Chronic stress wears you down day after day and year after year, with no visible escape. Under sustained or severe stress, even the most well-adjusted person loses the ability to adapt. When stress overwhelms our coping resources, our bodies and minds suffer.

Health effects

Recent research suggests that anywhere from 60 to 90 per cent of illness is stress-related. The physical wear and tear of stress includes damage to the cardiovascular system and immune system suppression. Stress compromises your ability to fight off disease and infection, throws your digestive system off balance, makes it difficult to conceive a baby, and can even stunt growth in children.

Stress and your health

Many medical conditions are caused or exacerbated by stress, including:

Chronic pain, migraines, ulcers, heartburn, high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, asthma, PMS, obesity, infertility, autoimmune, disease, irritable bowel syndrome, skin problems and emotional effects.

Chronic stress grinds away at your mental health, causing emotional damage in addition to physical ailments. Long-term stress can even rewire the brain, leaving you more vulnerable to everyday pressures and less able to cope. Over time, stress can lead to mental health problems such as anxiety depression eating disorders, and substance abuse.

Severe stress and trauma

Severe stress reactions can result from sudden, catastrophic events or traumatic experiences such as a natural disaster, sexual assault, life threatening accident, or participation in combat. After the initial shock and emotional fallout, many trauma victims gradually begin to recover from its effects. But for some people, the stress symptoms don’t go away, the body doesn’t regain its equilibrium, and life doesn’t return to normal. This severe and persisting reaction to trauma is known as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Common symptoms of PTSD include:

Flashbacks, intrusive thoughts, nightmare about the trauma, avoidance of places and things associated with the trauma,  hypervigilance for signs of danger, chronic irritability and tension, depression. PTSD is a serious disorder that requires professional intervention.

For more information on traumatic experience and how to recover, see Emotional and Psychological Trauma and Posttrumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

Managing stress and its symptoms

While unchecked stress is undeniably damaging, there are many things you can do to control it and reduce its effects.

Coping with stress

Following a few simple stress management tips can help you minimize stressors in your life, deal with your stress symptoms in a healthy way, and buffer yourself from its negative effects.

Relaxation techniques for stress relief

Not all stress can be avoided; but when it hits, relaxation techniques such as mediation, deep breathing, and yoga can provide relief.

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