This is the concluding part of this explosive The Tide Roundtable encounter with Rivers State Commissioner for Water Resources and Rural Development, Ms Patricia Simon-Hart, published last Friday. Excerpts.
Anybody who visits your website would
discover that your mission statement incorporates water and rural development, but we hardly hear or see anything your ministry is doing on rural development. Why it is so?
Well, for now, we are concentrating on water policy. Yes, the ministry has a mandate for water and rural development but the policy we have worked on is on water. If you say I should talk about rural development and environmental policies, I cannot do that now; because that is the next thing we are aiming at concentrating on. Nevertheless, the critical area we are concentrating on is water supply because it is critical. Already, the Rivers State Sustainable Development Agency (RSSDA) is assisting in that area.
No one who goes to your website would understand the situation as you explained because it looks as if you are not doing anything in that area. Why?
That information on the website was put there by the Ministry of Information and Communications. However, we are working on our own website, and when it is ready, the public would be able to access detailed and correct information about us. For now, the mission or vision statement you see on the website are the ones on water only.
The present administration seems to have jettisoned the Otamiri River Project, which we learnt would have gone a long way in providing water to a large chunk of the state. What is happening to that project?
I do not know where you got the information from because that is a Federal Government project and directly handled by them. Initially, they wanted to have a surface water scheme. The truth is that the scheme is a very small one because it cannot feed Port Harcourt and Obio/Akpor. It can probably feed Oyigbo, considering the population there. However, the scheme has been abandoned and the new Federal Ministry of Water Resources is looking at all abandoned projects with a view to reviving some and completing others. Of course, you know that this largely depends on the funds available. Even at the federal level, the ministry has a very low budget. Therefore, for Otamiri, yes, we agree there is a project there but it is not a Rivers State Government project. It is a Federal Government project. I think that it is a priority for them now. When the funds come in, I am sure they would complete it.
You earlier mentioned the issue of Port Harcourt Master Plan. Can you give us an insight of what that project is all about?
You know we are working for Port Harcourt and Obio/Akpor. We have a mega station at Rumuola, and we are not going to abandon anything there. We are going to upgrade it, and make sure it is more efficient. We are also going to revive the other out-stations in Diobu, Moscow Road, Eagle Island, Elelenwo and Rumukwurushi. These stations would be upgraded to optimize water provision in the city precincts. Even those that had been abandoned at Woji, Abuloma and Borokiri, would also be revived. We would have some new stations as we reticulate the entire urban area, and make sure people get clean water.
Does that cover the Greater Port Harcourt City Project?
Greater Port Harcourt City is bigger than Port Harcourt and Obio/Akpor areas. What I am trying to explain is that these schemes would assist in feeding the new areas. Nevertheless, we have our boundaries and specifications, though that does not mean that we are not working together with the Greater Port Harcourt Authority. We synergize, and our design team liaises with them, especially on how to marry the two systems for effective water delivery. We are not designing in isolation. We are designing in such a way that we keep our minds open on how we can connect better.
From what you have explained so far, it seems your concentration is specifically on the city. Why is it so?
It is our desire to spread across the state, but as I earlier noted, the bulk of the challenge is in the city. The governor would love to do it but you have to understand that we have limited resources. For water, we have many abandoned projects, and that is why we are emphasizing on water, which to us, is the centre of our policy direction. Our interest is to make sure that water provision is sustainable. We cannot invest hundreds of millions of Naira that would be abandoned at the long run because the local government councils do not care neither do the communities at the grassroots.
Currently, what are you working on at the local areas?
Of course, we are doing a lot. We have WASH, and we have a structure at the local levels. We set up these structures to work with the local government councils. There was a time we invited the local government chairmen to interact with us on what our vision was. That is why we have Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) officers at the various local government areas. We also have a WASH Department set up last year in the ministry. These are institutional frameworks we believe can drive the system at the local level. They are currently on ground, and they are the ones that would give us feedback. We believe that all these would drive what we have put in place, and at the long run, create sustainability. Many water projects today at the local areas are abandoned because the vision was at variance with what the people really need.
Last year, the state recorded lots of cholera outbreak in some of the local areas, and the government rushed in to check the menace. How is your ministry trying to check this malaise in the long run?
Sensitization for us is key. Already, we have the Rural Water and Sanitation Agency (RUWATSA) whose role is to sensitize the local communities on what to do with their water, especially in the coastal communities where cholera outbreak is higher. Therefore, government is aware of the challenges, and is certainly doing all within its powers to ensure that quality water delivery is made to our coastal communities.
To what extent do your operations affect agriculture and industry in the state?
Fortunately, we are blessed with good water resources, so we do not have problem when it comes to water. There is enough water for agriculture in the state. Therefore, we do not need dams and forms of artificial irrigation. For the industries, we have water provision facilities in Trans-Amadi Industrial Layout, and we are delivering water to that area.
You have introduced a new data collection office. What is it meant to achieve?
Yes, we did. You know that without a reliable data collection system, you cannot take meaningful policy decisions. Indeed, we collect data on water supply to know areas that are working and those areas that are not working. We have also uploaded the new design, the pipes network for anyone to view. The essence is to give a total picture of the water supply landscape in the state. Remember, we also have borehole issues and other issues relating to water provision. The data centre is to assist us in making proper and effective decisions through adequate information.
