HIV/AIDS Global Prevalence Increases
The global HIV prevalence rate is now at 140,000 new cases per day with 95 per- cent of the cases occurring in low or middle income countries, of which 50 per- cent are women.
Chief Nursing Officer / HIV counselor and consultant on HIV Counseling and Testing (HCT) Prevention of Mother To Child Transmisison (PMTCT) of HIV / AIDS Resource Center, Rivers State Ministry of Health, Mrs Anne Maclayton disclosed this at a 10-day training workshop on HCT and PMTCT in Port Harcourt.
In her paper “Basic facts on HIV/AIDS and prevention, Mrs Maclayton stated that the HIV/AIDS prevalence is a “public health problem complicated by socioeconomic factors affecting all regions of the world and all segments of the society.
“Behaviour change remains a huge factor in the reduction in the spread of the virus.”
She charged the participants, drawn from health facilities across the state, especially, those from the Local Government Areas, to be proactive in the discharge of their duties as HCT and PMTCT practioners and to be compassionate and supportive to their clients.
Maclayton pointed out that HIV/AIDS is the greatest health crisis facing the world today, saying that starting at an early age to teach children sex education and their sexuality will help improve their knowledge of sexually transmittal infections and their prevention. In her paper “Universal Precautions and Post-exposure Prophylaxis”, Mr Yetunde Akani, a medical social worker with the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital Choba HIV/AIDS counselor, adviced that in administering drugs in HIV/AIDS, treatment, precaution should be taken to ensure strict adherence by the patients to avoid drug resistance.
She stated that people on Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs have low Transmisison rate, saying that early treatment should be encouraged. She emphasised on the importance of care givers being knowledgeable in proper drug administration, suggesting that “this could prolong or shorten the lives of your patients. Mrs Akani lamented that in spite of the enormous work being done in the treatment of the pandemic, there is little change, saying that the infected people still find it difficult to access free access to ARVS because they are still being stigmatized.
In spite of bills and policies that have been put inplace, people living with HIV/AIDS do not have free access in the society, they are being denied jobs because of their HIV status, they are not given the necessary privileges because of their HIV status, and others feel they will be denied, so they keep quiet about their status, and this promote the spread of the virus, she lamented, calling for the implementation of policies against this practice.
The training, according to an official of the organizers, a International Foundation for Education and Self-Help (IFESH), is aimed at improving the skills of participants for better health care delivery in HIV/AIDS management.
Dental Association, Oyo Govt. Task Nigerians On Preventing Oral Diseases
Nigerian Dental Association (NDA) has urged Nigerians to take care of their oral health so as to reduce the burden of oral diseases.
NDA Chairman, Oyo State chapter, Dr Fechi Nkwocha, stated this at an event organised at St. Michael’s Primary School, Yemetu, Ibadan on Monday to commemorate the 2023 World Oral Health Day.
The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the event was organised in collaboration with Oyo State Ministry of Health.
NAN also reports that the theme of this year’s World Oral Health Day is “Be proud of your mouth for a lifetime of smile.”
According to Nkwocha, the theme focuses on the importance of oral health at all stages of life.
“The standard of the World Dental Federation (FDI) is that children should possess 20 baby teeth (milk teeth) to be considered healthy, while healthy adults should have a total of 32 permanent teeth and zero tooth decay.
“Seniors must have a total of 20 natural teeth at the end of their lives to be considered healthy.
“To achieve this feat of optimal oral health for all, all hands must be on deck.
“Individuals, parents, teachers, caregivers, health care providers, policy makers, government and non-governmental organisations must collaborate to produce a healthy and productive population,” she said.
Nkwocha said that the burden of oral diseases, such as gum disease (gingivitis, bleeding gums), dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontitis had been high in Nigeria, leading to loss of teeth.
According to her, this is due to poor awareness of good oral health practices and the wrong perception of oral disease as having no serious consequence on general health.
“We want to remind our citizens that oral diseases have been known to cause severe disability and death.
“Oral diseases have been implicated in heart diseases, poor insulin and glucose control in patients with diabetes, low birth weight in pregnant women, to mention but a few.
“Treatment of advanced dental diseases are costly and time-consuming but thankfully, many of these oral diseases are preventable and easily treated in early stages with good oral health practices,” she said.
The NDA chairman decried limited access to oral health care facilities and services to Nigerians.
“With an estimated population of about 218 million as at 2022, Nigeria has an estimated dentist-to-population ratio of 1:54000, but worse in rural areas.
“This is a far cry from the recommended ratio of one dentist to 5,000 people, hence another reason for the poor oral health profile,” she said.
In his address, Oyo State Commissioner for Health, Dr Bode Ladipo, said that the celebration was an opportunity to create awareness on the importance of oral health.