Does that have to do with meeting international standards?
Whatever we are doing currently is actually based on international standards and best practices. You have the minimum standards even locally for your water to be acceptable. So, yes, we are doing that.
How much has your ministry expended in this area, and how much do you intend to spend in the near future?
For now, I do not have the figures.
Earlier, you talked about the various agencies you have set up to monitor water quality and sanitation. What are their scopes, and what have they been able to achieve?
When funds are released, they do their jobs effectively. We are working on sanitation, and there is a committee established to look into those areas. So, we can improve on the sanitation practices in the local areas in order to reduce the malaise of water-borne diseases.
What are the challenges you are facing in achieving your mandate at the local areas?
I do not think we have any major challenges. For me, the only area I think we would have challenges is in the area of funding. As I explained earlier, the provision of urban infrastructure is capital intensive. You need to understand that we cannot get it right in one day. Most of the water infrastructures we have today have been there for 20 years. You cannot solve the water problems we have in one day, one year or even in four years, actually. You have to have a long- term plan. However, the challenge I can say we have now is funding. We know what we want to do but the funds are not there. To get that kind of funding, we may have to put the whole fiscal year’s budget into it. You have to understand that there are so many priorities for government. Education, health, power are all-important. Without power, most especially, we cannot run our pumping stations efficiently. So, at the end of the day, what is more important is how to schedule our development strategies and plans.
You said the major challenge is funding, but last year, government spent about N24 billion on water. How true is that?
I do not understand. During which time?
Last year, during one of the accountability forums?
May be, they have planned to put that much into the sector but that is not based on what we have as at now. If I may understand the point, that figure is from the report of the committee. They estimated that to overhaul the existing water infrastructure, it would take that much. It was not based on the realities on ground. Nevertheless, we have carried out the actual studies, and we have the real figures.
How much is it?
(Laughs) I cannot tell you that now. I have to tell my boss first!
Why have you delayed it to this day?
We are waiting for the proper documentation. You know they just finished the design just last two weeks. Therefore, I need to sit down with the governor and discuss the whole report in details before making it public. The whole thing covers Port Harcourt and Obio/Akpor. So, get ready in the next month or so – by God’s grace, when we win the elections, you will all know about it.
Just recently, there were indications that your ministry was working on a new special tariff for water. Can you tell us what the details are?
Yes, water is a social amenity. However, people should pay for it, and that is in line with international best practices. You pay for power, so what stops you from paying for water? Imagine how much you expend daily or monthly paying for your telephone bills. Government cannot do everything. At least, it gives you free education, and free healthcare. On our own, there are certain things we have to do. However, infrastructure development in water is enormous, and government is taking all that responsibility. So, we should be able to assist in our own small way.
Very soon, you will be two years in office. What are the things you can beat your chest and say you have achieved?
I have been digging the foundation to hold the structure that would stand the test of time. If you do not have a firm foundation, the building will collapse. As I said earlier, policy formulation is the thing you cannot see physically on the streets. I have been working hard on it. We are also working on the laws, and you would see the institutional reforms. You have to understand that we had enormous wastes in the sector. For now, we do not have such wastes again. You can now see that we have a solid policy on ground. We should have stronger institutions at the end of the day, including a proper design nobody can argue on. You can go to any international organization for funding and get support from what we have now. We have done a very comprehensive feasibility study that can enable our state to tap from any offshore funding. We have consultants that have worked out the proper rating structure. That means we would not have haphazard water rate based on what is obtained anywhere in the world. Based on the economic realities on ground, we have worked out what people can actually pay. All these are the things you need to put in place.
Can you tell us how long these lofty programmes would take before they begin to manifest, especially the urban water scheme?
If government were able to release major bulk of the funding, then soonest, you would begin to see it. Maybe, in the next two years. However, you know that that is difficult. They cannot give us all the money in one swoop.
Why is it so? (General Laughter)
That means they have to stop the litany of road construction works. We need to consider other areas as well. For now, however, we are laying pipes in Gokana, but there is a road they are constructing. We have to wait for them to finish the road construction before we begin laying the pipes. These are the realities, and most importantly, you have to understand that infrastructure development cannot be done in isolation.
We are yet to get your explanation. Why it is taking time for you to implement these?
What I have told you is that primarily, we will present the design to His Excellency, and he would take decisions based on his own priorities and the funds he has available. Even Cross River and Lagos states are still working on their water projects.
Even before you came on board, there was water in some parts of Port Harcourt, and suddenly, that disappeared. In your own conviction, do you not think it is taking a long time before the people would have potable water?
I am surprised that you seem not to get all these explanations, and I wonder what the common average person would get from you. We have decayed infrastructure all these while. Not up to 10 per cent of the pipes were usuable, and we have stations that have not been upgraded for the past 30 years. The whole thing boils down to poor funding and maintenance. For example, Moscow Road Station is flowing water, and yet about 60 per cent of that water is being lost to leakages underground. Besides, these leakages underground can equally pose threats to foundation of buildings on top of it.
You seem not to understand my question. What I am asking is that with these decayed infrastructure and other factors, do you think it is justified that after all these years and our level of development, we are still talking about water provision?
Well, I cannot speak for previous administrations (laughs). For the current administration, we are determined on providing sustainable water supply in Rivers State. We are determined to do it; otherwise, we would not spend much on the design as we have done. Let us focus on what the current administration is trying to do to deliver water to the people of Rivers State.
Just before we wrap it up, we know your ministry has spent so much money in revitalizing stations at Rumuola and Moscow Road. Can you give us an idea of how much has been spent so far?
I do not have the figures off hand. I cannot give that right now and but I know that we have not spent very much. Earlier before now, we found hiccups in the Rumuola Station because we could not flow the water. We discovered that most of the pipes along Old Aba Road have been damaged, and the same we found at Ikwerre Road due to construction works going on in those areas. Nevertheless, we can fix all the 11 pumps running but if you cannot upgrade the network, you would have much wastage.
However, if you pressurize the pipes to meet up demand, you would discover leakages everywhere. Therefore, it is not something we can fix overnight. For example, we tried it on Old Aba Road by pumping more – along that axis – and the roads started washing away. We got an alarm the other day from the Diobu area that a building was being endangered because of water pipes under its foundation. We have discovered that many of our water pipes were being endangered because of haphazard building construction in different parts of the city. So, there are a lot challenges in the sector, which is why we believe that the re-design is the easiest way to go. Otherwise, if you continue flowing water as it is today, some buildings will collapse and roads would wash away. So, most of the time, we have to shut down production because road construction is on going. We believe that the people also need to understand that when urban renewal is on course, there would be some hiccups, and major sacrifices have to be made for the future.
From what you have so far explained and done, do you have the requisite manpower and tools to meet future challenges?
Yes, we do. We have qualified personnel and sound staff. However, you never stop learning. We are still trying to fortify the ones we have, and we are seriously working on capacity building with the European Union, and other organizations to put things in place. In a recent assessment of some Niger Delta states’ water policy, we came tops. This shows that we are really ready to move the water sector to the next level.
So much have been talked about the water sector and other policies. However, people would like to know who you are, and what you do outside government duties?
(Laughs) Yes, I am from Bonny Local Government Area in Rivers State. I grew up and schooled here – primary, secondary and university. I went to Lagos, where I did my National Youth Service at the Federal Ministry of Health; in the Primary Health Care Section, where I did statistics planning for them. I have a degree in Computer and Mathematics. On my completion of youth service, I worked in a computer firm, and rose from a programme analyst to a branch manager. I came back to set up an In-Laks Computer branch. I left In-Laks, and joined a mobile telecommunications company – specifically Mobile Telecom Services. I worked with them as a regional manager in the late 90s, and then, later set up my own company between 1997-1998. I moved from information technology into the oil sector, and later owned one of the indigenous oil technology servicing companies. That was what I was doing before I was called up to serve my state.
What about sports/recreation?
Yes. I used to be very sporting. In secondary school, I played ball in my alma mater – Federal Government Girls Secondary School, Abuloma, and I also played for Rivers State – I played volleyball. I also played volleyball for my university. I also used to play squash, and now, I play golf. But I have not played for sometime now because of my busy schedule. I am a very private person. I have two children, and I am happy to spend time with my family, quietly. I am also very religious person, and I like spending time with my God.
Wike Has Made Rivers People Proud – Eke
His Majesty King (Dr) Leslie Nyebuchi Eke, Eze Gbakagbaka, Eze Oha Evo III of Evo Kingdom in Obio/Akpor Local government Area of Rivers State, is a First Class Traditional Ruler.
Trained as a Biological Scientist at Illinois State University, Bloomington Normal, United States of America, he holds a Masters Degree and Doctor of Philosophy Degree (PhD) from Wycliffe University & ATS, California.
Suave, ebullient, accessible, humble, down-to-earth and cerebral, Eke is also the Secretary General of the Association of Niger Delta Monarchs (ANDMON) and the Public Relations Officer of the Rivers State Chapter of Traditional Rulers of Oil Minerals Producing Communities (TROMPCOM).
In this exclusive interview with our Production Editor, Donatus Ebi and cameraman, Egberi A. Sampson, Eke poignantly bares his mind on sundry issues affecting the State and the nation. He particularly eulogises the Executive Governor of the State, Chief Nyesom Wike for the giant development strides of his administration within the past six years and comes to the inevitable conclusion that he has surpassed the achievements of his predecessors, having performed beyond the expectation of Rivers people.
His Majesty, by virtue of all that you have seen in the State in the past six years, what are your comments on the achievements of Governor Nyesom Wike?
As it concerns us and the Governor, Governor Nyesom Ezenwo Wike is God-sent, a purposeful Governor, a vision-full Governor and a man that knows why he is Governor, why he did come to contest and contested as Governor. And this man, meticulously, seriously, honestly, has continued, day by day, month by month, to roll out projects that are impactful to the society, to Rivers people. Roads infrastructure, schools, hospitals, human capacity, I mean continuously. This man has turned the Garden City into a city of flyovers. And that is very meaningful. We very much appreciate such a person. And unfortunately, he can’t go for a third term. We wish he goes for a third term. He is going to give so much to the Rivers people.
He has made us so proud. He has distinguished himself among the Governors and governments in Nigeria. All the things he has done, other governments and even the Federal Government should learn from him.