Ladipo, who was represented by the Permanent Secretary in the ministry, Dr Olusoji Adeyanju, said that it was aimed at letting the public know that most oral health conditions were largely preventable and could be treated in their early stages without the associated morbidities.
“The WHO Global Oral Health Status Report (2022) estimated that oral diseases affect close to 3.5 billion people worldwide, with three out of four people affected in middle-income countries.
“This has made oral health a focus in the free health mission carried out across the 33 local government areas of the state on quarterly basis by the present administration’’.
“Free services are provided during this medical outreach and members of the community should take advantage of this quarterly activity,” he said.
Representative of the pupils of St. Michael’s Primary School and IMG Primary School, Taiwo Salami, appreciated kind gestures of the organisers of the free oral health programme.
Down SYNDROME -5000 Born Daily-UN
The United Nations has revealed that each year around five thousand children are born with Down Syndrome.
Every year World Down Syndrome Day is observed on March 21. The United Nation General Assembly declared March 21 World Down Syndrome Day in December 2011 and it began observing the day from 2012 onwards.
The 21st day of the third month has been selected as the designated date because the syndrome occurs due to the triplication of the 21st chromosome.
This year’s theme for World Down Syndrome Day 2023 is ‘With Us, Not For Us.’ The motive of this theme according to the UN is to ditch the old charity model and adopt a more human rights-based approach.
This theme it further explained encourages people to advocate for equality, as t seeks to view people with disabilities as having the right to be treated fairly, instead of viewing them as objects of charity, pity, and someone who needs to constantly rely on others for support.
Due to their condition, most of them may often face challenges in everyday life. This year’s theme urges people to change. Those with Down Syndrome must have the freedom to make their own choices and those supporting them must do things ‘with’ them, not ‘for’ them.
Down Syndrome is a genetic condition caused when anyone is born with an extra chromosome. People with Down Syndrome have some common features like small ears, a flat nose, eyes slanted up at the outer corner, protruding tongue, short neck, small hands and feet.
So far, Down Syndrome has no cure and is a lifelong condition. Nevertheless, there are treatments in place which, if received at the right time can help individuals live a meaningful life.
Those with Down Syndrome go through multiple emotional and physical challenges. Our society even today finds it difficult to accept them and even treat them differently. Every year, World Down Syndrome Day is observed on March 21 to raise awareness about the condition.
The life of those with Down Syndrome has not been easy. Besides hampered physical and mental development, the kind of ill-treatment and discrimination they are subjected to just worsens life for them. They are often face challenges while accessing basic rights like education, quality health services or the right to earn.
23 Rivers Indigenes Benefit From Free Eye Surgery
Over 23 persons have benefitted from a free eye Surgery organised by a non-governmental organisation, Steve Sandie foundation.
The beneficiaries were selected from the 23 Local Government Areas of Rivers State.
Sources however informed The Tide during the event that the surgery was bankrolled by a Rivers born philanthropist and politician who does not want his name mentioned.
Speaking at the programme, President, Steve Sandie Foundation, Mrs. Joyce Emmanuel said the programme was to help some indigent members of the society to solve their eyes problem.
She said beneficiaries were selected from the 23 local government areas of the state
Emmanuel said some of the critical cases will be referred while surgery will be performed on those that can be handled by the organisation at the centre.
She commended the donor for his concern on the plight of the less privileged.
According to her, the donor who does not want his name mentioned was so pathetic about giving sights to people.
Emmanuel said that the patients will be diagnosed and treated while serious cases will be referred for treatment at a higher health institutions
She said the organisation which was registered since 2008 has been involved in sensitising women on the values of caesarian operations.
Emmanuel said the group having discovered the need for caesarian section in some delivery cases has been talking to rural women on the need for them to go for it when necessary.
She however said most women who do not go for caesarian operations during delivery are doing so out of ignorance, as it is safe and cost effective.
Some of the beneficiaries of the free eye surgery including Obari Nwafor from Eleme thanked the group and the donor for the opportunity, stressing that the problem had taken him across to Calabar, Cross River State.
By: John Bibor
Nation4 days ago
‘Nigerians Have Lost Confidence, Trust In INEC’
News4 days ago
NBTE Mulls Export Of Skilled Labour To Europe
SMEs4 days ago
Plank Sellers, Butchers To Get N75m Loan For Biz
Opinion4 days ago
NYSC And 50 Years Of National Unity, Cohesion
Politics4 days ago
Rivers Gov’ship: Obuah Congratulates Fubara, Hails Rivers People
Crime/Justice4 days ago
How Dynamic Security Environments Broadened ONSA’S Functions – Monguno
Sports4 days ago
El-Kanemi New Coach Assures Fans On Good Performance
Business4 days ago
FG Makes N10tn VAT Under Buhari