A case in point is the Coronavirus pandemic. Our Governor took proactive actions in time and that is why Rivers State did not suffer much from the pandemic and they had to learn from him. He has impacted on the people commercially, economically and otherwise. Even our Christian lives have improved because he gave this State to God and declared it a Christian State. He built an Ecumenical Centre and God literally has come down to work with His people and has begun to give us a sense of direction, a sense of belonging. We appreciate so much from the man, who has unlike others, really worked even in the second term, working like it was the first term. And we are grateful to God for all his achievements. He is a true Ikwerre son. We appreciate him. We pray that he would find more to do even after he has left this stage of governance. We couldn’t have had it any other way.
Would you then say that Governor Wike has performed beyond expectation?
Very true. This Governor has done beyond expectation. Looking at precedents, looking at people before him, what he has done even per month, it is unequalled anytime, anywhere in the history of Rivers State. This Governor has done so much.
In spite of all that you have seen he has done, is it not surprising that there are still pockets of opposition in the State?
Well, it is unfortunate but we must have opposition. We must have people that agree and people that don’t agree. It is normal. We just want to encourage them to criticise constructively. They should engage in constructive criticisms. They should criticise him constructively. Not just opening your mouth for opening sake. This time around, it will be very difficult. You know, he has been accused of 3D projects. It is no longer 3D now, because you can come there and see it for yourself. You will see the flyovers. Who does three flyovers at the same time? Nobody. And he has told us that he has more, seven more to deliver to Rivers people and put us on the world map of very very improved humane settlements. We appreciate that.
You said it is unfortunate that the Governor won’t run for a third term, but there are people out there calling on him to run for the Presidency come 2023. What is your take on this?
At his point, I am not a politician. For him to run for a federal office, it is entirely his prerogative, it is at his discretion. It is left for him to decide. He has to watch the politicial terrain and decide what he wants. But one thing is sure. Anywhere this Governor, Chief Ezenwo Nyesom Wike finds himself, he would deliver on his promises, he would deliver on the NEED Assessment of the people. This man is in tune with development. He is in tune with the people. And I am not afraid. If tomorrow, he runs for the Presidency, it is Nigerians that will gain because he is going to work tirelessly. I don’t know where he gets his energy; he is going to work tirelessly and fearlessly and deliver on the things that matter to the people.
As a royal father, which areas would you like to advise the Governor?
Well, first and foremost, he has to watch his back. He is a Governor that works by self-conviction. And so he cannot be deterred by anybody, by superiors’ stories, very bad advice; he is unaffected by those kinds of things because he is a man of conviction. When he decides on a project, he delivers, because he is in tune with the people. He is a grassroots politician; he feels the pulse of the people. And I am sure he knows what Nigerians want too and if he finds himself in that national stage, I have no doubt in my mind that he will win and provide dividends of democracy to our people.
We have been having some security challenges in the country and even in the State in recent times to the extent that Governor Wike had to impose curfew in the State. How would you react to this?
Well, the Governor has done well in the area of security. This Governor has done more than any government, to give state of the art equipments to security operatives in the State, both water and land. He has done so much and continues to do. So, the rest is left for these professionals to deliver. The Governor is not a policeman or a soldier. He has built a Guest House for the Army, giving them vehicles, and the police, you know it, giving them so much including other security organisations. The government has done so much for the security people and they are supposed to complement the huge expenditure of government on them.
The idea of having a curfew is also part of his own actions to mitigate these security lapses that are creating fears among our people. So, he is helping them. It is good for them. It is good for them to complement what he is doing, in terms of speaking to the people by his now and then broadcasts. It is to encourage them to know exactly what government is up to. It is for them to know what is happening. In this way, they are able to work with him, and stay distance and time with the Governor and not begin to feel that he is not doing enough. He is talking to them constantly. The security operatives should complement this government’s efforts and prove it right in its activities to secure lives and property. I support the government of Ezenwo Nyesom Wike. I support him wholeheartedly and he has done well. I score him high and give him excellent mark.
But some people are still complaining about the curfew, what do you have to tell them, both the residents of the State and Rivers people?
The curfew we should obey. The residents and people of Rivers State should obey the curfew. It is even in the Bible, that we should obey the laws of government. And so, if it is this one regulation that government has brought, we should obey. It is not for peace-loving rivers people but this is to catch the criminals. We too should complement government’s efforts by obeying the rules and regulations. Like when we had the lockdowns, don’t we see that we are enjoying health now? At that time too, people criticised the government and the Governor, but today, they have swallowed their words. They are enjoying health now. If the Governor had left Coronavirus to fester, then, it would have been terrible for our people. But today, we are walking around, the markets are open, and everywhere else, people are able to live their lives.
His Majesty, some Nigerians are today calling for the restructuring of the country and some too are calling for secession, from the foregoing, what do you think is the fate of Nigeria and what do we really need?
Obviously, to sustain the various geo-political zones of Nigeria, we do need restructuring within one Nigeria. And people that are resisting this, obviously, in time, will bow to the yearnings of the people. If you go back to the time when we had regions, we had relative peace. We are not saying we should go back to that but those kinds of things we were enjoying regionally, should begin to be apportioned within the States. Like for us in the South-South or the core Niger Delta, it is very important that we enjoy the proceeds of the God-given minerals that we have. We cannot have these minerals and people who are somewhere else, even beyond the shores of this country, are enjoying them. We can’t have that. No responsible government can do that. What God has given Nigeria is for Nigerians.
What do you have to say about the ongoing Constitution Review vis-à-vis the need for the traditional institution to be given roles in the Constitution?
The Constitution Review is welcome even if we are hearing that they are spending so much. Unwarranted expenditure is not good but the Constitution Review is good. And as it concerns the traditional institution, we need to spell out the functions of traditional rulers. With what we are doing, now, that I say it is illegal, as per it is not captured in the Constitution. But when it is captured in the Constitution, then, it serves as a support for us to do what we are supposed to be doing; and that is to complement government in the area of governance. So, that is very important. We should be captured in the Constitution. Traditional rulers are very important in nation building. They are very important in creating national identity. We are doing it now. There is this unofficial regulation, as it were, for Northern traditional rulers to come and visit their counterparts in the South and vice versa, both in the East and the West; that kind of friendship is ongoing. But it needs to be captured in the constitution. If it is captured in the constitution, it will be sustained and it will be done as a matter of duty.
FG, Insensitive To PANDEF’s Agenda – Ogoriba
We thank Mr. President for flagging off the clean-up of Ogoniland as recommended by the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP). The long delay in starting the Ogoni Clean-Up had sapped confidence locally and had caused the broader Niger Delta to doubt the intentions of Government. We, therefore, urge the Federal Government to speed up this exercise, especially by following through the emergency steps outlined in the UNEP Report, which includes the provision of safe drinking water for a populace whose water has been declared unfit for human consumption by UNEP, years ago. We also urge the federal government to commission a Region-wide credible assessment of the impacts of crude oil pollution of the environment in the Niger Delta and undertake to enforce all environment protection laws.
We similarly urge the Federal Government to take decisive steps to enforce the Zero Gas Flare deadline.
The devastating effects of coastal erosion and lack of effective shoreline protection for the coastal communities of the Niger Delta must be tackled as a matter of urgency.
The Maritime University Issue
The Nigerian Maritime University, Okerenkoko, is largely regarded, by persons from the Zone, as symbolic and deserving. Its closure and certain statements around it, have been viewed as insensitive and out rightly provocative. This, of course, is aside from the obvious potential benefits that the Institution offers to the technical and managerial capacity enhancements of, not just persons from the Zone, but all Nigerians. We, therefore, strongly urge the President to direct the take-off of the already approved Nigerian Maritime University, Okerenkoko, in Delta State. The prompt take-off of this University will most certainly assure the people of the Niger Delta that President’s Administration is truly a sensitive, listening and inclusive Government. Also, we strongly urge that the announced plans to upgrade the 30-year old Maritime Academy, Oron, Akwa Ibom State, to a university should be implemented.
Key Regional Critical Infrastructure
There is the need for the Federal Government to fast-track interventions on some of the indicative Regional Infrastructure viz:
• We wish to thank President for ensuring that the first phase of the coastal railway project is provided for in the current 2016 budget. We urge the Federal Government to further ensure the full implementation of this project that is designed to run through all the states in the Niger Delta, up to Lagos.
• Complete the existing East-West Road.
• Work should resume on the abandoned Bodo-Bonny Road Project. We note that NLNG had already offered 50% funding for this Project.
• Implement the proposed East-West Coastal Road Project, which stretches 704 km in length along the Atlantic coastline, from Odukpani Junction in Cross River State, connecting over 1000 communities, to Ibeju on the Lekki-Epe Expressway in Lagos State (Design already completed by NDDC).
• Implement the development of inland waterways and riverine infrastructure.
• Remove bottlenecks militating against the full activation and utilization of the existing ports in the Niger Delta, including Port Harcourt, Onne, Calabar, commence dredging of the Escravos bar-mouth which will open up Burutu, Koko, Sapele, Warri and Gelegele Ports to deep sea-going vessels and expedite work on the dredging of the Calabar Port. The Deep Sea Port project in Bayelsa State also requires consideration.
• We urge the commencement of work on the Ibaka Deep Sea Port for which Feasibility has long been completed.
Details of other regional infrastructure projects will be presented in the course of the dialogue.
Security Surveillance and Protection of Oil and Gas Infrastructure
The incessant breaching and vandalization of pipelines, and oil theft, have taken direct tolls on oil production and supplies, with corresponding adverse effects on the economy of our dear Country. Pipeline vandalism also damages the environment, health and economic activity of inhabitants of affected areas, as well as complicates environmental cleanup efforts.
It is therefore our view that an urgent review is done to pipeline surveillance contacts to give the responsibility to Communities rather than individuals in a manner that ties some benefits to their responsibility. Communities would then see their responsibility for the pipelines as protection of what belongs to them.
Relocation of Administrative and Operational Headquarters of IOCs
The Headquarters of most Oil Companies are not located in the Niger Delta Region. As a result, the Region is denied all the developmental and associated benefits that would have accrued to the Region from their presence. It has therefore become imperative for the IOCs to relocate to their areas of operation. This move would create a mutually beneficial relationship with the host communities.
Despite being the core of power generation in the Country, most Communities in the Niger Delta remain unconnected to the National Grid.
We, therefore, advocate a power plan that strongly ties power supply in the Region to gas supplies, thereby giving all sides a stake in improved stability. Because of existing infrastructure, this should be an area where the Government could deliver the swiftest and most noticeable change.
Economic Development and Empowerment
The Federal and State Governments need to signal their interest in sustained economic development in the region by:
i. Implementing the Brass LNG and Fertilizer Plant Project and similarly concluding Train 7 of the NLNG in Bonny
ii. Reviewing, updating and aggressively driving the National Gas Master Plan to integrate the economic interests and industrialization aspirations of the Niger Delta Region
iii. Creating a Niger Delta Energy Industrial Corridor that would process some portions of the Region’s vast hydrocarbon natural resources, where they are produced, to create industrialization and a robust economic base in the Region that would improve the living condition of the Citizens.
iv. Expediting work on the Export Processing Zones (EPZs) in the Region, in particular, the Gas City, Ogidigben and Deep Sea Port, Gbaramatu, in Warri South LGA of Delta State.
v. Harnessing the huge rain-fed agricultural potentials of the area through the development of farm estates, fishery development projects and Agro-Allied Industrial Clusters.
vi. Harnessing the entrepreneurial ingenuity of the youths in the Region to keep them gainfully employed in legitimate businesses, and away from restiveness.
vii. We urge the use of ICT as a tool for peace, job-creation and development. Appropriately deployed ICT can be the elixir to create much-needed jobs, promote entrepreneurship and create wealth in the Region.
vii. Resolve the various issues leading to the non-operation of Delta Steel Company, Oku Iboku Paper Mill, Edo Textile Mill and ALSCON.
Inclusive Participation in Oil Industry and Ownership of Oil Blocs
The sense of alienation of Niger Delta indigenes from the resources of their land will continue until there are affirmative actions that guarantee the involvement of these communities in the ownership and participation in the Oil and Gas Industry. We, therefore, urge the Federal Government to enunciate policies and actions that will address the lack of participation as well as imbalance in the ownership of Oil and Gas Assets.
We similarly urge the institution of Host Community Content within the Nigerian Content framework, across the entire enterprise chain of the Petroleum and Maritime sectors.
Restructuring and Funding of the NDDC
There is the urgent need to adequately restructure the NDDC to refocus it as a truly Interventionist Agency, that responds swiftly to the yearnings of the grassroots of the Niger Delta. Communities must be able to have a say in what projects come to them. We also urge the full implementation of the funding provisions of the NDDC Act.
Strengthening the Niger Delta Ministry
Since the creation of the Niger Delta Ministry, even though it was meant to function in the mode of the Federal Capital Territory Ministry, its funding has been abysmal. There is an absolute need, therefore, to adequately fund, and strengthen this Ministry to the purpose for which it was created.
The Bakassi Question
The fall out of the ceding of Bakassi to Cameroon continues to threaten the security of the southernmost part of the Niger Delta Region. The unresolved issues arising from the Green Tree Agreement continues to create tension and plague the region. There is also the lack of a well-coordinated transparent blueprint for the development and resettlement of the displaced populations. The host communities face huge abuses and are unable to reestablish their respective means of livelihood. We, therefore, recommend a comprehensive resettlement plan including development for the host communities and displaced populations to reduce the risk of making them into a Stateless People.
The clamour for fiscal federalism has continued to be re-echoed by different sections of the country. The people of the Niger Delta region support this call and urge that the Federal Government should regard this matter expeditiously.
What message would you want to pass to the Federal Government for being insensitive to these issues five years after?
It is regrettable to say that the 16-point agenda has not been attended to thereby bringing about high rate of insecurity in the region.
For emphasis, after having several interface with these boys, they saw the reasons for dialogue than allowing the region go in flames as a result this brought about ceasefire in the region making everyone to be enjoying the relative peace being enjoyed today.
I want the Federal Government to know that when these boys see that there is blatant refusal in addressing their issues by the Federal Government, they are capable of making the region go into flames, adding that he appealed to the Federal Government, and other critical stakeholders responsible for the implementation of this 16-point agenda to be sincere to themselves and do the needful, adding that what the people in the Niger Delta region want is that all must be fair, just and equitable in what they do, so as to engendered peace and security to the Niger Delta region.
Rivers, Now Investment Destination Of Choice-Nsirim
Rivers State Government, under the leadership of His Excellency Nyesom Wike, is one administration that has experienced several attacks from the opposition party in the state. Ironically, the more the attacks, the more adorable the governor becomes going by his infrastructure developmental strides across the nooks and crannies of the State. In this interview, the State’s Commissioner for Information and Commu-nications, Pastor Paulinus Nsirim, speaks extensively about the Wike administration. Excerpts:
Prior to your assumption of office as the Rivers State Commissioner for Information and Communications, you initiated a project called “Our State, Our Responsibility.” What inspired that project and what were the issues you wanted to address with that initiative?
The truth is that Rivers State is blessed with human and material resources. It is also the headquarters of the hydrocarbon industry in Nigeria. We have two sea ports and an international airport. We have a welcoming culture and a rich cultural heritage. We have cuisine that is second to none in this country. But we have found out over the years that a lot of people are de-marketing the state, making investors to flee. So the campaign is designed to correct that perception and let people know that Rivers State is set for business and to make everyone living and doing business here in the state understand that we have a shared prosperity to protect. This means that if Rivers State economy is booming, everyone that lives and does business here will be a partaker of that boom. The campaign was aimed at injecting into the psyche of everyone even children yet unborn and those who will visit the state in a couple of years to understand that as long as you live in Rivers State, it belongs to you. Every resident must participate in ensuring that the state is positively projected at a level where it becomes the investors destination of choice, just like His Excellency, Nyesom Wike is building the right infrastructure now.
Is there any parameter by which the success of such projects is measured?
There are practical ways. Since that campaign, we found out that a lot of investments are coming in. For example, you have the biggest supermarket in West Africa and other markets in Port Harcourt. You have stock gap company here in Port Harcourt that deals with producing domestic gas. Prior to now, LNG would ship gas to Lagos and truck back to Port Harcourt. But right now in Port Harcourt, you have a company that produces domestic gas for the domestic market. Also, before the outbreak of COVID-19, Ethiopian and Turkish Airlines had begun flight operations to Port Harcourt. Businesses are booming in many parts of Port Harcourt industrial area. Those in Real Estate are also experiencing a boom because a lot of people are coming in to do business here and of course, the narrative is changing gradually.
God helped us with a visionary leader who has put in place a strategic security architecture which has checkmated all forms of insecurity that was holding sway in the past. Now, things are stable and the narrative has changed for the better. One can always find out with the National Bureau of Statistics that these things they say about the state with the highest Internally Generated Revenue (IGR). After Lagos, the next is Rivers State. You cannot generate the volume of IGR that we have if our state is insecure and the business climate is not thriving.
The COVID-19 pandemic is one thing that has changed the global environment. What lessons would you say that Rivers State government has learnt from this virus?
I like to underscore this point that before His Excellency, Nyesom Wike, came on board as governor, he initiated what he called the “NEW Rivers Vision” blue print which encapsulated everything that has to do with health. A lot has been put in place. We have what we call the Mother and Child Hospital now in Port Harcourt, we have five zonal Hospitals. The General Hospitals in the state have been reactivated and fully functional. The state now has a University Teaching Hospital; the former Braithwaite Memorial Hospital is now Rivers State University Teaching Hospital with the right infrastructure. We have a Medical School now in Rivers State University; all these have happened before COVID.
So what has occurred is that, the onset of COVID has helped the state to build more on infrastructure and facilities and also ensured that the medical personnel have the requisite training and knowledge.
Are you saying that if there is a second wave of Covid-19 pandemic, Rivers State has the right model to sustain its economy?
If you are very current, you will find out that this was one state that had a robust palliative committee; we had a food purchasing committee, that was designed in such a way that they bought off all that the farmers and fishermen produced, thus empowering them. You will also know that this State was in the forefront in the fight against COVID-19, which the Director-General of the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), affirmed when he visited Port Harcourt. So, Rivers State is fully equipped. We have a functional Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) which is located in the State Ministry of Health, working in conjunction with strategic international partners.
We have a technical working group properly equipped and trained. It’s been in place before COVID because prior to this time, we used to have the outbreak of Lasser Fever and other such diseases. So, the EOC of the state has been fully functional. In fact, the Emergency Operation Centre will avail you the opportunity to see the kind of coordination from the field at a glance. Like even COVID now, at a glance, you will see at various places where they are collecting samples, what the statistics have been within the last one week and so on.
Still on COVID, most Nigerians were disappointed by states who claimed that they distributed palliatives, but during the EndSARS protest, many warehouses stocked with undistributed palliatives were discovered. How did Rivers State handle its palliatives distribution that you did not record any ugly incident?
Rivers State has become a model for good governance. When the issue of palliatives was booming, we did not play to the gallery. His Excellency ensured that the palliative committee that was set up consisted of representatives of all the interest groups you can think of. We had all the Armed Forces, Police, Civil Defence Corps, Civil Society groups, Clergy, Women Groups, Youth Groups and the Media. It is a model that I am so proud of. I was the Secretary of that Palliative Committee. The Central Committee was overseeing what was happening at the Local Government and Ward levels. At the Ward level, a mini committee was also set up that had Traditional Rulers, the Civil Society reps, Clergy, Women group and Youth leaders.
So, when the palliatives moved from the Local Government to the Ward level; for example, in my own Ward, the Chairman of the Ward distribution committee was a Clergyman who is not even an indigene of Rivers State but because he is the Vicar in an Anglican Church there, he coordinated the distribution. These palliatives got to the real beneficiaries and we did it twice. We did the first round, second round and the people were satisfied that this government meant well and what the governor promised was also given. So we did not have any issue of anybody breaking any warehouse looking for any palliatives. Even people who were trying to induce some propaganda and instigate people to say something was hidden, were ignored.
You were once the Chairman of Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ) in Rivers State and now you hold the position of Information Commissioner, as a Pastor, how do you balance your calling and working in a political environment?
A lot of people ask this question. When you have an understanding that any office you hold, you hold that office in trust for God and for man, then, your attitude and style would be different?
As a Pastor, what do I do? I have the flock to cater for, teach them the Word of God, and take care of them. As a Commissioner for Information, what is my responsibility? To disseminate information about the policies and programmes of the government to the people and I have that understanding that public interest is paramount in the discharge of this assignment. So, there is really no challenge for me, because having risen from the rank to the position I occupy today, I understand the intricacies of governance and the meaning of leadership. I have the requisite training and experience.
To say balance, I do not even have a challenge with balance because I understand that the position I hold is in trust for God and for man.
Do you attend Church regularly and still do your job?
Yes, I still pastor my Church; even though there is no way I can do 100 per cent now but my assistant pastor covers for me when I am not available.
That must be a very challenging?
Yes, the next question you should ask me now is what are the challenges? But for me, several years ago, I understood that the Chinese word for crisis is opportunity. Now, when you have opportunity or if anything presents itself as a challenge, it is an opportunity for you to excel. For me, I do not see challenges when I am doing things, I do not see obstacles when I am doing things. I see them as part of the routine on my daily schedules.
There have been calls from some quarters for government to regulate the social media. What is your opinion on this and how do you think the government both state and federal can harness the opportunities in social media to strike a balance between the negative and positive?
That is a thorny issue. I think that we need to have adequate stakeholders’ engagement in this direction. The stakeholders’ groups that are involved need to come together, to look at the issues and then work out the best way forward. No doubt, a lot of people are abusing the use of the social media. We, who are in government, are the worst hit. You know, anybody can write anything, say anything, do photo-shop and put on the Internet. The regulation here is key, but before implementation, the various stakeholders need to be engaged for us to have a kind of balance on what should be done. Also, before implementation, adequate preparation and orientation of the citizenry would also be very relevant.
As a journalist trained to balance stories and promote objectivity, with your current position, do you still maintain your standard and not dance to the tune of the government to water down the truth from what it should be?
A few weeks ago, I hosted journalists in Rivers State here. In journalism, facts are sacred, comments free. A fact is a fact; there is nothing you can take away from something that is a fact. You see, people have that erroneous impression that if you are a Commissioner for Information, you will be padding things and covering things – No! Facts are facts, and I am lucky to have a principal who is forthright. With His Excellency, Nyesom Wike, you know where he is standing on any issue. He does not play to the gallery and he is also a principal that I would always like to work with because he is not one of those who carry out governance and development on television.
There are governors who use 3D images to deceive the public. But for us in Rivers State, the facts are there. If we tell you we are constructing Andoni – Opobo Unity Road, you go there and you will see it. If we say the Rebisi Flyover has been done, you go there and you will see it. If we say, Mother and Child Hospital, Real Madrid Academy; we say Abonnema Ring Road, Zonal Hospitals, you will see them. If we say we are rehabilitating schools, we give you 1, 2, 3, schools, if you go there, you will see them with your eyes. So, what’s there to hide?
The Opposition in the state are criticizing His Excellency that his infrastructural developments are basically in Port Harcourt; what happens to other areas of the state?
The truth of the matter is that people will always have something to say. I can tell you, apart from the flyovers that are being built in Port Harcourt, (of course, which you know; I said that His Excellency is building infrastructure for tomorrow), if you go to all the Local Government Areas of the state, a lot is happening. There is a road we call Sakpenwa-Bori Road – it is about 16 kilometers, it is completed and commissioned. His Excellency has even extended it further now to about thirty something kilometers; it is not in Port Harcourt. There is Abonnema Ring Road; that Ring Road is on water. There is Andoni/Opobo Unity Road. We went to Opobo few days ago; everybody including Opobo people drove to Opobo by Road for the first time in the history of that ancient town of 150 years. We went recently to also celebrate with them on their 150 years anniversary; it is not in Port Harcourt. Do you understand?
There is a big Cassava processing company at Afam in Oyigbo Local Government Area. There are several zonal hospitals that are scattered in Bori, Degema, Ahoada and Omoku, they are not in Port Harcourt. There is Elele/Omoku Road, it is not in Port Harcourt. Several of such projects are all over the state. But you see, if you go to all the Local Government Areas of the State, you will see several schools that have been rehabilitated. There are sand-fillings that are going on in the local governments. In riverine communities of the state, because those places are Islands. You do sand-filling first to create places they can build on. Those areas are not in Port Harcourt.
But armchair critics will always have something to say about Nyesom Wike. The Guild of Editors came here and I took them on a tour, they were shouting. If you go to that Andoni – Opobo Unity Road, what is being sunk in there is not up to what is being used to build anything in Port Harcourt, because it is on water. So, a lot is going on in the local government areas. There is no local government in Rivers State that is not receiving the impact of Governor Wike’s administration.
During and after the EndSARS protest, the governor compensated all the families of the security agencies that lost their lives during the protest; but the Rivers citizens who were killed did not get any compensation. What happened?
I may not comment on that.
Why is the governor described as a lion?
Who is describing him as a lion?
He is described in the media as a lion?
People are entitled to their perception. One thing you cannot take away from His Excellency, Nyesom Wike, is that he is fearless, courageous and forthright. These are the qualities of great men. That is why I am so proud to be associated with him. He is not a lily-livered man.
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